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Biomaterials

Author: Joyce Y. Wong
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439872511
Size: 79.70 MB
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Most current applications of biomaterials involve structural functions, even in those organs and systems that are not primarily structural in their nature, or very simple chemical or electrical functions. Complex chemical functions, such as those of the liver, and complex electrical or electrochemical functions, such as those of the brain and sense organs, cannot be carried out by biomaterials at this time. With these basic concepts in mind, Biomaterials: Principles and Practices focuses on biomaterials consisting of different materials such as metallic, ceramic, polymeric, and composite. It highlights the impact of recent advances in the area of nano- and microtechnology on biomaterial design. Discusses the biocompatibility of metallic implants and corrosion in an in vivo environment Provides a general overview of the relatively bioinert, bioactive or surface-reactive ceramics, and biodegradable or resorbable bioceramics Reviews the basic chemical and physical properties of synthetic polymers, the sterilization of the polymeric biomaterials, the importance of the surface treatment for improving biocompatibility, and the application of the chemogradient surface for the study on cell-to-polymer interactions Covers the fundamentals of composite materials and their applications in biomaterials Highlights commercially significant and successful biomedical biodegradable polymers Examines failure modes of different types of implants based on material, location, and function in the body The book discusses the role of biomaterials as governed by the interaction between the material and the body, specifically, the effect of the body environment on the material and the effect of the material on the body.

Tissue Engineering

Author: John P. Fisher
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439874034
Size: 63.94 MB
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Tissue engineering research continues to captivate the interest of researchers and the general public alike. Popular media outlets like The New York Times, Time, and Wired continue to engage a wide audience and foster excitement for the field as regenerative medicine inches toward becoming a clinical reality. Putting the numerous advances in the field into a broad context, Tissue Engineering: Principles and Practices explores current thoughts on the development of engineered tissues. With contributions from experts and pioneers, this book begins with coverage of the fundamentals, details the supporting technology, and then elucidates their applications in tissue engineering. It explores strategic directions, nanobiomaterials, biomimetics, gene therapy, cell engineering, and more. The chapters then explore the applications of these technologies in areas such as bone engineering, cartilage tissue, dental tissue, vascular engineering, and neural engineering. A comprehensive overview of major research topics in tissue engineering, the book: Examines the properties of stem cells, primary cells, growth factors, and extracellular matrix as well as their impact on the development of tissue-engineered devices Focuses upon those strategies typically incorporated into tissue-engineered devices or utilized in their development, including scaffolds, nanocomposites, bioreactors, drug delivery systems, and gene therapy techniques Presents synthetic tissues and organs that are currently under development for regenerative medicine applications The contributing authors are a diverse group with backgrounds in academia, clinical medicine, and industry. Furthermore, this book includes contributions from Europe, Asia, and North America, helping to broaden the views on the development and application of tissue-engineered devices. The book provides a useful reference for courses devoted to tissue engineering fundamentals and those laboratories developing tissue-engineered devices for regenerative medicine therapy.

Characterization Of Biomaterials

Author: Susmita Bose
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128070951
Size: 65.58 MB
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This brief introductory chapter provides a broad overview of materials, biomaterials and the need to understand different techniques to characterize biomaterials. From this chapter, the reader can gain a perspective on how the rest of the topics in different chapters are divided to fully comprehend this inherently multidisciplinary field. Application of appropriate characterization tools can not only save time to fully evaluate different biomaterials, it can also make commercial biomedical devices safer. In the long run, safer biomedical devices can only reduce the pain and suffering of mankind, a dream that resonates with every biomedical researcher.

Biomaterials

Author: Joon B. Park
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420040030
Size: 24.16 MB
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Biomaterials: Principles and Applications offers a comprehensive review of all the major biomaterials in this rapidly growing field. In recent years, the role of biomaterials has been influenced considerably by advances in many areas of biotechnology and science, as well as advances in surgical techniques and instruments. Comprising chapters contributed by a panel of international experts, this text provides a familiarity with the uses of materials in medicine and dentistry and the rational basis for these applications. It covers such subjects as biodegradable polymeric materials and their relation to tissue engineering, biologic materials, and biomaterials applications in soft and hard tissues. Nearly one hundred figures and tables further add to the value of this book. Concise, topical, and not overly technical — no other book covers the entire field of biomaterials so succinctly in one volume.

Stem Cell Engineering

Author: David Schaffer
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 143987204X
Size: 12.95 MB
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While the potential of stem cells is recognized, their proliferation and differentiation must be more precisely controlled to maximize the production of therapeutically relevant cells and for cell replacement therapies to minimize contamination with residual cells that can give rise to side effects. How can engineers make contributions to address these challenges? With contributions from pioneers and experts, Stem Cell Engineering: Principles and Practices highlights recent advances in the understanding of the cellular and molecular composition of the stem cell niche, as well as approaches to build upon this basic information to direct stem cell differentiation into therapeutically valuable lineages. The growing recognition of stem cells as an important and exciting field will continue to draw investigators with diverse backgrounds—from biology, engineering, and the physical sciences—and thereby enable further progress in these and other new directions. This book discusses advances made during the last decade that have led to increasingly defined culture systems for growing stem cells, starting from co-culture with feeder cells in the presence of serum to growth on synthetic substrates in defined medium. In addition to highlighting many recent advances, it underscores the need for future work.

Nano And Biomaterials

Author: Zhypargul Abdullaeva
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527807055
Size: 53.94 MB
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A comprehensive introduction to nano- and biomaterials shining light on the different research disciplines from various perspectives. The straightforward and well-structured concept is designed to cater for entrants as well as experienced researchers in the field of nanotechnology. The initial chapters introduce nanomaterials, their classification and synthesis techniques, while subsequent chapters discuss the various characterization tools as well as mechanical properties and their applications in biotechnological and biomedical fields. Further understanding of the topic is supported by case studies used for practical purposes. The book concludes with a look at future technology advances. With its explanation of a wide variety of materials, this is an essential reference for chemists, physicists, materials scientists and biomedical engineers.

Intraperitoneal Cancer Therapy

Author: Wim P. Ceelen
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482261197
Size: 25.46 MB
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Intraperitoneal Cancer Therapy: Principles and Practice is one of the first books to combine the latest clinical developments in the treatment of patients with peritoneal surface disease and the scientific principles that underlie the concept of intraperitoneal cancer therapy. The book covers basic concepts such as anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, and mathematical models of drug transport as well as practical clinical applications, highlighted with results from clinical trials and promising novel preclinical developments. The book is a state-of-the-art reference for surgical and medical oncologists interested in the treatment of carcinomatosis. It also establishes and promotes basic and translational research interest in the field of intraperitoneal drug delivery, which has the potential to improve the outcome for this dreaded condition. Edited by two renowned surgical oncologists, it represents the definitive reference in the field of intraperitoneal cancer therapy.

Principles Of Regenerative Medicine

Author: Anthony Atala
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128098937
Size: 22.30 MB
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Principles of Regenerative Medicine, Third Edition, details the technologies and advances applied in recent years to strategies for healing and generating tissue. Contributions from a stellar cast of researchers cover the biological and molecular basis of regenerative medicine, highlighting stem cells, wound healing and cell and tissue development. Advances in cell and tissue therapy, including replacement of tissues and organs damaged by disease and previously untreatable conditions, such as diabetes, heart disease, liver disease and renal failure are also incorporated to provide a view to the future and framework for additional studies. Comprehensively covers the interdisciplinary field of regenerative medicine with contributions from leaders in tissue engineering, cell and developmental biology, biomaterials sciences, nanotechnology, physics, chemistry, bioengineering and surgery Includes new chapters devoted to iPS cells and other alternative sources for generating stem cells as written by the scientists who made the breakthroughs Edited by a world-renowned team to present a complete story of the development and promise of regenerative medicine

Biomaterials

Author: J. Park
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468434233
Size: 47.50 MB
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This book is written for students who want a working knowledge in the field of implant materials. Obviously, the interdisciplinary nature of this subject has been a major obstacle in writing a book of this nature. In writing this book, I have attempted to cover both biological and nonbiological (man-made) materials for obvious reasons. Hence, this book can be divided into three parts-man-made materials, biological materials, and implant materials. The fundamental structure-property relationship is dealt with in the beginning, followed by the biological materials. Implant materials or biomaterials as such are not greatly different from other man-made materials. Therefore, their acceptability in the body is emphasized. In addition, the reasons for a particular implant design and its material selection have been given special attention. An effort is made to convert all the units into SI units although one or 10 two exceptions are made such as A (= 10- m). Also some abbreviations such as vlo (volume %) and wlo (weight %) are used for brevity. To cover the wide range of subjects dealt with in this book, I have used countless original and review articles as well as my own research proposals. A conscientious effort has been made to give credit to the original sources. Credit is given in the captions ofthe illustrations. For the occasional oversight of some tables and figures which could not be traced, the author offers his apologies.

Tissue Engineering Made Easy

Author: Farhana Akter
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128092289
Size: 56.67 MB
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Tissue Engineering Made Easy provides concise, easy to understand, up-to-date information about the most important topics in tissue engineering. These include background and basic principles, clinical applications for a variety of organs (skin, nerves, eye, heart, lungs and bones), and the future of the field. The descriptions and explanations of each topic are such that those who have not had any exposure to the principles and practice of tissue engineering will be able to understand them, and the volume will serve as a source for self-teaching to get readers to a point where they can effectively engage with active researchers. Offers readers a truly introductory way to understand the concepts, challenges and the new trends in reconstructive medicine Features accessible language for students beginning their research careers, private practice physician collaborators, and residents just beginning their research rotation Addresses the specifics for a variety of organs/systems – nerves, skin, bone, cardiovascular, respiratory, ophthalmic Provides examples from clinical and everyday situations