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Breast Cancer Screening

Author: Nehmat Houssami
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128024941
Size: 44.65 MB
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Breast Cancer Screening: Making Sense of Complex and Evolving Evidence covers broad aspects of breast cancer screening specifically focusing on current evidence, emerging evidence, and issues that will be critical for future breast screening practice such as tailored screening and shared decision-making in breast screening. The scope of the book is relevant to a global audience. This book provides balanced perspectives on this increasingly controversial topic, using scientific evidence to explain the evolution of knowledge relating to breast cancer screening. Breast Cancer Screening covers the key points related to this debate including the context of increasingly complex and conflicting evidence, divergent opinions on the benefits and harms of breast screening, and variability in screening practice and outcomes across settings around the world. Explains complex and evolving evidence on breast screening with a balanced approach Provides balanced information and up-to-date evidence in an increasingly complex area Addresses emerging topical issues such as screening trials of digital breast tomosynthesis, tailored breast screening, and shared decision-making in breast screening Assists academics and researchers in identifying areas needing further research

Evolution In Health And Disease

Author: Stephen C. Stearns
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780199207466
Size: 50.62 MB
Format: PDF
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In this fully revised and updated edition, the editors have integrated a completely new set of contributions from the leading researchers in the field to describe the latest research in evolutionary medicine, providing a fresh summary of this rapidly expanding field 10 years after its predecessor was first compiled. It continues to adopt a broad approach to the subject, drawing on medically relevant research from evolutionary genetics, human behavioural ecology, evolutionary microbiology (especially experimental evolution of virulence and resistance), the evolution of aging and degenerative disease, and other aspects of biology or medicine where evolutionary approaches make important contributions. Evolution in Health and Disease describes how evolutionary thinking gives valuable insights and fresh perspectives into human health and disease, establishing evolutionary biology as an essential complementary science for medicine. Integrating evolutionary thought into medical research and practice helps to explain the origins of many medical conditions, including diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disease, asthma, allergies, other autoimmune diseases, and aging. It also provides life-saving insights into the evolutionary responses of pathogens to antibiotics, vaccinations, and other human interventions. Why do we grow old? How can we stay healthy as we age? The book discusses these and many other fascinating questions, as well as suggesting exciting possibilities for future treatment and research. This research level text is suitable for graduate level students and researchers in the fields of evolutionary (Darwinian) medicine, evolutionary biology, anthropology, developmental biology and genetics. It will also be of relevance and use to medical researchers and doctors.

Handbook Of The Psychology Of Aging

Author: K Warner Schaie
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780123808837
Size: 77.53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The Handbook of the Psychology of Aging, Seventh Edition, provides a basic reference source on the behavioral processes of aging for researchers, graduate students, and professionals. It also provides perspectives on the behavioral science of aging for researchers and professionals from other disciplines. The book is organized into four parts. Part 1 reviews key methodological and analytical issues in aging research. It examines some of the major historical influences that might provide explanatory mechanisms for a better understanding of cohort and period differences in psychological aging processes. Part 2 includes chapters that discuss the basics and nuances of executive function; the history of the morphometric research on normal brain aging; and the neural changes that occur in the brain with aging. Part 3 deals with the social and health aspects of aging. It covers the beliefs that individuals have about how much they can control various outcomes in their life; the impact of stress on health and aging; and the interrelationships between health disparities, social class, and aging. Part 4 discusses the emotional aspects of aging; family caregiving; and mental disorders and legal capacities in older adults. Contains all the main areas of psychological gerontological research in one volume Entire section on neuroscience and aging Begins with a section on theory and methods Edited by one of the father of gerontology (Schaie) and contributors represent top scholars in gerontology

Rehabilitation Medicine Core Competencies Curriculum

Author: Adrian Cristian
Publisher: Demos Medical Publishing
ISBN: 1936287838
Size: 66.41 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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" Built around the six core competencies for physicians practicing rehabilitation medicine as required by the ACGME, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Patient-Centered Care: Mastering the Competencies is a unique, self-directed text for residents. Covering all aspects of patient-centered care in the practice of physical medicine and rehabilitation, the book provides a competency-based approach to topics and conditions commonly encountered in this specialty. Thoughtfully organized chapters offer easy-to-access clinical content for all major practice areas, and the bookís competency-based goals and objectives also serve as a clear platform for educating physiatrists in training during their clinical rotations. The first part of the book presents the foundations of the core competencies (medical knowledge, professionalism, patient care, practice-based learning and improvement, system-based practice, and interpersonal and communication skills) with basic principles for application, and also includes chapters on implementing educational milestones, core professional education principles, and building leadership skills. In the second part, experts in the field apply these core competencies to the management of common conditions including stroke, spinal cord and brain injury, amputation and prosthetics, musculoskeletal disorders, multiple sclerosis, and much more. Each of these chapters identifies goals and objectives for each competency and concludes with a representative case study and self-assessment questions with answers and explanations. The book also provides references to key articles and links to internet-based educational materials. Practical tips, how-to and where-to guides, key points, tables, and charts also help to maintain current knowledge and competency in the many areas that comprise the field of PM&R. The book will be a valuable asset to physiatrists in training, program directors, and teaching faculty in rehabilitation medicine training programs, and for continuing professional development. Key Features: ? Addresses core competencies for rehabilitation medicine physicians as required by the ACGME ? Covers all major physiatric practice areas with facts, concepts, goals, and objectives following the competency model ? Grounded in a holistic, patient-centered approach ? Presents sample case studies with discussion points and self-assessment questions with answer key and explanations for each area to track progress and build clinical acumen "

Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation Patient Centered Care

Author: Sorush Batmangelich, EdD, MHPE
Publisher: Demos Medical Publishing
ISBN: 1617051330
Size: 77.88 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Built around the six core competencies for physicians practicing rehabilitation medicine as required by the ACGME, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Patient-Centered Care: Mastering the Competencies is a unique, self-directed text for residents. Covering all aspects of patient-centered care in the practice of physical medicine and rehabilitation, the book provides a competency-based approach to topics and conditions commonly encountered in this specialty. Thoughtfully organized chapters offer easy-to-access clinical content for all major practice areas, and the bookís competency-based goals and objectives also serve as a clear platform for educating physiatrists in training during their clinical rotations. The first part of the book presents the foundations of the core competencies (medical knowledge, professionalism, patient care, practice-based learning and improvement, system-based practice, and interpersonal and communication skills) with basic principles for application, and also includes chapters on implementing educational milestones, core professional education principles, and building leadership skills. In the second part, experts in the field apply these core competencies to the management of common conditions including stroke, spinal cord and brain injury, amputation and prosthetics, musculoskeletal disorders, multiple sclerosis, and much more. Each of these chapters identifies goals and objectives for each competency and concludes with a representative case study and self-assessment questions with answers and explanations. The book also provides references to key articles and links to internet-based educational materials. Practical tips, how-to and where-to guides, key points, tables, and charts also help to maintain current knowledge and competency in the many areas that comprise the field of PM&R. The book will be a valuable asset to physiatrists in training, program directors, and teaching faculty in rehabilitation medicine training programs, and for continuing professional development. Key Features: Addresses core competencies for rehabilitation medicine physicians as required by the ACGME Covers all major physiatric practice areas with facts, concepts, goals, and objectives following the competency model Grounded in a holistic, patient-centered approach Presents sample case studies with discussion points and self-assessment questions with answer key and explanations for each area to track progress and build clinical acumen

Risiko

Author: Gerd Gigerenzer
Publisher: C. Bertelsmann Verlag
ISBN: 3641119901
Size: 25.76 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Der neue Bestseller von Gerd Gigerenzer Erinnern wir uns an die weltweite Angst vor der Schweinegrippe, als Experten eine nie dagewesene Pandemie prognostizierten und Impfstoff für Millionen produziert wurde, der später still und heimlich entsorgt werden musste. Für Gerd Gigerenzer ist dies nur ein Beleg unseres irrationalen Umgangs mit Risiken. Und das gilt für Experten ebenso wie für Laien. An Beispielen aus Medizin, Rechtswesen und Finanzwelt erläutert er, wie die Psychologie des Risikos funktioniert, was sie mit unseren entwicklungsgeschichtlich alten Hirnstrukturen zu tun hat und welche Gefahren damit einhergehen. Dabei analysiert er die ungute Rolle von irreführenden Informationen, die von Medien und Fachleuten verbreitet werden. Doch Risiken und Ungewissheiten richtig einzuschätzen kann und sollte jeder lernen. Diese Risikoschulung erprobt Gigerenzer seit vielen Jahren mit verblüffenden Ergebnissen. Sein Fazit: Schon Kinder können lernen, mit Risiken realistisch umzugehen und sich gegen Panikmache wie Verharmlosung zu immunisieren.

Eine Kurze Geschichte Der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 364110498X
Size: 38.87 MB
Format: PDF
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Breast Cancer

Author: Daniel F. Roses
Publisher: W B Saunders Company
ISBN:
Size: 47.74 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This practical book is designed to provide all members of the health care team with a comprehensive understanding of breast disease. A unique question and answer format explores every topic from molecular biology through diagnosis, therapy, and rehabilitation. Chapter subheadings take the form of questions, with the text directed at answering these critical questions.

Praktische Gyn Kologie

Author: Willibald Pschyrembel
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3111504247
Size: 22.35 MB
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“The outstanding didactic design is unsurpassed and unmatched by any other book [...].” Professor Günter Köhler, MD, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald

Wie Unser Gehirn Die Welt Erschafft

Author: Chris Frith
Publisher: Springer Spektrum
ISBN: 9783642410383
Size: 20.67 MB
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Ist die Welt real – oder lediglich ein Konstrukt unseres Gehirns? Und wer ist eigentlich „Ich“? In Ihrem Kopf gibt es eine erstaunliche Vorrichtung, die Ihnen jede Menge Arbeit erspart – und die darin effizienter ist als die modernsten High-Tech-Computer: Ihr Gehirn. Tag für Tag befreit es Sie von Routineaufgaben wie der bewussten Wahrnehmung der Objekte und Geschehnisse um Sie herum sowie der Orientierung und Bewegung in der Welt, so dass Sie sich auf die wirklich wichtigen Dinge im Leben konzentrieren können: Freundschaften zu schließen, Beziehungen zu pflegen und Ideen auszutauschen. Wie sehr all das, was wir wahrnehmen, ein von unserem Gehirn geschaffenes Modell der Welt ist, wird uns kaum je bewusst. Doch noch überraschender – und vielleicht beunruhigender – ist die Schlussfolgerung, dass auch das „Ich“, das sich in die soziale Welt einfügt, ein Konstrukt unseres Gehirns ist. Indem das Gehirn es uns ermöglicht, eigene Vorstellungen mit anderen Menschen zu teilen, vermögen wir gemeinsam Größeres zu schaffen, als es einer von uns alleine könnte. Wie unser Gehirn dieses Kunststück vollbringt, beschreibt dieses Buch. Der britische Kognitionsforscher Chris Frith beschäftigt sich mit dem vielleicht größten Rätsel überhaupt, nämlich dem Entstehen und den Eigenschaften unserer Erlebniswelt – der einzigen Welt, die uns direkt zugänglich ist. Er behandelt dieses schwierige Thema in einer souveränen, sympathischen und sehr verständlichen Weise, immer nahe an den psychologischen und neurobiologischen Forschungsergebnissen, von denen einige bedeutende aus seinem Labor stammen. Er verzichtet dabei bewusst auf jeden bombastischen philosophischen Aufwand. Das macht das Buch unbedingt lesenswert. Gerhard Roth Frith gelingt das Kunststück, die enorme Bandbreite der kognitiven Neurowissenschaften nicht nur anhand vieler konkreter Beispiele darzustellen, sondern auch die Bedeutung ihrer Ergebnisse auszuloten ... eine Aufforderung, dem Augenschein zu misstrauen. Es gibt wenige Bücher, die diesen Appell ähnlich anschaulich und fundiert mit Leben füllen, gewürzt mit einer guten Portion Humor. Gehirn und Geist