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Chemistry Physics Of Carbon

Author: Peter A. Thrower
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824793685
Size: 49.53 MB
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"Volume 25 introduces methods for the preparation of carbyne and addresses theoretical issues; discusses carbyne properties, spectroscopy, and chemical and crystal structure; explains the use of x-ray and neutron scattering for the structural evaluation of carbonaceous materials; and more."

Chemistry Physics Of Carbon

Author: Ljubisa R. Radovic
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420042993
Size: 67.17 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Written by distinguished researchers in carbon, the long-running Chemistry and Physics of Carbon series provides a comprehensive and critical overview of carbon in terms of molecular structure, intermolecular relationships, bulk and surface properties, and their behavior in an amazing variety of current and emerging applications, ranging from nanotechnology to environmental remediation. Volume 30 not only retains the high-quality content and reputation of previous volumes, but also complements them with reliable and timely coverage of the latest advances in the field. The first chapters analyze progressive approaches to controlling more precisely the structure, morphology, and surface properties of novel activated carbons. They cover methods using activating agents such as alkaline hydroxides as well as endo- and exotemplates made from zeolites, silica, and colloidal crystals. The third chapter examines techniques for characterizing carbon surface chemistry, including electrochemical, spectroscopic, and chromatographic methods. The fourth and final chapter compares the virtues of exfoliated graphite, carbonized fir fibers, carbon fiber felt, and charcoals in solving oil spill problems, a matter of increasing environmental concern. Emphasizing key experimental results, practical aspects, and cutting-edge applications in every chapter, Volume 30 is a vital resource for those developing new technologies such as drug delivery, adsorbents for oil/chemical spills, materials processing, high-performance nanocarbons, and energy storage and conversion devices, including lithium ion batteries, supercapacitors, and fuel cells.

Carbon Materials For Catalysis

Author: Philippe Serp
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470403693
Size: 73.52 MB
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This is the first comprehensive book covering all aspects of the use of carbonaceous materials in heterogeneous catalysis. It covers the preparation and characterization of carbon supports and carbon-supported catalysts; carbon surface chemistry in catalysis; the description of catalytic, photo-catalytic, or electro-catalytic reactions, including the development of new carbon materials such as carbon xerogels, aerogels, or carbon nanotubes; and new carbon-based materials in catalytic or adsorption processes. This is a premier reference for carbon, inorganic, and physical chemists, materials scientists and engineers, chemical engineers, and others.

Carbon Nanomaterials Second Edition

Author: Yury Gogotsi
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439897816
Size: 38.46 MB
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This book provides information on synthesis, properties, and applications of carbon nanomaterials. With novel materials, such as graphene (atomically flat carbon) or carbon onions (carbon nanospheres), the family of carbon nanomaterials is rapidly growing. This book provides a state-of-the-art overview and in-depth analysis of the most important carbon nanomaterials. Each chapter is written by a leading expert in the field which ensures that both, a review on the subject along with emerging perspectives are provided to the reader.

New Carbons Control Of Structure And Functions

Author: Michio Inagaki
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080525709
Size: 70.33 MB
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The discovery of fullerenes and nanotubes has greatly stimulated the interest of scientists and engineers in carbon materials, and has resulted in much scientific research. These materials have provided us with many interesting ideas and potential applications, some of them practical and some simply dreams for the future. In the early 1960s, carbon fibers, glass-like carbons and pyrolytic carbons were developed which were quite different from the carbon materials that had previously been used. Carbon fibers exhibited surprisingly good mechanical properties, glass-like carbons exhibited brittle fracture resulting in a conchoidal fracture surface similar to sodium glass, and giving no carbon dust, and pyrolytic carbons were produced by a new production process of chemical vapour deposition and showed very high anisotropy. These carbons materials made a great impact not only on the carbon community who had been working on carbon materials but also on people working in the fields of materials science and engineering. They were used to develop a variety of new applications in technological fields, such as semiconductors, microelectronics, aerospace and high temperature, etc. These newly developed carbon materials were called NEW CARBONS, in comparison with carbon materials such as artificial graphites represented by graphite electrodes, carbon blacks and activated carbons, which maybe thought of as CLASSICAL CARBONS. Later, other new carbons, such as activated carbons and those with novel functions, isotropic high-density graphites, intercalation compounds, various composites, etc., were developed. In 1994, Professor Michio Inagaki published a book entitled "New Carbon Materials — Structure and Functions" with his friend Professor Yoshihiro Hishiyama of Musashi Institute of Technology, published by Gihoudou Shuppan in Japanese. However, progress in the fields of these new carbons is so rapid that the previous book is already out of date. For this reason the author has decided to write an English text on New Carbons. The text focuses on New Carbons based on hexagonal networks of carbon-atoms, i.e. graphite-related materials. The fundamental concept underlying this book is that the structure and functions of these materials are principally governed by their texture. The aim is to give readers a comprehensive understanding of New Carbons through the description of their structure and texture, along with the properties that are largely dependent on them.

Chemistry Physics Of Carbon

Author: Walker
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824769918
Size: 42.82 MB
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Volume 26 of this work provides insights into the mechanisms of primary carbonization; reviews the graphitization of various carbon materials under applied pressures; discusses changes in the thermal-mechanical properties of carbon/carbon composites due to stress effects; describes factors that result in the acceleration of the graphitization process; addresses the carbonization and graphitization of aromatic polymide films, and the quality control and quality of graphite films; and more.

Carbon Alloys

Author: Ei-ichi Yasuda
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080441634
Size: 23.68 MB
Format: PDF
View: 2007
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In recent years the Japanese have funded a comprehensive study of carbon materials which incorporate other elements including boron, nitrogen and fluorine, hence the title of the project "Carbon Alloys". Coined in 1992, the phrase "Carbon Alloys" can be applied to those materials mainly composed of carbon materials in multi-component systems. The carbon atoms of each component have a physical and/or chemical interactive relationship with other atoms or compounds. The carbon atoms of the components may have different hybrid bonding orbitals to create quite different carbon components. Eiichi Yasuda and his team consider the definition of Carbon Alloys, present the results of the Carbon Alloys projects, describe typical Carbon Alloys and their uses, discuss recent techniques for their characterization, and finally, illustrate potential applications and future developments for Carbon Alloy science. The book contains over thirty chapters on these studies from as many researchers. The most modern of techniques, particularly in the area of spectroscopy, were used as diagnostic tools, and many of these are applicable to pure carbons also. Porosity in carbons received considerable attention.

Raman Scattering In Materials Science

Author: Willes H. Weber
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540672234
Size: 39.33 MB
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Raman scattering is now being applied with increasing success to a wide range of practical problems at the cutting edge of materials science. The purpose of this book is to make Raman spectroscopy understandable to the non-specialist and thus to bring it into the mainstream of routine materials characterization. The book is pedagogical in approach and focuses on technologically important condensed-matter systems in which the specific use of Raman spectroscopy yields new and useful information. Included are chapters on instrumentation, bulk semiconductors and alloys, heterostructures, high-Tc superconductors, catalysts, carbon-based materials, wide-gap and super-hard materials, and polymers.