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Building Ontologies With Basic Formal Ontology

Author: Robert Arp
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262527812
Size: 16.46 MB
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An introduction to the field of applied ontology with examples derived particularly from biomedicine, covering theoretical components, design practices, and practical applications.

Formal Ontology In Information Systems

Author: R. Ferrario
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 1614996601
Size: 80.11 MB
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Ontology, originally a fundamental part of philosophical enquiry, is concerned with the analysis and categorization of what exists. The advent of complex information systems which rely on robust and coherent formal representations of their subject matter has led to a renewed focus on ontological enquiry, and the systematic study of such representations are at the center of the modern discipline of formal ontology. This is now a research focus in domains as diverse as conceptual modeling, database design, software engineering, artificial intelligence, computational linguistics, the life sciences, bioinformatics, geographic information science, knowledge engineering, information retrieval and the semantic web. This book presents the proceedings of the 9th edition of the Formal Ontology in Information Systems conference (FOIS 2016) held in Annecy, France, in July 2016. It contains the 25 full papers delivered at the conference (an acceptance rate of 30.9% for the main track), as well as the abstracts of the 3 keynotes by Gilberto Câmara, Stephen Mumford and Friederike Moltmann. The remainder of the book is divided into the sections: Foundations; Space, Time and Change; Cognition, Language and Semantics; Empiricism and Measurement; Ontology for Engineering; Biomedical Ontologies; and Ontology of Social Reality. The domains addressed by the papers include geography, biomedicine, economics, social reality and engineering, and the book will be of interest to all those working in these fields, as well as to anybody with an interest in formal ontology.

Enterprise Interoperability Smart Services And Business Impact Of Enterprise Interoperability

Author: Martin Zelm
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119564026
Size: 74.73 MB
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The ability of future industry to create interactive, flexible and always-on connections between design, manufacturing and supply is an ongoing challenge, affecting competitiveness, efficiency and resourcing. The goal of enterprise interoperability (EI) research is therefore to address the effectiveness of solutions that will successfully prepare organizations for the advent and uptake of new technologies. This volume outlines results and practical concepts from recent and ongoing European research studies in EI, and examines the results of research and discussions cultivated at the I-ESA 2018 conference, “Smart services and business impact of enterprise interoperability”. The conference, designed to encourage collaboration between academic inquiry and real-world industry applications, addressed a number of advanced multidisciplinary topics including Industry 4.0, Big Data, the Internet of Things, Cloud computing, ontology, artificial intelligence, virtual reality and enterprise modelling for future “smart” manufacturing. Readers will find this book to be a source of invaluable knowledge for enterprise architects in a range of industries and organizations.

German Medical Data Sciences Visions And Bridges

Author: R. Röhrig
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 1614998086
Size: 20.43 MB
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We live in an age characterized by computerized information, but ubiquitous information technology has profoundly changed our healthcare systems and, if not adequately trained to deal with it, healthcare professionals can all too easily be overwhelmed by the complexity and magnitude of the data. This demands new skills from physicians as well as novel ways to provide medical knowledge. Selecting and assessing relevant information presents a challenge which can only be met by bridging the various disciplines in healthcare and the data sciences. This book presents the proceedings of the 62nd annual meeting of the German Association of Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology (German Medical Data Sciences – GMDS 2017): Visions and Bridges, held in Oldenburg, Germany, in September 2017. The 242 submissions to the conference included 77 full papers, of which 42 were accepted for publication here after rigorous review. These are divided into 7 sections: teaching and training; epidemiological surveillance, screening and registration; research methods; IT infrastructure for biomedical research/data integration centers; healthcare information systems; interoperability – standards, terminologies, classification; and biomedical informatics, innovative algorithms and signal processing. The book provides a vision for healthcare in the information age, and will be of interest to all those concerned with improving clinical decision making and the effectiveness and efficiency of health systems using data methods and technology.

Die Existenz Der Welt

Author: Reinhardt Grossmann
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110330377
Size: 53.93 MB
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Diese Einführung in die Ontologie zeigt die Geschichte der abendländischen Philosophie als einen dauernden Kampf zwischen den Riesen und Göttern von Platons Sophistes. Auf der einen Seite gibt es die Philosophen, die die Auffassung vertreten, daß nur das physikalische Universum existiert und auf der anderen Seite gibt es solche Philosophen, die darauf bestehen, daß es eine weit 'größere' Welt gibt, die auch zeitlose und nicht-räumliche Dinge, wie z.B. Egenschaften enthält. Der Autor diskutiert detailliert diese wichtige metaphysische Debatte, die dem Kampf zugrunde liegt, nämlich die Auseinandersetzung zwischen Naturalisten und Ontologen. Das Buch beginnt mit einer Untersuchung der Geschichte der Auseinandersetzung zwischen Nominalisten und Realisten über das Problem der Universalien. Danach erkundet der Autor die Natur und Existenz der Kategorien wie Relationen, Strukturen, Zahlen und Tatsachen. Im letzten Teil argumentiert er dafür, daß Existenz und Negation keine Kategorien sind, sondern eher Merkmale der Welt. Die Einführung in die Ontologie dient zugleich als Einführung in die Philosophie insgesamt und zeichnet sich durch Klarheit, gute Verständlichkeit und einen lebendigen Stil aus.

Artificial Intelligence

Author: David L. Poole
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108171028
Size: 36.87 MB
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Artificial intelligence, including machine learning, has emerged as a transformational science and engineering discipline. Artificial Intelligence: Foundations of Computational Agents presents AI using a coherent framework to study the design of intelligent computational agents. By showing how the basic approaches fit into a multidimensional design space, readers learn the fundamentals without losing sight of the bigger picture. The new edition also features expanded coverage on machine learning material, as well as on the social and ethical consequences of AI and ML. The book balances theory and experiment, showing how to link them together, and develops the science of AI together with its engineering applications. Although structured as an undergraduate and graduate textbook, the book's straightforward, self-contained style will also appeal to an audience of professionals, researchers, and independent learners. The second edition is well-supported by strong pedagogical features and online resources to enhance student comprehension.

Formal Ontology In Information Systems

Author: S. Borgo
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 1614999104
Size: 66.87 MB
Format: PDF
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FOIS is the flagship conference of the International Association for Ontology and its Applications (IAOA). Its interdisciplinary research focus lies at the intersection of philosophical ontology, linguistics, logic, cognitive science, and computer science, as well as in the applications of ontological analysis to conceptual modeling, knowledge engineering, knowledge management, information-systems development, library and information science, scientific research, and semantic technologies in general. This volume presents the proceedings of FOIS 2018, held in Cape Town, South Africa, from 19-21 September. It was the 10th edition and 20th anniversary of the conference series. The volume contains 19 papers grouped into 4 sections: Foundations (7 papers), Agents and Properties (4 papers), Methods and Tools (4 papers), and Applications (4 papers). Regarding the applications of ontologies, a broad spectrum of areas is covered, including in particular biology and medicine, IoT, engineering and linguistics. Formal Ontology in Information Systems - Proceedings of the 10th International Conference (FOIS 2018) will be of interest to researchers from all disciplines with an interest in formal ontology.

Semantic Web

Author: Pascal Hitzler
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3540339949
Size: 33.97 MB
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Das Buch Semantic Web – Grundlagen vermittelt als erstes deutschsprachiges Lehrbuch die Grundlagen des Semantic Web in verständlicher Weise. Es ermöglicht einen einfachen und zügigen Einstieg in Methoden und Technologien des Semantic Web und kann z.B. als solide Grundlage für die Vorbereitung und Durchführung von Vorlesungen genutzt werden. Die Autoren trennen dabei sauber zwischen einer intuitiven Hinführung zur Verwendung semantischer Technologien in der Praxis einerseits, und der Erklärung formaler und theoretischer Hintergründe andererseits. Nur für letzteres werden Grundkenntnisse in Logik vorausgesetzt, die sich bei Bedarf jedoch durch zusätzliche Lektüre und mit Hilfe eines entsprechenden Kapitels im Anhang aneignen lassen. Das Lehrbuch richtet sich primär an Studenten mit Grundkenntnissen in Informatik sowie an interessierte Praktiker welche sich im Bereich Semantic Web fortbilden möchten. Aus den Rezensionen: "... RDF, RDF-S und OWL. Diese Sprachen ... werden von den Autoren dargestellt. Bei der Darstellung ... fallen sie selten zu schwierigen Fachslang, sondern liefern eine gut nachvollziehbare Schilderung mit einfachen Beispielen, auch Übungsaufgaben runden die Kapitel ab. ... Semantic Web ist ein einfach geschriebenes und anschauliches Buch, das In die Grundkonzepte der Semantic-Web-Techniken einführt. Wer sich schnell in RDF, RDF-S und Co. einarbeiten muss und etwas Vorbildung in Logik und Algebra mitbringt, der trifft mit diesem Lehrbuch sicherlich eine gute Wahl ..." (http://www.literaturnetz.com/content/view/8742/44/)