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Bodies In Doubt

Author: Elizabeth Reis
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 0801897386
Size: 18.78 MB
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What does it mean to be human? To be human is, in part, to be physically sexed and culturally gendered. Yet not all bodies are clearly male or female. Bodies in Doubt traces the changing definitions, perceptions, and medical management of intersex (atypical sex development) in America from the colonial period to the present day. From the beginning, intersex bodies have been marked as "other," as monstrous, sinister, threatening, inferior, and unfortunate. Some nineteenth-century doctors viewed their intersex patients with disrespect and suspicion. Later, doctors showed more empathy for their patients' plights and tried to make correct decisions regarding their care. Yet definitions of "correct" in matters of intersex were entangled with shifting ideas and tensions about what was natural and normal, indeed about what constituted personhood or humanity. Reis has examined hundreds of cases of "hermaphroditism" and intersex found in medical and popular literature and argues that medical practice cannot be understood outside of the broader cultural context in which it is embedded. As the history of responses to intersex bodies has shown, doctors are influenced by social concerns about marriage and heterosexuality. Bodies in Doubt considers how Americans have interpreted and handled ambiguous bodies, how the criteria and the authority for judging bodies changed, how both the binary gender ideal and the anxiety over uncertainty persisted, and how the process for defining the very norms of sex and gender evolved. Bodies in Doubt breaks new ground in examining the historical roots of modern attitudes about intersex in the United States and will interest scholars and researchers in disability studies, social history, gender studies, and the history of medicine. -- Alice D. Dreger, Northwestern University

American Sexual Histories

Author: Elizabeth Reis
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 144433929X
Size: 49.77 MB
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The second edition of "American Sexual His"tories features an updated collection of sixteen articles by prominent historians and their corresponding primary sources that investigate issues related to human sexuality in America from the colonial era to the present day. Reflecting the myriad ways historians interpret and analyze sexuality and sexual trends, the essays offer in-depth exploration of topics such as contraception, prostitution, interracial relationships, same-sex desire, reproductive politics, and intersex and transgender history. Taken as a whole, the essays richly illustrate how the evolution of sexuality in America is a product of an ongoing negotiation of moral values and shifting political and economic circumstances. The chapters are arranged chronologically and include introductions by editor Elizabeth Reis which lend clarity and add historical context to the major articles and the supporting documents that follow. The carefully selected couplings of essays and primary sources allow readers to evaluate historical documents for themselves, test the interpretations of historians, and draw independent conclusions. Both scholarly and highly accessible, "American Sexual Histories" offers illuminating insights into the complex evolution of sex and sexuality in America.

Intersex Matters

Author: David A. Rubin
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438467559
Size: 26.62 MB
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Analyzes intersex debates through a queer feminist, intersectional, and transnational lens. Intersex Matters analyzes the medicalization of people diagnosed as “intersex,” which is an umbrella term for individuals born with sexual anatomies various societies deem to be nonstandard. Through an examination of medico-scientific, scholarly, political, and popular archives from the mid-twentieth century to the present, Rubin argues that the medical regulation of atypical sex is fundamentally a feminist and a queer issue, and an intersectional and transnational one as well. Critical attention to intersex lives, bodies, narratives, and activisms profoundly reconfigures contemporary paradigms of sex/gender, race, health, normality, biopolitics, and human rights. Rubin charts the emergence of intersex rights activism in the global north and global south, thus demonstrating the value of understanding intersex experience when rethinking the vicissitudes of body politics in a globally interconnected world. “Intersex Matters is conceptually sharp, thoroughly researched, beautifully written, and offers an account of intersex that we’ve never seen before. It is a remarkable book.” — Gayle Salamon, Princeton University “The scholarship is sound and well written. The book makes a significant contribution to the literature and further adds to our knowledge of intersex.” — Georgiann Davis, University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Genital Cutting Protecting Children From Medical Cultural And Religious Infringements

Author: George C. Denniston
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400764073
Size: 28.11 MB
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This volume contains the proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Circumcision, Genital Integrity, and Human Rights. Authors are international experts in their fields, and the book contains the most up-to-date information on the issue of genital cutting of infants and children from medical, legal, bioethical, and human rights perspectives.

Intersex Narratives

Author: Viola Amato (verst.)
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 383943419X
Size: 10.89 MB
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This book explores representations of intersex - intersex persons, intersex communities, and intersex as a cultural concept and knowledge category - in contemporary North American literature and popular culture. The study turns its attention to the significant paradigm shift in the narratives on intersex that occurred within early 1990s intersex activism in response to biopolitical regulations of intersex bodies. Focusing on the emergence of recent autobiographical stories and cultural productions like novels and TV series centering around intersex, Viola Amato provides a first systematic analysis of an activism-triggered resignification of intersex.

Die Sch Nheiten Des Geschlechts

Author: Katinka Schweizer
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593508885
Size: 69.52 MB
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Jenseits der Geschlechtergrenzen Intergeschlechtlichkeit hat es immer schon gegeben, doch handelt es sich um ein vielen unbekanntes Phänomen. Intersex ist ein Oberbegriff für angeborene Variationen der körperlichen Geschlechtsmerkmale. Lange Zeit wurden Intersexformen durch medizinische und psychologische Eingriffe unsichtbar gemacht. Seit 2013 sieht das deutsche Personenstandsrecht vor, dass der Geschlechtseintrag bei einem Kind mit nicht bestimmbarem Geschlecht offenbleiben muss. Dieses Buch trägt Erfahrungswissen und Fachwissen transdisziplinär zusammen. Die Skulpturen von Fabian Vogler und Arbeiten anderer Künstlerinnen und Künstler zeigen die Schönheiten geschlechtlicher Variationen und reflektieren aktuelle Fragen und wissenschaftliche Kontroversen. Mit Beiträgen von Georgiann Davis, Arne Dekker, Michael Groneberg, Uwe Haupenthal, Peter Hegarty, Alex Jürgen, Uta Kuhl, Konstanze Plett, Manfred Reuther, Almut Rudolf- Petersen, Volkmar Sigusch, Ilka Quindeau, Silvia M. Ventosa, Lucie Veith, Heinz-Jürgen Voss, Kathrin Zehnder u. a.

Fantasies Of Identification

Author: Ellen Samuels
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479821373
Size: 39.54 MB
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In the mid-nineteenth-century United States, as it became increasingly difficult to distinguish between bodies understood as black, white, or Indian; able-bodied or disabled; and male or female, intense efforts emerged to define these identities as biologically distinct and scientifically verifiable in a literally marked body. Combining literary analysis, legal history, and visual culture, Ellen Samuels traces the evolution of the “fantasy of identification”—the powerful belief that embodied social identities are fixed, verifiable, and visible through modern science. From birthmarks and fingerprints to blood quantum and DNA, she examines how this fantasy has circulated between cultural representations, law, science, and policy to become one of the most powerfully institutionalized ideologies of modern society. Yet, as Samuels demonstrates, in every case, the fantasy distorts its claimed scientific basis, substituting subjective language for claimed objective fact. From its early emergence in discourses about disability fakery and fugitive slaves in the nineteenth century to its most recent manifestation in the question of sex testing at the 2012 Olympic Games, Fantasies of Identification explores the roots of modern understandings of bodily identity.

Das Ministerium Des U Ersten Gl Cks

Author: Arundhati Roy
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104038171
Size: 19.51 MB
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Arundhati Roy, die Autorin des Weltbestsellers »Der Gott der kleinen Dinge«, kehrt zurück! Ihr lange herbeigesehnter Roman »Das Ministerium des äußersten Glücks« führt uns an den unwahrscheinlichsten Ort, um das Glück zu finden. Eine Reihe ausgestoßener Helden ist hier mit ihrem Schicksal konfrontiert, aber sie finden eine Gemeinschaft, sie bilden eine Familie der besonderen Art. Auf einem Friedhof in der Altstadt von Delhi wird ein handgeknüpfter Teppich ausgerollt. Auf einem Bürgersteig taucht unverhofft ein Baby auf. In einem verschneiten Tal schreibt ein Vater einen Brief an seine dreijährige Tochter über die vielen Menschen, die zu ihrer Beerdigung kamen. In einem Zimmer im ersten Stock liest eine einsame Frau die Notizbücher ihres Geliebten. Im Jannat Guest House umarmen sich im Schlaf fest zwei Menschen, als hätten sie sich eben erst getroffen – dabei kennen sie einander schon ein Leben lang. Voller Inspiration, Gefühl und Überraschungen beweist der Roman auf jeder Seite Arundhati Roys Kunst. Erzählt mit einem Flüstern, einem Schrei, mit Freudentränen und manchmal mit einem bitteren Lachen ist dieser Roman zugleich Liebeserklärung wie Provokation: eine Hymne auf das Leben.

Der Junge Der Als M Dchen Aufwuchs

Author: John Colapinto
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783530421545
Size: 17.10 MB
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Bruce wurde wie sein Zwillingsbruder Brian männlich geboren, wurde jedoch wegen eines fatalen medizinischen Unfalls durch Geschlechtsumwandlung zum Mädchen gemacht - bis er schließlich seine wahre Geschichte erfuhr und sich entschied, ein Mann zu werden.