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Bioremediation

Author: Ronald L. Crawford
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521019156
Size: 45.78 MB
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Increased industrial and agricultural activity this century has led to vast quantities of the earth's soil and groundwater resources becoming contaminated with hazardous chemicals. Bioremediation provides a technology based on the use of living organisms, usually bacteria and fungi, to remove pollutants from soil and water, preferably in situ. This approach, which is potentially more cost-effective than traditional techniques such as incineration of soils and carbon filtration of water, requires an understanding of how organisms transform chemicals, how they survive in polluted environments and how they should be employed in the field. This book examines these issues for many of the most serious and common environmental contaminants, resulting in a volume which presents the most recent position on the application of bioremediation to the cleanup of polluted soil and water.

Environmental Biotechnology

Author: Murray Moo-Young
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401714355
Size: 46.46 MB
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Biotechnology offers a `natural' way of addressing environmental problems, ranging from identification of biohazards to bioremediation techniques for industrial, agricultural and municipal effluents and residues. Biotechnology is also a crucial element in the paradigm of `sustainable development'. This collection of 66 papers, by authors from 20 countries spanning 4 continents, addresses many of these issues. The material presented will interest scientists, engineers, and others in industry, government and academia. It incorporates both introductory and advanced aspects of the subject matter, which includes water, air and soil treatment, biosensor and biomonitoring technology, genetic engineering of microorganisms, and policy issues in applying biotechnology to environmental problems. The papers present a variety of aspects ranging from current state-of-the-art research, to examples of applications of these technologies.

Principles And Applications Of Environmental Biotechnology For A Sustainable Future

Author: Ram Lakhan Singh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811018669
Size: 63.11 MB
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This textbook on Environmental Biotechnology not only presents an unbiased overview of the practical biological approaches currently employed to address environmental problems, but also equips readers with a working knowledge of the science that underpins them. Starting with the fundamentals of biotechnology, it subsequently provides detailed discussions of global environmental problems including microbes and their interaction with the environment, xenobiotics and their remediation, solid waste management, waste water treatment, bioreactors, biosensors, biomining and biopesticides. This book also covers renewable and non-renewable bioenergy resources, biodiversity and its conservation, and approaches to monitoring biotechnological industries, genetically modified microorganism and foods so as to increase awareness. All chapters are written in a highly accessible style, and each also includes a short bibliography for further research. In summary this textbook offers a valuable asset, allowing students, young researchers and professionals in the biotechnology industry to grasp the basics of environmental biotechnology.

Environmental Biotechnology Principles And Applications

Author: Perry L. McCarty
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education
ISBN: 9781260440591
Size: 22.77 MB
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The classic first edition, now back in print! Environmental Biotechnology: Principles and Applications is the essential tool for understanding and designing microbiological processes used for environmental protection and improvement. The book lays a foundation in microbiology and engineering principles and provides comprehensive coverage of all the major environmental applications, from traditional ones like activated sludge and anaerobic digestion to emerging applications like detoxification of hazardous chemical and biofiltration of drinking water. An abundance of worked examples that show in a step-by-step way how the tools are used in analysis and design enrich the discussion. Environmental Biotechnology is the authoritative source for learning how processes in environmental biotechnology work and how to create reliable processes to meet contemporary and emerging needs. Students, practitioners, and researchers will find this book invaluable. Key features of this first edition include: Consistent backup of the fundamental principles of microbiological processes by their practical applications. Discussion of the traditional applications (e.g., activated sludge and anaerobic digestion) and the emerging applications (e.g., bioremediation and drinking water treatment). Numerous examples illustrating how the design and analysis tools are applied correctly. Each chapter consists of many problems, ranging in scope, that can be assigned as homework, used as supplemental examples in class, or used as study tools. Abundant use of figures to illustrate concepts.

Introduction To Petroleum Biotechnology

Author: James G. Speight
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN: 0128052880
Size: 52.66 MB
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Introduction to Petroleum Biotechnology introduces the petroleum engineer to biotechnology, bringing together the various biotechnology methods that are applied to recovery, refining and remediation in the uses of petroleum and petroleum products. A significant amount of petroleum is undiscoverable in reservoirs today using conventional and secondary methods. This reference explains how microbial enhanced oil recovery is aiding to produce more economical and environmentally-friendly metabolic events that lead to improved oil recovery. Meanwhile, in the downstream side of the industry, petroleum refining operators are facing the highest levels of environmental regulations while struggling to process more of the heavier crude oils since conventional physical and chemical refining techniques may not be applicable to heavier crudes. This reference proposes to the engineer and refining manager the concepts of bio-refining applications to not only render heavier crudes as lighter crudes through microbial degradation, but also through biodenitrogenation, biodemetallization and biodesulfurization, making more petroleum derivatives purified and upgraded without the release of more pollutants. Equipped for both upstream and downstream to learn the basics, this book is a necessary primer for today’s petroleum engineer. Presents the fundamentals behind petroleum biotechnology for both upstream and downstream oil and gas operations Provides the latest technology in reservoir recovery using microbial enhanced oil recovery methods Helps readers gain insight into the current and future application of using biotechnology as a refining and fuel blending method for heavy oil and tar sands

Wastewater Engineering Advanced Wastewater Treatment Systems

Author: Hamidi Abdul Aziz
Publisher: IJSR Publications
ISBN:
Size: 30.63 MB
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As the global population grows and many developing countries modernize, the importance of water supply and wastewater treatment becomes a much greater factor in the welfare of nations. Clearly, in today’s world the competition for water resources coupled with the unfortunate commingling of wastewater discharges with freshwater supplies creates additional pressure on treatment systems. Recently, researchers focus on wastewater treatment by difference methods with minimal cost and maximum efficiency. This volume of the Wastewater Engineering: Advanced Wastewater Treatment Systems is a selection of topics related to physical-chemical and biological processes with an emphasis on their industrial applications. It gives an overview of various aspects in wastewater treatments methods including topics such as biological, bioremediation, electrochemical, membrane and physical-chemical applications. Experts in the area of environmental sciences from diverse institutions worldwide have contributed to this book, which should prove to be useful to students, teachers, and researchers in the disciplines of wastewater engineering, chemical engineering, environmental engineering, and biotechnology. We gratefully acknowledge the cooperation and support of all the contributing authors.

Biotechnology Of Metals

Author: K.A. Natarajan
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128040998
Size: 21.31 MB
Format: PDF
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Biotechnology of Metals: Principles, Recovery Methods and Environmental Concerns deals with all aspects of metal biotechnology in different areas, such as biogenesis, biomaterials, biomimetic strategies, biohydrometallurgy, mineral biobeneficiation, electrobioleaching, microbial corrosion, human implants, concrete biocorrosion, microbiology of environment pollution, and bioremediation. As the technology of this interdisciplinary science has diversified over the last five years, this book provides a valuable source for scientists and students in a number of disciplines, including geology, chemistry, metallurgy, microbiology, chemical engineering, environment, civil engineering, and biomedical engineering. Offers comprehensive coverage of an interdisciplinary subject Outlines the role of microbiology and biotechnology in mining, metallurgy, waste disposal and environmental control Covers new topics, such as biogenesis, biomaterials processing, the role of micro-organisms in causing corrosion, and much more Presents scientifically illustrated experimental research methods in metals biotechnology

Agriculture And Food Production

Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080527444
Size: 50.20 MB
Format: PDF
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This volume of Applied Mycology and Biotechnology completes the set of two volumes dedicated to the coverage of recent developments on the theme "Agriculture and Food Production". The first volume provided overview on fungal physiology, metabolism, genetics and biotechnology and highlighted their connection with particular applications to food production. The second volume examines various specific applications of mycology and fungal biotechnology to food production and processing. In the second volume coverage on two remaining areas of the theme, food crop production and applications in the foods and beverages sector, is presented. The interdisciplinary and complex nature of the subject area, combined with the need to consider the sustainability of agri-food practices, its economics and industrial perspectives, requires a certain focus and selectivity of subjects. In this context the recent literature contained in this work will help readers arrive at comprehensive, in depth information on the role of fungi in agricultural food and feed technology. As a professional reference this book is targeted towards agri-food producer research establishments, government and academic units. Teachers and students, both in undergraduate and graduate studies, in departments of food science, food technology, food engineering, microbiology, applied molecular genetics and biotechnology will also find this work useful.

Petroleum Biotechnology

Author: Rafael Vazquez-Duhalt
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080473710
Size: 35.73 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book is one of a kind in the field of petroleum biorefining and biological upgrade of petroleum; it presents a critical review as well as an integrated overview of the potential biochemical processes, bridging the gap between academia and industry. It addresses today’s demanding production challenges, taking into account energy efficient and environmentally friendly processes, and also looks at the future possibility of implementing new refinery systems. Suitable for those practitioners the petroleum industry, students and researchers interested in petroleum biotechnology. * Covers a new application field for biotechnology * Looks at innovative processes for the petroleum industry * Presents examples of modern environmental processes