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Capital Cities And Urban Form In Pre Modern China

Author: Victor Cunrui Xiong
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317235568
Size: 64.23 MB
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Luoyang, situated in present-day Henan province, was one of the great urban centres of pre-Qin and early imperial China, the favoured site for dynastic capitals for almost two millennia. This book, the first in any Western language on the subject, traces the rise and fall of the six different capital cities in the region which served eleven different dynasties from the Western Zhou dynasty, when the first capital city made its appearance in Luoyang, to the great Tang dynasty, when Luoyang experienced a golden age. It examines the political histories of these cities, explores continuity and change in urban form with a particular focus on city layouts and landmark buildings, and discusses the roles of religions, especially Buddhism, and illustrious city residents. Overall the book provides an accessible survey of a broad sweep of premodern Chinese urban history.

Rethinking Prehistoric Central Asia

Author: Claudia Chang
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351701584
Size: 66.57 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The peoples of Inner Asia in the second half of the first millennium BC have long been considered to be nomads, engaging in warfare and conflict. This book, which presents the findings of new archaeological research in southeastern Kazakhstan, analyzes these findings to present important conclusions about the nature of Inner Asian society in this period. Pots, animal bones, ancient plant remains, and mudbricks are details from the material record proving that the ancient folk cultivated wheat, barley, and the two millets, and also husbanded sheep, goats, cattle, and horses. The picture presented is of societies which were more complex than heretofore understood: with an economic foundation based on both herding and farming, producing surplus agricultural goods which were exported, and with a hierarchical social structure, including elites and commoners, made cohesive by gift-giving, feasting, and tribute, rather than conflict and warfare. The book includes material on the impact of the first opening of the Silk Route by the Han emperors of China.

Historical Dictionary Of Medieval China

Author: Victor Cunrui Xiong
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442276169
Size: 33.21 MB
Format: PDF
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The crucial period of Chinese history, 168-979, falls naturally into contrasting phases. The first phase, also known as that of 'early medieval China,' is an age of political decentralization. Following the breakup of the Han empire, China was plunged into civil war and fragmentation and stayed divided for nearly four centuries. The second phase started in 589, during the Sui dynasty, when China was once again brought under a single government. Under the Sui, the bureaucracy was revitalized, the military strengthened, and the taxation system reformed. The fall of the Sui in 618 gave way to the even stronger Tang dynasty, which represents an apogee of traditional Chinese civilization. Inheriting all the great institutions developed under the Sui, the Tang made great achievements in poetry, painting, music, and architecture. The An Lushan rebellion, which also took place during Tang rule, brought about far-reaching changes in the socioeconomic, political, and military arenas. What transpired in the second half of the Tang and the ensuing Five Dynasties provided the foundation for the next age of late imperial China. This second edition of Historical Dictionary of Medieval China contains a chronology, an introduction, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 1000 cross-referenced entries on historical figure. It expands on existing thematic entries, and adds a number of new ones with substantial content, including those on nobility, art, architecture, archaeology, economy, agriculture, money, population, cities, literature, historiography, military, religion, Persia, India, Japan, Korea, Arabs, and Byzantium, among others. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about medieval China.

Routledge Handbook Of Imperial Chinese History

Author: Victor Cunrui Xiong
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317538226
Size: 62.84 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The resurgence of modern China has generated much interest, not only in the country’s present day activities, but also in its long history. As the only uninterrupted ancient civilization still alive today, the study of China’s past promises to offer invaluable insights into understanding contemporary China. Providing coverage of the entire Imperial Era (221 BCE–1912 CE), this handbook takes a chronological approach. It includes comprehensive analysis of all major periods, from the powerful Han empire which rivalled Rome, and the crucial transformative period of the Five Dynasties, to the prosperous Ming era and the later dominance of the non-Han peoples. With contributions from a team of international authors, key themes include: Political events and leadership Religion and philosophy Cultural and literary achievements Legal, economic, and military institutions This book transcends the traditional boundaries of historiography, giving special attention to the role of archaeology. As such, the Routledge Handbook of Imperial Chinese History is an indispensable reference work for students and scholars of Chinese, Asian, and World History.

Geschichte Georgiens

Author: Heinz Fähnrich
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004186018
Size: 18.49 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The book offers a state-of-the-art overview of the complete history of Georgia from the beginnings until the present time. It contains an extensive list of sources, an historical geography and describes the prehistoric cultures as well as the political and cultural developments of the country: the first settlements and state formation in the second and first millennia B.C., the Parnavazid dynasty, Christianization, the invasions of Arabs and Turks, the Golden Age of the 12-13th centuries, Mongol rule, the disintegration of the state, the Russian occupation, the establishment of the Democratic Republic of Georgia in 1918, the military invasion and control by the Soviet Union, the collapse of the Soviet Union and the revival of the Georgian state.

Moul E Supraplanung

Author: Harro von Senger
Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
ISBN: 3446457836
Size: 60.59 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Verblüffende Hintergründe der chinesischen Wirtschaftsdynamik Moulüe (übersetzt Supraplanung) ist ein hierzulande weitgehend unerkanntes chinesisches Konzept der Zukunftsgestaltung, das als Lehre vom Gebrauch unlistiger und listiger Strategien und Taktiken zum Zwecke des Sieges möglichst ohne Krieg bezeichnet werden kann. Moulüe fußt auf dem ältesten Militärtraktat der Welt, „Meister Suns Kriegskanon“, und befähigt zu einem planerischen Panoramablick von einer für uns ungeahnten Weite. Harro von Senger, der „meistgelesene Autor der westlichen Chinaforschung“ (Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung), dessen Bücher in 14 Sprachen übersetzt wurden, stellt in diesem Buch Moulüe und ein weiteres, in Europa und den USA ignoriertes chinesisches Denksystem in ihrer Vernetzung vor – und zeigt, wie wir darauf reagieren könnten. „Harro von Senger’s book ‘Moulüe’ is so far the only Western book on this topic.” (China Daily)