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Communicating Popular Science

Author: S. Perrault
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137017589
Size: 31.33 MB
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Technoscientific developments often have far-reaching consequences, both negative and positive, for the public. Yet, because science has the authority to decide which judgments about scientific issues are sound, public concerns are often dismissed because they are not part of the technoscientific paradigm they question. This book addresses the role of science popularization in that paradox; it explains how science writing works and argues that it can do better at promoting public discussions about science-related issues. To support these arguments, it situates science popularization in its historical and cultural context; provides a conceptual framework for analyzing popular science texts; and examines the rhetorical effects of common strategies used in popular science writing. Twenty-six years after Dorothy Nelkin's groundbreaking book, Selling Science: How the Press Covers Science and Technology, popular science writing is still not meeting its potential as a public interest genre; Communicating Popular Science explores how it can move closer to doing so.

Climate Change As Popular Science

Author: Harun Rashid
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 1524558133
Size: 78.74 MB
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We define popular science as interpretations of scientific concepts in plain language (i.e., in nontechnical language) for the general audience, who may or may not have a background in science. Climate Change As popular Science (CCAPS) is a nontechnical interpretation of climate change science, intended for the general audience. We have a blog on this topic under the following web address: https://climatechangepopulardiscourse.wordpress.com/ retrieved on October 23, 2016. We have posted most of the chapters in this book as CCAPS blog posts.

Introducing Science Through Images

Author: Maria E. Gigante
Publisher: Univ of South Carolina Press
ISBN: 1611178754
Size: 10.48 MB
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As funding for basic scientific research becomes increasingly difficult to secure, public support becomes essential. Because of its promise for captivating nonexpert publics, the practice of merging art and imagery with science has been gaining traction in the scientific community. While images have been used with greater frequency in recent years, their value is often viewed as largely superficial. To the contrary, Maria E. Gigante posits in Introducing Science through Images, the value of imagery goes far beyond mere aesthetics—visual elements are powerful communication vehicles. The images examined in this volume, drawn from a wide range of historical periods, serve an introductory function—that is, they appear in a position of primacy relative to text and, like the introduction to a speech, have the potential to make audiences attentive and receptive to the forthcoming content. Gigante calls them “portal” images and explicates their utility in science communication, both to popularize and mystify science in the public eye. Gigante analyzes how science has been represented by various types of portal images: frontispieces, portraits of scientists, popular science magazine covers, and award-winning scientific images from Internet visualization competitions. Using theories of rhetoric and visual communication, she addresses the weak connection between scientific communities and the public and explores how visual elements can best be employed to garner public support for research.

Ethics And Practice In Science Communication

Author: Susanna Priest
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022649795X
Size: 47.76 MB
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From climate to vaccination, stem-cell research to evolution, scientific work is often the subject of public controversies in which scientists and science communicators find themselves enmeshed. Especially with such hot-button topics, science communication plays vital roles. Gathering together the work of a multidisciplinary, international collection of scholars, the editors of Ethics and Practice in Science Communication present an enlightening dialogue involving these communities, one that articulates the often differing objectives and ethical responsibilities communicators face in bringing a range of scientific knowledge to the wider world. In three sections—how ethics matters, professional practice, and case studies—contributors to this volume explore the many complex questions surrounding the communication of scientific results to nonscientists. Has the science been shared clearly and accurately? Have questions of risk, uncertainty, and appropriate representation been adequately addressed? And, most fundamentally, what is the purpose of communicating science to the public: Is it to inform and empower? Or to persuade—to influence behavior and policy? By inspiring scientists and science communicators alike to think more deeply about their work, this book reaffirms that the integrity of the communication of science is vital to a healthy relationship between science and society today.

Die Machiavellis Der Wissenschaft Das Netzwerk Des Leugnens

Author: Erik M. Conway
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527412115
Size: 56.13 MB
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Ein ganz realer Thriller: Wie skrupellose Lobbyisten seriöse Forscher diffamierten und gezielt Falschinformationen in lancierten Medienkampagnen global verbreiteten. Der Plot ist hollywoodreif, die Geschichte so skandalträchtig wie bestürzend Eine Handvoll Forscher leugnet, manipuliert und diskreditiert anerkannte wissenschaftliche Tatsachen wie den Klimawandel oder den Zusammenhang zwischen dem Rauchen und gesundheitlichen Risiken. Doch Die Machiavellis der Wissenschaft (im Original Merchants of Doubt) ist kein fiktiver Roman, sondern berichtet von der Realität. In den USA sorgte das Buch von Naomi Oreskes und Erik M. Conway für Furore und wurde zum Bestseller. Kein Wunder, die Geschichte, die sie erzählen, ist schließlich unglaublich – es ist die Geschichte über den Kampf gegen Fakten und über den Handel mit dem Zweifel, über die Manipulation der Medien und die Diffamierung Einzelner. Und sie geht uns alle an. Schließlich lehnten die USA als einzige Industrienation die Ratifizierung des Kyoto–Protokolls ab und verhinderten so wichtige Schritte des Klimaschutzes. Ein Lehrstück über die Macht der Industrielobby und ihre Handlanger aus Politik und Wissenschaft und ein Lehrstück darüber, wie erschreckend einfach es möglich ist, mit unlauteren Absichten selbst seriöse Medien zu beeinflussen und mit nachweislich falschen Informationen zu »füttern«.

Communicating Science In Social Contexts

Author: Donghong Cheng
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402085982
Size: 58.91 MB
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Science communication, as a multidisciplinary field, has developed remarkably in recent years. It is now a distinct and exceedingly dynamic science that melds theoretical approaches with practical experience. Formerly well-established theoretical models now seem out of step with the social reality of the sciences, and the previously clear-cut delineations and interacting domains between cultural fields have blurred. Communicating Science in Social Contexts examines that shift, which itself depicts a profound recomposition of knowledge fields, activities and dissemination practices, and the value accorded to science and technology. Communicating Science in Social Contexts is the product of long-term effort that would not have been possible without the research and expertise of the Public Communication of Science and Technology (PCST) Network and the editors. For nearly 20 years, this informal, international network has been organizing events and forums for discussion of the public communication of science.

Handbook Of Public Communication Of Science And Technology

Author: Massimiano Bucchi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134170130
Size: 14.84 MB
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Comprehensive yet accessible, this key Handbook provides an up-to-date overview of the fast growing and increasingly important area of ‘public communication of science and technology’, from both research and practical perspectives. As well as introducing the main issues, arenas and professional perspectives involved, it presents the findings of earlier research and the conclusions previously drawn. Unlike most existing books on this topic, this unique volume couples an overview of the practical problems faced by practitioners with a thorough review of relevant literature and research. The practical Handbook format ensures it is a student-friendly resource, but its breadth of scope and impressive contributors means that it is also ideal for practitioners and professionals working in the field. Combining the contributions of different disciplines (media and journalism studies, sociology and history of science), the perspectives of different geographical and cultural contexts, and by selecting key contributions from appropriate and well-respected authors, this original text provides an interdisciplinary as well as a global approach to public communication of science and technology.

Demopolis

Author: Josiah Ober
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783805351201
Size: 21.88 MB
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Die Demokratie ? läuft ihre Zeit ab? Diese Frage wird immer häufiger gestellt, seitdem autoritäre Führer im Vormarsch sind. 'Wir erwarten das Falsche von unserer Demokratie', wäre die Antwort von einem der modernsten Denker unserer Zeit: Josiah Ober. In seinem Grundlagenwerk 'Demopolis' beschreibt der Historiker und Philosoph, was Demokratie im Kern ausmacht. Dazu schaut er auf die ?Wiege der Demokratie?, das alte Griechenland. Im Altertum gab es keine richterliche Unabhängigkeit oder Pressefreiheit, die Errungenschaften des Liberalismus. Und die Bürger, die das heute aufgeben sollen, leben in einer Demokratie?

Forschungsfeld Wissenschaftskommunikation

Author: Heinz Bonfadelli
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658128984
Size: 38.72 MB
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Wissenschaftskommunikation ist zentral für moderne Wissensgesellschaften – und in den vergangenen Jahren immer vielfältiger geworden. Sie findet in der Wissenschaft auf Konferenzen oder in Fachpublikationen statt, in der Politik- und Unternehmensberatung, in Kampagnen, in Massenmedien und in Social Media. Die Kommunikationswissenschaft und andere Sozialwissenschaften haben sich in den letzten Jahren verstärkt mit dem Thema Wissenschaftskommunikation befasst. Der Band kartiert dieses Forschungsfeld, identifiziert zentrale Themen, theoretische Perspektiven und Fragestellungen und stellt den Wissensstand überblickshaft dar.