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Bridge And Highway Structure Rehabilitation And Repair

Author: Mohiuddin Khan
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 0071545921
Size: 33.11 MB
Format: PDF
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State-of-the-Art Bridge and Highway Rehabilitation and Repair Methods This authoritative volume offers up-to-date guidance on the latest design techniques, repair methods, specialized software, materials, and advanced maintenance procedures for bridges and highway structures. Focusing on both traditional and nontraditional design issues, Bridge and Highway Structure Rehabilitation and Repair clarifies the most recent AASHTO bridge design codes and discusses new analytical and design methodologies, such as the application of load and resistance factor design (LRFD). A wealth of concise explanations, solved examples, and in-depth case studies are included in this comprehensive resource. COVERAGE INCLUDES: Diagnostic design and selective reconstruction Bridge failure studies and safety engineering Analytical approach to fracture and failure Load and resistance factor rating (LRFR) and redesign Application of LRFD and LRFR methods Inspection and structural health monitoring Bridge widening and replacement strategies Conventional repair methods Advanced repair methods Concrete repair methods Extreme events of flood scour and countermeasures design Guidelines for seismic design and retrofit methods

Bridge Inspection And Rehabilitation

Author: Parsons Brinckerhoff
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471532620
Size: 20.79 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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It is estimated that 225,000 bridges, including nearly 40% ofhighway bridges, in the United States today are structurallydeficient or functionally obsolete. While the urgency of thisproblem has begun to be acknowledged at official levels, and morepublic funds set aside for bridge inspection and rehabilitation,the need remains for engineers versed in contemporaryrehabilitation methods. Unfortunately, until the publication ofthis book, engineers’ efforts to educate themselves in thefield have been thwarted by the fact that good, up-to-date materialon bridge inspection and repair could be obtained only through apainstaking search through hundreds of specialized publications.Edited by Louis G. Silano, P.E., Senior Vice President andTechnical Director of Structures with the firm of ParsonsBrinckerhoff. Bridge Inspection and Rehabilitation: A PracticalGuide is the first and only "A-to-Z" guide to practical aspects ofbridge inspection and rehabilitation. Comprising contributions froma group of seasoned professionals from around the nation, itprovides insights into every element of bridge structure, includingbroad coverage of materials and design types. Among importanttopics covered in Bridge Inspection and Rehabilitation are: Advances in inspection techniques, including underwaterinspection and non-destructive testing All bridge design types, including suspension bridges,cable-stayed bridges, trusses, moveable bridges, and others Basic structural elements, such as substructures,superstructures, decks, bearings, and joints Special topics of contemporary concern, such as seismic designand seismic retro-fitting, environmental control issues,maintenance of traffic during rehabilitation, repair of historicalbridges, and much more Generously illustrated with nearly 200 line illustrations andphotographs and offering in-depth coverage of most practicalaspects of bridge assessment and repairs. Bridge Inspection andRehabilitation is an invaluable resource for practicing bridgeengineers and contractors. About the firm Consistently rankednumber one in transportation by Engineering News-Record in itsannual survey of the top 500 design firms, Parsons Brinckerhoffprovides the full range of planning, engineering, constructionmanagement and facility management services. Founded in 1885, thecompany has grown to a firm of over 3,000 employees located at 75offices worldwide. Internationally renowned for its pioneering workin bridge design, inspection, rehabilitation and constructionsupervision. Parsons Brinckerhoff has completed over 3,500 bridgeprojects encompassing virtually every type and style. Garneringnumerous awards for excellence in design, rehabilitation andinnovative technology, noteworthy projects include: The Newport Bridge across Narragansett Bay in Rhode Island The George Coleman Bridge, Yorktown, Virginia—theworld’s largest twin swing-span highway bridge The Fremont Bridge, Portland, Oregon—three-span, tied-archconstruction with the longest orthotropic deck of its time The Congress Avenue Bridge, Austin, Texas—a 70-year-oldbridge rehabilitated to preserve its historic concrete archesbeneath a new structural deck The Hood Canal Bridge Replacement near Seattle,Washington—design of the storm-damaged half of theworld’s longest floating bridge spanning a tidal waterway

Bridge Evaluation Repair And Rehabilitation

Author: A.S. Nowak
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400921535
Size: 10.54 MB
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Evaluation, repair and rehabilitation of bridges are increasingly important topics in the effort to deal with the deteriorating infrastructure. For example, in the United States about 40 percent of the nation's 570,000 bridges are classified, according to the Federal Highway Administra tion's (FHW A) criteria, as deficient and in need of rehabilitation and replacement. In other countries the situation is similar. FHW A estimates the cost of a bridge replacement and reha bilitation program at 50 billion dollars. The major factors that have contributed to the present situation are: the age, inadequate maintenance, increasing load spectra and environmental contamination. The deficient bridges are posted, repaired or replaced. The disposition of bridges involves clear economical and safety implications. To avoid high costs of replacement or repair, the evaluation must accurately reveal the present load carrying capacity of the struc ture and predict loads and any further changes in the capacity (deterioration) in the applicable time span. Accuracy of bridge evaluation can be improved by using the recent developments in bridge diagnostics, structural tests, material tests, structural analysis and probabilistic methods. There is a need for an international exchange of advanced experience to increase the research effi ciency. The Workshop is organized on the premise that the exchange of existing American and European experience in the area of bridge evaluation, repair and rehabilitation is beneficial for both parties involved.

Repair Of Concrete Bridges

Author: G. P. Mallett
Publisher: Thomas Telford
ISBN: 9780727720078
Size: 42.61 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Repair of concrete bridges has been compiled by the Transport Research Laboratory (TRL) to summarize this wealth of information - conference papers, research and technical reports, national press coverage and the accumulated experience of engineers and researchers in the field - to provide a state of the art review of the repair, maintenance and protection of concrete bridges.

Bridge Engineering Handbook Second Edition

Author: Wai-Fah Chen
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439852332
Size: 13.95 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Over 140 experts, 14 countries, and 89 chapters are represented in the second edition of the Bridge Engineering Handbook. This extensive collection highlights bridge engineering specimens from around the world, contains detailed information on bridge engineering, and thoroughly explains the concepts and practical applications surrounding the subject. Published in five books: Fundamentals, Superstructure Design, Substructure Design, Seismic Design, and Construction and Maintenance, this new edition provides numerous worked-out examples that give readers step-by-step design procedures, includes contributions by leading experts from around the world in their respective areas of bridge engineering, contains 26 completely new chapters, and updates most other chapters. It offers design concepts, specifications, and practice, as well as the various types of bridges. The text includes over 2,500 tables, charts, illustrations, and photos. The book covers new, innovative and traditional methods and practices; explores rehabilitation, retrofit, and maintenance; and examines seismic design and building materials. The fifth book, Construction and Maintenance contains 19 chapters, and covers the practical issues of bridge structures. What’s New in the Second Edition: Includes nine new chapters: Steel Bridge Fabrication, Cable-Supported Bridge Construction, Accelerated Bridge Construction, Bridge Management Using Pontis and Improved Concepts, Bridge Maintenance, Bridge Health Monitoring, Nondestructive Evaluation Methods for Bridge Elements, Life-Cycle Performance Analysis and Optimization, and Bridge Construction Methods Rewrites the Bridge Construction Inspection chapter and retitles it as: Bridge Construction Supervision and Inspection Expands and rewrites the Maintenance Inspection and Rating chapter into three chapters: Bridge Inspection, Steel Bridge Evaluation and Rating, and Concrete Bridge Evaluation and Rating; and the Strengthening and Rehabilitation chapter into two chapters: Rehabilitation and Strengthening of Highway Bridge Superstructures, and Rehabilitation and Strengthening of Orthotropic Steel Bridge Decks This text is an ideal reference for practicing bridge engineers and consultants (design, construction, maintenance), and can also be used as a reference for students in bridge engineering courses.

Bridge Engineering Handbook Second Edition

Author: Wai-Fah Chen
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439852081
Size: 19.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 6119
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Over 140 experts, 14 countries, and 89 chapters are represented in the second edition of the Bridge Engineering Handbook. This extensive collection highlights bridge engineering specimens from around the world, contains detailed information on bridge engineering, and thoroughly explains the concepts and practical applications surrounding the subject. Published in five books: Fundamentals, Superstructure Design, Substructure Design, Seismic Design, and Construction and Maintenance, this new edition provides numerous worked-out examples that give readers step-by-step design procedures, includes contributions by leading experts from around the world in their respective areas of bridge engineering, contains 26 completely new chapters, and updates most other chapters. It offers design concepts, specifications, and practice, as well as the various types of bridges. The text includes over 2,500 tables, charts, illustrations, and photos. The book covers new, innovative and traditional methods and practices; explores rehabilitation, retrofit, and maintenance; and examines seismic design and building materials. The fifth book, Construction and Maintenance contains 19 chapters, and covers the practical issues of bridge structures. What’s New in the Second Edition: Includes nine new chapters: Steel Bridge Fabrication, Cable-Supported Bridge Construction, Accelerated Bridge Construction, Bridge Management Using Pontis and Improved Concepts, Bridge Maintenance, Bridge Health Monitoring, Nondestructive Evaluation Methods for Bridge Elements, Life-Cycle Performance Analysis and Optimization, and Bridge Construction Methods Rewrites the Bridge Construction Inspection chapter and retitles it as: Bridge Construction Supervision and Inspection Expands and rewrites the Maintenance Inspection and Rating chapter into three chapters: Bridge Inspection, Steel Bridge Evaluation and Rating, and Concrete Bridge Evaluation and Rating; and the Strengthening and Rehabilitation chapter into two chapters: Rehabilitation and Strengthening of Highway Bridge Superstructures, and Rehabilitation and Strengthening of Orthotropic Steel Bridge Decks This text is an ideal reference for practicing bridge engineers and consultants (design, construction, maintenance), and can also be used as a reference for students in bridge engineering courses.

Earthquake Resistant Structures

Author: Mohiuddin Ali Khan
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 0080949444
Size: 41.25 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Earthquake engineering is the ultimate challenge for structural engineers. Even if natural phenomena involve great uncertainties, structural engineers need to design buildings, bridges, and dams capable of resisting the destructive forces produced by them. These disasters have created a new awareness about the disaster preparedness and mitigation. Before a building, utility system, or transportation structure is built, engineers spend a great deal of time analyzing those structures to make sure they will perform reliably under seismic and other loads. The purpose of this book is to provide structural engineers with tools and information to improve current building and bridge design and construction practices and enhance their sustainability during and after seismic events. In this book, Khan explains the latest theory, design applications and Code Provisions. Earthquake-Resistant Structures features seismic design and retrofitting techniques for low and high raise buildings, single and multi-span bridges, dams and nuclear facilities. The author also compares and contrasts various seismic resistant techniques in USA, Russia, Japan, Turkey, India, China, New Zealand, and Pakistan. Written by a world renowned author and educator Seismic design and retrofitting techniques for all structures Tools improve current building and bridge designs Latest methods for building earthquake-resistant structures Combines physical and geophysical science with structural engineering

Underwater Bridge Repair Rehabilitation And Countermeasures Marine Construction Materials Equipment Pier Repairs Pile And Sheet Pile Repairs Cathodic Protection Contracting

Author: Federal Highway Administration
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781521174395
Size: 70.20 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This manual is intended to serve as a reference for design engineers, construction inspectors, resident engineers, inspection divers and other administrative and technical staff whose work tasks include the repair or rehabilitation of elements of bridges or similar structures located below water. The manual addresses a variety of design and construction issues that must be considered in determining the feasibility of, and selecting the repair or rehabilitation methodology, for underwater projects. This information can aid in developing cost effective and durable repair and rehabilitation designs.CHAPTER I - UNDERWATER REPAIR AND REHABILITATION OF BRIDGES AND STRUCTURES * CHAPTER II - MAINTENANCE * CHAPTER III - UNDERWATER REPAIR PLANNING DATA AND REPAIR OPTION ANALYSIS. * CHAPTER IV - MARINE CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS * CHAPTER V - UNDERWATER REPAIRS * CHAPTER VI - EQUIPMENT FOR UNDERWATER REPAIR * CHAPTER VII - PIER REPAIRS * CHAPTER VIII - PILE and SHEET PILE REPAIRS * CHAPTER IX - CATHODIC PROTECTION FOR SUBSTRUCTURES * CHAPTER X - CONTRACTING AND CONSTRUCTION INSPECTION.CHAPTER 1 UNDERWATER REPAIR AND REHABILITATION OF BRIDGES AND STRUCTURES * SECTION 1. INTRODUCTION * 1-1.1 Purpose * 1-1.2 Background * 1- 1.3 Scope * CHAPTER II MAINTENANCE * SECTION 1. INTRODUCTION * 2- 1.1 Marine Environment Factors * 2-1.2 Deterioration Models * 2-1.3 Preventive Maintenance Activities * 2- 1.4 Performance Monitoring * CHAPTER III UNDERWATER REPAIR PLANNING DATA AND REPAIR OPTION ANALYSIS. * SECTION 1. INTRODUCTION * SECTION 2. CONDITION ASSESSMENT * 3- 2.1 General * 3-2.2 Steel * 3-2.3 Timber * 3-2.4 Masonry * 3-2.5 Scour * 3-2.6 Concrete * SECTION 3. STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS * 3-3.1 Introduction * 3-3.2 Piles * 3-3.3 Undermining * 3-3.4 Concrete * SECTION 4. REPAIR STRATEGY * CHAPTER IV MARINE CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS * SECTION 1. INTRODUCTION * SECTION 2. STEEL * 4-2.1 General * SECTION 3. CONCRETE * 4-3.1 Mix Design * 4-3.2 Reinforcing * SECTION 4. MASONRY * 4-4.1 Stone * 4-4.2 Mortar * SECTION 5. TIMBER * 4-5.1 Preservatives * 4-5.2 Decay Reinforced Species * 4-5.3 Fabrication * SECTION 6. COMPOSITES * 4-6.1 Components * 4-6.2 Physical Properties * 4-6.3 Mechanical Properties * 4- 6.4 Example Products * CHAPTER V UNDERWATER REPAIRS * SECTION 1. INTRODUCTION * SECTION 2. GENERAL CONSTRUCTION OPTIONS * 5- 2.1 Repairs Performed "In-the-Dry" * 5-2.2 Repairs Performed "In-the-Wet" * SECTION 3. ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS * 5-3.1 Site Conditions * 5-3.2 Water Conditions * 5-3.3 Regulatory * SECTION 4. METHODS TO OBTAIN DRY WORK CONDITIONS * 5-4.1 Traditional Cofferdams * 5-4.2 Dikes * 5-4.3 Proprietary Barrier Systems * 5- 4.4 Limpet Cofferdams * CHAPTER VI EQUIPMENT FOR UNDERWATER REPAIR * SECTION 1. INTRODUCTION * SECTION 2. DIVING SYSTEMS * 6- 2.1 Scuba * 6-2.2 Surface Supplied Diving * SECTION 3. REMOTELY OPERATED VEHICLES (ROV) * SECTION 4. ABOVE WATER SUPPORT * SECTION 5. UNDERWATER TOOLS * SECTION 6. EXCAVATION METHODS * 6-6.1 Hydraulic Excavators * 6-6.2 Airlifts * 6-6.3 Jetting * 6-6.4 Dredging * SECTION 7. SPECIAL EQUIPMENT * SECTION 8. UNDERWATER WELDING * 6-8.1 Introduction * 6-8.2 Methods * 6-8.3 Welding and Diving Standards and Specifications * 6-8.4 Effects of Wet Welding Versus Dry Welding * 6-8.5 Weld Design * 6-8.6 Weld Qualification * 6- 8.7 Underwater Burning * CHAPTER VII PIER REPAIRS. * SECTION 1. INTRODUCTION * SECTION 2. FORMING SYSTEMS * 7- 2.1 Rigid Formwork * 7-2.2 Flexible Formwork * 7-2.3 Concrete Preparation * SECTION 3. REINFORCING * 7-3.1 Design Considerations * 7-3.2 Surface Preparation * 7-3.3 Anchorage * SECTION 4. CONCRETE PLACEMENT METHODS * 7-4.1 Hand Patching * 7-4.2 Tremie Placement * 7-4.3 Pump Placement * 7-4.4 Preplaced Aggregate Concrete * 7-4.5 Bottom Dump * 7-4.6 Bagged Concrete * SECTION 5. CRACK REPAIR * 7-5.1 Routing and Sealing * 7-5.2 Epoxy Injection * SECTION 6. MASONRY REPAIR * SECTION 7. UNDERMINING AND LOCAL SCOUR REPAIRS * 7-7.1 Undermining Repairs

Flood Scour For Bridges And Highways

Author: Mohiuddin Khan
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 0071825096
Size: 51.60 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 1091
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Proven methods for preventing and mitigating bridge and highway flood scour Offering detailed guidelines on bridge scour countermeasures, this comprehensive resource provides a proactive strategy for the design and construction of bridges to prevent scour, as well as a reactive plan for post-flood disaster management. Topics discussed include erosion, causes of scour, AASHTO design codes, hydrology, hydraulics, scour analysis, inspection methods, and modern materials technology. Real-world case studies illustrate the concepts presented. The authoritative information in this practical guide will help you to develop more efficient and cost-effective design processes and bridge management systems for river bridges subjected to floods. Flood Scour for Bridges and Highways covers: Floods, scour problems, and mitigation River instability caused by flow obstructions Past failures and bridges vulnerable to failure Geotechnical and hydraulic issues at scour-critical rivers and bridges Hydrology, floods, and scour-critical bridges Estimating scour depths and selecting applicable countermeasures Inspections, ratings, and monitoring countermeasures FHWA, HEC-18, and HEC-23 scour countermeasures as remediation Innovative methods of flood control and disaster management