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Science For Non Specialists

Author: National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on the Federal Role in College Science Education of Non-specialists
Publisher: National Academies
Size: 21.96 MB
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The Social Direction Of The Public Sciences

Author: Stuart Blume
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400937555
Size: 34.22 MB
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This volume of the Sociology of the Sciences Yearbooks stems from our experience that collaborations between non-scientists and scientists, often initiated by scientists seeking greater social relevance for science, can be of major importance for cognitive development. It seemed to us that it would be useful to explore the conditions under which such collaborations affect scientific change and the nature of the processes involved. This book therefore focuses on a number of instances in which scientists and non-scientists were jointly involved in the genera tion of scientific results at the "interface" of science and society. Despite the considerable variety of cases reported here, a number of questions are central. Under what conditions do such cooperative processes occur? What perceptions of social relevance and what sorts of col laborations with non-scientific groups are involved? How is this collaboration achieved, and through what forums? How can insights into its conditions and mechanisms stabilize such cooperations over a longer period of time? If they are stabilized, do they really affect science, or do they mainly function to shield the rest of the science system against external influences? These questions are pertinent both to intellectual problems in the sociology of science and to the practical concerns of modern science policies. The significance of relations between knowledge producers and knowledge consumers and interest in how these relations affect science and society have changed considerably in recent decades.

Conservation Biology

Author: Fred Van Dyke
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402068905
Size: 75.59 MB
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Fred Van Dyke’s new textbook, Conservation Biology: Foundations, Concepts, Applications, 2nd Edition, represents a major new text for anyone interested in conservation. Drawing on his vast experience, Van Dyke’s organizational clarity and readable style make this book an invaluable resource for students in conservation around the globe. Presenting key information and well-selected examples, this student-friendly volume carefully integrates the science of conservation biology with its implications for ethics, law, policy and economics.


Author: Committee on Undergraduate Biology Education to Prepare Research Scientists for the 21st Century
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309085357
Size: 16.78 MB
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Biological sciences have been revolutionized, not only in the way research is conducted -- with the introduction of techniques such as recombinant DNA and digital technology -- but also in how research findings are communicated among professionals and to the public. Yet, the undergraduate programs that train biology researchers remain much the same as they were before these fundamental changes came on the scene. This new volume provides a blueprint for bringing undergraduate biology education up to the speed of today's research fast track. It includes recommendations for teaching the next generation of life science investigators, through: Building a strong interdisciplinary curriculum that includes physical science, information technology, and mathematics. Eliminating the administrative and financial barriers to cross-departmental collaboration. Evaluating the impact of medical college admissions testing on undergraduate biology education. Creating early opportunities for independent research. Designing meaningful laboratory experiences into the curriculum. The committee presents a dozen brief case studies of exemplary programs at leading institutions and lists many resources for biology educators. This volume will be important to biology faculty, administrators, practitioners, professional societies, research and education funders, and the biotechnology industry.

Modelling In Medicine And Biology Vii

Author: C. A. Brebbia
Publisher: Wit Pr/Computational Mechanics
ISBN: 9781845640897
Size: 56.14 MB
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Projections for advances in medical and biological technology will transform medical care and treatment. This is in great part due to the results of interaction and collaborations between the medical sciences and engineering. These advances will result in substantial progressions in health care and in the quality of life of the population.Computer models in particular have been increasingly successful in simulating biological phenomena. These are lending support to many applications, including amongst others cardiovascular systems, the study of orthopaedics and biomechanics, electrical simulation. Another important contribution, due to the wide availability of computational facilities and the development of better numerical algorithms, is the ability to acquire analyses, manage and visualise massive amounts of data. Containing papers presented at the Seventh International Conference on Modelling in Medicine and Biology, this book covers a broad range of topics which will be of particular interest to medical and physical scientists and engineers interested in the latest developments in simulations in medicine. It will also be relevant to professionals working in medical enterprises which are actively involved in this field. Topics include: Cardiovascular Systems; Simulations in Surgery; Biomechanics; Advanced Technology in Dentistry; Simulation of Physiological Processes; Neural Systems; Computational Fluid Dynamics in Biomedicine; Orthopaedics and Bone Mechanics; Data Acquisition and Analysis; Virtual Reality in Medicine; Expert Systems in Medicine; Design and Simulation of Artificial Organs.

The Retreat Of Scientific Racism

Author: Elazar Barkan
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521458757
Size: 55.73 MB
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This fascinating study in the sociology of knowledge documents the refutation of scientific foundations for racism in Britain and the United States between the two World Wars, when racial differences were no longer attributed to cultural factors. Professor Barkan considers the social significance of this transformation, particularly its effect on race relations in the modern world. Discussing the work of the leading biologists and anthropologists who wrote between the wars, he argues that the impetus for the shift in ideologies came from the inclusion of outsiders (women, Jews, and leftists) who infused greater egalitarianism into scientific discourse. But even though the emerging view of race was constrained by a scientific language, he shows that modern theorists were as much influenced by social and political events as were their predecessors.

Science Behind Non Specific Science

Author: Vikash Bhardwaj
Publisher: Notion Press
ISBN: 9384049786
Size: 28.25 MB
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The cover page of my book shows factsheets data available on the W.H.O. website. We can see, millions of people have died and many millions more will die in the coming future due to various diseases. Throughout the world, trillions of dollars are being invested to find solutions to various diseases and many more trillions of dollars will be invested in the coming future. All over the world scientists do perform experiments using well established protocols with or without minor modification as per their experimental approach. In this book, I have discussed a possible hypothesis behind ‘Non-specific results’ obtained by four techniques (Southern blotting, Northern blotting, Microarray, siRNA technology) which are widely used in molecular biology research. I have also tried to give a better hypothetical solution which can minimize experimental errors. I will introduce you to a broader definition of “Complementary” in DNA structure (which has never been discussed in standard biology books), a novel PD-PCR technology developed by me and presence of novel mirror repeat sequences within most of human genes. Hopefully knowledge within this book will be helpful in developing various molecular biology techniques which will not show any experimental error. Doing scientific experiments without any error will only solve the sufferings of mankind. After reading my book, feel to answer my only question, “Over a period of time, have we collected valid scientific data to be used by coming generation of young scientist in molecular biology research?”

Disciplinary Approaches To Aging Biology Of Aging

Author: Donna Lind Infeld
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780415938969
Size: 70.38 MB
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This volume is a comprehensive collection of critical essays on The Taming of the Shrew, and includes extensive discussions of the play's various printed versions and its theatrical productions. Aspinall has included only those essays that offer the most influential and controversial arguments surrounding the play. The issues discussed include gender, authority, female autonomy and unruliness, courtship and marriage, language and speech, and performance and theatricality.