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Building Vulnerability Assessments

Author: Martha J. Boss
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420078350
Size: 33.27 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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All too often the assessment of structural vulnerability is thought of only in terms of security upgrades, guards, and entrance barriers. However, in order to fully ensure that a building is secure, the process of design and construction must also be considered. Building Vulnerability Assessments: Industrial Hygiene and Engineering Concepts focuses on the range of vulnerabilities that can and should be addressed from design implementation through securing a building from intrusion from all types of threats. Customized Recommendations for Individual Structures The book begins with an outline for vulnerability assessments conducted either in-house or in coordination with a third party. The text is presented in a way that facilitates modifications for an organization’s particular needs. The authors present summaries of regulations that are used to determine if chemicals create a risk to off-site locations or constitute a homeland security vulnerability. They also discuss physical security and chemical, biological, and radioactive (CBR) threat potentials. Highlights the Threat of Biological Contamination The remainder of the book discusses control systems to reduce vulnerabilities, emphasizing ventilation system controls. Since a building or facility which is already contaminated is easier to contaminate further, the authors put a heavy focus on new, latent, and residual chemical and biological contamination within building infrastructures. The book concludes by presenting basic emergency planning recommendations and offering recommendations for assessment programs and emergency drills. This volume, comprising the wisdom of scientists and engineers who have dealt in the past with building and site failures, assists future designers and operations and emergency planners in making decisions that may lessen the impact of emergencies and help to prevent them from occurring in the first place. By taking a multi-faceted approach to building security, those charged with protecting a structure’s vulnerability can help to ensure that crisis is averted.

Handbook Of Chemical Regulations

Author: Martha J. Boss
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498717802
Size: 24.71 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The first book of its kind, Handbook of Chemical Regulations: Benchmarking, Implementation, and Engineering Concepts introduces the concept of global harmonization and interlinks between regulations and examines the reasons behind major requirements for chemical manufacture, article production, and distribution, importation, and usage. A compendium of environmental, health and safety, and engineering concepts for global harmonization, the book provides a road map between regulations from the European Union, the United States, and other countries who adopt similar regulations. As with any road map, not every feature along the road is mapped; however, what is shown are the markers leading to a point where more effective stewardship of your industrial development and chemical usage base is possible. The book discusses the Eurpoean Union’s Regulation (EC) No 1907/ 2006 - Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH), the Eurpean Union’ s Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 for classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures, and the United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) perspectives for Safety Data Sheet (SDS) development and product labeling. In addition, the United States Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA) and Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) are presented as regards TSCA new substance review critiera and FIFRA required labeling. This compendium of information aids in the successful integration and implementation of the regulatory requirements—an integration that should lead to more efficient and effective business decisions. Rather than reacting to one regulation at a time, making policy decisions that reflect the underlying conceptual framework of GHS will lead to safer products and safer industrial production sites. Based on a framework for regulatory standards, this easy-to-read guide helps you understand the scientific concepts that are inherent in chemical usage and their interplay globally.

Electrical Safety

Author: Martha J. Boss
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482230178
Size: 45.84 MB
Format: PDF
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Learn How to Implement Safety Codes and Regulations Effectively A number of electrical fatalities and injuries that occur each year can be overcome by a thorough understanding of electrical concepts. Yet due to the complexity of regulatory requirements, many safety professionals may not be fully equipped to handle the task. Electrical Safety: Systems, Sustainability, and Stewardship addresses the problem by simplifying the knowledge acquisition process, and arming safety professionals with the tools needed to successfully meet safety and efficacy goals. From power generation facility to electrical device, this text combines knowledge of industry standards, regulations, and real-world experience to provide a detailed explanation of electrical power generation, transmittal, and use. Explains the Concepts behind Electric Code The book introduces the basic sustainability and stewardship concepts inherent to reliability centered maintenance (RCM). It explains how these concepts apply to the components of an electrical system (the concepts can be used when auditing for electrical safety, training on electrical safety, and overseeing an upgrade or extension of a building's electrical system). In addition, it addresses general electrical safety, electromagnetic field shields, ohm/resistance study criteria, arc flash hazard analysis, and hazardous energy control. The authors outline OSHA requirements and the reasons for those requirements, and explain the implementation exigencies. This book: Describes power generation, transmittal, and usage Contains regulatory summaries from the OSHA electrical safety standards Presents the various types of electrical studies including arc flash, electromagnetic field, and ohm resistance investigations Discusses earthing grounds and overcurrent devices as overall components of electrical control and safety Offers an up-to-date discussions of arc flash criteria and evaluation needs that are linked to general electrical safety and grounding requirements Considers electromagnetic field physics, measurement, and control alternatives Electrical Safety: Systems, Sustainability, and Stewardship provides a step-by-step dialogue of the OSHA requirements and more importantly the reasons for those requirements. Describing electrical use within industrial settings, and presenting a ground approach to understanding how electrical power is used, this book lays down the ground work for making important decisions.

Vulnerability Assessment Of Physical Protection Systems

Author: Mary Lynn Garcia
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080481671
Size: 61.48 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Vulnerability Assessment of Physical Protection Systems guides the reader through the topic of physical security with a unique, detailed and scientific approach. The book describes the entire vulnerability assessment (VA) process, from the start of planning through final analysis and out brief to senior management. It draws heavily on the principles introduced in the author’s best-selling Design and Evaluation of Physical Protection Systems and allows readers to apply those principles and conduct a VA that is aligned with system objectives and achievable with existing budget and personnel resources. The text covers the full spectrum of a VA, including negotiating tasks with the customer; project management and planning of the VA; team membership; and step-by-step details for performing the VA, data collection and analysis. It also provides important notes on how to use the VA to suggest design improvements and generate multiple design options. The text ends with a discussion of how to out brief the results to senior management in order to gain their support and demonstrate the return on investment of their security dollar. Several new tools are introduced to help readers organize and use the information at their sites and allow them to mix the physical protection system with other risk management measures to reduce risk to an acceptable level at an affordable cost and with the least operational impact. This book will be of interest to physical security professionals, security managers, security students and professionals, and government officials. Guides the reader through the topic of physical security doing so with a unique, detailed and scientific approach Takes the reader from beginning to end and step-by-step through a Vulnerability Assessment Over 150 figures and tables to illustrate key concepts

Security Planning And Design

Author: Joseph A. Demkin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471271567
Size: 73.66 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This important reference from the American Institute of Architects provides architects and other design professionals with the guidance they need to plan for security in both new and existing facilities Security is one of the many design considerations that architects must address and in the wake of the September 11th 2001 events, it has gained a great deal of attention This book emphasises basic concepts and provides the architect with enough information to conduct an assessment of client needs as well as work with consultants who specialise in implementing security measures. Included are chapters on defining security needs, understanding threats, blast mitigation, building systems, facility operations and biochemical protection. * Important reference on a design consideration that is growing in importance * Provides architects with the fundamental knowledge they need to work with clients and with security consultants * Includes guidelines for conducting client security assessments * Best practices section shows how security can be integrated into design solutions * Contributors to the book represent an impressive body of knowledge and specialise in areas such as crime prevention, blast mitigation, and biological protection

Engineering A Learning Healthcare System

Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309120640
Size: 47.59 MB
Format: PDF
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Improving our nation's healthcare system is a challenge which, because of its scale and complexity, requires a creative approach and input from many different fields of expertise. Lessons from engineering have the potential to improve both the efficiency and quality of healthcare delivery. The fundamental notion of a high-performing healthcare system--one that increasingly is more effective, more efficient, safer, and higher quality--is rooted in continuous improvement principles that medicine shares with engineering. As part of its Learning Health System series of workshops, the Institute of Medicine's Roundtable on Value and Science-Driven Health Care and the National Academy of Engineering, hosted a workshop on lessons from systems and operations engineering that could be applied to health care. Building on previous work done in this area the workshop convened leading engineering practitioners, health professionals, and scholars to explore how the field might learn from and apply systems engineering principles in the design of a learning healthcare system. Engineering a Learning Healthcare System: A Look at the Future: Workshop Summary focuses on current major healthcare system challenges and what the field of engineering has to offer in the redesign of the system toward a learning healthcare system.

Public Protection From Nuclear Chemical And Biological Terrorism

Author: Health Physics Society. Summer School
Publisher: Medical Physics Publishing Corporation
ISBN:
Size: 75.83 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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More than 40 experts discuss principles and lessons learned from past expereicnes to help the professional understand the rationale for proper planning, assessments, and responses to terrorism. There are extensive rules of thumb and data needed for the quick actions necessary to save life and prevent panic in the immediate aftermath of a terrorist attack.

Structural Analysis And Design Of Tall Buildings

Author: Bungale S. Taranath
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439850909
Size: 15.96 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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As software skills rise to the forefront of design concerns, the art of structural conceptualization is often minimized. Structural engineering, however, requires the marriage of artistic and intuitive designs with mathematical accuracy and detail. Computer analysis works to solidify and extend the creative idea or concept that might have started out as a sketch on the back of an envelope. From Sketches on the Back of an Envelope to Elegant, Economical Buildings—The Art of Structural Conceptualization Bridging the gap between the conceptual approach and computer analysis, Structural Analysis and Design of Tall Buildings: Steel and Composite Construction integrates the design aspects of steel and composite buildings in one volume. Using conceptual thinking and basic strength of material concepts as foundations, the book shows engineers how to use imperfect information to estimate the answer to larger and more complex design problems by breaking them down into more manageable pieces. Written by an accomplished structural engineer, this book discusses the behavior and design of lateral load-resisting systems; the gravity design of steel and composite floors and columns; and methods for determining wind loads. It also examines the behavior and design of buildings subject to inelastic cyclic deformation during large earthquakes—with an emphasis on visual and descriptive analysis—as well as the anatomy of seismic provisions and the rehabilitation of seismically vulnerable steel buildings. Intuitive Techniques for Construction and Design The book covers a range of special topics, including performance-based design and human tolerance for the wind-induced dynamic motions of tall buildings. It also presents preliminary analysis techniques, graphical approaches for determining wind and seismic loads, and graphical aids for estimating unit-quantity of structural steel. The final chapter deals with the art of connection design. Forty case studies—from New York’s Empire State Building to Kuala Lumpur’s Petronas Towers—highlight the aspects of conceptualization that are key in the design of tall and ultra-tall buildings. A comprehensive design reference, this book guides engineers to visualize, conceptualize, and realize structural systems for tall buildings that are elegant and economical.

Climate Vulnerability

Author: Roger A. Pielke (Jr.)
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780123847034
Size: 34.53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Climate change has been the subject of thousands of books and magazines, scientific journals, and newspaper articles daily. It's a subject that can be very political and emotional, often blurring the lines between fact and fiction. The vast majority of research, studies, projections and recommendations tend to focus on the human influence on climate change and global warming as the result of CO2 emissions, often to the exclusion of other threats that include population growth and the stress placed on energy sources due to emerging global affluence. Climate Vulnerability seeks to strip away the politics and emotion that surround climate change and will assess the broad range of threats using the bottom up approach-including CO2 emissions, population growth, emerging affluence, and many others-to our five most critical resources: water, food, ecosystems, energy, and human health. Inclusively determining what these threats are while seeking preventive measures and adaptations is at the heart of this unique reference work. Takes a Bottom-Up approach, addressing climate change and the threat to our key resources at the local level first and globally second, providing a more accurate and inclusive approach. Includes extensive cross-referencing, which is key to readers as new connections between factors can be discovered. Cuts across a number of disciplines and will appeal to Biological Science, Earth & Environmental Science, Ecology, and Social Science, comprehensively addressing climate change and other threats to our key resources from multiple perspectives.