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Capitalism Without Democracy

Author: Kellee S. Tsai
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801462355
Size: 60.96 MB
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Over the past three decades, China has undergone a historic transformation. Once illegal, its private business sector now comprises 30 million businesses employing more than 200 million people and accounting for half of China's Gross Domestic Product. Yet despite the optimistic predictions of political observers and global business leaders, the triumph of capitalism has not led to substantial democratic reforms. In Capitalism without Democracy, Kellee S. Tsai focuses on the activities and aspirations of the private entrepreneurs who are driving China's economic growth. The famous images from 1989 of China's new capitalists supporting the students in Tiananmen Square are, Tsai finds, outdated and misleading. Chinese entrepreneurs are not agitating for democracy. Most are working eighteen-hour days to stay in business, while others are saving for their one child's education or planning to leave the country. Many are Communist Party members. "Remarkably," Tsai writes, "most entrepreneurs feel that the system generally works for them." Tsai regards the quotidian activities of Chinese entrepreneurs as subtler and possibly more effective than voting, lobbying, and protesting in the streets. Indeed, major reforms in China's formal institutions have enhanced the private sector's legitimacy and security in the absence of mobilization by business owners. In discreet collaboration with local officials, entrepreneurs have created a range of adaptive informal institutions, which in turn, have fundamentally altered China's political and regulatory landscape. Based on years of research, hundreds of field interviews, and a sweeping nationwide survey of private entrepreneurs funded by the National Science Foundation, Capitalism without Democracy explodes the conventional wisdom about the relationship between economic liberalism and political freedom.

Die Gro En Schwellenl Nder

Author: Andreas Nölke
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658025379
Size: 55.42 MB
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Das Werk bietet einen grundlegenden Einstieg in Charakter, Dynamik und Ambivalenzen der aufsteigenden Schwellenländer Brasilien, Indien und China.​

Chinas Kapitalismus

Author: Tobias ten Brink
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 359339880X
Size: 48.42 MB
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Das chinesische Wirtschaftswachstum der letzten 30 Jahre stellt mittlerweile jeden anderen langen Aufschwung der neueren Geschichte in den Schatten. Wie konnte sich diese Entwicklung in einem Land vollziehen, in dem die uneingeschränkte Herrschaft der Kommunistischen Partei gilt? Tobias ten Brink untersucht die politische Ökonomie Chinas erstmals systematisch anhand von Erkenntnissen aus der vergleichenden und internationalen Kapitalismusforschung. Seine Analyse der Dynamiken dieses eigentümlichen Wirtschaftstyps zeigt zudem, dass der chinesische Kapitalismus eine paradoxale Entwicklung durchläuft, die den Aufstieg Chinas zur Weltmacht beeinträchtigen könnte.

No One S World

Author: Charles A. Kupchan
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019991298X
Size: 11.80 MB
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The world is on the cusp of a global turn. Between 1500 and 1800, the West sprinted ahead of other centers of power in Asia and the Middle East. Europe and the United States have dominated the world since. But today the West's preeminence is slipping away as China, India, Brazil and other emerging powers rise. Although most strategists recognize that the dominance of the West is on the wane, they are confident that its founding ideas--democracy, capitalism, and secular nationalism--will continue to spread, ensuring that the Western order will outlast its primacy. In No One's World, Charles A. Kupchan boldly challenges this view, arguing that the world is headed for political and ideological diversity; emerging powers will neither defer to the West's lead nor converge toward the Western way. The ascent of the West was the product of social and economic conditions unique to Europe and the United States. As other regions now rise, they are following their own paths to modernity and embracing their own conceptions of domestic and international order. Kupchan contends that the Western order will not be displaced by a new great power or dominant political model. The twenty-first century will not belong to America, China, Asia, or anyone else. It will be no one's world. For the first time in history, an interdependent world will be without a center of gravity or global guardian. More than simply diagnosing what lies ahead, Kupchan provides a detailed strategy for striking a bargain between the West and the rising rest by fashioning a new consensus on issues of legitimacy, sovereignty, and governance. Thoughtful, provocative, sweeping in scope, this work is nothing less than a global guidebook for the 21st century.

Capitalists In Communist China

Author: Keming Yang
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137291699
Size: 30.11 MB
Format: PDF
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Since 1949, Chinese capitalists have experienced some dramatic shifts in their political and economic life. Keming Yang examines what such changes tell us about China's current political situation and future political development, making use of both historical and current interdisciplinary evidence.

The Democratic Imagination

Author: Alan Sears
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442605308
Size: 34.31 MB
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Democracy is very much an open question in the early twenty-first century. While voter participation declines in many traditional democracies, new movements for democracy are emerging around the world. This book brings the question of democracy out of the halls of political power and home to our daily lives, pitting "official democracy" and "democracy from below" against one another in a lively debate. For more information see www.democraticimagination.com.

Das Kapital Des Staates

Author: Mariana Mazzucato
Publisher: Antje Kunstmann
ISBN: 395614001X
Size: 66.83 MB
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Freie Märkte, smarte junge Erfinder und Wagniskapital treiben die Wirtschaft voran; der Staat stört dabei nur und muss daher nach Kräften zurückgedrängt werden. Wie ein Mantra wird dieser oberste Glaubensartikel des Neoliberalismus seit Jahrzehnten wiederholt – aber stimmt er auch? Die Ökonomin Mariana Mazzucato, die seit Jahren über den Zusammenhang zwischen Innovation und Wachstum forscht, beweist das Gegenteil: Wann und wo immer technologische Innovationen zu wirtschaftlichem Aufschwung und Wohlstand geführt haben, hatte ein aktiver Staat die Hand im Spiel. Von der Elektrifizierung bis zum Internet – Motor der Entwicklung, oft bis zur Markteinführung, war stets der Staat. Apples Welterfolg gründet auf Technologien, die sämtlich durch die öffentliche Hand gefördert wurden; innovative Medikamente, für die die Pharmaindustrie ihren Kunden gern hohe Entwicklungskosten in Rechnung stellt, stammen fast ausnahmslos aus staatlicher Forschung. Innovationen und nachhaltiges Wachstum, das derzeit alle fordern, werden also kaum von der Börse kommen. Viel eher von einem Staat, der seine angestammte Rolle neu besetzt, sein einzigartiges Kapital nutzt und mit langem Atem Zukunftstechnologien wie den Ausbau erneuerbarer Energien vorantreibt. Ein brandaktuelles Buch, das die aktuelle Diskussion über die Zukunft der Wirtschaft und die Rolle des Staates vom Kopf auf die Füße stellt.

2009

Author: K. G. Saur Verlag GmbH & Company
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783598694523
Size: 75.46 MB
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The IBR, published again since 1971 as an interdisciplinary, international bibliography of reviews, offers book reviews of literature dealing primarily with the humanities and social sciences published in 6,000 mainly European scholarly journals. This unique bibliography contains over 1.2 millions book reviews. 60,000 entries are added every year with details on the work reviewed and the review.

Les Nouveaux Communistes Chinois

Author: Mathieu Duchâtel
Publisher: Armand Colin
ISBN: 2200284381
Size: 22.30 MB
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À l ́heure où la Chine, la deuxième puissance économique de la planète, nomme un nouveau dirigeant à la tête de son Parti, comment ne pas s ́interroger sur son fonctionnement ? Car tenir la Chine, c’est toujours tenir le Parti. Or que sait-on au juste sur son organisation et son recrutement ? Avec ses 80 millions de membres, le Parti est à la fois la plus imposante organisation politique du monde, et l ́une des plus opaques. Qui sont ces nouveaux membres ? Pourquoi et comment adhèrent-ils ? Croient-ils encore au marxisme-léninisme, à la lutte des classes ? À partir d’une cinquantaine d ́entretiens inédits, cet ouvrage explore le parcours de ces nouveaux membres. Il révèle l ́inexorable dilution des critères idéologiques dans le recrutement, au profit d ́une logique élitiste, fondée sur la cooptation. Mathieu Duchâtel est chercheur en sciences politiques au Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). Joris Zylberman est correspondant de France 24 à Pékin.