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Camera Works

Author: Michael North
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199721337
Size: 67.46 MB
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Camera Works is about the impact of photography and film on modern art and literature. For many artists and writers, these new media offered hope of new means of representation, neither linguistic nor pictorial, but hovering in a kind of utopian space between. At the same time, the new media introduced a dramatic element of novelty into the age-old evidence of the senses. For the avant-garde, the challenges of the new media were the modern in its most concentrated form, but even for aesthetically unadventurous writers they constituted an element of modern experience that could hardly be ignored. Camera Works thus traces some of the more utopian projects of transatlantic avant-garde, including the Readie machine of Bob Brown, which was to turn stories and poems into strips of linguistic film. The influence of photography and film on the avant-garde is traced from the early days of Camera Work, through the enthusiasm of Eugene Jolas and the contributors to his magazine transition, to the crisis created by the introduction of sound in the late 1920's. Subseguent chapters describe the entirely new kind of sensory enjoyment brought into modern American fiction by the new media. What Fitzgerald calls "spectroscopic gayety," the enjoyable diorientation of the senses by machine perception, turns out to be a powerful force in much American fiction. The revolutionary possibilities of this new spectatorship and its limitations are pursued through a number of examples, including Dos Passos, James Weldon Johnson, and Hemingway. Together, these chapters offer a new and substantially different account of the relationship between modern American literature and the mediatized society of the early twentieth century. With a comprehensive introduction and detailed particular readings, Camera Works substantiates a new understanding of the formal and historical bases of modernism. It argues that when modern literature and art respond to modernity, on a formal level, they are responding to the intervention of technology in the transmission of meaning, an intervention that unsettles all the terms in the essential relationship of human consciousness to the world of phenomena.

Mina Loy Twentieth Century Photography And Contemporary Women Poets

Author: Linda A. Kinnahan
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1351793470
Size: 60.79 MB
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In Mina Loy, Twentieth-Century Photography, and Contemporary Women Poets, Linda A. Kinnahan explores the making of Mina Loy’s late modernist poetics in relation to photography’s ascendance, by the mid-twentieth century, as a distinctively modern force shaping representation and perception. As photography develops over the course of the century as an art form, social tool, and cultural force, Loy’s relationship to a range of photographic cultures emerging in the first half of the twentieth century suggests how we might understand not only the intriguing work of this poet, but also the shaping impact of photography and new technologies of vision upon modernist poetics. Framing Loy’s encounters with photography through intersections of portraiture, Surrealism, fashion, documentary, and photojournalism, Kinnahan draws correspondences between Loy’s late poetry and visual discourses of the body, urban poverty, and war, discerning how a visual rhetoric of gender often underlies these mappings and connections. In her final chapter, Kinnahan examines two contemporary poets who directly engage the camera’s modern impact –Kathleen Fraser and Caroline Bergvall – to explore the questions posed in their work about the particular relation of the camera, the photographic image, and the construction of gender in the late twentieth century.

Writing With Light

Author: Mick Gidley
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9783039115723
Size: 56.83 MB
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Contributor Martin Padget's essay: -Native Americans, the Photobook and the Southwest: Ansel Adams's and Mary Austin's "Taos Pueblo" was awarded the 2010 Arthur Miller Essay Prize. This book is an integrated collection of essays on the interface between literature and photography, as exemplified in important North American texts. The aspects of this increasingly debated topic treated here include: the evidential nature of the photographic image; evocations of photographs in poetry and fiction; ways in which photographs 'illustrate' literary works; the status and function of words in photographic anthologies; and the formal structure(s) of full-blown interactions of the verbal and the visual in works that constitute 'photo-texts'. Contributors to the volume probe ways of reading particular and often celebrated combinations of words and photographs as cultural documents of their time - and ours. Achieving a better understanding of their social context often illuminates important themes of American history, such as ethnic, regional, class or gender identification and difference."

Beautiful Circuits

Author: Mark Goble
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231518404
Size: 67.39 MB
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Considering texts by Henry James, Gertrude Stein, James Weldon Johnson, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ralph Ellison, Richard Wright, James Agee, and William Carlos Williams, alongside film, painting, music, and popular culture, Mark Goble explores the development of American modernism as it was shaped by its response to technology and an attempt to change how literature itself could communicate. Goble's original readings reinterpret the aesthetics of modernism in the early twentieth century, when new modes of communication made the experience of technology an occasion for profound experimentation and reflection. He follows the assimilation of such "old" media technologies as the telegraph, telephone, and phonograph and their role in inspiring fantasies of connection, which informed a commitment to the materiality of artistic mediums. Describing how relationships made possible by technology became more powerfully experienced with technology, Goble explores a modernist fetish for media that shows no signs of abating. The "mediated life" puts technology into communication with a series of shifts in how Americans conceive the mechanics and meanings of their connections to one another, and therefore to the world and to their own modernity.

Modernism And Magic

Author: Leigh Wilson
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748672338
Size: 43.38 MB
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Explores the interplay between modernist experiment and occult discourses in the early twentieth century

Americanizing Britain

Author: Genevieve Abravanel
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199942668
Size: 49.74 MB
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How did Great Britain, which entered the twentieth century as a dominant empire, reinvent itself in reaction to its fears and fantasies about the United States? Investigating the anxieties caused by the invasion of American culture-from jazz to Ford motorcars to Hollywood films-during the first half of the twentieth century, Genevieve Abravanel theorizes the rise of the American Entertainment Empire as a new style of imperialism that threatened Britain's own. In the early twentieth century, the United States excited a range of utopian and dystopian energies in Britain. Authors who might ordinarily seem to have little in common-H.G. Wells, Aldous Huxley, and Virginia Woolf-began to imagine Britain's future through America. Abravanel explores how these novelists fashioned transatlantic fictions as a response to the encroaching presence of Uncle Sam. She then turns her attention to the arrival of jazz after World War I, showing how a range of writers, from Elizabeth Bowen to W.H. Auden, deployed the new music as a metaphor for the modernization of England. The global phenomenon of Hollywood film proved even more menacing than the jazz craze, prompting nostalgia for English folk culture and a lament for Britain's literary heritage. Abravanel then refracts British debates about America through the writing of two key cultural critics: F.R. Leavis and T.S. Eliot. In so doing, she demonstrates the interdependencies of some of the most cherished categories of literary study-language, nation, and artistic value-by situating the high-low debates within a transatlantic framework.

Photography And Literature In The Twentieth Century

Author: David Cunningham
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Press
ISBN: 1904303463
Size: 43.53 MB
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Photography and Literature in the Twentieth-Century offers an accessible and fresh approach to an object of interdisciplinary research that is currently receiving increased international attention. Providing a broad historical schema, and examining pivotal moments within it, the collection brings together a range of writers and practitioners who help to guide the reader through a historical cross-section of current work in this area. Unlike most existing studies, this volume considers both key literary figures, from Proust to Sebald, and photographic practitioners, from Heartfield to Sekula, in order to give a commanding overview of its subject that is both well-informed and often ground-breaking. With original and accessible essays by acknowledged experts in the field, this is a book that should be of interest not only to students and teachers in departments of literature and photography, but also to those in cultural studies and art history, as well as photographic artists.

The Edinburgh Companion To Twentieth Century Literatures In English

Author: Brian McHale
ISBN: 9780748620111
Size: 16.89 MB
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An imaginatively constructed new literary history of the twentieth century.This companion with a difference sets a controversial new agenda for literary -historical analysis. Far from the usual forced march through the decades, genres and national literatures, this reference work for the new century cuts across familiar categories, focusing instead on literary ‘hot spots’: Freud’s Vienna and Conrad’s Congo in 1899, Chicago and London in 1912, the Somme in July 1916, Dublin, London and Harlem in 1922, and so on, down to Bradford and Berlin in 1989 (the fatwa against Salman Rushdie, the new digital media), Stockholm in 1993 (Toni Morrison’s Nobel Prize) and September 11, 2001.The Companion* reanimates twentieth-century literary history* gives unique insight into the literary imagination via the focus on pivotal times and places* provides an unprecedented view of literatures in English in global contexts from Berlin to Bradford, Florence to Flanders, Lagos to Liverpool, Madrid to Melbourne, and San Francisco to Stockholm* offers illuminating analyses of authors and texts from across the century* brings together expert contributors from around the world.

Album For An Age

Author: Arthur Shay
Publisher: Ivan R Dee
Size: 36.24 MB
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The photojournalist whose credits include "Life," "Time," and "Fortune," recalls the major personalities of his era, including Judy Garland, Liberace, Marlon Brando, Nelson Algren, Marcel Marceau, Hugh Hefner, Elizabeth Taylor, and Mahalia Jackson.

American Culture In The 1910s

Author: Mark Whalan
Publisher: Edinburgh Univ Pr
Size: 79.29 MB
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With the publication of this volume, Edinburgh University Press closes out its extremely successful culture history series, which writes the story of the twentieth century through the cultural and intellectual movements of each decade. The 1910s were mostly dominated by the horrors of the first modern war, but it also witnessed the flowering of modernism, the birth of Hollywood, and the rise of progressive interpretations of culture and society. Mark Whalan investigates this decade through achievements in fiction and poetry; art and photography; film and vaudeville; and music, theater, and dance. He incorporates detailed commentary and directed case studies of influential texts and events and includes chronologies and bibliographies. He considers Tarzan of the Apes, The Birth of a Nation, the radical modernism of Gertrude Stein, the Provincetown Players, and jazz music's earliest recordings. A concluding chapter explores the impact of the First World War on cultural understandings of nationalism, citizenship, and propaganda.