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Birth Of The Leviathan

Author: Thomas Ertman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521484275
Size: 10.94 MB
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Ertman presents a new theory to explain the variation in political regimes and state infrastructures in pre-French Revolution Europe.

The Oxford Handbook Of Early Modern European History 1350 1750

Author: Hamish Scott
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019102001X
Size: 69.30 MB
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This Handbook re-examines the concept of early modern history in a European and global context. The term 'early modern' has been familiar, especially in Anglophone scholarship, for four decades and is securely established in teaching, research, and scholarly publishing. More recently, however, the unity implied in the notion has fragmented, while the usefulness and even the validity of the term, and the historical periodisation which it incorporates, have been questioned. The Oxford Handbook of Early Modern European History, 1350-1750 provides an account of the development of the subject during the past half-century, but primarily offers an integrated and comprehensive survey of present knowledge, together with some suggestions as to how the field is developing. It aims both to interrogate the notion of 'early modernity' itself and to survey early modern Europe as an established field of study. The overriding aim will be to establish that 'early modern' is not simply a chronological label but possesses a substantive integrity. Volume II is devoted to 'Cultures and Power', opening with chapters on philosophy, science, art and architecture, music, and the Enlightenment. Subsequent sections examine 'Europe beyond Europe', with the transformation of contact with other continents during the first global age, and military and political developments, notably the expansion of state power.

Enzyklop Die Der Neuzeit

Author: Friedrich Jaeger
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3476000613
Size: 14.75 MB
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So viel Neuzeit muss sein. 400 Jahre Geschichte der Neuzeit in einer Enzyklopädie - das ist einmalig! Wissenschaftler aus der ganzen Welt führen die Kenntnisse über das bedeutsame Zeitalter von der Mitte des 15. bis zur Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts in 16 reich illustrierten Bänden zusammen. Zeitgemäß neu. Die Enzyklopädie gründet auf einem neuen wissenschaftlichen Fundament. Sie liefert aktuelle Antworten auf die Kernfragen: Welche Ideen, Erfindungen und Ereignisse veränderten das Leben? Wie greifen politische, gesellschaftliche und ökonomische Entwicklungen ineinander? Welche großen kulturellen Strömungen kristallisieren sich heraus? Wie wandelte sich die Deutung historischer Ereignisse? Die Enzyklopädie mit Sogwirkung. Wer einmal die Enzyklopädie aufgeschlagen hat, will mehr wissen. Die einzelnen Artikel sind durch zahlreiche Querverweise miteinander verflochten. Wer ihnen folgt, erschließt überraschend neue Zusammenhänge.

The Fiscal Military State In Eighteenth Century Europe

Author: Dr Christopher Storrs
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409480208
Size: 43.86 MB
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In recent decades, historians of early-modern Europe, and above all those who study the eighteenth century, have elaborated the concept of what has been called the 'fiscal-military state'. This is a state whose international effectiveness was founded upon the development of large armed forces, whose performance and supply necessitated both further administrative development and the provision of large sums, the raising of which involved unprecedented levels of taxation and borrowing by governments. The present collection of essays, by leading authorities in their individual fields, all of whom have published widely on their chosen topic, explores the subject of the fiscal-military state by focusing on its leading exemplars in eighteenth-century Europe: Austria, Britain, France, Prussia and Russia. It also includes a chapter on the Savoyard state (the kingdom of Sardinia), a lesser power whose career illuminates by comparison developments elsewhere. In addition, and rather unusually, a further chapter considers the fiscal-military state in a broader, comparative international context, in the arena of international relations. Each chapter provides a summary of the state of knowledge regarding the fiscal-military state debate insofar as it relates to the state under consideration. As well as contributing to that debate, they take matters further by systematically analysing the sources of wealth and income, and the way these were tapped, and the broader impact that this attempt to extract resources had on society and the state, both in the short and longer term. The differing patterns, and the variety of models of fiscal-military state makes for ease of comparison across Europe, making the volume an invaluable resource to both students and researchers alike.

Rethinking Leviathan

Author: John Brewer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199201891
Size: 60.74 MB
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Rethinking Leviathan offers a new approach to the history of the modern state. It concentrates on the eighteenth century and on two cases, those of Britain and Germany. These two countries have always been test-cases for historians and social scientists looking at the development of the modern state because they have been seen as presenting the two main alternatives in the state-building process. Using a comparative study of the British and German states, including Prussia, it deconstructs certain cliches about them and forces us to rethink how to study states in the early modern era. The volume is less concerned with the theory of the state or the formal constitutional conditions under which governments operate than with their actual modus operandi. The subjects covered in this volume include some which have so far been ignored in reconstructing the history of the modern state.

The Mechanics Of Modernity In Europe And East Asia

Author: Erik Ringmar
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134292635
Size: 30.32 MB
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Why, from the eighteenth century onwards, did some countries embark on a path of sustained economic growth, while others stagnated? This text looks at the kind of institutions that are required in order for change to take place, and Ringmar concludes that for sustained development to be possible, change must be institutionalized. Taking a global view, Ringmar investigates the implications of his conclusion on issues facing the developing world today.

Making Money In Sixteenth Century France

Author: Jotham Parsons
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801454972
Size: 23.43 MB
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Coinage and currency—abstract and socially created units of value and power—were basic to early modern society. By controlling money, the people sought to understand and control their complex, expanding, and interdependent world. In Making Money in Sixteenth-Century France, Jotham Parsons investigates the creation and circulation of currency in France. The royal Cour des Monnaies centralized monetary administration, expanding its role in the emerging modern state during the sixteenth century and assuming new powers as an often controversial repository of theoretical and administrative expertise. The Cour des Monnaies, Parsons shows, played an important role in developing the contemporary understanding of money, as a source of both danger and opportunity at the center of economic and political life. More practically, the Monnaies led generally successful responses to the endemic inflation of the era and the monetary chaos of a period of civil war. Its work investigating and prosecuting counterfeiters shone light into a picaresque world of those who used the abstract and artificial nature of money for their own ends. Parson's broad, multidimensional portrait of money in early modern France also encompasses the literature of the age, in which money’s arbitrary and dangerous power was a major theme.

The Political Economy Of The Dutch Republic

Author: Dr Oscar Gelderblom
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409480232
Size: 35.45 MB
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In the first half of the seventeenth century the Dutch Republic emerged as one of Europe's leading maritime powers. The political and military leadership of this small country was based on large-scale borrowing from an increasingly wealthy middle class of merchants, manufacturers and regents This volume presents the first comprehensive account of the political economy of the Dutch republic from the sixteenth to the early nineteenth century. Building on earlier scholarship and extensive new evidence it tackles two main issues: the effect of political revolution on property rights and public finance, and the ability of the nation to renegotiate issues of taxation and government borrowing in changing political circumstances. The essays in this volume chart the Republic's rise during the seventeenth century, and its subsequent decline as other European nations adopted the Dutch financial model and warfare bankrupted the state in the eighteenth century. By following the United Provinces's financial ability to respond to the changing national and international circumstances across a three-hundred year period, much can be learned not only about the Dutch experience, but the wider European implications as well.

Charles I And The People Of England

Author: David Cressy
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191018007
Size: 37.39 MB
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The story of the reign of Charles I — told through the lives of his people. Prize-winning historian David Cressy mines the widest range of archival and printed sources, including ballads, sermons, speeches, letters, diaries, petitions, proclamations, and the proceedings of secular and ecclesiastical courts, to explore the aspirations and expectations not only of the king and his followers, but also the unruly energies of many of his subjects, showing how royal authority was constituted, in peace and in war — and how it began to fall apart. A blend of micro-historical analysis and constitutional theory, parish politics and ecclesiology, military, cultural, and social history, Charles I and the People of England is the first major attempt to connect the political, constitutional, and religious history of this crucial period in English history with the experience and aspirations of the rest of the population. From the king and his ministers to the everyday dealings and opinions of parishioners, petitioners, and taxpayers, David Cressy re-creates the broadest possible panorama of early Stuart England, as it slipped from complacency to revolution.