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Cern

Author: Michael Krause
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814623482
Size: 74.22 MB
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This informative and entertaining book provides a broad look at the fascinating history of CERN, and the physicists working in different areas at CERN who were active in the discovery of the Higgs Boson. Profound and well-structured, the contents combine present day interviews with the scientists of CERN, the world's largest laboratory dedicated to the pursuit of fundamental science, with important figures in the history of science (e.g., Maxwell, Faraday, Einstein), and also gives a lot of information on the history of quantum mechanics and the history of physics from its beginnings. It is an easy-to-read book on a complex topic, providing a very personal insight into the personalities of top scientists and the history of science as well. This invaluable book will capture the interest of the curious reader, telling the story of one of the greatest scientific endeavors ever. Contents:The History of CERNThe Practitioner: Rolf-Dieter HeuerThe Beginning of Modern Physics: Galileo, Copernicus, and KeplerThe Experimentalist: Tejinder S VirdeeDalton — Thomson — Rutherford — BohrThe Man Who Built The LHC: Lyn EvansPhysics, Music, and Art: Tara ShearsThe Theorist: John EllisOersted — Ampère — Faraday — MaxwellThe Communicator: Rolf LanduaAlbert Einstein (1879–1955)The Japanese Way: Masaki HoriThe Nobel Prize Laureate: Carlo RubbiaThe American Friend: Sebastian WhiteFriendly Competitors: Sebastian White and Albert De RoeckRock 'n' Roll, Beer, Billiards, and Music: Jonathan ButterworthThe Higgs Boson — and Then? Readership: General. Key Features:Non-technical, full-bodied book jam-packed with information on the history of science and CERN which is celebrating its 60th anniversary in 2014Personal interviews with the scientists of CERN, who made the practical discovery of the Higgs Boson possible, which was predicted by Peter Higgs et al., 40 years agoThe book paints the complete picture of the necessary means, the technology and the people to make these discoveries possibleIt looks at CERN and the search for the Higgs boson from a very personal angle. Going beyond science and technology, it provides a profound picture of science and its impact on society at the beginning of the 21st century and beyond. CERN and the LHC are entering into everyday culture, and this non-technical book shows important aspects of the impact of scientific research on our view of the worldKeywords:CERN;Higgs Boson;Particle Physics;Nobel Prize;Peter Higgs;PhysicsReviews: “Michael Krause has created a full-bodied work that should be on the shelf of every library and individual interested in the history of science. This is a compelling text that combines interesting and key facts about the creation of CERN and the fundamental structure of matter with the human quest of the search for knowledge and the seeking of answers as to how the universe was created and even why we are here. I highly recommend this delightful and very informative text.” Marc J Seifer Author of “Wizard: The Life & Times of Nikola Tesla” “In this exciting and informative book, the historian Michael Krause looks behind the scenes of the largest scientific institution in the world, CERN. The author draws an exciting picture of the people who work at CERN, and also of the ideas and visions that these top scientists really have. This inspiring book is full of stories from the scientific Mecca in Geneva, and it paints a portrait of life on the CERN campus that is highly recommended reading for both beginners and experts.” Ralf Krauter Deutschlandfunk, Germany “Over several years, the author interviewed CERN scientists about how they have come to particle physics, and what drives them in their research: the human factor plays the key part in this rich and inspiring book. Amidst the very personal and exciting interviews we can find highly interesting excursus into the history of science and its most famous minds. This mix of interviews and technical information is very well done and makes this book a highly enlightening read.” Richard Kirstein Elementary Reading “This is an informative and entertaining celebration of the most remarkable thing about CERN — that such a place ever came to be in the first place. The interesting story of CERN, told in the first part of the book recounts a remarkable political success, largely the brainchild of physicists. The major part of the book consists of interviews with physicists active in different areas at CERN. The author also adds material supporting the topics under discussion, i.e. the Standard Model, or antimatter; and technologies developed at CERN. I commend Michael Krause on this novel approach to discussions about CERN.” Sebastian White ATLAS ZDC experiment “You do get to know some hardcore scientists at a personal level. Their answers give the reader a glimpse of the great endeavour that is CERN, and they also hint that the adventure is far from over — even after the Higgs discovery. With all the background information, you do not have to have a physics degree to gain a basic understanding of the science.” CERN Courier

Who Cares About Particle Physics

Author: Pauline Gagnon
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191086002
Size: 10.37 MB
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CERN, the European Laboratory for particle physics, regularly makes the news. What kind of research happens at this international laboratory and how does it impact people's daily lives? Why is the discovery of the Higgs boson so important? Particle physics describes all matter found on Earth, in stars and all galaxies but it also tries to go beyond what is known to describe dark matter, a form of matter five times more prevalent than the known, regular matter. How do we know this mysterious dark matter exists and is there a chance it will be discovered soon? About sixty countries contributed to the construction of the gigantic Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN and its immense detectors. Dive in to discover how international teams of researchers work together to push scientific knowledge forward. Here is a book written for every person who wishes to learn a little more about particle physics, without requiring prior scientific knowledge. It starts from the basics to build a solid understanding of current research in particle physics. A good dose of curiosity is all one will need to discover a whole world that spans from the infinitesimally small and stretches to the infinitely large, and where imminent discoveries could mark the dawn of a huge revolution in the current conception of the material world.

Cern And The Higgs Boson

Author: James Gillies
Publisher: Icon Books
ISBN: 1785783939
Size: 39.54 MB
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The Higgs boson is the rock star of fundamental particles, catapulting CERN, the laboratory where it was found, into the global spotlight. But what is it, why does it matter, and what exactly is CERN? In the late 1940s, a handful of visionaries were working to steer Europe towards a more peaceful future through science, and CERN, the European particle physics laboratory, was duly born. James Gillies tells the gripping story of particle physics, from the original atomists of ancient Greece, through the people who made the crucial breakthroughs, to CERN itself, one of the most ambitious scientific undertakings of our time, and its eventual confirmation of the Higgs boson. Weaving together the scientific and political stories of CERN’s development, the book reveals how particle physics has evolved from being the realm of solitary genius to a global field of human endeavour, with CERN’s Large Hadron Collider as its frontier research tool.

Discovery Of The Higgs Boson

Author: Aleandro Nisati
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 981442546X
Size: 47.52 MB
Format: PDF
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The recent observation of the Higgs boson has been hailed as the scientific discovery of the century and led to the 2013 Nobel Prize in physics. This book describes the detailed science behind the decades-long search for this elusive particle at the Large Electron Positron Collider at CERN and at the Tevatron at Fermilab and its subsequent discovery and characterization at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. Written by physicists who played leading roles in this epic search and discovery, this book is an authoritative and pedagogical exposition of the portrait of the Higgs boson that has emerged from a large number of experimental measurements. As the first of its kind, this book should be of interest to graduate students and researchers in particle physics.

The Infinity Puzzle

Author: Frank Close
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199673306
Size: 15.10 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Forty years ago, three physicists - Peter Higgs, Gerard 't Hooft, and James Bjorken - made the spectacular breakthroughs that led to the world's largest experiment, CERN's Large Hadron Collider. Against a backdrop of high politics and billion dollar budgets, this is the story of their work, the quest for the Higgs boson, and its eventual discovery.

Inside Cern S Large Hadron Collider From The Proton To The Higgs Boson

Author: Campanelli Mario
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814656674
Size: 28.88 MB
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The book aims to explain the historical development of particle physics, with special emphasis on CERN and collider physics. It describes in detail the LHC accelerator and its detectors, describing the science involved as well as the sociology of big collaborations, culminating with the discovery of the Higgs boson. Readers are led step-by-step to understanding why we do particle physics, as well as the tools and problems involved in the field. It provides an insider's view on the experiments at the Large Hadron Collider.

Neutrinos In High Energy And Astroparticle Physics

Author: José Wagner Furtado Valle
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527671013
Size: 50.50 MB
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This self-contained modern textbook provides a modern description of the Standard Model and its main extensions from the perspective of neutrino physics. In particular it includes a thorough discussion of the varieties of seesaw mechanism, with or without supersymmetry. It also discusses schemes where neutrino mass arises from lighter messengers, which might lie within reach of the world's largest particle accelerator, the Large Hadron Collider. Throughout the text, the book stresses the role of neutrinos due to the fact that neutrino properties may serve as a guide to the correct model of unification, hence for a deeper understanding of high energy physics, and because neutrinos play an important role in astroparticle physics and cosmology. Each chapter includes summaries and set of problems, as well as further reading.

Higgs

Author: Jim Baggott
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 019165003X
Size: 59.91 MB
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The hunt for the Higgs particle has involved the biggest, most expensive experiment ever. So exactly what is this particle? Why does it matter so much? What does it tell us about the Universe? Did the discovery announced on 4 July 2012 finish the search? And was finding it really worth all the effort? The short answer is yes. The Higgs field is proposed as the way in which particles gain mass - a fundamental property of matter. It's the strongest indicator yet that the Standard Model of physics really does reflect the basic building blocks of our Universe. Little wonder the hunt and discovery of this new particle produced such intense media interest. Here, Jim Baggott explains the science behind the discovery, looking at how the concept of a Higgs field was invented, how the vast experiment was carried out, and its implications on our understanding of all mass in the Universe.

Strong Coupling Gauge Theories In Lhc Era

Author: Hidenori Fukuya
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814329517
Size: 58.49 MB
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The purpose of the Workshop is to have intensive discussions on both theoretical and phenomenological aspects of strong coupling gauge theories (SCGTs), with particular emphasis on the model buildings to be tested in the LHC experiments. Dynamical issues are discussed in lattice simulations and various analytical methods. This proceedings volume is a collection of the presentations made at the Workshop by many leading scientists in the field.