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Closing The Asylums

Author: George Paulson, M.D.
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 078649266X
Size: 55.47 MB
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One of the most significant medical and social initiatives of the twentieth century was the demolition of the traditional state hospitals that housed most of the mentally ill, and the placement of the patients out into the community. The causes of this deinstitutionalization included both idealism and legal pressures, newly effective medications, the establishment of nursing and group homes, the woeful inadequacy of the aging giant hospitals, and an attitudinal change that emphasized environmental and social factors, not organic ones, as primarily responsible for mental illness. Though closing the asylums promised more freedom for many, encouraged community acceptance and enhanced outpatient opportunities, there were unintended consequences: increased homelessness, significant prison incarcerations of the mentally ill, inadequate community support or governmental funding. This book is written from the point of view of an academic neurologist who has served 60 years as an employee or consultant in typical state mental institutions in North Carolina and Ohio.

A History Of Public Health

Author: George Rosen
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421416018
Size: 56.33 MB
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Since publication in 1958, George Rosen’s classic book has been regarded as the essential international history of public health. Describing the development of public health in classical Greece, imperial Rome, England, Europe, the United States, and elsewhere, Rosen illuminates the lives and contributions of the field’s great figures. He considers such community health problems as infectious disease, water supply and sewage disposal, maternal and child health, nutrition, and occupational disease and injury. And he assesses the public health landscape of health education, public health administration, epidemiological theory, communicable disease control, medical care, statistics, public policy, and medical geography. Rosen, writing in the 1950s, may have had good reason to believe that infectious diseases would soon be conquered. But as Dr. Pascal James Imperato writes in the new foreword to this edition, infectious disease remains a grave threat. Globalization, antibiotic resistance, and the emergence of new pathogens and the reemergence of old ones, have returned public health efforts to the basics: preventing and controlling chronic and communicable diseases and shoring up public health infrastructures that provide potable water, sewage disposal, sanitary environments, and safe food and drug supplies to populations around the globe. A revised introduction by Elizabeth Fee frames the book within the context of the historiography of public health past, present, and future, and an updated bibliography by Edward T. Morman includes significant books on public health history published between 1958 and 2014. For seasoned professionals as well as students, A History of Public Health is visionary and essential reading.

Pastoral Power Beyond Psychology S Marginalization

Author: Philip Browning Helsel
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137492694
Size: 48.50 MB
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This book explores the suffering of social class and how traditional biomedical models for mental illness do not adequately account for the stresses of poverty. Turning to mental health user testimonies, this book equips ministers and counsellors to become working class advocates.

Encyclopedia Of Social Problems

Author: Vincent N. Parrillo
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412941652
Size: 58.50 MB
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From terrorism to social inequality and from health care to environmental issues, social problems affect us all. The Encyclopedia will offer an interdisciplinary perspective into these and many other social problems that are a continuing concern in our lives, whether we confront them on a personal, local, regional, national, or global level.

Armut Und Wahnsinn

Author: Jens Gründler
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3486729748
Size: 44.78 MB
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In Großbritannien errichteten und finanzierten die Verwaltungen der Armenfürsorge seit dem mittleren 19. Jahrhundert große psychiatrische Institutionen. Die Geschichte der Patientinnen und Patienten dieser Anstalten ist für den schottischen Fall bisher weitgehend vernachlässigt worden. Jens Gründler verfolgt in seinem Buch die Lebenswege von Insassen und deren Familien vor, während und nach der stationären Aufnahme in eine Anstalt der Glasgower Armenfürsorge, um den Einfluss dieser Akteure auf das System der Armenpsychiatrie nachzuzeichnen. Dafür greift er auf Kranken- und Armenakten der Betroffenen zurück und kann so nachweisen, dass die Funktion und Nutzung der Einrichtungen in der Praxis weniger von Medizinern und Bürokraten, sondern maßgeblich von den Angehörigen der Erkrankten geprägt wurde.

Normal

Author: Allen Frances
Publisher: Dumont Buchverlag
ISBN: 3832187111
Size: 35.82 MB
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1980 hielt man einen Menschen für normal, wenn er ein Jahr lang um einen nahen Angehörigen trauerte. 1994 empfahl man Psychiatern mindestens zwei Monate Trauerzeit abzuwarten, bevor man Traurigkeit, Schlaflosigkeit, Konzentrationsstörungen und Apathie als behandlungsbedürftige Depression einstufte. Mit dem neuen Katalog psychischer Störungen ›DSM 5‹ wird ab Mai 2013 empfohlen, schon nach wenigen Wochen die Alarmglocken zu läuten. Vor einer Inflation der Diagnosen in der Psychiatrie warnt deshalb der international renommierte Psychiater Allen Frances. Er zeigt auf, welche brisanten Konsequenzen die Veröffentlichung haben wird: Alltäg-liche und zum Leben gehörende Sorgen und Seelenzustände werden als behandlungsbedürftige, geistige Krankheiten kategorisiert. Verständlich und kenntnisreich schildert Allen Frances, was diese Änderungen bedeuten, wie es zu der überhandnehmenden Pathologisierung allgemein-menschlicher Verhaltensweisen kommen konnte, welche Interessen dahinterstecken und welche Gegenmaßnahmen es gibt. Ein fundamentales Buch über Geschichte, Gegenwart und Zukunft psychiatrischer Diagnosen sowie über die Grenzen der Psychiatrie – und ein eindrückliches Plädoyer für das Recht, normal zu sein.