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Collective Choice And Social Welfare

Author: Amartya Sen
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0241244609
Size: 62.46 MB
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Nobel Prize winner Amartya Sen's first great book, now reissued in a fully revised and expanded second edition 'Can the values which individual members of society attach to different alternatives be aggregated into values for society as a whole, in a way that is both fair and theoretically sound? Is the majority principle a workable rule for making decisions? How should income inequality be measured? When and how can we compare the distribution of welfare in different societies?' These questions, from the citation by the Swedish Academy of Sciences when Amartya Sen was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics, refer to his work in Collective Choice and Social Welfare, the most important of all his early books. Originally published in 1970, this classic work in welfare economics has been recognized for its ground-breaking role in integrating economics and ethics, and for its influence in opening up new areas of research in social choice, including aggregative assessment. It has also had a large influence on international organizations, including the United Nations, particularly in its work on human development. In its original version, the book showed that the 'impossibility theorems' in social choice theory-led by the pioneering work of Kenneth Arrow-need not be seen as destructive of the possibility of reasoned and democratic social choice. Sen's ideas about social choice, welfare economics, inequality, poverty and human rights have continued to evolve since the book's first appearance. This expanded edition, which begins by reproducing the 1970 edition in its entirety, goes on to present eleven new chapters of new arguments and results. As in the original version, the new chapters alternate between non-mathematical chapters completely accessible to all, and those which present mathematical arguments and proofs. The reader who prefers to shun mathematics can follow all the non-mathematical chapters on their own, to receive a full, informal understanding. There is also a substantial new introduction which gives a superb overview of the whole subject of social choice.

Individual And Collective Choice And Social Welfare

Author: Constanze Binder
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 366246439X
Size: 11.69 MB
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The papers in this volume explore various issues relating to theories of individual and collective choice, and theories of social welfare. The topics include individual and collective rationality, motivation and intention in economics, coercion, public goods, climate change, and voting theory. The book offers an excellent overview over latest research in these fields.

Mindestbesteuerung Und Effizienz

Author: Ronald Krengel
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3835091190
Size: 33.98 MB
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Mithilfe der ökonomischen Analyse des Rechts klärt Ronald Krengel die Frage, ob die Mindestbesteuerungskonzeptionen Deutschlands und der USA einen Beitrag zur Effizienz leisten können.

Hierarchie Und Heterarchie In Organisierungsprozessen

Author: Friedrich J. K. Gerstenlauer
Publisher: Tectum Wissenschaftsverlag
ISBN: 3828870473
Size: 67.87 MB
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Behandelt man Organisationen als Konstrukte, stellt sich früher oder später die Frage, wie diese Konstrukte einzurichten sind, damit sie adaptions- und innovationsfähiges Verhalten zeigen. Die Frage ist bereits seit Jahrzehnten virulent. Das Fehlen einer verbindlichen Antwort kommt daher, dass man diese Konstrukte nicht als determinierte Maschinen, sondern als autonome, gleichsam lebende Systeme behandeln muss. Immerhin sollen sie in der Lage sein, aus eigener Leistung sich selbst und ihre Umwelt zu erkennen und zu verändern. Dabei hilft dem Konstrukteur das vorhandene Wissen und Können der Ingenieure nur wenig. Das vorliegende Buch widmet sich dieser Problematik in ihrer ganzen Bandbreite und Tiefe. Dabei geht es interdisziplinär vor, so dass der Ökonom viel formale Logik, der Logiker viel Philosophie, der Philosoph viel Soziologie und der Soziologe viel Ökonomik vorfindet. Das Verbindende ist dabei stets die Suche nach den formalen Voraussetzungen der Adaptions- und Innovationsfähigkeit einer Organisation. Das Buch identifiziert dazu zwei fundamentale Ordnungsprinzipien – Hierarchie und Heterarchie – um diese in einem Modell zu kombinieren und das Modell anschließend am Beispiel der Münsterbauhütte in Freiburg zu überprüfen.

Domain Conditions In Social Choice Theory

Author: Wulf Gaertner
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139430166
Size: 55.60 MB
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Wulf Gaertner provides a comprehensive account of an important and complex issue within social choice theory: how to establish a social welfare function while restricting the spectrum of individual preferences in a sensible way. Gaertner's starting point is K. J. Arrow's famous 'Impossibility Theorem', which showed that no welfare function could exist if an unrestricted domain of preferences is to be satisfied together with some other appealing conditions. A number of leading economists have tried to provide avenues out of this 'impossibility' by restricting the variety of preferences: here, Gaertner provides a clear and detailed account, using standardized mathematical notation, of well over forty theorems associated with domain conditions. Domain Conditions in Social Choice Theory will be an essential addition to the library of social choice theory for scholars and their advanced graduate students.

Choice Welfare And Measurement

Author: Amartya Kumar Sen
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674127784
Size: 29.18 MB
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Choice, Welfare and Measurement contains many of Amartya Sen's most important contributions to economic analysis and methods, including papers on individual and social choice, preference and rationality, and aggregation and economic measurement. A substantial introductory essay interrelates his diverse concerns, and also analyzes discussions generated by the original papers, focusing on the underlying issues.

Handbook Of Social Choice And Welfare

Author: Kenneth J. Arrow
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080929826
Size: 55.86 MB
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This second part of a two-volume set continues to describe economists' efforts to quantify the social decisions people necessarily make and the philosophies that those choices define. Contributors draw on lessons from philosophy, history, and other disciplines, but they ultimately use editor Kenneth Arrow's seminal work on social choice as a jumping-off point for discussing ways to incentivize, punish, and distribute goods. Develops many subjects from Volume 1 (2002) while introducing new themes in welfare economics and social choice theory Features four sections: Foundations, Developments of the Basic Arrovian Schemes, Fairness and Rights, and Voting and Manipulation Appeals to readers who seek introductions to writings on human well-being and collective decision-making Presents a spectrum of material, from initial insights and basic functions to important variations on basic schemes