Download chemical oceanography and the marine carbon cycle in pdf or read chemical oceanography and the marine carbon cycle in pdf online books in PDF, EPUB and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to get chemical oceanography and the marine carbon cycle in pdf book now. This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want.



Chemical Oceanography And The Marine Carbon Cycle

Author: Steven Emerson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139471619
Size: 30.91 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 1862
Download and Read
The principles of chemical oceanography provide insight into the processes regulating the marine carbon cycle. The text offers a background in chemical oceanography and a description of how chemical elements in seawater and ocean sediments are used as tracers of physical, biological, chemical and geological processes in the ocean. The first seven chapters present basic topics of thermodynamics, isotope systematics and carbonate chemistry, and explain the influence of life on ocean chemistry and how it has evolved in the recent (glacial-interglacial) past. This is followed by topics essential to understanding the carbon cycle, including organic geochemistry, air-sea gas exchange, diffusion and reaction kinetics, the marine and atmosphere carbon cycle and diagenesis in marine sediments. Figures are available to download from www.cambridge.org/9780521833134. Ideal as a textbook for upper-level undergraduates and graduates in oceanography, environmental chemistry, geochemistry and earth science and a valuable reference for researchers in oceanography.

Chemical Oceanography And The Marine Carbon Cycle

Author: CTI Reviews
Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
ISBN: 1467263257
Size: 15.23 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 7287
Download and Read
Facts101 is your complete guide to Chemical Oceanography and the Marine Carbon Cycle. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Faszination Meeresforschung

Author: Gotthilf Hempel
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 366249714X
Size: 23.13 MB
Format: PDF
View: 3495
Download and Read
In diesem Buch berichten 95 Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler über ihre Forschung im Ozean und an den Küsten. Sie führen den Leser von den eisbedeckten Polarmeeren über die Nord- und Ostsee bis zu den Seegraswiesen, tropischen Mangroven und Korallenriffen. Die Beiträge veranschaulichen die Vielfalt der Lebensgemeinschaften zwischen Strand und Tiefsee. Das Größenspektrum der Organismen reicht von Walen und Fischen über Planktonkrebse und Muscheln bis zu Kieselalgen und Bakterien. Die globalen – vom Leben im Meer bestimmten – Stoffkreisläufe werden ebenso behandelt wie die molekularbiologischen Anpassungen der Mikroorganismen, und hier sind auch die größten methodischen Fortschritte zu verzeichnen. Zu den spannenden Themen der angewandten Meeresforschung gehören die Überfischung und die nachhaltige Nutzung der Meere, die Gefährdung durch Schad- und Nährstoffeinträge, die Einschleppen fremder Organismen und die Zerstörung von Lebensräumen. Vielfältig und bereits deutlich nachweisbar sind die Einflüsse des globalen Klimawandels auf das Leben im Meer. Forschungsschiffe, Unterwasser-Roboter, Gensonden und Datenbanken, aber auch mathematische Modelle und naturnahe Experimente sind wichtige Werkzeuge der Meeresbiologen. Exkurse über die Geschichte und Struktur der meeresbiologischen Forschung in Deutschland runden die Übersicht ab. In 48 selbständigen Beiträgen fügt sich die Vielfalt moderner, meeresökologischer Forschung zu einem faszinierenden Gesamtbild zusammen. Das Buch richtet sich an Lehrende und Lernende und an alle, die sich für das Meer und seine Bewohner, für modernes Ressourcenmanagement und marinen Naturschutz interessieren.

Marine Geochemistry

Author: Matthieu Roy-Barman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198787499
Size: 16.74 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 704
Download and Read
Marine geochemistry uses chemical elements and their isotopes to study how the ocean works in terms of ocean circulation, chemical composition, biological activity and atmospheric CO2 regulation. This rapidly growing field is at a crossroad for many disciplines (physical, chemical and biological oceanography, geology, climatology, ecology, etc.). It provides important quantitative answers to questions such as: What is the deep ocean mixing rate? How much atmospheric CO2 is pumped by the ocean? How fast are pollutants removed from the ocean? How do ecosystems react to anthropogenic pressure? This text gives a simple introduction to the concepts, the methods and the applications of marine geochemistry with a particular emphasis on isotopic tracers. Overall introducing a very large number of topics (physical oceanography, ocean chemistry, isotopes, gas exchange, modelling, biogeochemical cycles), with a balance of didactic and indepth information, it provides an outline and a complete course in marine geochemistry. Throughout, the book uses a hands-on approach with worked out exercises and problems (with answers provided at the end of the book), to help the students work through the concepts presented. A broad scale approach is take including ocean physics, marine biology, ocean-climate relations, remote sensing, pollutions and ecology, so that the reader acquires a global perspective of the ocean. It also includes new topics arising from ongoing research programs. This textbook is essential reading for students, scholars, researchers and other professionals.

Carbon Cycling In The Baltic Sea

Author: Karol Kulinski
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642193889
Size: 42.21 MB
Format: PDF
View: 6848
Download and Read
The Baltic Sea is an area extensively explored by the oceanographers. Hence it is one of the most often described marine areas in the scientific literature. However, there are still several fields which are poorly investigated and reported by scientists. One of them is the carbon cycle of the Baltic Sea. Although it is believed the shelf seas are responsible for about 20% of all marine carbon dioxide uptake, while they constitute only 7% of the whole sea surface, still a scientific debate exists on the role of the Baltic Sea in the global carbon cycle. “Carbon cycle of the Baltic Sea” is intended to be a comprehensive presentation and discussion of state of the art research by biogeochemists involved in the Baltic Sea carbon cycle research. This work presents both qualitative and quantitative descriptions of the main carbon flows in the Baltic Sea as well as their possible shifts induced by climatic and global change.

Global Environment

Author: Elizabeth Kay Berner
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 140084276X
Size: 45.30 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 4558
Download and Read
This newly revised edition of Global Environment discusses the major elements of the geochemical cycles and global fluxes found in the atmosphere, land, lakes, rivers, biota, and oceans, as well as the human effects on these fluxes. Retaining the strengths of the original edition while incorporating the latest discoveries, this textbook takes an integrated, multidisciplinary, and global approach to geochemistry and environmental problems and introduces fundamental concepts of meteorology, surficial geology (weathering, erosion, and sedimentation), biogeochemistry, limnology, and oceanography. New concepts and information in this updated edition include changes of atmospheric carbon dioxide over geologic time, major advances in the study of chemical weathering of rocks, ocean acidification, and important environmental problems, such as the amelioration of the acid rain problem due to reduction in sulfur deposition, problems with nitrification of soils and lakes, and eutrophication of rivers and estuaries. An expanded chapter explores atmospheric chemistry and changing climate, with the most up-to-date statistics on CO2, the carbon cycle, other greenhouse gases, and the ozone hole. Only requiring a fundamental understanding in elementary chemistry, yet taking into account extensive and current data, this text is ideal for students in environmental geochemistry, environmental geology, global change, biogeochemistry, water pollution, geochemical cycles, chemical oceanography, and geohydrology, and serves as a valuable reference for researchers working on global geochemical and environmental issues. Revised edition takes a close look at global fluxes involving the atmosphere, land, lakes, rivers, biota, and oceans, and the human effects on these fluxes Detailed discussion of basic concepts including meteorology, surficial geology (weathering, erosion, and sedimentation), biogeochemistry, limnology, and oceanography An expanded up-to-date chapter on atmospheric chemistry and changing climate, including CO2, other greenhouse gases, and ozone Presentation of major advances in the study of chemical weathering Discussion of current environmental topics Global coverage of environmental problems involving water Some images inside the book are unavailable due to digital copyright restrictions.

Co2 In Seawater Equilibrium Kinetics Isotopes

Author: R.E. Zeebe
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080529226
Size: 36.75 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 6690
Download and Read
Carbon dioxide is the most important greenhouse gas after water vapor in the atmosphere of the earth. More than 98% of the carbon of the atmosphere-ocean system is stored in the oceans as dissolved inorganic carbon. The key for understanding critical processes of the marine carbon cycle is a sound knowledge of the seawater carbonate chemistry, including equilibrium and nonequilibrium properties as well as stable isotope fractionation. Presenting the first coherent text describing equilibrium and nonequilibrium properties and stable isotope fractionation among the elements of the carbonate system. This volume presents an overview and a synthesis of these subjects which should be useful for graduate students and researchers in various fields such as biogeochemistry, chemical oceanography, paleoceanography, marine biology, marine chemistry, marine geology, and others. The volume includes an introduction to the equilibrium properties of the carbonate system in which basic concepts such as equilibrium constants, alkalinity, pH scales, and buffering are discussed. It also deals with the nonequilibrium properties of the seawater carbonate chemistry. Whereas principle of chemical kinetics are recapitulated, reaction rates and relaxation times of the carbonate system are considered in details. The book also provides a general introduction to stable isotope fractionation and describes the partitioning of carbon, oxygen, and boron isotopes between the species of the carbonate system. The appendix contains formulas for the equilibrium constants of the carbonate system, mathematical expressions to calculate carbonate system parameters, answers to exercises and more.

Chemical Oceanography Third Edition

Author: Frank J. Millero
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849322808
Size: 22.50 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 176
Download and Read
Chemical Oceanography, Third Edition, is a survey of essential concepts that contains a wealth of new data and maps, resulting in a more in-depth examination of oceanic biogeochemical processes. The most up-to-date compilation of essential concepts and data available on the subject, this book responds to the need for a thorough, yet straightforward approach to the subject for students, researchers, and other professionals in marine science, geochemistry, and environmental chemistry. The third edition of Chemical Oceanography incorporates significant findings on the properties of oceans from recent, large-scale oceanographic programs and valuable new data derived from additional experiments. It also discusses the interactions of metals with inorganic and natural organic ligands and the effect of speciation of metals on bioavailability and toxicity. The section on carbonate systems now examines the input of fossil fuel CO2 into the ocean and its effect on the pH of the world oceans. Frank J. Millero, a world-renowned marine researcher and professor of undergraduate and graduate courses at the University of Miami for nearly 40 years, presents a time-tested and user-friendly resource specifically designed for both classroom use and self-study.