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Challenges Of Party Building In Latin America

Author: Steven Levitsky
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107145945
Size: 50.89 MB
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Nearly four decades since the onset of the third wave, political parties remain weak in Latin America: parties have collapsed in much of the region, and most new party-building efforts have failed. Why do some new parties succeed while most fail? This book challenges the widespread belief that democracy and elections naturally give rise to strong parties and argues that successful party-building is more likely to occur under conditions of intense conflict than under routine democracy. Periods of revolution, civil war, populist mobilization, or authoritarian repression crystalize partisan attachments, create incentives for organization-building, and generate a 'higher cause' that attracts committed activists. Empirically rich chapters cover diverse cases from across Latin America, including both successful and failed cases.

Party Systems In Latin America

Author: Scott Mainwaring
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316814610
Size: 57.42 MB
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Based on contributions from leading scholars, this study generates a wealth of new empirical information about Latin American party systems. It also contributes richly to major theoretical and comparative debates about the effects of party systems on democratic politics, and about why some party systems are much more stable and predictable than others. Party Systems in Latin America builds on, challenges, and updates Mainwaring and Timothy Scully's seminal Building Democratic Institutions: Party Systems in Latin America (1995), which re-oriented the study of democratic party systems in the developing world. It is essential reading for scholars and students of comparative party systems, democracy, and Latin American politics. It shows that a stable and predictable party system facilitates important democratic processes and outcomes, but that building and maintaining such a party system has been the exception rather than the norm in contemporary Latin America.

The Fates Of Political Parties

Author: Jennifer Cyr
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107189799
Size: 43.41 MB
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Political parties in the developing world often face serious electoral crises; from one election to the next, parties can be decisively voted out of national office. What happens to a party that experiences this kind of voter rejection? The literature suggests it will disappear, leaving the party system vulnerable to the inexperience of new political actors. The Fates of Political Parties offers a more nuanced perspective: focusing on a number of individual Latin American countries as well as the region as a whole, it identifies considerable variation regarding how parties survive and even revive after an electoral crisis. The book revitalizes the study of parties as complex entities that rely on a potentially diverse set of resources to remain active in politics. It demonstrates that parties can be remarkably enduring institutions; surviving and reviving parties represent instances of institutional stability. Where they endure, those parties can sustain competition and strengthen the democratic regime.

Building Democratic Institutions Party Systems In Latin America

Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804765374
Size: 25.18 MB
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"Third, the authors investigate the relationship between major parties and the state, revealing the extent to which parties are dependent on state resources to maintain power and win votes. Fourth, the contributions assess the importance of different electoral regimes for shaping broader patterns of party competition. Finally, and most important, the authors characterize the nature of the party system in each country - how institutionalized it is and how it can be classified."--BOOK JACKET.

Life After Dictatorship

Author: James Loxton
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108556515
Size: 41.38 MB
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Life after Dictatorship launches a new research agenda on authoritarian successor parties worldwide. Authoritarian successor parties are parties that emerge from authoritarian regimes, but that operate after a transition to democracy. They are one of the most common but overlooked features of the global democratic landscape. They are major actors in Africa, Asia, Europe, and Latin America, and they have been voted back into office in over one-half of all third-wave democracies. This book presents a new set of terms, definitions, and research questions designed to travel across regions, and presents new data on these parties' prevalence and frequent return to power. With chapters from leading Africanists, Asianists, Europeanists, and Latin Americanists, it asks: why are authoritarian successor parties so common? Why are some more successful than others? And in what ways can they harm - or help - democracy?

Die Freude Des Evangeliums

Author: Franziskus (Papst),
Publisher: Verlag Herder GmbH
ISBN: 3451801507
Size: 31.79 MB
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"Ich weiß sehr wohl, dass heute die Dokumente nicht dasselbe Interesse wecken wie zu anderen Zeiten und schnell vergessen werden. Trotzdem betone ich, dass das, was ich hier zu sagen beabsichtige, eine programmatische Bedeutung hat und wichtige Konsequenzen beinhaltet ... Ich wünsche mir eine arme Kirche für die Armen." Papst Franziskus Das vollständige Dokument plus Einführung und Themenschlüssel

Die Erfindung Der Nation

Author: Benedict R. O'G. Anderson
ISBN: 9783593377292
Size: 18.56 MB
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Nach Benedict Anderson gibt es keine Nationen, die "Nation" ist eine Erfindung, ein Modell, das nur in bestimmten historischen Konstellationen möglich war. Er löste damit Debatten aus, die bis heute nicht abgeschlossen sind. Beim ersten Erscheinen der deutschen Ausgabe 1988 wurde Anderson vorgeworfen, dass seine Perspektive außereuropäisch und kulturanthropologisch sei. Heute macht gerade das den Reiz des Buches aus.

Eroding Military Influence In Brazil

Author: Wendy Hunter
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 9780807846209
Size: 39.87 MB
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"Major reconsideration of civil-military relations in post-authoritarian Brazil uses case studies of labor rights, federal budgeting, and control over Amazonia to argue that logic of competitive politics allowed civilian politicians to gradually erode military influence. Well researched and documented"--Handbook of Latin American Studies, v. 57.