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Charlie Wilson S War

Author: George Crile
Publisher: Grove Press
ISBN: 9780802143419
Size: 15.63 MB
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Describes how, after the 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, maverick Texas congressman Charlie Wilson persuaded his colleagues to fund the CIA's efforts to arm the mujahideen and recounts the repercussions of that covert operation.

Charlie Wilson S War

Author: George Crile
Publisher: Atlantic
ISBN: 9781843547365
Size: 34.34 MB
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The extraordinary story of the covert operation that changed the history of our times In the last decade, two events have transformed the world: the collapse of the Soviet Union and the rise of militant Islam. There is one man that links them, and his name is Charlie Wilson. In the early 1980s, Wilson - a Texan congressman on the House Appropriations Committee - learned of a ragged band of Afghan 'freedom fighters' whose aim was to resist their Soviet invaders. Wilson became passionate about their cause and managed to procure hundreds of millions of dollars to support them. This is the first book to uncover Wilson's covert deals with the men who would become known as the mujahideen. George Crile spent nearly a decade researching and writing this original account of the biggest, most expensive secret war in history: the arming of the Afghan resistance to Soviet occupation. Moving from the secret chambers in CIA headquarters to stand-offs in the Khyber Pass, Charlie Wilson's War is one of the most thorough and vivid descriptions of CIA operations ever written. It is the missing chapter in the geopolitics of our time.

Nuclear Strategy In The Modern Era

Author: Vipin Narang
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400850401
Size: 30.58 MB
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The world is in a second nuclear age in which regional powers play an increasingly prominent role. These states have small nuclear arsenals, often face multiple active conflicts, and sometimes have weak institutions. How do these nuclear states—and potential future ones—manage their nuclear forces and influence international conflict? Examining the reasoning and deterrence consequences of regional power nuclear strategies, this book demonstrates that these strategies matter greatly to international stability and it provides new insights into conflict dynamics across important areas of the world such as the Middle East, East Asia, and South Asia. Vipin Narang identifies the diversity of regional power nuclear strategies and describes in detail the posture each regional power has adopted over time. Developing a theory for the sources of regional power nuclear strategies, he offers the first systematic explanation of why states choose the postures they do and under what conditions they might shift strategies. Narang then analyzes the effects of these choices on a state's ability to deter conflict. Using both quantitative and qualitative analysis, he shows that, contrary to a bedrock article of faith in the canon of nuclear deterrence, the acquisition of nuclear weapons does not produce a uniform deterrent effect against opponents. Rather, some postures deter conflict more successfully than others. Nuclear Strategy in the Modern Era considers the range of nuclear choices made by regional powers and the critical challenges they pose to modern international security.

International Intervention In Local Conflicts

Author: Uzi Rabi
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857719025
Size: 64.34 MB
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The changes in the international system that emerged following the Cold War have had far-reaching implications for the conduct, management and resolution of local conflicts and have necessitated a fresh examination of the rules and norms of international crisis management and conflict resolution. It examines the impact of international actors in the resolution of local conflicts since the Cold War, as well the roles of regional and local actors in determining the course of the conflicts, focusing particularly on the world's most turbulent region - the Middle East. _x000D_ _x000D_ The book provides a theoretical framework for understanding the implications of the post-Cold War balance of power for crisis management, conflict mediation and conflict resolution. This theoretical discussion then applied to a broad selection of case studies including: the UN's intervention in Cambodia and Somalia; the efforts of international institutions to prevent the break-up of Yugoslavia; the European Union's management of ethnic conflicts in the Western Balkans; and the roles of the British and Irish governments in the peace process in Northern Ireland. _x000D_ The recent history of American and European involvement in Middle East conflicts is considered in detail, with close attention paid to the interaction between the international arena, bureaucratic rivalries and internal dynamics within each outside actor, which can affect the conduct of conflict resolution. The book also considers the complex ways in which domestic political considerations and regional factors have influenced international efforts to resolve and mediate conflicts in the Middle East. Taken together-the intervention of the Western powers, the influence of state and non-state actors, and the constraints on local decision makers arising out of domestic conditions-coalesce into a 'tangled web' of regional conflict in the Middle East._x000D_ _x000D_ 'International Intervention in Local Conflicts' is an invaluable guide for students and scholars of international relations and conflict resolution and provides a detailed analysis of conflicts and their resolution in the era since the end of the Cold War.

Good Hunting

Author: Jack Devine
Publisher: Sarah Crichton Books
ISBN: 142994417X
Size: 30.61 MB
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"A sophisticated, deeply informed account of real life in the real CIA that adds immeasurably to the public understanding of the espionage culture—the good and the bad." —Bob Woodward Jack Devine ran Charlie Wilson's War in Afghanistan. It was the largest covert action of the Cold War, and it was Devine who put the brand-new Stinger missile into the hands of the mujahideen during their war with the Soviets, paving the way to a decisive victory against the Russians. He also pushed the CIA's effort to run down the narcotics trafficker Pablo Escobar in Colombia. He tried to warn the director of central intelligence, George Tenet, that there was a bullet coming from Iraq with his name on it. He was in Chile when Allende fell, and he had too much to do with Iran-Contra for his own taste, though he tried to stop it. And he tangled with Rick Ames, the KGB spy inside the CIA, and hunted Robert Hanssen, the mole in the FBI. Good Hunting: An American Spymaster's Story is the spellbinding memoir of Devine's time in the Central Intelligence Agency, where he served for more than thirty years, rising to become the acting deputy director of operations, responsible for all of the CIA's spying operations. This is a story of intrigue and high-stakes maneuvering, all the more gripping when the fate of our geopolitical order hangs in the balance. But this book also sounds a warning to our nation's decision makers: covert operations, not costly and devastating full-scale interventions, are the best safeguard of America's interests worldwide. Part memoir, part historical redress, Good Hunting debunks outright some of the myths surrounding the Agency and cautions against its misuses. Beneath the exotic allure—living abroad with his wife and six children, running operations in seven countries, and serving successive presidents from Nixon to Clinton—this is a realist, gimlet-eyed account of the Agency. Now, as Devine sees it, the CIA is trapped within a larger bureaucracy, losing swaths of turf to the military, and, most ominous of all, is becoming overly weighted toward paramilitary operations after a decade of war. Its capacity to do what it does best—spying and covert action—has been seriously degraded. Good Hunting sheds light on some of the CIA's deepest secrets and spans an illustrious tenure—and never before has an acting deputy director of operations come forth with such an account. With the historical acumen of Steve Coll's Ghost Wars and gripping scenarios that evoke the novels of John le Carré even as they hew closely to the facts on the ground, Devine offers a master class in spycraft.

Schools For Conflict Or For Peace In Afghanistan

Author: Dana Burde
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231537514
Size: 24.67 MB
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Foreign-backed funding for education does not always stabilize a country and enhance its statebuilding efforts. Dana Burde shows how aid to education in Afghanistan bolstered conflict both deliberately in the 1980s through violence-infused, anti-Soviet curricula and inadvertently in the 2000s through misguided stabilization programs. She also reveals how dominant humanitarian models that determine what counts as appropriate aid have limited attention and resources toward education, in some cases fueling programs that undermine their goals. For education to promote peace in Afghanistan, Burde argues we must expand equal access to quality community-based education and support programs that increase girls' and boys' attendance at school. Referring to a recent U.S. effort that has produced strong results in these areas, Burde commends the program's efficient administration and good quality, and its neutral curriculum, which can reduce conflict and build peace in lasting ways. Drawing on up-to-date research on humanitarian education work amid conflict zones around the world and incorporating insights gleaned from eight years of fieldwork in Afghanistan and Pakistan, Burde thoroughly recalculates and fundamentally improves a popular formula for peace.

World War D

Author: Jeffrey Dhywood
Publisher: Columbia Communications Inc
ISBN: 0984690409
Size: 70.41 MB
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"World War-D" revolves around the simple but fundamental question: "Can organized societies do a better job than organized crime of managing and controlling psychoactive substances?" Jeffrey Dhywood obviously thinks they can, and explains why and how."World War-D" clearly demonstrates that prohibition is the worst possible form of control. The so-called "controlled substances" are effectively controlled by the underworld at a staggering and ever-growing human, social, economic, and geopolitical cost to the world."World War-D" lays out a concrete, pragmatic, and realistic roadmap to global re-legalization under a multi-tiered "legalize, tax, control, prevent, treat, and educate" regime with practical and efficient mechanisms to manage and minimize societal costs.

The Missing Martyrs

Author: Charles Kurzman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199831726
Size: 27.47 MB
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Why are there so few Muslim terrorists? With more than a billion Muslims in the world--many of whom supposedly hate the West and ardently desire martyrdom--why don't we see terrorist attacks every day? Where are the missing martyrs? In this startlingly counterintuitive book, a leading authority on Islamic movements demonstrates that terrorist groups are thoroughly marginal in the Muslim world. Charles Kurzman draws on government sources, public opinion surveys, election results, and in-depth interviews with Muslims in the Middle East and around the world. He finds that young Muslims are indeed angry with what they see as imperialism--and especially at Western support for local dictatorships. But revolutionary Islamists have failed to reach them, as can be seen from the terrorists' own websites and publications, which constantly bemoan the dearth of willing recruits. Kurzman notes that it takes only a small cadre of committed killers to wreak unspeakable havoc. But that very fact underscores his point. As easy as terrorism is to commit, few Muslims turn to violence. Out of 140,000 murders in the United States since 9/11, Islamist terrorists have killed at most three dozen people. Of the 150,000 people who die each day, worldwide, Islamist militants account for fewer than fifty fatalities--and only ten per day outside of the hotspots of Afghanistan, Iraq, and Pakistan. The real bulwark against Islamist violence, Kurzman finds, is Muslims themselves, who reject both the goals of the terrorists and their bloody means. With each bombing, the terrorists lose support among Muslims. Incisive and authoritative, The Missing Martyrs provides much-needed corrective to deep-seated and destructive misconceptions about Muslims and the Islamic world. The threat of Islamist terrorism is real, Kurzman shows, but its dimensions are, so far, tightly confined.

Summer In Tuscany

Author: Elizabeth Adler
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 9780312989378
Size: 55.13 MB
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Learning about a mysterious inheritance in Tuscany, overworked New York doctor Gemma, accompanied by her troublesome teen daughter and interfering mother, find themselves in a crumbling Italian villa in the midst of a disturbing culture clash. Reprint.

Fair Game

Author: Valerie Plame Wilson
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1416537627
Size: 67.44 MB
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The woman at the center of the Bush administration's CIA leak scandal breaks her silence about the case as she describes her role as an undercover CIA operative, her training and experiences, her efforts to protect her children in the aftermath of the leak, her determination to uncover the truth about the event that destroyed her career, and her battle with the CIA to reveal the truth. Reprint. 60,000 first printing.