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Business And Environmental Policy

Author: Michael E. Kraft
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262113058
Size: 28.20 MB
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It is well known that American businesses make an effort to influence environmental policy by attempting to set the political agenda and to influence regulations and legislation. This book examines what is not so well known: the extent to which business succeeds in its policy interventions. In Business and Environmental Policy, a team of distinguished scholars systematically analyzes corporate influence at all stages of the policy process, focusing on the factors that determine the success or failure of business lobbying in Congress, state legislatures, local governments, federal and state agencies, and the courts. These experts consider whether business influence is effectively counterbalanced by the efforts of environmental groups, public opinion, and other forces. The book also examines the use of the media to influence public opinion--as in the battle over drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge--and corporations' efforts to sway elections by making campaign contributions. Because the book goes well beyond the existing literature--much of which is narrow, descriptive, and anecdotal--to provide broad-based empirical evidence of corporate influence on environmental policy, it makes an original and important contribution and is appropriate for a variety of undergraduate and graduate courses.

Conceptual Innovation In Environmental Policy

Author: James Meadowcroft
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262534088
Size: 67.33 MB
Format: PDF
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Concepts are thought categories through which we apprehend the world; they enable, but also constrain, reasoning and debate and serve as building blocks for more elaborate arguments. This book traces the links between conceptual innovation in the environmental sphere and the evolution of environmental policy and discourse. It offers both a broad framework for examining the emergence, evolution, and effects of policy concepts and a detailed analysis of eleven influential environmental concepts. In recent decades, conceptual evolution has been particularly notable in environmental governance, as new problems have emerged and as environmental issues have increasingly intersected with other areas. "Biodiversity," for example, was unheard of until the late 1980s; "negative carbon emissions" only came into being over the last few years. After a review of concepts and their use in environmental argument, chapters chart the trajectories of a range of environmental concepts: environment, sustainable development, biodiversity, environmental assessment, critical loads, adaptive management, green economy, environmental risk, environmental security, environmental justice, and sustainable consumption. The book provides a valuable resource for scholars and policy makers and also offers a novel introduction to the environmental policy field through the evolution of its conceptual categories. ContributorsRichard N. L. Andrews, Karin Bäckstrand, Karen Baehler, Daniel J. Fiorino, Yrjö Haila, Michael E. Kraft, Oluf Langhelle, Judith A. Layzer, James Meadowcroft, Alexis Schulman, Johannes Stripple, Philip J. Vergragt

American Environmental Policy

Author: Christopher McGrory Klyza
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262525046
Size: 29.57 MB
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An updated investigation of alternate pathways for American environmental policymaking made necessary by legislative gridlock.

Environmental Policy

Author: Norman J. Vig
Publisher: CQ Press
ISBN: 1483352595
Size: 25.17 MB
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Authoritative and trusted, Environmental Policy convenes top scholars to evaluate the impact of past environmental policy while anticipating its future implications, helping students decipher the underlying trends, institutional constraints, and policy dilemmas that shape environmental politics. In the Ninth Edition, editors Norman Vig and Michael Kraft offer coverage of the latest issues, including the energy and natural resource policy dilemmas, sustainable cities, and the environmental impact of food production and consumption. A new concluding chapter ties the contributed material together with an assessment of the remaining environmental policy challenges for the 21st century.

Pluralism By Design

Author: George Hoberg
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275941260
Size: 34.50 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The rise of social regulation and the advent of public interest movements during the 1960s and 1970s led to a significant change in policy outcomes as the influence of governmental actors and political activists increased at the expense of business. Recently, this policy system has come under harsh attack as a result of changing economic conditions, extensive lobbying by business, and the election of presidents openly hostile to the American regulatory state. By focusing on two specific areas, pesticide regulation and air pollution control, this study describes and explains policy changes by examining recent controversies in the context of empirical political theory.

Water Place And Equity

Author: John M. Whiteley
Publisher: The MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262232715
Size: 14.38 MB
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An argument for the importance of equity as a criterion in evaluating water policy, with examples in wide-ranging case studies from North and South America and Europe.

Taking Sustainable Cities Seriously

Author: Kent E. Portney
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262264136
Size: 54.73 MB
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Today at least twenty-five major U.S. cities have pursued some form of sustainability initiative. Although many case studies and "how-to" manuals have been published, there has been little systematic comparison of these cities' programs and initiatives. In this book Kent Portney lays the theoretical groundwork for research on what works and what does not, and why. Distinguishing cities on the basis of population characteristics and region for his analysis, Portney shows how cities use the broad rubric of sustainability to achieve particular political ends. Cities that take sustainability seriously, such as Portland, San Francisco, and Seattle, use broad definitions that go well beyond concern for the physical environment or creating jobs. They pursue sustainability at many levels and integrate concern for economic development, the environment, and quality of life across all activities of city government. Cities that take sustainability less seriously, such as Cleveland, Boston, and Orlando, confine it to such issues as solid waste disposal, brownfields, redevelopment, and neighborhood beautification. Still other cities, such as New Haven, Brownsville, and Milwaukee, do considerably less to work toward sustainability. Portney begins by reviewing the conceptual underpinnings of sustainable development and sustainable communities. The comparisons that follow provide a foundation for assessing the range of what is possible and desirable for sustainability initiatives. In the book's conclusion, Portney assesses the extent to which cities can use the pursuit of sustainability either to foster change in public values or merely to reinforce values that are already reflected in systems of governance.

Corporate America And Environmental Policy

Author: Sheldon Kamieniecki
Publisher: Stanford Law and Politics
ISBN: 9780804748155
Size: 42.99 MB
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This book adds to the environmental politics and policy literature by conducting a comprehensive investigation of business influence in agenda building and environmental policymaking in the United States over time. As part of this investigation, the author presents an analysis of six cases in which private firms were involved in disputes concerning pollution control and natural resource management. In addition to determining how much business interests influence environmental and natural resource policy, the book tests possible explanations for their level of success in shaping the government's agenda and policy. The study offers a general conceptual framework for analyzing the influence of corporate America over environmental policymaking. The research then explores how much firms have influenced Congress, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and certain natural resource agencies, and the courts on environmental and natural issues since the beginning of the environmental movement in 1970. No other study has examined the ability of business to influence environmental policy in all three branches of government and in such detail.