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Cellular Solids

Author: Lorna J. Gibson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521499118
Size: 10.25 MB
Format: PDF
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Cellular solids include engineering honeycombs and foams (which can now be made from polymers, metals, ceramics, and composites) as well as natural materials, such as wood, cork, and cancellous bone. This new edition of a classic work details current understanding of the structure and mechanical behavior of cellular materials, and the ways in which they can be exploited in engineering design. Gibson and Ashby have brought the book completely up to date, including new work on processing of metallic and ceramic foams and on the mechanical, electrical and acoustic properties of cellular solids. Data for commercially available foams are presented on material property charts; two new case studies show how the charts are used for selection of foams in engineering design. Over 150 references appearing in the literature since the publication of the first edition are cited. It will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in materials science and engineering.

Contact Mechanics

Author: K. L. Johnson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521347969
Size: 79.97 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This treatise is concerned with the stresses and deformation of solid bodies in contact with each other, along curved surfaces which touch initially at a point or along a line. Examples are a railway wheel and rail, or a pair of gear wheel teeth. Professor Johnson first reviews the development of the theory of contact stresses since the problem was originally addressed by H. Hertz in 1882. Next he discusses the influence of friction and the topographical roughness of surfaces, and this is incorporated into the theory of contact mechanics. An important feature is the treatment of bodies which deform plastically or viscoelastically. In addition to stationary contact, an appreciable section of the book is concerned with bodies which are in sliding or rolling contact, or which collide.

Metal Foams A Design Guide

Author: Michael F. Ashby
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080511465
Size: 39.71 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Metal foams are at the forefront of technological development for the automotive, aerospace, and other weight-dependent industries. They are formed by various methods, but the key facet of their manufacture is the inclusion of air or other gaseous pockets in the metal structure. The fact that gas pockets are present in their structure provides an obvious weight advantage over traditionally cast or machined solid metal components. The unique structure of metal foams also opens up more opportunities to improve on more complex methods of producing parts with space inclusions such as sand-casting. This guide provides information on the advantages metal foams possess, and the applications for which they may prove suitable. Offers a concise description of metal foams, their manufacture, and their advantages in industry Provides engineers with answers to pertinent questions surrounding metal foams Satisfies a major need in the market for information on the properties, performance, and applications of these materials

Mathematics Of Multiscale Materials

Author: Kenneth M. Golden
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461217288
Size: 12.71 MB
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The 1995-1996 program at the Institute for Mathematics and its Applications was devoted to mathematical methods in material science, and was attended by materials scientists, physicists, geologists, chemists engineers, and mathematicians. This volume contains chapters which emerged from four of the workshops, focusing on disordered materials; interfaces and thin films; mechanical response of materials from angstroms to meters; and phase transformation, composite materials and microstructure. The scales treated in these workshops ranged from the atomic to the macroscopic, the microstructures from ordered to random, and the treatments from "purely" theoretical to highly applied. Taken together, these results form a compelling and broad account of many aspects of the science of multi-scale materials, and will hopefully inspire research across the self-imposed barriers of twentieth century science.

Fatigue Of Materials

Author: S. Suresh
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521578479
Size: 41.53 MB
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This revised and updated second edition of a highly successful book provides an authoritative, comprehensive and unified treatment of the mechanics and micromechanisms of fatigue in metals, nonmetals and composites. The author, a leading researcher in the field, discusses the principles of cyclic deformation, crack initiation and crack growth by fatigue, covering both microscopic and continuum aspects. The book begins with discussions of cyclic deformation and fatigue crack initiation in monocrystalline and polycrystalline ductile alloys as well as in brittle and semi-/non-crystalline solids. Total life and damage-tolerant approaches are then introduced in metals, nonmetals and composites. This will be an important reference for anyone studying fracture and fatigue in materials science and engineering, mechanical, civil, nuclear and aerospace engineering, and biomechanics.

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance In Solid Polymers

Author: Vincent J. McBrierty
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521031721
Size: 54.31 MB
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This book is an authoritative and comprehensive account of the principles and practice of modern NMR spectroscopy of solid polymers to determine their structure and dynamics at a molecular level. The book deals with the development of many new NMR capabilities, including high-resolution techniques for solids, multi-dimensional methods, deuterium NMR and others. All of these developments have contributed to a dramatic increase in the power and applicability of NMR for the characterization, at a molecular level, of the dynamics and structural organization of polymeric solids. A chapter on applications emphasizes polymer types and properties, and the authors include an introduction to all the main principles of NMR involved in its application to solid polymers.

Mechanical Behavior Of Materials

Author: Marc André Meyers
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521866758
Size: 21.96 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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A balanced mechanics-materials approach to mechanical behavior that now also covers biomaterials and electronic materials, ideal for upper-level undergraduate courses.

The Electrical Resistivity Of Metals And Alloys

Author: Paul L. Rossiter
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521408721
Size: 13.19 MB
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Understanding the origin of electrical properties of alloys is critical to the development of new materials. Without relying on detailed quantum mechanics, this text introduces the basic concepts of atomic and magnetic correlations and explains their microstructural consequences.