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Coastal Zones Ecosystem Services

Author: R. Kerry Turner
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331917214X
Size: 43.25 MB
Format: PDF
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This book applies the ‘ecosystem services’ framework to coastal environments, showing how it could facilitate an adaptive management strategy. The contributors describe a decision support system (DSS) based on the 3 Ps – pluralism, pragmatism and precaution – that leads to a more flexible, ‘learn by doing’ approach to the stewardship of coastal environments. The book lays out a “Balance Sheets Approach” to formatting, interrogating and presenting data and findings. The opening chapter defines coastal zones, their characteristics and natural resources, and describes their complex and dynamic nature. The chapter shows that large-scale trends and pressures have led to a global loss of 50% of marshes, leading to significant declines in biodiversity and habitat. Part I presents a conceptual framework, describes natural science techniques for coastal and shelf modeling, and describes valuation of ecosystem services. Part II outlines practical ecosystem indicators for coastal and marine ecosystem services, reviews literature on valuation of coastal and marine ecosystem services, explores scenarios, outlines marine and coastal ecosystem services data and offers tools for incorporating data into decision-making. PART III offers case studies including one linking the ecosystem services of Marine Protected Areas to benefits in human wellbeing; and another on valuing blue carbon captured by oceans and coastal ecosystems. Also included are a study of managed realignments and the English coastline and their value estimate transferability; and studies of the impact of jellyfish blooms on recreation in the UK and on fisheries in Italy.

Bridging The Gap Between Policy And Science In Assessing The Health Status Of Marine Ecosystems 2nd Edition

Author: Angel Borja
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889451267
Size: 21.94 MB
Format: PDF
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Marine management requires approaches which bring together the best research from the natural and social sciences. It requires stakeholders to be well-informed by science and to work across administrative and geographical boundaries, a feature especially important in the inter-connected marine environment. Marine management must ensure that the natural structure and functioning of ecosystems is maintained to provide ecosystem services. Once those marine ecosystem services have been created, they deliver societal goods as long as society inputs its skills, time, money and energy to gather those benefits. However, if societal goods and benefits are to be limitless, society requires appropriate administrative, legal and management mechanisms to ensure that the use of such benefits do not impact on environmental quality, but instead support its sustainable use.

Ecological Economics Of The Oceans And Coasts

Author: M. G. Patterson
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 9781782542483
Size: 49.29 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Patterson (New Zealand Centre for Ecological Economics, Massey U., New Zealand) and Glavovic (School of People, Environment and Planning at Massey U.) aim to help establish an ecological economics of the oceans and coasts by presenting 15 papers that addr

Sustainable Practices Concepts Methodologies Tools And Applications

Author: Management Association, Information Resources
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466648538
Size: 69.65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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"This reference explores some of the most recent developments in sustainability, delving into topics beyond environmental science to cover issues of sustainable economic, political, and social development"--Provided by publisher.

Econometric Methods For Analyzing Economic Development

Author: Schaeffer, Peter V.
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466643307
Size: 51.88 MB
Format: PDF
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Exploring and understanding the analysis of economic development is essential as global economies continue to experience extreme fluctuation. Econometrics brings together statistical methods for practical content and economic relations. Econometric Methods for Analyzing Economic Development is a comprehensive collection that focuses on various regions and their economies at a pivotal time when the majority of nations are struggling with stabilizing their economies. Outlining areas such as employment rates, utilization of natural resources, and regional impacts, this collection of research is an excellent tool for scholars, academics, and professionals looking to expand their knowledge on today’s turbulent and changing economy.

Valuing Ecosystem Services

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 030909318X
Size: 46.41 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Nutrient recycling, habitat for plants and animals, flood control, and water supply are among the many beneficial services provided by aquatic ecosystems. In making decisions about human activities, such as draining a wetland for a housing development, it is essential to consider both the value of the development and the value of the ecosystem services that could be lost. Despite a growing recognition of the importance of ecosystem services, their value is often overlooked in environmental decision-making. This report identifies methods for assigning economic value to ecosystem servicesâ€"even intangible onesâ€"and calls for greater collaboration between ecologists and economists in such efforts.

Ecosystem Services

Author: Ronald E. Hester
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1849730180
Size: 22.68 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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As human populations grow, so do the resource demands imposed on ecosystems, and the impacts of anthropogenic use and abuse are becoming ever more apparent. This has led to the development of the concept of ecosystem services, which describes the beneficial functions provided by ecosystems for human society. Ecosystem services are limited and hence threatened by over-exploitation, and there is an urgent imperative to evaluate trade-offs between immediate and long-term human needs and to take action to protect biodiversity, which is a key factor in delivering ecosystem services. To help inform decision-makers, economic value is increasingly being associated with many ecosystem services and is often based on the replacement with anthropogenic alternatives. The on-going challenges of maintaining sustainable ecosystems and prescribing economic value to nature is prompting multi-disciplinary shifts in how we recognise and manage the environment. This volume brings together emerging topics in environmental science, making an excellent source for policy makers and environmental consultants working in the field or related areas. Ecosystem Services also serves as a concise and referenced primer for advanced students and researchers in environmental science and management.

Water Ecosystem Services

Author: Julia Martin-Ortega
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107100372
Size: 72.85 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book uses ecosystem services-based approaches to address major global and regional water challenges, for researchers, students, and policy makers.

Ocean Acidification

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 030915359X
Size: 50.89 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The ocean has absorbed a significant portion of all human-made carbon dioxide emissions. This benefits human society by moderating the rate of climate change, but also causes unprecedented changes to ocean chemistry. Carbon dioxide taken up by the ocean decreases the pH of the water and leads to a suite of chemical changes collectively known as ocean acidification. The long term consequences of ocean acidification are not known, but are expected to result in changes to many ecosystems and the services they provide to society. Ocean Acidification: A National Strategy to Meet the Challenges of a Changing Ocean reviews the current state of knowledge, explores gaps in understanding, and identifies several key findings. Like climate change, ocean acidification is a growing global problem that will intensify with continued CO2 emissions and has the potential to change marine ecosystems and affect benefits to society. The federal government has taken positive initial steps by developing a national ocean acidification program, but more information is needed to fully understand and address the threat that ocean acidification may pose to marine ecosystems and the services they provide. In addition, a global observation network of chemical and biological sensors is needed to monitor changes in ocean conditions attributable to acidification.

Routledge Handbook Of Ecosystem Services

Author: Marion Potschin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317687035
Size: 44.54 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The idea that nature provides services to people is one of the most powerful concepts to have emerged over the last two decades. It is shaping our understanding of the role that biodiverse ecosystems play in the environment and their benefits for humankind. As a result, there is a growing interest in operational and methodological issues surrounding ecosystem services amongst environmental managers, and many institutions are now developing teaching programmes to equip the next generation with the skills needed to apply the concepts more effectively. This handbook provides a comprehensive reference text on ecosystem services, integrating natural and social science (including economics). Collectively the chapters, written by the world's leading authorities, demonstrate the importance of biodiversity for people, policy and practice. They also show how the value of ecosystems to society can be expressed in monetary and non-monetary terms, so that the environment can be better taken into account in decision making. The significance of the ecosystem service paradigm is that it helps us redefine and better communicate the relationships between people and nature. It is shown how these are essential to resolving challenges such as sustainable development and poverty reduction, and the creation of a green economy in developing and developed world contexts.