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Bioremediation

Author: Ronald L. Crawford
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521019156
Size: 72.76 MB
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Increased industrial and agricultural activity this century has led to vast quantities of the earth's soil and groundwater resources becoming contaminated with hazardous chemicals. Bioremediation provides a technology based on the use of living organisms, usually bacteria and fungi, to remove pollutants from soil and water, preferably in situ. This approach, which is potentially more cost-effective than traditional techniques such as incineration of soils and carbon filtration of water, requires an understanding of how organisms transform chemicals, how they survive in polluted environments and how they should be employed in the field. This book examines these issues for many of the most serious and common environmental contaminants, resulting in a volume which presents the most recent position on the application of bioremediation to the cleanup of polluted soil and water.

Environmental Biotechnology

Author: Murray Moo-Young
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401714355
Size: 53.23 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Biotechnology offers a `natural' way of addressing environmental problems, ranging from identification of biohazards to bioremediation techniques for industrial, agricultural and municipal effluents and residues. Biotechnology is also a crucial element in the paradigm of `sustainable development'. This collection of 66 papers, by authors from 20 countries spanning 4 continents, addresses many of these issues. The material presented will interest scientists, engineers, and others in industry, government and academia. It incorporates both introductory and advanced aspects of the subject matter, which includes water, air and soil treatment, biosensor and biomonitoring technology, genetic engineering of microorganisms, and policy issues in applying biotechnology to environmental problems. The papers present a variety of aspects ranging from current state-of-the-art research, to examples of applications of these technologies.

Wastewater Engineering Advanced Wastewater Treatment Systems

Author: Hamidi Abdul Aziz
Publisher: IJSR Publications
ISBN:
Size: 24.58 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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As the global population grows and many developing countries modernize, the importance of water supply and wastewater treatment becomes a much greater factor in the welfare of nations. Clearly, in today’s world the competition for water resources coupled with the unfortunate commingling of wastewater discharges with freshwater supplies creates additional pressure on treatment systems. Recently, researchers focus on wastewater treatment by difference methods with minimal cost and maximum efficiency. This volume of the Wastewater Engineering: Advanced Wastewater Treatment Systems is a selection of topics related to physical-chemical and biological processes with an emphasis on their industrial applications. It gives an overview of various aspects in wastewater treatments methods including topics such as biological, bioremediation, electrochemical, membrane and physical-chemical applications. Experts in the area of environmental sciences from diverse institutions worldwide have contributed to this book, which should prove to be useful to students, teachers, and researchers in the disciplines of wastewater engineering, chemical engineering, environmental engineering, and biotechnology. We gratefully acknowledge the cooperation and support of all the contributing authors.

Principles And Applications Of Environmental Biotechnology For A Sustainable Future

Author: Ram Lakhan Singh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811018669
Size: 31.28 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This textbook on Environmental Biotechnology not only presents an unbiased overview of the practical biological approaches currently employed to address environmental problems, but also equips readers with a working knowledge of the science that underpins them. Starting with the fundamentals of biotechnology, it subsequently provides detailed discussions of global environmental problems including microbes and their interaction with the environment, xenobiotics and their remediation, solid waste management, waste water treatment, bioreactors, biosensors, biomining and biopesticides. This book also covers renewable and non-renewable bioenergy resources, biodiversity and its conservation, and approaches to monitoring biotechnological industries, genetically modified microorganism and foods so as to increase awareness. All chapters are written in a highly accessible style, and each also includes a short bibliography for further research. In summary this textbook offers a valuable asset, allowing students, young researchers and professionals in the biotechnology industry to grasp the basics of environmental biotechnology.

Bioremediation Technologies

Author: Robert L. Irvine
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781566765619
Size: 22.78 MB
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FROM THE INTRODUCTION This three-volume series, Bioremediation: Principles and Practice, provides state of the art description of advances in pollution treatment and reduction using biological means; identify and address, at a fundamental level, broad scientific and technological areas that are unique to the subject or theme and that must be understood if advances are to be made; and provide a comprehensive overview of new developments at the regulatory, desk-top, bench-scale, pilot scale, and full-scale levels. The series covers all media-air, water, and soil/sediment-and blends the talents, knowledge, and know-how of academic, industrial, governmental, and international contributors. The series addresses the removal of both hazardous and nonhazardous contaminants from the liquid, solid, and gas phase using biological processes. This includes the biological treatment of wastes of municipal and industrial origin; bioremediation of leachates, soils, and sediments; and biofiltration for contaminated gases.

Innovative Approaches To The On Site Assessment And Remediation Of Contaminated Sites

Author: Danny Reible
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402009563
Size: 47.64 MB
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2 DANNY D. REIBLEI AND KATERINA DEMNEROVA 1 Hazardous Substance Research Center/South and Southwest, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 2 Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague, Czech Republic On May 24, 2001, a total of 102 students and lecturers participated in an Advanced Study Institute (ASI) sponsored by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) under our direction. The Institute was focused on in situ and onsite management of contaminated sites. The objective of the Institute was to balance state of the art science with techniques for field application of a variety of technologies for in situ assessment and remediation of contaminated sites. Many of the lecturers were drawn from the ranks of the Hazardous Substance Research Centers, multi-university consortia that have been funded by the US Environmental Protection Agency to conduct research and technology transfer designed to promote risk-based management and control of hazardous substances for the nation. The Centers have made special contributions to the areas of in situ and onsite assessment and remediation of contaminated sites. Such approaches have the potential for being significantly less expensive than other assessment and remediation approaches while maintaining accuracy and effectiveness. Cost-effective remedial and management approaches that are also effective in minimizing exposure and risk to human health and the environment are a critical need throughout the world but particularly in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union where resources that can be devoted to environmental cleanup are especially limited.

Bioremediation

Author: Ronald M. Atlas
Publisher: Amer Society for Microbiology
ISBN:
Size: 70.79 MB
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Annotation Bioremediation: Applied Microbial Solutions for RealWorld Environmental Cleanup is a fascinating examination of research and its realworld application. Intended for both academics and practitioners, the book presents information on the legal, scientific, and engineering principles behind bioremediation for cleaning up contaminated soil and groundwater sources.Provides global perspective in coverage of a broad range of bioremediation technologies including bioinjection, bioaugmentation, and phytoremediationOffers viewpoints from contributors who are recognized leaders in their fieldsPresents over 130 figures including highquality line drawingsExamines practical examples of bioremediation application, including relevant case studiesDiscusses the interactions of legal, scientific, and engineering principles behind use of bioremediation for cleanup of contaminated land and aquifers.

Bioremediation Of Recalcitrant Compounds

Author: Jeffrey Talley
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420032097
Size: 48.49 MB
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This authoritative text addresses the latest in bioremediation technologies for three difficult-to-treat contaminant groups: chlorinated solvents, PCBs, and PAHs - one of the most complex and expensive areas of applied remediation engineering. Bioremediation of Recalcitrant Compounds assesses innovative R&D projects developed for each contaminant group by a specially funded consortium of experts. Considering factors such as availability, toxicity, and treatability, world-class experts chronicle the development of field-ready biotechnologies, reflecting on the science and engineering challenges encountered as the research team progressed from bench-scale testing to the field. This book features the experimental work involved in enzymatic reactions for the biodegradation of co-solvent extraction of chlorinated solvents, bioaugmentation enhanced PAH degradation, and genetically engineered microorganisms (GEMs) for enhanced PCB degradation. Comparisons to traditional methods of remediation also provide new insight on how to optimize biotreatment. Concluding with future directions of research and development in this area, Bioremediation of Recalcitrant Compounds is a must-have for professionals seeking cutting-edge, innovative biotreatment technologies for these hazardous organic compounds.