Download brain stimulation in psychiatry in pdf or read brain stimulation in psychiatry in pdf online books in PDF, EPUB and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to get brain stimulation in psychiatry in pdf book now. This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want.



Brain Stimulation In Psychiatric Treatment

Author: Sarah H. Lisanby
Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub
ISBN: 9781585626984
Size: 53.11 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 282
Download and Read
The past two decades have seen rapid progress in new and less invasive ways to stimulate the brain to study and treat psychiatric disorders. This authoritative reference provides an introduction to this emerging field of brain stimulation in psychiatry. Eight recognized experts present the latest research and results -- and future challenges -- for new techniques to electrically stimulate the central nervous system, including transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), magnetic seizure therapy (MST), deep brain stimulation (DBS), and vagus nerve stimulation (VNS). This is the first book to both review these new techniques and place them in the context of existing somatic therapies in psychiatry. Unlike electroconvulsive therapy (ECT, the standard choice for patients with treatment-resistant depression), these breakthrough methods enable us to affect selectively higher cognitive processes and mood systems by electrically stimulating -- directly or indirectly -- focal regions of the cortex and subcortical structures in the brain. The effectiveness of TMS and MST (MST is a higher-dosage, convulsive form of magnetic stimulation) is being studied worldwide. Results are encouraging: TMS has been reported to reduce the frequency of auditory hallucinations when administered to brain regions that show abnormal hyperactivity during hallucinations, and both TMS and MST induce far less electricity and stimulate more focal cortical regions than ECT, thus incurring fewer cognitive side effects. Although DBS -- in which an electrode is implanted in a location relevant to the illness in question -- is more invasive than other modalities, it is able to reach deeper structures in a highly focal way, which may be important for illnesses like obsessive-compulsive disorder, whose circuitry relies heavily on subcortical structures. VNS is less invasive than DBS but more invasive than TMS or MST. Efficacy of VNS is uncertain. Improvement appears to build over time, and the hope is that months or years after implantation patients may show dramatic improvements. Claims of enhanced efficacy with time have never been tested directly, and controlled, randomized trials are needed to determine whether VNS has a role in the treatment of major depression. Its effects are limited to the neuroanatomical connectivity of the vagus nerve. Enriching our knowledge base in this exciting new field means more choices and therapeutic strategies for patients with conditions that resist conventional treatments. This fascinating work is a key reference for the promising future of brain stimulation in psychiatric treatment and is a "must read" for clinicians and residents alike.

Deep Brain Stimulation In Neurological And Psychiatric Disorders

Author: Daniel Tarsy
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781597453608
Size: 73.66 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 3726
Download and Read
This important book discusses today’s most current and cutting-edge applications of Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS). The book begins with reviews of the functional anatomy and physiology of motor and nonmotor aspects of the basal ganglia and their connections which underlie the application of DBS to neurological and psychiatric disorders. This is followed by proposed mechanisms of action of DBS based on functional neuroimaging and neurophysiologic studies in animals and man.

Deep Brain Stimulation

Author: Damiaan Denys
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642309909
Size: 46.85 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 2419
Download and Read
This book examines present developments and the future possibilities of deep brain stimulation therapy for patients with therapy-refractory psychiatric disorders. Presents clinical applications and animal research, and offers a chapter on ethical issues.

Brain Stimulation In Psychiatry

Author: Charles H. Kellner
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521172551
Size: 77.17 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 3377
Download and Read
An authoritative, concise, how-to guide to the various brain stimulation treatments used in psychiatry.

Non Invasive Brain Stimulation In Neurology And Psychiatry

Author: Ignacio Obeso
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889451348
Size: 53.13 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 1159
Download and Read
The potential efficacy of non-invasive brain stimulation procedures for the management of specific symptoms in diverse neurological and psychiatric conditions has been tested in the past decade or so. For example, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) over prefrontal areas has been extensively investigated as a treatment for patients with medication-resistant depression and has been shown to be associated with improvement of mood. Similarly, non-invasive stimulation techniques have been applied to various symptoms of Parkinson's disease such as bradykinesia and dyskinesias, with variables degrees of success reported. However, attempts to expand previously observed clinical improvements to other neurological disorders (e.g. Tourette's syndrome, autism, epilepsy) has been controversial. In trying to bypass potential confounding elements, researchers aim to target neural populations altered in disease to either increase or decrease their corrupted baseline activity. In addition, a complementary approach is to extend stimulation protocols that results enhanced behavior in healthy participants. This Frontiers Research Topic on non-invasive brain stimulation and enhancement of function tries to combine a series of articles from researchers who used non-invasive brain stimulation to aim improvement of either a motoric, cognitive or behavioral nature investigated behaviorally, physiologically or using brain imaging techniques in clinical populations. Investigation of the relation between enhancement of function in healthy populations and clinical improvement in patients with neurological or psychiatric disorders needs further consideration.

Neurotechnology And Brain Stimulation In Pediatric Psychiatric And Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Author: Lindsay M. Oberman
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128127783
Size: 52.98 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 3900
Download and Read
Neurotechnology and Brain Stimulation in Pediatric Psychiatric and Neurodevelopmental Disorders provides a comprehensive overview of neurotechnological devices as potential treatments for psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders in children and adolescents. Many neuropsychiatric disorders are covered such as Autism Spectrum Disorder, ADHD, Depression, Tourette’s Syndrome, and OCD. Different device-based treatments are discussed such as Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation, Deep Brain Stimulation, Chronotherapy, and Neurofeedback. Provides an overview of neuromodulatory devices as potential treatments for psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders in children and adolescents Gives evidence-based recommendations for non-drug interventions that may be effective for treatment options Discusses different neuromodulatory treatment options, including TMS, tDCS, DBS, chronotherapy and neurofeedback

Brain Stimulation In Neurology And Psychiatry

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 20.76 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 7619
Download and Read
"This volume brings together neuroscientists, psychiatrists, neurologists, and ethicists to discuss interrelated advances and challenges emerging in the exciting field of brain stimulation. Discussion focuses on new methodologies that are aimed at bringing direct measurement of brain activity to control electrical brain stimulation techniques. Such direct electrical stimulation techniques offer a novel approach to precisely alter circuit mechanisms in the brain and a promise of temporal precision that may improve clinically relevant effects. A range of electrical stimulation techniques are discussed, with presentation of both clinical research and animal models. Advancing brain stimulation as an investigative therapeutic technique and a science presents several conceptual challenges, ethical question and pragmatic difficulties inherent to the industrial academic collaborations necessary for research with medical devices"--Publisher's description.

Transcranial Brain Stimulation For Treatment Of Psychiatric Disorders

Author: Marco Antonio Marcolin
Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
ISBN: 3805581866
Size: 55.11 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 1394
Download and Read
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was introduced in the mid 1980s in clinical neurophysiology to study the central motor pathways. Research has been exponentially increased since, and many different methods for brain stimulation have been considered during the last decade. This publication focuses on transcranially applied, non- or low-invasive interventions not requiring an implantable device, i.e. electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), repetitive TMS (rTMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). It provides an excellent overview on this spectrum of fascinating techniques. Many leading experts in this field have contributed to this book. A single chapter summarizes the state of the art in ECT. A series of chapters provides an overview on preclinical research in animals and neuroimaging findings with rTMS and reviews the evidence of efficacy and safety in various psychiatric disorders (affective disorders, schizophrenia and anxiety disorders) also including an article on the application of rTMS in nonpsychiatric diseases, i.e. Parkinson's disease, stroke, pain and tinnitus. Finally, separate reviews discuss very recent innovative approaches in the field of rTMS, i.e. magnetic seizure therapy, theta burst stimulation and deep rTMS. This publication will doubtlessly prove to be essential reading not only to researchers in this field, but also to psychiatrists, neurologists and other clinicians who consider applying these new methods in clinical settings

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation In Clinical Psychiatry

Author: Mark S. George
Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub
ISBN: 9781585626373
Size: 52.32 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 3408
Download and Read
As understanding evolves about how different brain regions are involved in carrying out everyday tasks -- and in causing brain diseases when they go awry -- this book describes a new technology that allows physicians to focally stimulate the brain in awake adults through a non-invasive procedure. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Clinical Psychiatry is an accessible and authoritative review of TMS, a procedure that is showing promise as a treatment in several disorders. Its authors explain how the procedure works, then the latest findings in a wide range of situations -- notably in depression, but also in other conditions ranging from migraine to stroke recovery. This concise overview of TMS offers practical guidance for psychiatrists and other clinicians using it as a therapy, or referring their patients to have this done, as well as updating the field for neuroscientists and neurologists. It begins with background on the physics and safety of TMS, a guide for administering the procedure, and a review of basic neurophysiological studies with TMS, showing how it can be used to measure connectivity and excitability of the cerebral cortex. The heart of book is then devoted to its clinical applications, organized by disorder: Epilepsy, movement disorders, and pain -- describes the use of TMS in inducing and inhibiting seizures and investigating their pathophysiology; in treating Parkinson's disease; and in relieving pain through motor cortex stimulation Major depression -- provides a critical review of research in the most-studied clinical application of TMS in psychiatry, where it is used as a therapeutic intervention and a neurophysiological probe Mania -- explores the effectiveness of TMS in light of its ECT-like properties through a trial of right TMS vs. sham TMS Anxiety disorders -- reports on investigations on the uses of TMS in treating obsessive-compulsive disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder Schizophrenia -- reviews studies utilizing single- or paired-pulse TMS to assess cortical inhibition and those that explore effects of extended trains of repetitive TMS in altering symptoms A further chapter on TMS in brain imaging shows how integrating imaging and TMS allows one to better place the TMS coil, better understand TMS effects on the brain, and improve understanding of how the brain mediates behavior. With a concluding overview of prospects for the future of repetitive TMS, this volume offers a definitive look at this cutting-edge research and provides critical guidance on how and when clinicians might use TMS in their practice.