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Capital Labour In South Africa

Author: Du_Toit,
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136135065
Size: 63.42 MB
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Published in the year 1981, Capital & Labour In South Africa is a valuable contrubution to the field of Social Science.

The Emergence Of Modern South Africa

Author: David Yudelman
Publisher: Praeger
ISBN: 9780313231704
Size: 44.35 MB
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The Emergence of Modern South Africa views economic conflict, specifically the interaction of the state, big business, and labor, as the central issue in the development of South Africa. Yudelman focuses on the labor-management conflict in the country's gold fields in the early decades of this century, a time and place critical to the development of the state. At that time government walked a tightrope between supporting big business (to ensure economic growth) and appeasing the workers (to remain in power). Yudelman demonstrates how a symbiotic alliance between the mining companies and the state successfully subjugated the workers, and points out that this unique relationship continues to this day, dominating every aspect of life in South Africa. David Yudelman's historical analysis and lengthy epilogue on the 1970s and 1980s shed light on today's economic unrest and those conflicts to come. His book also shows how the South African case provides early and important insights into the development of the state-business symbiosis in industrial societies everywhere.

Capital And Labour On The Kimberley Diamond Fields 1871 1890

Author: Robert Vicat Turrell
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521333542
Size: 37.11 MB
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Based on new documentary sources, this history of diamond mining in Kimberley is a major study of South Africa's mineral revolution and the formation of De Beers Consolidated Mines, one of the most successful African mining companies.

What Does South Africa S Pattern Of Trade Say About Its Labor Markets

Author: Mr. Arvind Subramanian
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1451998503
Size: 53.41 MB
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This paper examines the factor intensity of South Africa''s trade. The conclusion is that South Africa is revealed though its trade pattern to be capital abundant (relative to labor). Surprisingly, this result holds especially for South Africa''s trade with its high income partners, which should presumably have been more capital-rich than South Africa. Moreover, this revealed capital intensity of South African production was not reversed during the 1990s after the dismantling of apartheid. This favoring of capital use, against the background of high and rising under-utilization of the country''s labor resources, raises questions about the functioning of South Africa''s labor market institutions.

Sustainable Development For A Democratic South Africa

Author: Ken Cole
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134167539
Size: 50.53 MB
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After the multi racial elections in April 1994, South Africa has been set on a new course. For a country emerging from 45 years of apartheid democracy should prove to be the vital first step on the path to sustainability and equitability. There are sure to be pitfalls along the way but the potential offered by long-awaited equality is enormous, and realising that potential is the key to the country's chances of achieving sustainable development. This book analyses the changes which are needed and which might result from the new political culture. It discusses the policy requirements necessary for sustainable development and looks at how the economy, regional integration, land reform, the law, local government, NGOs, health care and AIDs prevention, education, and the media will all be affected, drawing on the experience of other countries in Africa which have witnessed the transition to black majority rule. Accessible to general readers as well as to specialists, it provides a comprehensive overview of the issues involved, and a basis for understanding what prospects the future holds for South Africa.

Inequality In Post Apartheid South Africa

Author: Simon Schaefer
ISBN: 3836621681
Size: 49.57 MB
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Inhaltsangabe:Introduction: In the course of globalisation and increasing liberalisation, the question of how the costs and benefits of these processes are shared is of special concern. Recent studies suggest that they are shared unequally. Although inequality between countries is declining, global inequality is on the rise owing to the fact that inequality within countries is increasing. These developments raise the question of how growth affects inequality and vice versa. Further it has to be explored what role governments have to play to ensure that all members of society benefit from growth. Kuznets suggested that countries would initially face rising inequality as they grow richer, however, as a certain threshold of per capita income is reached the degree of inequality would decrease. From this proposition it is easy to conclude that governments do not have to be concerned about rising inequality as it eventually will decrease once the economy has reached a certain level of economic development. It may also imply that there is a trade-off between growth and equality. More recent studies challenge Kuznets proposition. These studies indicate that high levels of inequality hamper economic growth. Yet, economic growth is an important instrument in the fight against poverty. It is assumed that economic growth creates employment opportunities and increases the scope for distributive policies and thus tends to reduce poverty. Therefore, any country that is determined to address the problem of poverty ought to pay attention to the nexus between inequality and growth. In the theoretical part of this paper, arguments that support and challenge Kuznets hypothesis are analysed. Thereafter an interesting proposition developed by Addison and Corniais presented that suggests that there may be an efficient level of inequality. From these different arguments conclusions are drawn and policy implications presented. The theoretical part does not attempt to analyse the causes of inequality. To identify the causes of inequality, it would be necessary to undertake a case-by-case analysis. The general assumption for the theoretical part is that inequality is caused by unequal access to resources as well as inadequate economic policies which can lead to persistent unemployment and poverty. Unequal access may be caused by market failures especially in the capital and labour markets, or by historical and political developments that create uneven power [...]

South Africa And The Logic Of Regional Cooperation

Author: James J. Hentz
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 9780253111364
Size: 42.45 MB
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In South Africa and the Logic of Regional Cooperation, James J. Hentz addresses changes in South Africa's strategies for regional cooperation and economic development since its transition from apartheid to democracy. Hentz focuses on why the new South African government continues to make regional cooperation a priority and what methods this dominant state uses to pursue its neighborly goals. While providing a synthetic overview of the history of regional cooperation in southern Africa, Hentz considers the logic of cooperation more generally. An extensive discussion of South African politics provides the context for Hentz's exploration of the more widely felt effects of domestic change. Readers interested in the international organization of the politics and economy of southern Africa will find thought-provoking material in this important book.

Migrant Labour In South Africa S Mining Economy

Author: Alan Jeeves
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
ISBN: 9780773504202
Size: 78.30 MB
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This book is a study of the origins of migratory labour and racial discrimination in South Africa's premier industry, the gold mines of the Witwatersrand. Based upon government records and private business archives, it examines the highly competitive world of mine labour recruiting at the turn of the century and concludes that this regimented labour system was the product not only of the mining companies but also of political pressures and economic needs in South African society. The systerm was remarkable for the hardship it imposed, for the size of the labour force recruited - more than 200,000 low-wage black labourers were delivered annually to the industry's grim, barrack-like compounds - and for the fact that most of the workers were African pastoralists without previous industrial experience. Forced to work in appalling conditions amid much squalor and disease, more than 50,000 miners died on the Witwatersrand in a single decade.