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Biopiracy

Author: Vandana Shiva
Publisher: North Atlantic Books
ISBN: 1623170702
Size: 19.22 MB
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"Internationally renowned environmentalist Vandana Shiva argues that genetic engineering and the cloning of organisms are "the ultimate expression of the commercialization of science and the commodification of nature... life itself is being colonized." The resistance to this biopiracy--the use of intellectual property systems to legitimize the exclusive ownership and control over biological resource and biological products and processes that have been used over centuries in non-industrialized cultures--is the struggle to conserve both cultural and biological diversity. Since the land, the forests, the oceans, and the atmosphere have already been colonized, eroded, and polluted, Northern capital is now looking for new colonies to exploit and invade for further accumulation--in Shiva's view, the interior spaces of the bodies of women, plants, and animals. Featuring a new introduction by the author, this edition of Biopiracy is a learned, clear, and passionately stated objection to the ways in which Western businesses are being allowed to expropriate natural processes and traditional forms of knowledge. "--

Monocultures Of The Mind

Author: Vandana Shiva
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9781856492188
Size: 53.17 MB
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Vandana Shiva has established herself as a leading independent thinker and voice for the South in that critically important nexus where questions of development strategy, the environment and the posititon of women in society coincide. In this new volume, she brings together her thinking on the protection of biodiversity, the implications of biotechnology, and the consequences for agriculture of the global pre-eminence of Western-style scientific knowledge.In lucid and accessible fashion, she examines the current threats to the planet's biodiversity and the environmental and human consequences of its erosion and replacement by monocultural production. She shows how the new Biodiversity Convention has been gravely undermined by a mixture of diplomatic dilution during the process of negotiation and Northern hi-tech interests making money out of the new biotechnologies. She explains what these technologies involve and gives examples of their impact in practice. She questions their claims to improving natural species for the good of all and highlights the ethical and environmental problems posed.Underlying her arguments is the view that the North's particular approach to scientific understanding has led to a system of monoculture in agriculture - a model that is not being foisted on the South, displacing its societies' ecologically sounder, indigenous and age-old experiences of truly sustainable food cultivation, forest management and animal husbandry. This rapidly accelerating process of technology and system transfer is impoverishing huge numbers of people, disrupting the social systems that provide them with security and dignity, and will ultimately result in a sterile planet in both North and South, In a policy intervention of potentially great significance, she calls instead for a halt, at international as well as local level, to the aid and market incentives to both large-scale destruction of habitats where biodiversity thrives and the introduction of centralised, homogenous systems of cultivation.

Die Dreifachhelix

Author: Richard Lewontin
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642561632
Size: 68.40 MB
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Dieses allgemein verständliche Buch eines weltbekannten Evolutionsbiologen gibt einen brilliant geschriebenen Überblick über die Auswirkungen der Evolutionsbiologie und Genforschung auf die menschliche Gesellschaft. Ausführlich analysiert und kommentiert der Autor insbesondere weit verbreitete falsche Vorstellungen, die oft das Verständnis von Biologie und Evolution behindern. Der Titel "Die Dreifachhelix" bezieht sich auf die drei Komponenten, die bei der Evolution eine Rolle spielen: Gen, Organismus, Umwelt. Alle wissenschaftlichen Interessierten, die sich mit politischen Fragen im Zusammenhang mit Genforschung befassen sowie Mathematiker und Informatiker, die sich in biologischen Fragen einarbeiten wollen, finden in dem Buch eine hervorragende Grundlage. "...das Nachdenken eines ganzen wissenschaftlichen Lebens über Genetik und Evolution ist in diesem kleinen, eleganten und Maßstäbe setzenden Buch konzentriert..." Nature Nov. 2000

Global Biopiracy

Author: Ikechi Mgbeoji
Publisher: UBC Press
ISBN: 0774851708
Size: 39.65 MB
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Legal control and ownership of plants and traditional knowledge of the uses of plants (TKUP) is a vexing issue. The phenomenon of appropriation of plants and TKUP, otherwise known as biopiracy, thrives in a cultural milieu where non-Western forms of knowledge are systemically marginalized and devalued as "folk knowledge" or characterized as inferior. Global Biopiracy rethinks the role of international law and legal concepts, the Western-based, Eurocentric patent systems of the world, and international agricultural research institutions as they affect legal ownership and control of plants and TKUP. The analysis is cast in various contexts and examined at multiple levels. The first deals with the Eurocentric character of the patent system, international law, and institutions. The second involves the cultural and economic dichotomy between the industrialized Western world and the westernizing, developing world. The third level of analysis considers the phenomenal loss of human cultures and plant diversity. Exhaustively researched and eloquently argued, Global Biopiracy sheds new light on a contentious topic. The impact of intellectual property law on indigenous peoples and informal or traditional innovations is a field of study that currently includes only a handful of scholars. Biopiracy will be an invaluable resource for students, teachers, and legal practitioners.

Earth Democracy

Author: Vandana Shiva
Publisher: Zed Books
ISBN: 9781842777770
Size: 12.26 MB
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A leading voice in struggles for global justice, Vandana Shiva is a world renowned environmental activist and physicist. With Earth Democracy, her most extensive treatment of the struggles she helped bring to international attention-genetic food engineering, cultural theft, and natural resource privatization-Shiva uncovers their link to the rising tide of fundamentalisms, violence against women, and planetary death.Starting in the 16th century with the initial enclosure of the British commons, Shiva reveals how the commons continue to shrink as more natural resources are patented and privatized. As our ecological sustainability and cultural diversity erode, so too is human life rendered disposable. Through the forces of neoliberal globalization, economic and social exclusion ignite violence across lines of difference, threatening the lives of millions.Yet these brutal extinctions are not the only trend shaping human history. Struggles on the streets of Seattle and Cancún and in homes and farms across the world, have yielded a set of principles based on inclusion, nonviolence, reclaiming the commons, and freely sharing the earth's resources. These ideals, which Shiva calls Earth Democracy, serve as an urgent call to peace and as the basis for a just and sustainable future.