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Brokers Of Public Trust

Author: Laurie Nussdorfer
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9780801895098
Size: 50.21 MB
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This magisterial new work brings fresh insight into the essential functions of early modern Roman society and the development of the modern state.

Peace And Penance In Late Medieval Italy

Author: Katherine Ludwig Jansen
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400889057
Size: 31.51 MB
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Medieval Italian communes are known for their violence, feuds, and vendettas, yet beneath this tumult was a society preoccupied with peace. Peace and Penance in Late Medieval Italy is the first book to examine how civic peacemaking in the age of Dante was forged in the crucible of penitential religious practice. Focusing on Florence in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, an era known for violence and civil discord, Katherine Ludwig Jansen brilliantly illuminates how religious and political leaders used peace agreements for everything from bringing an end to neighborhood quarrels to restoring full citizenship to judicial exiles. She brings to light a treasure trove of unpublished evidence from notarial archives and supports it with sermons, hagiography, political treatises, and chronicle accounts. She paints a vivid picture of life in an Italian commune, a socially and politically unstable world that strove to achieve peace. Jansen also assembles a wealth of visual material from the period, illustrating for the first time how the kiss of peace—a ritual gesture borrowed from the Catholic Mass—was incorporated into the settlement of secular disputes. Breaking new ground in the study of peacemaking in the Middle Ages, Peace and Penance in Late Medieval Italy adds an entirely new dimension to our understanding of Italian culture in this turbulent age by showing how peace was conceived, memorialized, and occasionally achieved.

Women Crime And Forgiveness In Early Modern Portugal

Author: Darlene Abreu-Ferreira
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134777655
Size: 52.70 MB
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Looking at the experiences of women in early modern Portugal in the context of crime and forgiveness, this study demonstrates the extent to which judicial and quasi-judicial records can be used to examine the implications of crime in women’s lives, whether as victims or culprits. The foundational basis for this study is two sets of manuscript sources that highlight two distinct yet connected experiences of women as participants in the criminal process. One consists of a collection of archival documents from the first half of the seventeenth century, a corpus called 'querelas,' in which formal accusations of criminal acts were registered. This is a rich source of information not only about the types of crimes reported, but also the process that plaintiffs had to follow to deal with their cases. The second primary source consists of a sampling of documents known as the ’perdão de parte.’ The term refers to the victim’s pardon, unique to the Iberian Peninsula, which allowed individuals implicated in serious conflicts to have a voice in the judicial process. By looking at a sample of these pardons, found in notary collections from the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, Abreu-Ferreira is able to show the extent to which women exercised their agency in a legal process that was otherwise male-dominated.

Space And Self In Early Modern European Cultures

Author: David Warren Sabean
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442643943
Size: 37.88 MB
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The notion of 'selfhood' conjures up images of self-sufficiency, integrity, introspectiveness, and autonomy – characteristics typically associated with 'modernity.' The seventeenth century marks the crucial transition to a new form of 'bourgeois' selfhood, although the concept goes back to the pre-modern and early modern period. A richly interdisciplinary collection, Space and Self integrates perspectives from history, history of literature, and history of art to link the issue of selfhood to the new and vital literature on space. As Space and Self shows, there have at all times been multiple paths and alternative possibilities for forming identities, marking personhood, and experiencing life as a concrete, singular individual. Positioning self and space as specific and evolving constructs, a diverse group of contributors explore how persons become embodied in particular places or inscribed in concrete space. Space and Self thus sets the terms for current discussion of these topics and provides new approaches to studying their cultural specificity.

Violent Masculinities

Author: J. Feather
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 113734475X
Size: 43.13 MB
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During the early modern period in England, social expectations for men came under extreme pressure - the armed knight went into decline and humanism appeared. Here, original essays analyze a wide-range of violent acts in literature and culture, from civic violence to chivalric combat to brawls and battles.

Die Geburt Des Archivs

Author: Markus Friedrich
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3486780948
Size: 45.59 MB
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Ein Archiv ist, was Menschen sich als Archiv denken: eine Schachtel mit der Aufschrift „Archiv“, eine Schatzkammer mit goldenen Kladden. Markus Friedrich schreibt erstmals die Geschichte des Archivs als eine Geschichte unserer Wissenskultur. An der Wende vom Mittelalter zur Frühen Neuzeit wuchs europaweit die Idee, Dokumente an einem festen Ort aufzuheben. Hatte man zuvor die wichtigsten Papierstücke auf Reisen mit sich geführt, gründeten nun viele Fürsten, aber auch Kirchen und Klöster ihre eigenen Archive. Die Geschichte der Archive ist aber nicht nur eine des Bewahrens: Archive sind auch Orte des Vergessens und der Zerstörung. Feuer richteten verheerende Schäden an, ebenso Wasser und Feuchtigkeit. Und je mehr Dokumente aufbewahrt wurden, desto größer wurden die Probleme bei der Ordnung, Verwaltung und Benutzung der Dokumente, bis schließlich nicht nur das Archiv, sondern auch die Figur des Archivars geboren war.

Archivio Storico Italiano

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Size: 36.86 MB
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The 1st series is a collection chiefly of medieval documents, supplemented by the Appendice in 9 vols. containing minor documents, letters, bibliographical and biographical notices. Beginning with the new series in 1855 the Archivio contains Documenti e memorie, Rassegna bibliografica, Necrologie correspondenza, annunzi bibliografici, etc.