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Chronic Inflammation

Author: Sashwati Roy
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439872112
Size: 25.32 MB
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Although acute inflammation is a healthy physiological response indicative of wound healing, chronic inflammation has been directly implicated in a wide range of degenerative human health disorders encompassing almost all present day non-communicable diseases including autoimmune diseases, obesity, diabetes and atherosclerosis. Chronic Inflammation: Molecular Pathophysiology, Nutritional and Therapeutic Interventions provides an exposition of the process of chronic inflammation in three parts: Systems Biology of Inflammation and Regulatory Mechanisms describes the process of chronic inflammation including initiation, progression, and resolution. Pathologies Associated with Inflammation gives a rigorous and critical treatment of specific human health disorders where chronic inflammation plays a major role. Nutrition & Therapeutics for Inflammatory Diseases details the protective abilities of structurally diverse antioxidants, phytochemicals, anti-inflammatory diets, omega-3 fatty acids, NSAIDs, disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs, and novel regimens. Designed for scientists as well as clinicians, Chronic Inflammation provides critical understanding of the key checkpoints that regulate chronic inflammation. Going beyond the epidemiology of chronic inflammation, the text covers regulatory mechanisms controlling inflammation initiation, progression, and resolution. The authors address pathologies associated with inflammation and provide various nutritional and therapeutic interventions for inflammatory diseases.

Nutritional And Therapeutic Interventions For Diabetes And Metabolic Syndrome

Author: Debasis Bagchi
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128120088
Size: 46.42 MB
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Nutritional and Therapeutic Interventions for Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome, Second Edition, provides an overview of the current diabetes epidemic, outlines the consequences of this crisis, and lays out strategies to forestall and prevent diabetes, obesity and other intricate issues of metabolic syndrome. Contributing experts provide up-to-date global approaches to the critical consequences of metabolic syndrome and make the book an important reference for those working with the treatment, evaluation or public health planning for the effects of metabolic syndrome and diabetes. Completely revised with 15 new chapters, the book includes coverage of the roles of gut microbiome in obesity and diabetes, macrovascular and microvascular complications, diabetes, metabolic syndrome and kidney disease, aspects of diabetic cardiomyopathy, diabetes, Alzheimer’s and neurodegenerative diseases, roles of SGLT2 inhibitors in the treatment of type 2 diabetes, novel biomarkers in diabetes, roles of Trigonella foenum-graecumseed extract in type 2 diabetes, beneficial effects of chromium (III) and vanadium supplements in diabetes, prevention of type 1 diabetes, novel drugs in the therapeutic intervention of type 2 diabetes, eHealth and mobile apps for self-management, artificial pancreatic transplantation, non-invasive glucose monitoring, and the app for glucose regulation. Contains a scientific discussion of the epidemiology and pathophysiology of the relationship between diabetes and metabolic syndrome Includes coverage of Pre-diabetes conditions, plus both Type I and Type II Diabetes Presents both prevention and treatment options

Biomarkers Of Cardiometabolic Risk Inflammation And Disease

Author: Filipe Palavra
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319160184
Size: 17.35 MB
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This book discusses recent advances in the area of cardiometabolic risk biomarkers of chronic inflammatory and cardiovascular disorders. Tackling the topic in a systematic manner, the book starts with an introduction to cardiometabolic risk and its clinical relevance, comparing emergent and classical biomarkers. It then goes on to discuss cardiometabolic risk biomarkers in a range of diseases, including diabetes, ischemic stroke and neurodegenerative disorders. Biomarkers of Cardiometabolic Risk, Inflammation and Disease is aimed at doctors specializing in internal medicine, neurology, cardiology, rheumatology, nephrology or endocrinology and will also be of interest to GPs, trainee doctors and clinical and basic researchers working on cardiovascular and autoimmune disorders.

Lipid Oxidation In Health And Disease

Author: Corinne M. Spickett
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482202867
Size: 54.54 MB
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Oxidative modification of lipids and phospholipids—including radical damage, halogenation, and nitration—result in significant changes to the chemical properties of the molecules, which in turn have a major effect on their biochemical functions. Lipid oxidation has long been regarded as a deleterious process responsible for lipid rancidity, loss of function, and generation of toxic products. However in recent years, research has also focused on the non-detrimental physiological and pathological effects of these chemical reactions. Lipid Oxidation in Health and Disease provides an up-to-date review of the role of oxidized lipid products in physiological and pathophysiological processes. Covering the diverse topics that contribute to research in this important field, this book explores: The mechanisms of lipid oxidation, both enzymatic and non-enzymatic Antioxidant defenses and lipid oxidation Lipid oxidation products and cell signaling The roles of oxidized lipids in specific diseases—including cardiovascular, neurodegenerative, and metabolic disorders, as well as in cancer Drug targeting and the therapeutic potential of oxidized lipids Accurate measurement of the formation of lipid oxidation products and investigation of their biological effects and roles in disease are critical to biomedical science and new targeted therapeutics. Written by acknowledged experts in the field, this book provides a broad survey of both established knowledge and recent findings on the action of oxidized lipid products on cell signaling and gene expression in health and disease.

Inflammation Advancing Age And Nutrition

Author: Irfan Rahman
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123978076
Size: 55.86 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The book provides a comprehensive overview to understanding the integrated impact of the concepts of cellular and molecular aspects, models, environmental factors, and lifestyle involved in premature aging. Additionally, it examines how functional food, dietary nutraceuticals or pharmacological compounds can reverse inflammation and premature aging based on personalized medicine. This book is a valuable resource for health professionals, scientists and researchers, nutritionists, health practitioners, students and for all those who wish to broaden their knowledge in the allied field. Includes models of aging, including worm, mouse and human Explores the relationship of inflammation with diseases, including ocular health, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease, and muscle health Encompasses a variety of lifestyle impacts, including diet, exercise and nutrition Includes suggested nutritional interventions

Psoriasis And Psoriatic Arthritis

Author: Siba P. Raychaudhuri
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351648950
Size: 70.37 MB
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Psoriasis is a life-long chronic autoimmune disease characterized by thick scaly skin lesions and often associated with severe arthritis. Chronic psoriasis is connected to health conditions such as psoriatic arthritis, inflammatory disorders, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.

Nutritional Cosmetics

Author: Aaron Tabor
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 0815520301
Size: 54.35 MB
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Nutritional cosmetics is an emerging area of intense research and marketing and encompasses the concept that orally consumed dietary products can support healthier and more beautiful skin. There are numerous dietary ingredients now being marketed for their potential skin health and beauty benefits and many of these are supported by growing scientific evidence. The purpose of this book is to compile the scientific evidence showing the potential benefits of some of the more extensively researched ingredients. As far as possible, information about the benefits of ingredients consumed orally for skin health is presented. The information contained in this book will help provide insights into an emerging research area and provide scientific background for the potential clinical effectiveness for some of the better researched nutricosmetic ingredients. ABOUT THE EDITORS Aaron Tabor, M.D. is the CEO of Physicians Pharmaceuticals and author of The Revival Slim & Beautiful Diet. A graduate of the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Dr. Tabor oversees all clinical research on the Revival Slim & Beautiful Diet plan, conducting randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled studies at leading hospitals in the U.S. Areas of note include weight loss, skin/hair/nail appearance, energy, menopause, PMS, cholesterol, memory, and diabetic health. He is also responsible for directing new Revival product development based on clinical research results. Robert M. Blair, Ph.D. is the Research Manager for Physicians Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and manages the daily activities of the Research and Nutrition departments. Dr. Blair received his Ph.D. from Oklahoma State University in the field of Reproductive Physiology. Before joining Physicians Pharmaceuticals, Inc., he worked as an Assistant Professor of Comparative Medicine at the Wake Forest University School of Medicine where he examined the effects of dietary soy on cardiovascular health and cognitive function. Reviews the most-popular and most-researched nutricosmetic ingredients Presents information specifically about the benefits of ingredients consumed orally for skin health Considers the benefits of whey protein, rosemary, soy – and green tea and milk thistle, specifically, for protection against sun damage and photocarcinogenesis Provides information on antioxidants, incl: potential benefits of botanical antioxidants; carotenoids; coenzyme Q10; healthy fruits; olive fruit; and natural enzymes

Immunity And Inflammation In Health And Disease

Author: Shampa Chatterjee
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128054026
Size: 21.43 MB
Format: PDF
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Immunity and Inflammation in Health and Disease: Emerging Roles of Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods in Immune Support provides a comprehensive description of the various pathways by which the vertebrate immune system works, the signals that trigger immune response and how fnew and novel nutraceuticals and functional foods, can be used to contain inflammation and also to boost immunity and immune health. Inflammation is a tool to fight pathogens and the vertebrate immune system has a very complex network of cells to achieve this. However inflammation that goes awry is also the leding cause of several diseases ranging from cardiovascular diseases to diabetes. This book covers the entire gamut from the various cellular players in the inflammation-immune response to its ramifications in terms of protection against pathogens as well as in onset of metabolic, aging and auto-immune related diseases. Finally, the balancing role of dietary nutrients between host defence and immune support is also showcased. The first three scetions explain the various components of the immune system and their modes of activation. The fourth section deals with the ramifications of a robust and execessive inflammatory response. The fifth section is focused on the association between nutrition and immunity and how deficiencies in certain nutrients may affect immunocompetence. The sixth section chapters represent a vision of paradigm shifts within the field and discusses possible future directions. This bool will be a valuable reference for researchers studying immune health either in academia, or in the nutraceutical or functional food industries. Product developers in nutraceutical, supplement, functional food, and health food companies will also appreciate the information presented here. Conceptualizes the key features in natural products which can boost immune function and immune health Explains the intricate mechanistic aspects and balance behind immune health Presents the pathophysiology of several diseases associated with immune system disruption

Molecular Basis Of Nutrition And Aging

Author: Marco Malavolta
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128018275
Size: 20.94 MB
Format: PDF
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Molecular Basis of Nutrition and Aging: A Volume in the Molecular Nutrition Series focuses on the nutritional issues associated with aging and the important metabolic consequences of diet, nutrition, and health. The book is subdivided into four parts that reflect the impact of nutrition from a biomolecular level to individual health. In Part One, chapters explore the general aspects of aging, aging phenotypes, and relevant aspects of nutrition related to the elderly and healthy aging. Part Two includes molecular and cellular targets of nutrition in aging, with chapters exploring lipid peroxidation, inflammaging, anabolic and catabolic signaling, epigenetics, DNA damage and repair, redox homeostasis, and insulin sensitivity, among others. Part Three looks at system-level and organ targets of nutrition in aging, including a variety of tissues, systems, and diseases, such as immune function, the cardiovascular system, the brain and dementia, muscle, bone, lung, and many others. Finally, Part Four focuses on the health effects of specific dietary compounds and dietary interventions in aging, including vitamin D, retinol, curcumin, folate, iron, potassium, calcium, magnesium, zinc, copper, selenium, iodine, vitamin B, fish oil, vitamin E, resveratrol, polyphenols, vegetables, and fruit, as well as the current nutritional recommendations. Offers updated information and a perspectives on important future developments to different professionals involved in the basic and clinical research on all major nutritional aspects of aging Explores how nutritional factors are involved in the pathogenesis of aging across body systems Investigates the molecular and genetic basis of aging and cellular senescence through the lens of the rapidly evolving field of molecular nutrition

Chronic Inflammation

Author: Masayuki Miyasaka
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 4431560688
Size: 11.77 MB
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This book provides readers with the most up-to-date information on cutting-edge research concerning chronic inflammation. We now know that when inflammation becomes chronic, it acts as a strong disease-promoting factor in a variety of disorders including arteriosclerosis, obesity, cancer, and Alzheimer disease. Chronic inflammation is hence called as the “silent killer”; it upsets the body’s homeostatic mechanism insidiously. In spite of these developments, we know very little about the mechanism underlying chronic inflammation. Particularly, we do not know precisely what induces chronic inflammation or what promotes its prolongation in a spatiotemporal framework. Neither do we have clear knowledge about how chronic inflammation destroys various tissues or how it predisposes individuals to many different diseases. To make the situation worse, we have no effective treatment against chronic inflammation. Since 2010, two major research programs (CREST and PRESTO) aimed at clarifying the mechanisms underlying chronic inflammation were launched in Japan, and investigators of different research areas with a brilliant track record were selected by their research proposals. Subsequently they have made their best efforts to answer the conundrum concerning chronic inflammation. This book is a compendium of such research efforts. In each chapter, the CREST- or PRESTO-funded researchers summarize their original work concerning mechanisms of induction, progression, or resolution underlying chronic inflammation. The most emphasized characteristic is the molecular aspect of chronic inflammation. The book thus presents the most recent progress made in the molecular understanding of chronic inflammation.