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Circadian Physiology Third Edition

Author: Roberto Refinetti
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781466514973
Size: 10.85 MB
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Biological processes that repeat themselves every 24 hours within a biological system are called circadian rhythms. The circadian clock affects the operation of practically all functions in the body. Now in its third edition, this book presents the latest information on recent research and clinical developments. This edition discusses anatomical and physiological characterization of photoresponsive ganglionic cells in the mammalian retina. It addresses molecular circadian clocks in cells of multiple organs other than the hypothalamus and the pineal gland. It also explores advances in post-translational mechanisms in the operation of the molecular clock.

Circadian Physiology Third Edition

Author: Roberto Refinetti, PhD.
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466514981
Size: 57.57 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Circadian rhythms influence most of our life activities, notably getting up and going to sleep every day. This new edition of Circadian Physiology delves into the mechanisms surrounding how these rhythms work, the physiology and biology behind them, and the latest research on this cutting-edge field. The book also discusses a wide variety of practical topics including the prevention of jet lag, management of shift work, sleep disorders, depression, and the optimal times for physical and intellectual activities. To facilitate its use as a textbook, the book contains summaries, suggestions for further reading, links to pertinent websites, and exercises at the end of each chapter. It also includes software for data analysis, tutorials, and simulation programs discussed throughout the text. In addition, more than a thousand references have been added, resulting in a total of more than 6000 references. The text has been thoroughly updated as a result of major advances in recent years. This edition adds discussion on the anatomical and physiological characterization of photoresponsive ganglionic cells in the mammalian retina, molecular circadian clocks in cells of multiple organs other than the hypothalamus and the pineal gland, and advances in the understanding of post-translational mechanisms in the operation of the molecular clock.

Insect Clocks Third Edition

Author: D.S. Saunders
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080534718
Size: 28.98 MB
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Chronobiology is the study of timing mechanisms in biological systems as diverse as plants, animals and some micro-organisms. It includes rhythmic phenomena ranging from short period (ultradian) through daily (circadian) to long period (monthly, annual) cycles of behaviour, physiology and biochemistry. In recent years spectacular advances have been made, particularly in the field of circadian rhythms, and hardly a week passes without important papers appearing in the major scientific journals. The third edition of Insect Clocks, like its predecessors, deals with the properties and functions of clock-like processes in one of the planet's most abundant groups of organisms. The first half of the book is concerned with circadian rhythmicity, the second with annual responses such as over-wintering diapause, seasonal morphs and cold hardiness. Insect Clocks puts modern developments in these fields into a secure framework of the 'classical' literature that has defined the subject. The book is directed at active researchers in the field as well as newcomers and scientists working in many other areas of modern biology. It will also serve as a textbook for advanced and less advanced students and should find its way into university libraries wishing to keep abreast of the times.

Textbook Of Animal Behaviour Third Edition

Author: MANDAL, FATIK BARAN
Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN: 8120351487
Size: 72.86 MB
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This well-accepted book, now in its Third Edition, is an extension of the previous edition. The text has further enriched with more information to understand animal behaviour coherently and scientifically. The book attempts to provide a reasonably suitable account of animal behaviour for undergraduate as well as postgraduate students. Although behaviour of animals has fascinated people for a long, behavioural biology has been incorporated in the syllabi very recently. The study of behaviour received its important boost from the work of Charles Darwin who used the term ‘instinct’, to refer to the natural behaviour of animals. In the 1930s, a comprehensive theory of animal behaviour emerged through the work of Konrad Lorenz and, later of Niko Tinbergen. Biological study of behaviour, in fact came of age as a science when Lorenz, Tinbergen and Karl von Frisch received the Nobel Prize for their contribution to science. Observing and describing exactly what animals do is fascinating and scientific analysis of their behaviour is significant for several reasons. Each species tends to have an array of stereotyped behaviours, some of which are shared with related species, but others are unique. Ecology, natural selection, macroevolution, microevolution, and gene constitute the foundation of animal behaviour. Various animal groups exhibit diverse strategies for their survival and reproduction which are discussed in this book. The book is primarily intended for the students of B.Sc./M.Sc. (Zoology/Life Science) for their courses. It would be useful for the researchers in the field of animal behaviour, and conservation biologists. It would also attract students who are pursuing courses in Sociology and Anthropology. Key features • Presents a well-balanced view of ethology. • Discusses the current development in the field. • Includes a glossary of important terms. • Offers chapter-end questions to check the students’ understanding of the concept.

Human Factors In Lighting Third Edition

Author: Peter Robert Boyce
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439874883
Size: 37.32 MB
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The availability of electric lighting has changed the lives of people the world over, yet as a major user of electricity it has come under increasing scrutiny in recent years. This scrutiny has focused largely on the environmental consequences, with little consideration of the benefits of lighting. Human Factors in Lighting, Third Edition restores some balance to the discussion by examining the ways in which people interact with lighting. These interactions influence the ability to perform visual tasks; the perception of people, objects, and spaces; human comfort and behavior; as well as human health and safety. It is only by understanding how to use light to achieve these ends that lighting can be provided effectively and efficiently to the benefit of all. See What’s New in the Third Edition: New chapters on the non-image-forming system, lighting for pedestrians, light pollution, and lighting and electricity use Revision of all other chapters to update them to take into account the advances that have been made in our understanding of the effects of light on people over the last decade Integration of the combined effects of light via the visual and non-image-forming systems on performance and perception The book covers both the visual and the non-visual effects of light on people as well as the benefits of lighting and the costs it imposes on the environment. It details the consequences of exposure to lighting or lighting technology and the role of exposure to light on such basic functions of the body as circadian rhythms. The author combines information from many different sources and integrates them into a coherent overview of lighting practice that can be used to develop better lighting solutions at a lower environmental cost.

Molecular Neuropharmacology A Foundation For Clinical Neuroscience Third Edition

Author: Eric Nestler
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 0071827706
Size: 70.10 MB
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GAIN A COMPLETE UNDERSTANDING OF NERVOUS SYSTEM FUNCTION AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO HUMAN NEUROLOGIC DISORDERS Molecular Neuropharmacology first reviews the fundamental biochemistry of the functioning nervous system and then describes how nerve cells communicate with one another through numerous types of neurotransmitters involving amino acids, monoamines, neuropeptides, and neurotrophic factors, among several others. The neuropharmacology and neural circuits that underlie complex behaviors as well as major neural disorders are also discussed as are the drugs used to treat those conditions. In the final section, the authors use the concepts presented in the first two sections to explain how irregularities in the biochemistry of neuronal interactions can lead to a wide array of clinical manifestations. FEATURES NEW chapter on neuroinflammation All chemical structure illustrations have been redrawn and improved Fully updated to reflect the latest breakthroughs and new drugs The most well-written and easily understood work on the subject More than 300 full-color illustrations!

Principles And Practice Of Sleep Medicine

Author: Meir H. Kryger
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 1437736092
Size: 45.12 MB
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Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine, 5th Edition, by Meir H. Kryger, MD, FRCPC, Thomas Roth, PhD, and William C. Dement, MD, PhD, delivers the comprehensive, dependable guidance you need to effectively diagnose and manage even the most challenging sleep disorders. Updates to genetics and circadian rhythms, occupational health, sleep in older people, memory and sleep, physical examination of the patient, comorbid insomnias, and much more keep you current on the newest areas of the field. A greater emphasis on evidence-based approaches helps you make the most well-informed clinical decisions. And, a new more user-friendly, full-color format, both in print and online, lets you find the answers you need more quickly and easily. Whether you are preparing for the new sleep medicine fellowship examination, or simply want to offer your patients today's best care, this is the one resource to use! Make optimal use of the newest scientific discoveries and clinical approaches that are advancing the diagnosis and management of sleep disorders. Stay on top of the hottest topics in sleep medicine with 56 new chapters, including: Postpartum Sleep Disturbances Fatigue Risk Management What does Brain Imaging Reveal about Sleep Genesis and Maintenance? Physician Examination of the Sleep Patient Forensic Sleep Medicine Pathophysiology and Models of Insomnia Treatment of Insomnia: Developing Treatment Guidelines Restrictive Lung Disorders Sleep Medicine in the Elderly: Obstructive Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Metabolic, and Renal Disorders Sleep Apnea, Obesity and Bariatric Surgery Sleep and Renal Disease Theories of Dreaming Why We Dream Sleep, Stress, and Burnout Evaluating Sleep EEG and Sleep Stage Scoring And more Master the newest areas in the field with 5 new sections covering: Sleep Mechanisms and Phylogeny Genetics of Sleep Physiology in Sleep Occupational Sleep Medicine Sleep Medicine in the Elderly Apply evidence-based approaches wherever available. Find answers more easily thanks to a new user-friendly, full-color format. Access the complete contents online from any computer and perform rapid searches on any topic. Follow links to PubMed abstracts for most bibliographical references. Access regular updates reflecting important new clinical developments. View video clips demonstrating key manifestations of sleep disturbances and interviews with sleep medicine pioneers and thought leaders. Enhance your knowledge with hundreds of self-assessment questions. Download patient education handouts in multiple languages. Import all of the images and tables into PowerPoint.