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Small Bioreactors For Management Of Biodegradable Waste

Author: Pranas Baltrėnas
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319782118
Size: 59.44 MB
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This volume discusses how small bioreactors can produce useful biogas and compost from biodegradable waste. The authors identify which biodegradable wastes are optimal for small bioreactors, and how these choices can be used to increase bioreactor productivity. Additionally, readers will learn about how the amount and composition of biogas is estimated, the concentration of biodegradable waste that needs to be supplied to a bioreactor, the development of small bioreactors including the ratio of cost to the obtained benefits, and the nature of biodegradable wastes generated by both small farms and large food industry enterprises. The beginning chapters explain what biodegradable waste is, show how to predict how much waste an enterprise will produce, and elaborate the characteristics of the biogas which is generated from biodegradable waste in small bioreactors. Then the book discusses the types of small bioreactors and how to select the optimal bioreactor for a given case. Bioreactor performance is analyzed on both an economical and production efficiency basis, with experimental results provided on the quantity and quality of the biogas produced. The final chapters address how small bioreactors can be incorporated into small biogas plants, and the potential use of small bioreactors in countries with high demand for alternative energy using the case of Lithuania. The audience for this work includes specialists in biodegradable waste management and utilization enterprises, designers, and academics, researchers and students engaged in environmental engineering.

Bioprocess Engineering

Author: Michael L. Shuler
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780137062706
Size: 47.57 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The Leading Introduction to Biochemical and Bioprocess Engineering, Updated with Key Advances in Productivity, Innovation, and Safety Bioprocess Engineering, Third Edition, is an extensive update of the world's leading introductory textbook on biochemical and bioprocess engineering and reflects key advances in productivity, innovation, and safety. The authors review relevant fundamentals of biochemistry, microbiology, and molecular biology, including enzymes, cell functions and growth, major metabolic pathways, alteration of cellular information, and other key topics. They then introduce evolving biological tools for manipulating cell biology more effectively and to reduce costs of bioprocesses. This edition presents major advances in the production of biologicals; highly productive techniques for making heterologous proteins; new commercial applications for both animal and plant cell cultures; key improvements in recombinant DNA microbe engineering; techniques for more consistent authentic post-translational processing of proteins; and other advanced topics. It includes new, improved, or expanded coverage of The role of small RNAs as regulators Transcription, translation, regulation, and differences between prokaryotes and eukaryotes Cell-free processes, metabolic engineering, and protein engineering Biofuels and energy, including coordinated enzyme systems, mixed-inhibition and enzyme-activation kinetics, and two-phase enzymatic reactions Synthetic biology The growing role of genomics and epigenomics Population balances and the Gompetz equation for batch growth and product formation Microreactors for scale-up/scale-down, including rapid scale-up of vaccine production The development of single-use technology in bioprocesses Stem cell technology and utilization Use of microfabrication, nanobiotechnology, and 3D printing techniques Advances in animal and plant cell biotechnology The text makes extensive use of illustrations, examples, and problems, and contains references for further reading as well as a detailed appendix describing traditional bioprocesses.

Microstructural Principles Of Food Processing And Engineering

Author: José Miguel Aguilera
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780834212565
Size: 21.29 MB
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An Aspen Food Engineering Series Book. This new edition provides a comprehensive reference on food microstructure, emphasizing its interdisciplinary nature, rooted in the scientific principles of food materials science and physical chemistry. The book details the techniques available to study food microstructure, examines the microstructure of basic food components and its relation to quality, and explores how microstructure is affected by specific unit operations in food process engineering. Descriptions of a number of food-related applications provide a better understanding of the complexities of the microstructural approach to food processing. Color plates.

Handbook Of Food And Bioprocess Modeling Techniques

Author: Shyam S. Sablani
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420015079
Size: 29.81 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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With the advancement of computers, the use of modeling to reduce time and expense, and improve process optimization, predictive capability, process automation, and control possibilities, is now an integral part of food science and engineering. New technology and ease of use expands the range of techniques that scientists and researchers have at their disposal making it increasingly important for the user to be aware of and have a good working knowledge of the alternatives. Unique in its scope, the Handbook of Food and Bioprocess Modeling Techniques provides a comprehensive overview of the modeling options available to today’s researcher. The book covers a wide range of topics including transport processes, reaction kinetics, probabilistic modeling, data mining, neural network and genetic algorithms. Both mesoscale and macroscale modeling are covered. Each chapter is complete with a clear, succinct description of a specific modeling technique, followed by detailed examples of the utilization, application, benefits, and limitations of the technique described. By having both physics-based and observation-based models explained in one place, the researcher can find not only the most appropriate tool or combination of tools for the application, but also those that best suit the technical expertise of the personnel involved. The book emphasizes problem formulation and explains the choice and structure of the modeling technique from an application point of view, making it exceedingly practical and easy-to-use. The international panel of authors and contributors ensures the quality of the individual chapters and the usefulness of the information across wide-ranging food products and processes. An indispensable resource for the full range of contemporary modeling techniques, the Handbook of Food and Bioprocess Modeling Techniques provides food and bioprocess researchers in industry and academia with an invaluable comprehensive working reference.

Scale Up

Author: Marko Zlokarnik
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527660461
Size: 50.96 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Die Übertagung von Verfahren aus dem Labor-bzw. dem Techni-kumsmaßstab in den industriellen maßstab einer Produktiosanlage ist eine der wichtigsten ingenieurstechnischen Aufgaben in der chemischen Industrie. Die einzige zuverlässige Methode dazu basiert auf der Darstellung von Versuchsergebnissen im zutreffenden dimensions-analytischen Raum, der sich als maßstabsinvariant erweist. Das Buch ist in zwei Teile gegliedert: In der ersten Hälfte werden die vertiefte mathematische Vorkenntnisse dieses Themengebiet näherzubringen. Diskutiert werden die Grundlagen der Dimensionsanalyse, die Behandlung von temperaturabhängigen und von rheologischen Stoffwerten und die Modellübertragung bei Nichtverfügbarkeit von Modellstoffsystemen, sowie bei partieller Ähnlichkeit/ All dies wird dem leser anhand von 20 modernen Beispielen aus der heutigen verfahrenstechnischcen Praxis illustriert, der sich mit 25 in dieser Auflage neu hinzugekommenen Übungsaufgaben sein Verständnis aktive erarbeiten und anhand der Lösungen kontrollieren kann. Im zweitem Teil des Buches werden die einzelnen verfahrenstechnischen Grundoperationen aus den Bereichen mechanische, thermische und chemische Verfahrenstechnik aus der Sicht der Dimensionsanalyse und der Modellübertragung beispielhaft behandelt, und es werden für jede Operation die Maßstabsübertragungsregeln vorgestellt und diskutiert. Das vorliegende Buch wendet sich dementsprechend an Studenten wie auch bereits auf dem gebiet tätige Ingenieure, Chemiker und Verfahrenstechniker.