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Capillary Flows With Forming Interfaces

Author: Yulii D. Shikhmurzaev
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781584887492
Size: 51.90 MB
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Capillary Flows with Forming Interfaces explores numerous theoretical problems that arise in the mathematical description of capillary flows. It focuses on developing a unified approach to a variety of seemingly very different capillary flows of practical importance where classical fluid mechanics leads to nonphysical results. The book begins with a review of the conceptual framework of fluid mechanics and then proceeds to analyze the roots of singularities, such as the moving contact-line problem and the capillary breakup problem. The author then examines how different singular flows can be described as particular cases of a general physical phenomenon of interface formation. He illustrates the developed mathematical models and experimentally verifies them through a number of example problems relevant to engineering applications. The conceptual framework provided in this reference enables further progress in developing mathematical models of capillary flows. The book also allows readers to make informed strategic choices regarding available numerical codes and the in-house development of these codes.

Singular Phenomena And Scaling In Mathematical Models

Author: Michael Griebel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319007866
Size: 72.85 MB
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The book integrates theoretical analysis, numerical simulation and modeling approaches for the treatment of singular phenomena. The projects covered focus on actual applied problems, and develop qualitatively new and mathematically challenging methods for various problems from the natural sciences. Ranging from stochastic and geometric analysis over nonlinear analysis and modelling to numerical analysis and scientific computation, the book is divided into the three sections: A) Scaling limits of diffusion processes and singular spaces, B) Multiple scales in mathematical models of materials science and biology and C) Numerics for multiscale models and singular phenomena. Each section addresses the key aspects of multiple scales and model hierarchies, singularities and degeneracies, and scaling laws and self-similarity.

Colloid And Interface Chemistry For Nanotechnology

Author: Peter Kralchevsky
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466569069
Size: 24.37 MB
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Colloid and interface science dealt with nanoscale objects for nearly a century before the term nanotechnology was coined. An interdisciplinary field, it bridges the macroscopic world and the small world of atoms and molecules. Colloid and Interface Chemistry for Nanotechnology is a collection of manuscripts reflecting the activities of research teams that have been involved in the networking project Colloid and Interface Chemistry for Nanotechnology (2006–2011), Action D43, the European Science Foundation. The project was a part of the intergovernmental framework for Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST), allowing the coordination of nationally funded research across Europe. With contributions by leading experts, this book covers a wide range of topics. Chapters are grouped into three sections: "Nanoparticle Synthesis and Characterization," "New Experimental Tools and Interpretation," and "Nanocolloidal Dispersions and Interfaces." The topics covered belong to six basic research areas: (1) The synthesis of nanostructured materials of well-defined size and function; (2) Analytical methods and tools for control and characterization of synthesized nanomaterials; (3) Self-assembly of nanomaterials, such as microemulsions and micelles, and their applications; (4) Bioinspired nanostructured materials—structure, properties, and applications; (5) Design of active, soft functional interfaces with unique properties for sensors, catalysts, and biomedical assays; and (6) Nanoscale elements in soft nanoscale devices for applications in analytical and biomedical sciences. This book describes highlights in nanotechnology based on state-of-the-art principles in colloid and interface science, demonstrating how great progress in the various branches of nanotechnology can be achieved. The application of these principles allows for the development of new experimental and theoretical tools.

Particles At Fluid Interfaces And Membranes

Author: Peter A. Kralchevsky
Publisher: Elsevier Science Limited
ISBN:
Size: 40.89 MB
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Planar fluid interfaces -- Interfaces of moderate curvature : theory of capillarity -- Surface bending moment and curvature elastic moduli -- General curved interfaces and biomembranes -- Liquid films and interactions between particle and surface -- Particles at interfaces : deformations and hydrodynamic interactions -- Lateral capillary forces between partially immersed bodies -- Lateral capillary forces between floating particles -- Capillary forces between particles bound to a spherical interface -- Mechanics of lipid membranes and interaction between inclusions -- Capillary bridges and capillary-bridge forces -- Capillary forces between particles of irregular contact line -- Two-dimensional crystallization of particulates and proteins -- Effect of oil drops and particulates on the stability of foams.

Waves On Fluid Interfaces

Author: Richard E. Meyer
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 1483265145
Size: 63.77 MB
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Mathematics Research Center Symposium: Waves on Fluid Interfaces covers the proceedings of a symposium conducted by the Mathematics Research Center of the University of Wisconsin-Madison on October 18-20, 1982. The book focuses on nonlinear instabilities of classical interfaces, physical structure of real interfaces, and the challenges these reactions pose to the understanding of fluids. The selection first elaborates on finite-amplitude interfacial waves, instability of finite-amplitude interfacial waves, and finite-amplitude water waves with surface tension. Discussions focus on reformulation as an integro-differential equation, perturbation solutions, results for interfacial waves with current jump, wave of zero height, weakly nonlinear waves, and numerical methods. The text then takes a look at generalized vortex methods for free-surface flows; a review of solution methods for viscous flow in the presence of deformable boundaries; and existence criteria for fluid interfaces in the absence of gravity. The book ponders on the endothelial interface between tissue and blood, moving contact line, rupture of thin liquid films, film waves, and interfacial instabilities caused by air flow over a thin liquid layer. Topics include stability analysis of liquid film, interpretation of film instabilities, simple film, linear stability theory, inadequacy of the usual hydrodynamic model, and marcomolecule transport across the artery wall. The selection is a valuable source of data for researchers interested in the reactions of waves on fluid interfaces.

Handbook Of Crystal Growth

Author: Peter Rudolph
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444633065
Size: 54.74 MB
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Vol 2A: Basic Technologies Handbook of Crystal Growth, 2nd Edition Volume IIA (Basic Technologies) presents basic growth technologies and modern crystal cutting methods. Particularly, the methodical fundamentals and development of technology in the field of bulk crystallization on both industrial and research scales are explored. After an introductory chapter on the formation of minerals, ruling historically the basic crystal formation parameters, advanced basic technologies from melt, solution, and vapour being applied for research and production of the today most important materials, like silicon, semiconductor compounds and oxides are presented in detail. The interdisciplinary and general importance of crystal growth for human live are illustrated. Vol 2B: Growth Mechanisms and Dynamics Handbook of Crystal Growth, 2nd Edition Volume IIB (Growth Mechanisms and Dynamics) deals with characteristic mechanisms and dynamics accompanying each bulk crystal growth method discussed in Volume IIA. Before the atoms or molecules pass over from a position in the fluid medium (gas, melt or solution) to their place in the crystalline face they must be transported in the fluid over macroscopic distances by diffusion, buoyancy-driven convection, surface-tension-driven convection, and forced convection (rotation, acceleration, vibration, magnetic mixing). Further, the heat of fusion and the part carried by the species on their way to the crystal by conductive and convective transport must be dissipated in the solid phase by well-organized thermal conduction and radiation to maintain a stable propagating interface. Additionally, segregation and capillary phenomena play a decisional role for chemical composition and crystal shaping, respectively. Today, the increase of high-quality crystal yield, its size enlargement and reproducibility are imperative conditions to match the strong economy. Volume 2A Presents the status and future of Czochralski and float zone growth of dislocation-free silicon Examines directional solidification of silicon ingots for photovoltaics, vertical gradient freeze of GaAs, CdTe for HF electronics and IR imaging as well as antiferromagnetic compounds and super alloys for turbine blades Focuses on growth of dielectric and conducting oxide crystals for lasers and non-linear optics Topics on hydrothermal, flux and vapour phase growth of III-nitrides, silicon carbide and diamond are explored Volume 2B Explores capillarity control of the crystal shape at the growth from the melt Highlights modeling of heat and mass transport dynamics Discusses control of convective melt processes by magnetic fields and vibration measures Includes imperative information on the segregation phenomenon and validation of compositional homogeneity Examines crystal defect generation mechanisms and their controllability Illustrates proper automation modes for ensuring constant crystal growth process Exhibits fundamentals of solution growth, gel growth of protein crystals, growth of superconductor materials and mass crystallization for food and pharmaceutical industries

Capillary Electrophoresis Of Proteins

Author: Tim Wehr
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824702052
Size: 69.61 MB
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"Provides practical information on the application of capillary electrophoresis (CE) to protein analysis, with an emphasis on developing and optimizing CE techniques in the laboratory. Includes separation methods bases on mass, charge, isoelectric point, molecular sieving, and affinity interactions."