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Brain Robbers How Alcohol Cocaine Nicotine And Opiates Have Changed Human History

Author: Frances R. Frankenburg MD
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1440829322
Size: 24.72 MB
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A psychiatrist examines how the world's four most important mind-altering substances— alcohol, cocaine, nicotine, and opiates—have played a significant role throughout human history, and explains how these powerful drugs affect the brain and cause addiction. • Presents a historical review of four plant-derived drugs—alcohol, cocaine, nicotine, and opiates—and their effects throughout human civilization, as well as a fascinating exploration of the mystery and misery of addiction • Provides comprehensive explanations of medical and psychiatric effects of these drugs • Supplies stories of people who made discoveries about these drugs or who had their lives altered by them • Describes the discovery of the way in which the brain works • Includes illustrations of brain pathways and of the four plants of origin for these drugs, and maps showing drug trade triangles

Vitamin Discoveries And Disasters

Author: Frances Rachel Frankenburg
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0313354758
Size: 17.79 MB
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A new work on the history of vitamins and the brilliant men and women who discovered the existence and nature of these small molecules so vital to our health. * Simple glossary explanations are provided for many scientific and medical terms used in this book * Appendices in the book describe some features of the vitamins in more detail

Human Medical Experimentation From Smallpox Vaccines To Secret Government Programs

Author: Frances R. Frankenburg MD
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1610698983
Size: 55.76 MB
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Intended for students and general readers alike, this encyclopedia covers the history of human medical experimentation, for better and worse, from the time of Hippocrates to the present. • Offers readers a broad understanding of human experimentation • Reviews experimentation from the point of view of the history of medicine • Covers issues of vulnerable, exploited populations and unethical experimentation • Features introductory and time-period overview essays that add necessary contextual information and primary source documents that support AP and Common Core objectives • Includes specialized bibliographies that serve as a gateway to further study

Pain Management And The Opioid Epidemic

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309459540
Size: 42.25 MB
Format: PDF
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Drug overdose, driven largely by overdose related to the use of opioids, is now the leading cause of unintentional injury death in the United States. The ongoing opioid crisis lies at the intersection of two public health challenges: reducing the burden of suffering from pain and containing the rising toll of the harms that can arise from the use of opioid medications. Chronic pain and opioid use disorder both represent complex human conditions affecting millions of Americans and causing untold disability and loss of function. In the context of the growing opioid problem, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) launched an Opioids Action Plan in early 2016. As part of this plan, the FDA asked the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to convene a committee to update the state of the science on pain research, care, and education and to identify actions the FDA and others can take to respond to the opioid epidemic, with a particular focus on informing FDA's development of a formal method for incorporating individual and societal considerations into its risk-benefit framework for opioid approval and monitoring.

Innocent Bystanders

Author: Philip Keefer
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821380352
Size: 71.31 MB
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This book presents evidence that drug policies impose high costs on poor transit and producer countries. It argues that, in the face of great uncertainty about the benefits of alternative drug policies, those with lower social costs should receive greater emphasis.

Dark Paradise

Author: David T. COURTWRIGHT
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674029917
Size: 55.40 MB
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In a newly enlarged edition of this eye-opening book, David T. Courtwright offers an original interpretation of a puzzling chapter in American social and medical history: the dramatic change in the pattern of opiate addiction--from respectable upper-class matrons to lower-class urban males, often with a criminal record. Challenging the prevailing view that the shift resulted from harsh new laws, Courtwright shows that the crucial role was played by the medical rather than the legal profession. "Dark Paradise" tells the story not only from the standpoint of legal and medical sources, but also from the perspective of addicts themselves. With the addition of a new introduction and two new chapters on heroin addiction and treatment since 1940, Courtwright has updated this compelling work of social history for the present crisis of the Drug War.

Investing In The Health And Well Being Of Young Adults

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309309980
Size: 52.41 MB
Format: PDF
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Young adulthood - ages approximately 18 to 26 - is a critical period of development with long-lasting implications for a person's economic security, health and well-being. Young adults are key contributors to the nation's workforce and military services and, since many are parents, to the healthy development of the next generation. Although 'millennials' have received attention in the popular media in recent years, young adults are too rarely treated as a distinct population in policy, programs, and research. Instead, they are often grouped with adolescents or, more often, with all adults. Currently, the nation is experiencing economic restructuring, widening inequality, a rapidly rising ratio of older adults, and an increasingly diverse population. The possible transformative effects of these features make focus on young adults especially important. A systematic approach to understanding and responding to the unique circumstances and needs of today's young adults can help to pave the way to a more productive and equitable tomorrow for young adults in particular and our society at large. Investing in The Health and Well-Being of Young Adults describes what is meant by the term young adulthood, who young adults are, what they are doing, and what they need. This study recommends actions that nonprofit programs and federal, state, and local agencies can take to help young adults make a successful transition from adolescence to adulthood. According to this report, young adults should be considered as a separate group from adolescents and older adults. Investing in The Health and Well-Being of Young Adults makes the case that increased efforts to improve high school and college graduate rates and education and workforce development systems that are more closely tied to high-demand economic sectors will help this age group achieve greater opportunity and success. The report also discusses the health status of young adults and makes recommendations to develop evidence-based practices for young adults for medical and behavioral health, including preventions. What happens during the young adult years has profound implications for the rest of the life course, and the stability and progress of society at large depends on how any cohort of young adults fares as a whole. Investing in The Health and Well-Being of Young Adults will provide a roadmap to improving outcomes for this age group as they transition from adolescence to adulthood.

Drugs And Society

Author: Hanson
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
ISBN: 1284110877
Size: 23.70 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Updated to keep pace with the latest data and statistics, Drugs and Society, Thirteenth Edition, contains the most current information available concerning drug use and abuse. Written in an objective and user-friendly manner, this best-selling text continues to captivate students by taking a multidisciplinary approach to the impact of drug use and abuse on the lives of average individuals.

Brain Belief

Author: John J. McGraw
Publisher: AEGIS PRESS
ISBN: 0974764507
Size: 71.72 MB
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From its beginnings in prehistoric religion to its central importance in Western faith traditions, the soul has been a constant source of fascination and speculation. Brain & Belief seeks to understand mankind's obsession with life, death, and the afterlife. Exploring the latest insights from neuroscience, psychopharmacology, and existential psychology, McGraw exhaustively researches the various takes on the human soul and considers the meaning of the soul in a postmodern world. The ambitious scope of the book is balanced by a deeply personal voice whose sympathy for both science and religion is resonant.

The Encyclopedia Of Psychological Trauma

Author: Gilbert Reyes
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470447486
Size: 33.40 MB
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The Encyclopedia of Psychological Trauma is the only authoritative reference on the scientific evidence, clinical practice guidelines, and social issues addressed within the field of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder. Edited by the leading experts in the field, you will turn to this definitive reference work again and again for complete coverage of psychological trauma, PTSD, evidence-based and standard treatments, as well as controversial topics including EMDR, virtual reality therapy, and much more.