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Chromosomal Translocations And Genome Rearrangements In Cancer

Author: Janet D. Rowley
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319199838
Size: 61.96 MB
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This volume collates world experts’ insights into the molecular biology of cancer chromosomes, their abnormalities and the subsequent cellular consequences. Exploring themes involving oncogenes, such as by chromosomal translocations, other genome rearrangements and somatic mutations, this book is a review of the field of cancer genetics that presages a new era, as whole genome sequencing becomes more accessible. The work begins with a look at historical themes, such as the analysis of metaphase chromosomes using microscopy and staining techniques, advances in which provided our first broad glimpse into the genetic anatomy of a malignant cell. Readers will learn about the application of DNA molecular cloning techniques in the 1980s, that led to the identification of the genes involved in the Philadelphia and Burkitt's lymphoma chromosomal translocations, solidifying the role of oncogenes and tumour suppressor genes in cancer aetiology via chromosomal alterations and which launched a field in cancer genetics. Subsequent chapters bring the reader up to date by reviewing recent developments in the field, with dedicated sections on leukaemia/lymphoma, sarcomas and epithelial tumours. Contributions feature numerous colour tables and illustrations and this volume will provide a basis for understanding cancer chromosomes for many years to come.

Advances In Cancer Research

Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123978416
Size: 31.84 MB
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Advances in Cancer Research provides invaluable information on the exciting and fast-moving field of cancer research. Here, once again, outstanding and original reviews are presented on a variety of topics. 113th volume of Advances in Cancer Research Expert authors Chapters on topics including microRNA regulatory network, multifaceted oncoprotein tax, and underlying chromosomal translocations

Mechanisms Of Dna Recombination And Genome Rearrangements Intersection Between Homologous Recombination Dna Replication And Dna Repair

Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128139803
Size: 63.22 MB
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Mechanisms of DNA Recombination and Genome Rearrangements: Intersection between Homologous Recombination, DNA Replication and DNA Repair, Volume 601, the latest release in the Methods in Enzymology series, continues the legacy of this premier serial with quality chapters authored by leaders in the field. Homologous genetic recombination remains the most enigmatic process in DNA metabolism. The molecular machines of recombination preserve the integrity of the genetic material in all organisms and generate genetic diversity in evolution. The same molecular machines that support genetic integrity by orchestrating accurate repair of the most deleterious DNA lesions, however, also promote survival of cancerous cells and emergence of radiation and chemotherapy resistance. This two-volume set offers a comprehensive set of cutting edge methods to study various aspects of homologous recombination and cellular processes that utilize the enzymatic machinery of recombination. The chapters are written by the leading researches and cover a broad range of topics from the basic molecular mechanisms of recombinational proteins and enzymes to emerging cellular techniques and drug discovery efforts. contributions by the leading experts in the field of DNA repair, recombination, replication and genome stability documents cutting edge methods

Cancer Cytogenetics

Author: Sverre Heim
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118795539
Size: 22.17 MB
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The first three editions of this acclaimed book presented a much-needed conceptual synthesis of this rapidly moving field. Now, Cancer Cytogenetics, Fourth Edition, offers a comprehensive, expanded, and up-to-date review of recent dramatic advances in this area, incorporating a vast amount of new data from the latest basic and clinical investigations. New contributors reflecting broader international authorship and even greater expertise Greater emphasis throughout on the clinical importance and application of information about cytogenetic and molecular aberrations Includes a complete coverage of chromosome aberrations in cancer based on an assessment of the 60,000 neoplasms cytogenetically investigated to date Now produced in full color for enhanced clarity Covers how molecular genetic data (PCR-based and sequencing information) are collated with the cytogenetic data where pertinent Discusses how molecular cytogenetic data (based on studies using FISH, CGH, SNP, etc) are fused with karyotyping data to enable an as comprehensive understanding of cancer cytogenetics as is currently possible

Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders

Author: Barbara J. Bain
Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
ISBN: 3805573073
Size: 56.86 MB
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This publication provides a comprehensive and up-to-date review of the significance of cytogenetic and molecular genetic abnormalities in the chronic myeloid leukaemias and other myeloproliferative disorders. This book will therefore be an important reference text, not only for haematologists, but also for molecular geneticists and cytogeneticists, and anyone involved in leukaemia research.

Genomic Disorders

Author: James R. Lupski
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1597450391
Size: 57.21 MB
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A grand summary and synthesis of the tremendous amount of data now available in the post genomic era on the structural features, architecture, and evolution of the human genome. The authors demonstrate how such architectural features may be important to both evolution and to explaining the susceptibility to those DNA rearrangements associated with disease. Technologies to assay for such structural variation of the human genome and to model genomic disorders in mice are also presented. Two appendices detail the genomic disorders, providing genomic features at the locus undergoing rearrangement, their clinical features, and frequency of detection.

Fusion Genes And Cancer

Author: Kunnumakkara Ajaikumar B
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9813200952
Size: 75.54 MB
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Development of cancer, a dreadful disease of mankind, is a multi-stage process involving numerous molecular alterations at both genomic and proteomic levels. Immense research for the past several decades in the field of cancer identified many such mutations and their role in carcinogenesis. Concept of 'fusion genes' seeded way back in 20th century has now grown into a new field of cancer research. However, there is a lack of knowledge among scientists about these fusion genes and their importance in cancer, which can be mainly attributed to unavailability of a comprehensive book on this topic. Therefore, this book is first of its kind and aims at giving a detailed idea on the formation of gene fusions and their importance in the development and progression of cancer; techniques to identify novel gene fusions; and therapeutics available to target various fusion proteins and their impact in cancer therapy by compiling the information from the literature available till date. Contents:Cancer — An Overview and Molecular Alterations in Cancer (Nand K Roy, Devivasha Bordoloi, Javadi Monisha, Anand Anip, Ganesan Padmavathi and Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara)Basic Concepts of Fusion Genes and Their Classification (Ganesan Padmavathi, Nand K Roy, Devivasha Bordoloi, Javadi Monisha and Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara)Techniques to Identify Novel Fusion Genes and to Detect Known Fusion Genes (Nand K Roy, Ganesan Padmavathi, Devivasha Bordoloi and Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara)The Receptor Tyrosine Kinase ALK — Its Fusion Partners and Their Implication in Various Cancers(Ganesan Padmavathi, Krishan Kumar Thakur, Anand Anip, Devivasha Bordoloi and Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara)Role of BCR-ABL Fusion Kinase in the Development of Leukemia (Ganesan Padmavathi, Kishore Banik, Nand K Roy, Javadi Monisha and Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara)BRD4-NUT Fusion Oncoprotein and Its Significance in the Initiation and Progression of NUT Midline Carcinoma (Ganesan Padmavathi, Devivasha Bordoloi, Kishore Banik and Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara)Importance of CBFB-MYH11 — A Chimeric Transcriptional Regulator in Leukemia (Ganesan Padmavathi, Choudhary Harsha, Devivasha Bordoloi, Krishan Kumar Thakur and Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara)Rearrangements Involving ETS Family of Genes and Their Role in Different Cancers (Ganesan Padmavathi, Javadi Monisha, Kishore Banik, Choudhary Harsha, Devivasha Bordoloi and Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara)Translocation of FET Family Members with Various Partner Genes and Their Role in Cancer Development (Ganesan Padmavathi, Devivasha Bordoloi, Anand Anip, Krishan Kumar Thakur and Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara)Translocations of FGF and FGFR Proteins and Their Effect in Cancer (Ganesan Padmavathi, Javadi Monisha, Choudhary Harsha and Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara)IG/MYC and Its Implication in Cancer (Ganesan Padmavathi, Kishore Banik, Krishan Kumar Thakur and Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara)Chimeric RAF Kinases in the Development of Cancer (Ganesan Padmavathi, Kishore Banik, Devivasha Bordoloi, Choudhary Harsha and Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara)Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma (MEC) and Associated MAML2 Fusion Genes (Ganesan Padmavathi, Choudhary Harsha, Devivasha Bordoloi, Kishore Banik and Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara)Mixed Lineage Leukemia/AF9 Fusion and Associated Leukemia (Ganesan Padmavathi, Choudhary Harsha and Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara)MYB-NFIB Fusion Gene — Hallmark of Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma (ACC) (Ganesan Padmavathi, Krishan Kumar Thakur and Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara)Translocations Involving PAX Family Genes and Their Effect in Cancer (Ganesan Padmavathi, Krishan Kumar Thakur and Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara)Retinoic Acid Receptor Alpha (RARα) Fusion Genes in Leukemia (Ganesan Padmavathi, Javadi Monisha, Anand Anip, Krishan Kumar Thakur and Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara)RET/PTC Translocations and Thyroid Malignancies (Ganesan Padmavathi, Devivasha Bordoloi, Anand Anip, Choudhary Harsha and Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara)RUNX1 or AML1 Fusion Genes in Leukemia and Other Cancers (Ganesan Padmavathi, Javadi Monisha, Kishore Banik, Choudhary Harsha, Devivasha Bordoloi and Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara)Recently Discovered Fusion Genes and Their Implications in Cancer (Ganesan Padmavathi, Devivasha Bordoloi, Javadi Monisha, Nand K Roy, Choudhary Harsha and Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara)Targeting Fusion Genes for Cancer Therapy (Nand K Roy, Devivasha Bordoloi, Ganesan Padmavathi and Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara) Readership: Scientists working in the field of cancer biology, cancer genomics and proteomics. Also specialists and researchers in diverse fields of disease pathogenesis as it provides collective information about fusion genes and cancer from the basics to the targeted therapies.

Modern Genetic Analysis

Author: Anthony J.F. Griffiths
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 9780716743828
Size: 58.21 MB
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Part 1: Fundamentals of gene structure, function, and transmission; Genetics and the organism; The structure of genes and genomes; Gene function; The transmission of DNA at cell division; The inheritance of single-gene differences; Genetic recombination in eukaryotes; Recombination in bacteria and their viruses. Part 2: Methods of genetic manipulation; Recombinant DNA and genetic engineering; Genomics; Gene mutation: origins and repair processes; Chromosome mutations; Mutation dissection. Part 3: Systems genetics: from gene to phenotype; Regulation of hene transciption; From gene to phenotype; Regulation of cell number: normal and cancer cells; The genetic basis of development. Part 4: Genetic analysis of populations; Population genetics; Quantitative genetics; Evolutionary genetics.