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Chemical Process Safety

Author: Daniel A. Crowl
Publisher: Pearson Education
ISBN: 0132440555
Size: 38.76 MB
Format: PDF
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Combines academic theory with practical industry experience Updated to include the latest regulations and references Covers hazard identification, risk assessment, and inherent safety Case studies and problem sets enhance learning Long-awaited revision of the industry best seller. This fully revised second edition of Chemical Process Safety: Fundamentals with Applications combines rigorous academic methods with real-life industrial experience to create a unique resource for students and professionals alike. The primary focus on technical fundamentals of chemical process safety provides a solid groundwork for understanding, with full coverage of both prevention and mitigation measures. Subjects include: Toxicology and industrial hygiene Vapor and liquid releases and dispersion modeling Flammability characterization Relief and explosion venting In addition to an overview of government regulations, the book introduces the resources of the AICHE Center for Chemical Process Safety library. Guidelines are offered for hazard identification and risk assessment. The book concludes with case histories drawn directly from the authors' experience in the field. A perfect reference for industry professionals, Chemical Process Safety: Fundamentals with Applications, Second Edition is also ideal for teaching at the graduate and senior undergraduate levels. Each chapter includes 30 problems, and a solutions manual is now available for instructors.

Handbook Of Fire And Explosion Protection Engineering Principles

Author: Dennis P. Nolan
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 032331144X
Size: 19.74 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 7261
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Written by an engineer for engineers, this book is both training manual and on-going reference, bringing together all the different facets of the complex processes that must be in place to minimize the risk to people, plant and the environment from fires, explosions, vapour releases and oil spills. Fully compliant with international regulatory requirements, relatively compact but comprehensive in its coverage, engineers, safety professionals and concerned company management will buy this book to capitalize on the author’s life-long expertise. This is the only book focusing specifically on oil and gas and related chemical facilities. This new edition includes updates on management practices, lessons learned from recent incidents, and new material on chemical processes, hazards and risk reviews (e.g. CHAZOP). Latest technology on fireproofing, fire and gas detection systems and applications is also covered. An introductory chapter on the philosophy of protection principles along with fundamental background material on the properties of the chemicals concerned and their behaviours under industrial conditions, combined with a detailed section on modern risk analysis techniques makes this book essential reading for students and professionals following Industrial Safety, Chemical Process Safety and Fire Protection Engineering courses. A practical, results-oriented manual for practicing engineers, bringing protection principles and chemistry together with modern risk analysis techniques Specific focus on oil and gas and related chemical facilities, making it comprehensive and compact Includes the latest best practice guidance, as well as lessons learned from recent incidents

Process Control

Author: B. Wayne Bequette
Publisher: Prentice Hall Professional
ISBN: 9780133536409
Size: 14.24 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Master process control hands on, through practical examples and MATLABreg; simulations This is the first complete introduction to process control that fully integrates software tools-enabling professionals and students to master critical techniques hands on, through computer simulations based on the popular MATLAB environment. Process Control: Modeling, Design, and Simulation teaches the field's most important techniques, behaviors, and control problems through practical examples, supplemented by extensive exercises-with detailed derivations, relevant software files, and additional techniques available on a companion Web site. Coverage includes: bull; Fundamentals of process control and instrumentation, including objectives, variables, and block diagrams Methodologies for developing dynamic models of chemical processes Dynamic behavior of linear systems: state space models, transfer function-based models, and more Feedback control; proportional, integral, and derivative (PID) controllers; and closed-loop stability analysis Frequency response analysis techniques for evaluating the robustness of control systems Improving control loop performance: internal model control (IMC), automatic tuning, gain scheduling, and enhancements to improve disturbance rejection Split-range, selective, and override strategies for switching among inputs or outputs Control loop interactions and multivariable controllers An introduction to model predictive control (MPC) Bequette walks step by step through the development of control instrumentation diagrams for an entire chemical process, reviewing common control strategies for individual unit operations, then discussing strategies for integrated systems. The book also includes 16 learning modules demonstrating how to use MATLAB and SIMULINK to solve several key control problems, ranging from robustness analyses to biochemical reactors, biomedical problems to multivariable control.

Techniques Of Model Based Control

Author: Coleman Brosilow
Publisher: Prentice Hall Professional
ISBN: 9780130280787
Size: 10.23 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Annotation In this book, two of the field's leading experts bring together powerful advances in model-based control for chemical process engineering. From start to finish, Coleman Brosilow and Babu Joseph introduce practical approaches designed to solve real-world problems -- not just theory. The book contains extensive examples and exercises, and an accompanying CD-ROM contains hands-on MATLAB files that supplement the examples and help readers solve the exercises -- a feature found in no other book on the topic.

Multiscale Modeling For Process Safety Applications

Author: Arnab Chakrabarty
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 0123972833
Size: 52.52 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Multiscale Modeling for Process Safety Applications is a new reference demonstrating the implementation of multiscale modeling techniques on process safety applications. It is a valuable resource for readers interested in theoretical simulations and/or computer simulations of hazardous scenarios. As multi-scale modeling is a computational technique for solving problems involving multiple scales, such as how a flammable vapor cloud might behave if ignited, this book provides information on the fundamental topics of toxic, fire, and air explosion modeling, as well as modeling jet and pool fires using computational fluid dynamics. The book goes on to cover nanomaterial toxicity, QPSR analysis on relation of chemical structure to flash point, molecular structure and burning velocity, first principle studies of reactive chemicals, water and air reactive chemicals, and dust explosions. Chemical and process safety professionals, as well as faculty and graduate researchers, will benefit from the detailed coverage provided in this book. Provides the only comprehensive source addressing the use of multiscale modeling in the context of process safety Bridges multiscale modeling with process safety, enabling the reader to understand mapping between problem detail and effective usage of resources Presents an overall picture of addressing safety problems in all levels of modeling and the latest approaches to each in the field Features worked out examples, case studies, and a question bank to aid understanding and involvement for the reader

Risk Analysis And Control For Industrial Processes Gas Oil And Chemicals

Author: Hans J Pasman
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 0128009128
Size: 58.91 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Risk Analysis and Control for Industrial Processes - Gas, Oil and Chemicals provides an analysis of current approaches for preventing disasters, and gives readers an overview on which methods to adopt. The book covers safety regulations, history and trends, industrial disasters, safety problems, safety tools, and capital and operational costs versus the benefits of safety, all supporting project decision processes. Tools covered include present day array of risk assessment, tools including HAZOP, LOPA and ORA, but also new approaches such as System-Theoretic Process Analysis (STPA), Blended HAZID, applications of Bayesian data analytics, Bayesian networks, and others. The text is supported by valuable examples to help the reader achieve a greater understanding on how to perform safety analysis, identify potential issues, and predict the likelihood they may appear. Presents new methods on how to identify hazards of low probability/high consequence events Contains information on how to develop and install safeguards against such events, with guidance on how to quantify risk and its uncertainty, and how to make economic and societal decisions about risk Demonstrates key concepts through the use of examples and relevant case studies

Problem Solving In Chemical And Biochemical Engineering With Polymath Excel And Matlab

Author: Michael B. Cutlip
Publisher: Prentice-Hall PTR
ISBN: 9780131482043
Size: 53.29 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Problem Solving in Chemical and Biochemical Engineering with POLYMATH™, Excel, and MATLAB®, Second Edition , is a valuable resource and companion that integrates the use of numerical problem solving in the three most widely used software packages: POLYMATH, Microsoft Excel, and MATLAB. Recently developed POLYMATH capabilities allow the automatic creation of Excel spreadsheets and the generation of MATLAB code for problem solutions. Students and professional engineers will appreciate the ease with which problems can be entered into POLYMATH and then solved independently in all three software packages, while taking full advantage of the unique capabilities within each package. The book includes more than 170 problems requiring numerical solutions. This greatly expanded and revised second edition includes new chapters on getting started with and using Excel and MATLAB. It also places special emphasis on biochemical engineering with a major chapter on the subject and with the integration of biochemical problems throughout the book. General Topics and Subject Areas, Organized by Chapter Introduction to Problem Solving with Mathematical Software Packages Basic Principles and Calculations Regression and Correlation of Data Introduction to Problem Solving with Excel Introduction to Problem Solving with MATLAB Advanced Problem-Solving Techniques Thermodynamics Fluid Mechanics Heat Transfer Mass Transfer Chemical Reaction Engineering Phase Equilibrium and Distillation Process Dynamics and Control Biochemical Engineering Practical Aspects of Problem-Solving Capabilities Simultaneous Linear Equations Simultaneous Nonlinear Equations Linear, Multiple Linear, and Nonlinear Regressions with Statistical Analyses Partial Differential Equations (Using the Numerical Method of Lines) Curve Fitting by Polynomials with Statistical Analysis Simultaneous Ordinary Differential Equations (Including Problems Involving Stiff Systems, Differential-Algebraic Equations, and Parameter Estimation in Systems of Ordinary Differential Equations) The Book's Web Site ( Provides solved and partially solved problem files for all three software packages, plus additional materials Describes discounted purchase options for educational version of POLYMATH available to book purchasers Includes detailed, selected problem solutions in Maple™, Mathcad®, and Mathematica™


Author: А. Бенин
Publisher: Litres
ISBN: 5041168768
Size: 16.81 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 4596
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Рассматриваются научные основы и методология использования отечественного программного комплекса «Тепловой взрыв» (комплекс TSS) – инструмента технологии исследований реакционных опасностей и термической безопасности на базе применения методологии математического моделирования. Цель монографии – дать читателю основные принципы, знание которых необходимо для применения методологии математического моделирования вообще и комплекса TSS в частности при решении прикладных задач анализа реакционных опасностей и термической безопасности. Монография является первым изданием в отечественной и мировой практике, в котором системно и с единых методологических позиций рассматривается технология исследований термической безопасности на базе применения математического моделирования.Книга может быть полезна всем, кто в своей научной и практической деятельности связан с исследованиями и практическим использованием высокоэнергетических химических веществ и химических процессов, обладающих опасностью теплового взрыва, а также преподавателям, студентам и аспирантам, слушателям курсов повышения квалификации по направлениям подготовки «Безопасность жизнедеятельности в техносфере», «Безопасность технологических процессов и производств», «Защита в чрезвычайных ситуациях», «Технологии энергонасыщенных материалов и изделий» и т. д. Рекомендуется всем, кто уже использует или собирается применять комплекс TSS.