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Chemistry At Extreme Conditions

Author: M.R. Manaa
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080456997
Size: 71.25 MB
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Chemistry at Extreme Conditions covers those chemical processes that occur in the pressure regime of 0.5–200 GPa and temperature range of 500–5000 K and includes such varied phenomena as comet collisions, synthesis of super-hard materials, detonation and combustion of energetic materials, and organic conversions in the interior of planets. The book provides an insight into this active and exciting field of research. Written by top researchers in the field, the book covers state of the art experimental advances in high-pressure technology, from shock physics to laser-heating techniques to study the nature of the chemical bond in transient processes. The chapters have been conventionally organised into four broad themes of applications: biological and bioinorganic systems; Experimental works on the transformations in small molecular systems; Theoretical methods and computational modeling of shock-compressed materials; and experimental and computational approaches in energetic materials research. * Extremely practical book containing up-to-date research in high-pressure science * Includes chapters on recent advances in computer modelling * Review articles can be used as reference guide

Chemical Dynamics In Extreme Environments

Author: Rainer A. Dressler
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789812811882
Size: 73.89 MB
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As computing power increases, a growing number of macroscopic phenomena are modeled at the molecular level. Consequently, new requirements are generated for the understanding of molecular dynamics in exotic conditions. This book illustrates the importance of detailed chemical dynamics and the role it plays in the phenomenology of a number of extreme environments. Each chapter addresses one or more extreme environments, outlines the associated chemical mechanisms of relevance, and then covers the leading edge science that elucidates the chemical coupling. The chapters exhibit a balance between theory and experiment, gas phase, solid state, and surface dynamics, and geophysical and technical environments. Sample Chapter(s). Chapter 1.1: Introduction (203 KB). Chapter 1.2: Chemistry at High Temperatures and Pressures (99 KB). Chapter 1.3: High Temperature Chemistry in the Atmosphere (82 KB). Chapter 1.4: Low Temperature Chemistry (90 KB). Chapter 1.5: Conclusions (131 KB). Contents: Exploring Chemistry in Extreme Environments: A Driving Force for Innovation (M R Berman); Chemistry Under Extreme Conditions: Cluster Impact Activation (T Raz & R D Levine); Nonequilibrium Chemistry Modeling in Rarefied Hypersonic Flows (I D Boyd); Chemical Dynamics in Chemical Laser Media (M C Heaven); From Elementary Reactions to Complex Combustion Systems (C Schulz et al.); The Gas-Phase Chemical Dynamics Associated with Meteors (R A Dressler & E Murad); Dynamics of Hypervelocity Gas/Surface Collisions (D C Jacobs); Surface Chemistry in the Jovian Magnetosphere Radiation Environment (R E Johnson); Dynamics of Atomic Oxygen Induced Polymer Degradation in Low Earth Orbit (T K Minton & D J Garton); Atomic-Level Properties of Thermal Barrier Coatings: Characterization of MetalOCoCeramic Interface (A Christensen et al.); Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Detonations (C T White et al.). Readership: Scientists engaged in cross-disciplinary work and chemists studying multidisciplinary problems."

Chemistry Under Extreme And Non Classical Conditions

Author: Rudi van Eldik
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471165613
Size: 78.98 MB
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The very best and latest advances compiled in a single volume-an ideal resource for graduate students and researchers . . . Here is the perfect introduction to chemistry under extreme or non-classical conditions, including use of high temperature species, high pressure, supercritical media, sonochemistry, and microwave chemistry. Written by leading experts in their respective fields, this unique text applies a unified approach to each method, including background, instrumentation, examples, information on industrial applications (where relevant), and sources for further reading. Featured topics: * Chemical Synthesis Using High Temperature Species * Effect of Pressure on Inorganic Reactions * Effect of Pressure on Organic Reactions * Organic Synthesis at High Pressure * Inorganic and Related Chemical Reactions in Supercritical Fluids * Organic Chemistry in Supercritical Fluids * Industrial and Environmental Applications of Supercritical Fluids * Ultrasound as a New Tool for Synthetic Chemists * Applications of High Intensity Ultrasound in Polymer Chemistry * Chemistry Under Extreme Conditions in Water Induced Electrohydraulic Cavitation and Pulsed-Plasma Discharges * Microwave Dielectric Heating Effects in Chemical Synthesis * Biomolecules Under Extreme Conditions

Chemical Experimentation Under Extreme Conditions

Author: Bryant W. Rossiter
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN:
Size: 61.96 MB
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Good,No Highlights,No Markup,all pages are intact, Slight Shelfwear,may have the corners slightly dented, may have slight color changes/slightly damaged spine.

Materials Under Extreme Conditions

Author: A.K. Tyagi
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128014423
Size: 20.25 MB
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Materials Under Extreme Conditions: Recent Trends and Future Prospects analyzes the chemical transformation and decomposition of materials exposed to extreme conditions, such as high temperature, high pressure, hostile chemical environments, high radiation fields, high vacuum, high magnetic and electric fields, wear and abrasion related to chemical bonding, special crystallographic features, and microstructures. The materials covered in this work encompass oxides, non-oxides, alloys and intermetallics, glasses, and carbon-based materials. The book is written for researchers in academia and industry, and technologists in chemical engineering, materials chemistry, chemistry, and condensed matter physics. Describes and analyzes the chemical transformation and decomposition of a wide range of materials exposed to extreme conditions Brings together information currently scattered across the Internet or incoherently dispersed amongst journals and proceedings Presents chapters on phenomena, materials synthesis, and processing, characterization and properties, and applications Written by established researchers in the field

Materials Under Extreme Conditions

Author: Roberto Bini
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1783264314
Size: 33.71 MB
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High-pressure materials research has been revolutionized in the past few years due to technological breakthroughs in the diamond anvil cell (DAC), shock wave compression and molecular dynamic simulation (MD) methods. The application of high pressure, especially together with high temperature, has revealed exciting modifications of physical and chemical properties even in the simplest molecular materials. Besides the fundamental importance of these studies to understand the composition and the dynamics of heart and planets' interior, new materials possessing peculiar characteristics of hardness and composition have been synthesized at very high pressure, while unexpected chemical reactions of simple molecules to polymers and amorphous compounds have been found at milder conditions. The variety of the phenomena observed in these extreme conditions and of the materials involved provides a common ground bridging scientific communities with different cultural and experimental backgrounds. This monograph will provide a timely opportunity to report on recent progress in the field. Contents:IntroductionHistorical SurveyElasticity and Equation of StateHigh-pressure Technical SurveyPrinciples of Chemical Reactivity Under PressureChemical Reactions in Molecular Crystals Readership: Academics, postgraduates and researchers in analytical chemistry, condensed matter physics and physical chemistry. Keywords:Analytical Chemistry;Spectroscopy & Other Analytical Techniques;Condensed Matter Physics;Physical Chemistry

Introduction To Enzyme And Coenzyme Chemistry

Author: T. D. H. Bugg
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118348990
Size: 33.88 MB
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Enzymes are giant macromolecules which catalyse biochemical reactions. They are remarkable in many ways. Their three-dimensional structures are highly complex, yet they are formed by spontaneous folding of a linear polypeptide chain. Their catalytic properties are far more impressive than synthetic catalysts which operate under more extreme conditions. Each enzyme catalyses a single chemical reaction on a particular chemical substrate with very high enantioselectivity and enantiospecificity at rates which approach “catalytic perfection”. Living cells are capable of carrying out a huge repertoire of enzyme-catalysed chemical reactions, some of which have little or no precedent in organic chemistry. The popular textbook Introduction to Enzyme and Coenzyme Chemistry has been thoroughly updated to include information on the most recent advances in our understanding of enzyme action, with additional recent examples from the literature used to illustrate key points. A major new feature is the inclusion of two-colour figures, and the addition of over 40 new figures of the active sites of enzymes discussed in the text, in order to illustrate the interplay between enzyme structure and function. This new edition provides a concise but comprehensive account from the perspective of organic chemistry, what enzymes are, how they work, and how they catalyse many of the major classes of enzymatic reactions, and will continue to prove invaluable to both undergraduate and postgraduate students of organic, bio-organic and medicinal chemistry, chemical biology, biochemistry and biotechnology.