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Civic Discourse Civil Society And Chinese Communities

Author: Randy Kluver
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9781567504439
Size: 56.75 MB
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Brings together a set of chapters that investigate the communication practices through which Chinese societies are creating their civil foundations for the next millennium.

Inherited Responsibility And Historical Reconciliation In East Asia

Author: Jun-Hyeok Kwak
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415535697
Size: 50.80 MB
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Contemporary East Asian societies are still struggling with complex legacies of colonialism, war and domination. Years of Japanese imperial occupation followed by the Cold War have entrenched competing historical understandings of responsibility for past crimes in Korea, China, Japan and elsewhere in the region. In this context, even the impressive economic and cultural networks that have developed over the past sixty years have failed to secure peaceful coexistence and overcome lingering attitudes of distrust and misunderstanding in the region. This book examines the challenges of historical reconciliation in East Asia, and, in doing so, calls for a reimagining of how we understand both historical identity and responsibility. It suggests that by adopting a 'forward-looking' approach that eschews obsession with the past, in favour of a reflective and deliberative engagement with history, real progress can be made towards peaceful coexistence in East Asia. With chapters that focus on select experiences from East Asia, while simultaneously situating them within a wider comparative perspective, the contributors to this volume focus on the close relationship between reconciliation and 'inherited responsibility' and reveal the contested nature of both concepts. Finally, this volume suggests that historical reconciliation is essential for strengthening mutual trust between the states and people of East Asia, and suggests ways in which such divisive legacies of conflict can be overcome. Providing both an overview of the theoretical arguments surrounding reconciliation and inherited responsibility, alongside examples of these concepts from across East Asia, this book will be valuable to students and scholars interested in Asian politics, Asian history and international relations more broadly.

Civil Society

Author: Sudipta Kaviraj
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521002905
Size: 80.64 MB
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Civil Society is one of the most used--and abused--concepts in current political thinking. Fifteen leading scholars clarify the theoretical meanings of the concept as well as consider the different historical contexts in which it has been used outside the West. The volume is divided into two parts: the first section analyzes the meaning of civil society in different theoretical traditions of Western philosophy. In the second section, contributors consider the theoretical and practical contexts in which this idea has been invoked in Asia, Africa and Latin America.

Human Rights Power And Civic Action

Author: Bård A. Andreassen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134121105
Size: 76.97 MB
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Human Rights, Power and Civic Action examines the interrelationship between struggles for human rights and the dynamics of power, focusing on situations of poverty and oppression in developing countries. It is argued that the concept of power is a relatively neglected one in the study of rights-based approaches to development, especially the ways in which structures and relations of power can limit human rights advocacy. Therefore this book focuses on how local and national struggles for rights have been constrained by power relations and structural inequalities, as well as the extent to which civic action has been able to challenge, alter or transform such power structures, and simultaneously to enhance protection of people’s basic human rights. Contributors examine and compare struggles to advance human rights by non-governmental actors in Cambodia, China, Ghana, Kenya, South Africa and Zimbabwe. The country case-studies analyse structures of power responsible for the negation and denial of human rights, as well as how rights-promoting organisations challenge such structures. Utilising a comparative approach, the book provides empirically grounded studies leading to new theoretical understanding of the interrelationships between human rights struggles, power and poverty reduction. Human Rights, Power and Civic Action will be of interest to students and scholars of human rights politics, power, development, and governance.

Civil Society And Political Change In Asia

Author: Muthiah Alagappa
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804750974
Size: 41.75 MB
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A systematic investigation of the connection between civil society and political change in Asia - change toward open, participatory, and accountable politics. Its findings suggest that the link between a vibrant civil society and democracy is indeterminate: certain civil society organizations support democracy; thers could undermine it.

Inner Experience Of The Chinese People

Author: Xiaohong Zhou
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811049866
Size: 23.34 MB
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This book comprehensively explores the changes in the Chinese spiritual world from the perspective of transition and transformation. Chinese feeling, a brand-new concept corresponding to Chinese experience, refers to the vicissitudes that 1.3 billion Chinese people have been through in their spiritual worlds. The book discusses this concept together with Chinese experience, two aspects of the transformation of the Chinese mentality that resulted from the unprecedented social changes since 1978, and which have given this unique era historical meaning and cultural values. At the same time they offer a dual perspective for understanding this great social transition. Further, the book considers what will happen if we only focus on the “Chinese Experience” while neglecting the “Chinese Feeling”; the changes the Chinese people undergo when their desires, wishes and personalities have changed China; and how their emotionally charged social mentality follow ebbs and flows of the changing society. Lastly it asks what embarrassment and frustration the population will be faced with next after the tribulations their spiritual world has already been through.

Imagined Communities

Author: Benedict Anderson
Publisher: Verso
ISBN: 1844670864
Size: 36.73 MB
Format: PDF
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The definitive, bestselling book on the origins and development of nationalism...

Islam And Civil Society In Southeast Asia

Author: Nakamura Mitsuo
Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies
ISBN: 9789812301123
Size: 26.88 MB
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The Islamic world, often regarded as an anathema to civil society, in fact has rich traditions of associational life pursuing “common good”. These religious resources have been reinterpreted for the enhancement of civic virtues and participatory politics in contemporary context, that is, democratization. Such pioneering efforts have been clearly observable in Muslim Southeast Asia. In November 1999, the Sasakawa Peace Foundation invited ten Muslim activists and scholars from the region to Japan for exchanging views and experiences among themselves and with Japanese participants. Here their papers and discussions are compiled into a book, Islam and Civil Society in Southeast Asia.

Civil Society

Author: C. M. Hann
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415132183
Size: 80.32 MB
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The term 'civil society' has in recent years enjoyed something of a vogue. Social scientists in many countries have enthusiastically endorsed it as an ideal model of social organization, but from an anthropological point of view this seems odd. How can an elusive idea that is clearly European in origin - and which, on closer scrutiny, throws little light even on the current social realities in Europe - gain the status of a universal perspective model? Civil society is often presented as a distinct private sphere and equated with the voluntary or non-governmental sector. The contributors to Civil Society challenge such narrow definitions in the light of ethnographic research. They argue for a broader understanding of civil society, encompassing a range of everyday social practices, often elusive power relations and the many material constraints that influence shared moralities and ideologies. Drawing on case materials from the USA, Britain, four of the former communist countries of Eastern Europe, Turkey and the Middle East, Indonesia, China and Japan, the studies presented here demonstrate the contribution that anthropology can make to the current debate in the social sciences. They also add up to an exciting renewal of the agenda for political anthropology.