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Cognitive Psychology

Author: Lawrence W. Barsalou
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317783689
Size: 47.76 MB
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This text presents the basic concepts of modern cognitive psychology in a succinct and accessible manner. Empirical results, theoretical developments, and current issues are woven around basic concepts to produce coherent accounts of research areas. Barsalou's primary goal is to equip readers with a conceptual vocabulary that acquaints them with the general approach of cognitive psychology and allows them to follow more technical discussions elsewhere. In meeting this goal, he discusses the traditional work central to modern thinking and reviews current work relevant to cognitive science. Besides focusing on research and theory in cognitive psychology, Barsalou also addresses its fundamental assumptions. Because the cognitive approach to psychology is somewhat subtle, often misunderstood, and sometimes controversial, it is essential for a text on cognitive psychology to address the assumptions that underlie it. Therefore, three of the eleven chapters address the "meta- assumptions" that govern research and theory in cognitive psychology. These meta-chapters provide a deeper understanding of the content areas and a clearer vision of what cognitive psychologists are trying to accomplish. The remaining eight "content" chapters cover the central topics in cognitive psychology. This book will be of value to a variety of audiences. Ideal for researchers in computer science, linguistics, philosophy, anthropology, and neuroscience who wish to acquaint themselves with cognitive psychology, it may also be used as a text for courses in cognitive science and cognitive psychology. Lay readers who wish to learn about the cognitive approach to scientific psychology will also find the volume useful.

Philosophy Of Science

Author: William Bechtel
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317767489
Size: 11.81 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This text focuses on two major issues: the nature of scientific inquiry and the relations between scientific disciplines. Designed to introduce the basic issues and concepts in the philosophy of science, Bechtel writes for an audience with little or no philosophical background. The first part of the book explores the legacy of Logical Positivism and the subsequent post-Positivistic developments in the philosophy of science. The second section examines arguments for and against using a model of theory reduction to integrate scientific disciplines. The book concludes with a chapter describing non-reductionist approaches for relating scientific disciplines using psycholinguistic and cognitive neuroscience models.

Philosophy Of Mind

Author: William Bechtel
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 131778541X
Size: 23.31 MB
Format: PDF
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Specifically designed to make the philosophy of mind intelligible to those not trained in philosophy, this book provides a concise overview for students and researchers in the cognitive sciences. Emphasizing the relevance of philosophical work to investigations in other cognitive sciences, this unique text examines such issues as the meaning of language, the mind-body problem, the functionalist theories of cognition, and intentionality. As he explores the philosophical issues, Bechtel draws connections between philosophical views and theoretical and experimental work in such disciplines as cognitive psychology, artificial intelligence, linguistics, neuroscience, and anthropology.

Kognitive Grundlagen Lexikalischer Hierarchien

Author: Wiltrud Mihatsch
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110916509
Size: 57.64 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Begriffshierarchien auf der Basis von Inklusionsbeziehungen sind seit der Antike ein unverzichtbares Element abendländischer Wissensstrukturen und werden als zentrales lexikalisches Organisationsprinzip betrachtet. In den letzten Jahrzehnten wurde nun beobachtet, dass Konzepte der Basisebene bildhaft und autonom sind, nicht aber durch Inklusion über ihre Oberbegriffe konstituiert werden. Diese Arbeit deckt am Beispiel des Französischen, Spanischen und weiterer Sprachen auf der Grundlage von Korpora und lexikographischen Daten die Konsequenzen der Basisebene für die Organisation des Alltagswortschatzes auf. So sind Substantive unterhalb der Basisebene häufig von Basislexemen abgeleitet oder zeigen ihre Abhängigkeit in sekundär erworbenen sprachlichen Eigenschaften. Übergeordnete Substantive beruhen ebenfalls auf Basiskonzepten - nämlich auf Konjunktionen mehrerer Basiskonzepte, was diachron in ihrer Entstehung aus Kollektiva, synchron in ihrem überwiegend pluralischen Gebrauch sichtbar wird. Dem Inklusionsprinzip gehorchen lediglich Fachtermini, die unabhängig von Basiskonzepten definiert werden können, jedoch bei Aufnahme in den Alltagswortschatz ebenfalls eine Verankerung in der Basisebene erfahren, die typisch für Lexikalisierungsprozesse ist. Von dieser Tendenz unberührt sind dagegen generische Substantive wie >Ding

Cognitive Grammar

Author: Ronald W. Langacker
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198044192
Size: 64.91 MB
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This book fills a long standing need for a basic introduction to Cognitive Grammar that is current, authoritative, comprehensive, and approachable. It presents a synthesis that draws together and refines the descriptive and theoretical notions developed in this framework over the course of three decades. In a unified manner, it accommodates both the conceptual and the social-interactive basis of linguistic structure, as well as the need for both functional explanation and explicit structural description. Starting with the fundamentals, essential aspects of the theory are systematically laid out with concrete illustrations and careful discussion of their rationale. Among the topics surveyed are conceptual semantics, grammatical classes, grammatical constructions, the lexicon-grammar continuum characterized as assemblies of symbolic structures (form-meaning pairings), and the usage-based account of productivity, restrictions, and well-formedness. The theory's central claim - that grammar is inherently meaningful - is thereby shown to be viable. The framework is further elucidated through application to nominal structure, clause structure, and complex sentences. These are examined in broad perspective, with exemplification from English and numerous other languages. In line with the theory's general principles, they are discussed not only in terms of their structural characterization, but also their conceptual value and functional motivation. Other matters explored include discourse, the temporal dimension of language structure, and what grammar reveals about cognitive processes and the construction of our mental world.

Visual Cognition

Author: Steven Pinker
Publisher: Bradford Books
ISBN: 9780262661782
Size: 64.58 MB
Format: PDF
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These essays tackle some of the central issues in visual cognition, presenting experimental techniques from cognitive psychology, new ways of modeling cognitive processes on computers from artificial intelligence, and new ways of studying brain organization from neuropsychology, to address such questions as: How do we recognize objects in front of us? How do we reason about objects when they are absent and only in memory? How do we conceptualize the three dimensions of space? Do different people do these things in different ways? And where are these abilities located in the brain?While this research, which appeared as a special issue of the journal Cognition, is at the cutting edge of cognitive science, it does not assume a highly technical background on the part of readers. The book begins with a tutorial introduction by the editor, making it suitable for specialists and nonspecialists alike.Steven Pinker is Associate Professor, Department of Psychology and Center for Cognitive Science at MIT.