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Burgesses And Burgess Law In The Latin Kingdoms Of Jerusalem And Cyprus 1099 1325

Author: Dr Marwan Nader
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409479498
Size: 32.63 MB
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This is the first book devoted to the study of burgesses in the Latin Kingdoms of Jerusalem and Cyprus (1099–1325). It offers a comprehensive assessment of the contributions made by the non-feudal class to the development of legal and commercial institutions in the 12th, 13th and 14th centuries. Dispensing with the commonly held view that burgesses had only marginal influence, evidence is presented to illustrate how the existence of a 'middle class' was essential to the ambitions of the kingdoms' leaders. A systematic examination of all relevant contemporary source material – charters, law-books and narrative accounts – sheds light on how serfs and freemen, originating from diverse regions of Europe, were able to organise themselves into a class whose status set them apart from non-Latin Christians and Muslims. The study considers at length the different ways in which burgess legislation was formulated; traces the gradual development of the Cour des Bourgeois, the court of burgesses, in terms of its composition and competence; describes in detail the burgess laws of Acre and Nicosia which related, for example, to marriage and inheritance; and defines the special characteristics of a type of property known as a borgesie which was mostly but not exclusively in the hands of burgesses. Dr Nader's research, furthermore, reveals the complexity of burgess jurisdiction and legislation in the East, and advocates the theory that secular courts established by ecclesiastical institutions exercised authority over burgesses and borgesies in matters which went beyond the parameters of purely ecclesiastical jurisdiction.

The Knights Hospitaller In The Levant C 1070 1309

Author: J. Riley-Smith
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137264756
Size: 57.72 MB
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A detailed study of this famed religious-military order, written by the world's pre-eminent Crusades historian, and focusing on the years between the First Crusade and the Knights' conquest of Malta.

The Crusader States

Author: Malcolm Barber
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300189311
Size: 60.25 MB
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When the armies of the First Crusade wrested Jerusalem from control of the Fatimids of Egypt in 1099, they believed their victory was an evident sign of God's favor. It was, therefore, incumbent upon them to fulfill what they understood to be God's plan: to re-establish Christian control of Syria and Palestine. This book is devoted to the resulting settlements, the crusader states, that developed around the eastern shores of the Mediterranean and survived until Richard the Lionheart's departure in 1192. Focusing on Jerusalem, Antioch, Tripoli, and Edessa, Malcolm Barber vividly reconstructs the crusaders' arduous process of establishing and protecting their settlements, and the simultaneous struggle of vanquished inhabitants to adapt to life alongside their conquerors. Rich with colorful accounts of major military campaigns, the book goes much deeper, exploring in detail the culture of the crusader states--the complex indigenous inheritance, the architecture, the political, legal, and economic institutions, the ecclesiastical framework through which the crusaders perceived the world, the origins of the Knights Templar and the Hospitallers, and more. With the zest of a scholar pursuing a life-long interest, Barber presents a complete narrative and cultural history of the crusader states while setting a new standard for the term "total history."

International Bibliography Of Book Reviews Of Scholarly Literature In The Humanities And The Social Sciences

Author: K. G. Saur Verlag GmbH & Company
Publisher: K. G. Saur
ISBN: 9783598694301
Size: 52.18 MB
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The IBR, published again since 1971 as an interdisciplinary, international bibliography of reviews, offers book reviews of literature dealing primarily with the humanities and social sciences published in 6,000 mainly European scholarly journals. This unique bibliography contains over 1.1 millions book reviews. 60,000 entries are added every year with details on the work reviewed and the review.

Francia

Author: Deutschen Historischen Institut Paris
Publisher: Jan Thorbecke Verlag
ISBN: 9783799581271
Size: 25.42 MB
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E. Renard: La politique militaire de Charlemagne et la paysannerie franque - G. Pepin: Les couronnements et les investitures des ducs d'Aquitaine (XIe - XIIe siecle) - M. Kintzinger: Symbolique du sacre, succession royale et participation politique en France au XIVe siecle - M. Jucker: Le butin de guerre au Moyen Age - Vortragszyklus "Images, recits, pouvoirs, 1750-1815" - K. Seidel: The High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community, 1952-1955 - Ch. Wenkel: La politique etrangere de la France face a la RDA - C. Hiepel: Willy Brandt, Frankreich und Europa zur Zeit der Groaen Koalition 1966-1969. - Miszellen. Ph. Baccou: Les debuts de Robert le Fort - L. Falkenstein: Das Dossier zur Grundung der Diozese Arras (Codex Lamberti) - B. Schilling: Bemerkungen zu papstlichen Synoden des hohen Mittelalters - M. Spath: Zu einem Bildkonzept nord- und ostfranzosischer Stadtsiegel des 12. und 13. Jhs. - J. Schmid: Neuere Forschungen uber die "annees noires" in Frankreich - A. Lattard: L'Allemagne d'apres-guerre au miroir de sa politique sociale - G. Krumeich: Nachruf auf J.-C. Allain - O.G. Oexle: Nachruf auf K.F. Werner.