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Comparative Color Vision

Author: Gerald Jacobs
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323159893
Size: 48.86 MB
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Comparative Color Vision provides information about the means by which color vision has been studied in nonhuman animals and about the outcomes of these studies for a variety of representative species. Individuals who become interested in color vision in animals come from a variety of different educational backgrounds—from the traditional biological and behavioral sciences as well as from more applied fields. Accordingly, this book includes sufficient tutorial information about color vision so that a relative newcomer would be able to make sense out of this area without having to search out still more background material. To provide this, basic information about the psychophysics of color vision and about the methods used to study color vision in animals is presented; along with coverage of the broad range of biological mechanisms responsible for color vision. Subsequent chapters present systematic reviews of studies of color vision in a wide selection of vertebrate species. The final chapter is devoted to a discussion of two fascinating issues raised by studies of animal color vision: the evolutionary origins and the functional utility of color vision.

Color Vision

Author: Reinhold Kliegl
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110161007
Size: 57.86 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Neurobiology, neuroethology, molecular genetics, medicine, psychology, color metrics and measurement, philosophy, and art are among the fields that have been mined to produce a introductory graduate text and a reference for professionals wanting a broad view of current research beyond their specialty. The topics include aging through the eyes of Monet, color vision in lower vertebrates, a historical and contemporary review of the perception of blackness, inferences about infant color vision, and the use of computer graphics in PostScript for color didactics. Well illustrated, often in color. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

The Perception Of Odors

Author: Trygg Engen
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323159990
Size: 13.29 MB
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The Perception of Odors presents concisely and clearly some of the important aspects in the study of olfaction such as perception, human pheromones, and odor pollution. The book consists of 11 detailed chapters. Chapters 1 and 2 serve as the introduction as it outlines the basic principles, historical development, and the anatomy and physiology of olfaction. A chapter on ""Psychophysics"" is included wherein it covers the history of the measurement of odors and developments in the psychophysics of smell. The following chapters deal mostly with areas of research such as odor masking, deodorization, adaptation, odor mixture, and memory. Chapter 9 tackles the relationship of smell, particularly the perception of odor, to other senses. The last two chapters discuss the possible future areas of research and problems in odor perception. This book is a valuable reference to students and researchers studying sensation and perception.

Handbook Of Research Methods In Human Memory And Cognition

Author: C. Richard Puff
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 1483265781
Size: 35.23 MB
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Handbook of Research Methods in Human Memory and Cognition is a compilation of critical examinations of major contemporary research methods in the area of human memory and cognition. The book covers topics that are defined in terms of experimental tasks and materials, aiming to introduce newcomers to the range of methodologies available and allow flexibility of choices for established investigators on how to attack the problem. Recognition memory, free-recall, and prose memory are discussed in detail. Psychologists and researchers in allied fields will find the book a good reference material.

Evolution S Witness

Author: Ivan R Schwab
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019970872X
Size: 32.53 MB
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With predation and carnivory as catalysts, the first known eye appeared in a trilobite during the Cambrian explosion approximately 543 million years ago. This period was a crucible of evolution and teemed with anatomic creativity although the journey to formed vision actually began billions of years before that. The Cambrian period, however, spawned nearly all morphologic forms of the eye, followed by descent over hundreds of millions of years providing an unimaginable variety of eyes with at least ten different designs. Some eyes display spectacular creativity with mirror, scanning or telephoto optics. Some of these ocular designs are merely curiosities, while others offer the finest visual potential packed into a small space, limited only by the laws of diffraction or physiological optics. For example, some spiders developed tiny, well-formed eyes with scanning optics and three visual pigments; scallops have 40-100 eyes circling their mantle, each of which has mirror optics and contains two separate retinae per eye; deep ocean fish have eyes shaped like tubes containing yellow lenses to break camouflage; and some birds have vision five times better than ours; but this is only part of the story. Each animal alive today has an eye that fits is niche perfectly demonstrating the intimacy of the evolutionary process as no other organ could. The evolution of the eye is one of the best examples of Darwinian principles. Although few eyes fossilize in any significant manner, many details of this evolution are known and understood. From initial photoreception 3.75 billion years ago to early spatial recognition in the first cupped eyespot in Euglena to fully formed camera style eyes the size of beach balls in ichthyosaurs, animals have processed light to compete and survive in their respective niches. It is evolution's greatest gift and its greatest triumph. This is the story of the evolution of the eye.

Visual Perception And Cognition In Infancy

Author: Carl Granrud
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1134757336
Size: 47.12 MB
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The chapters in this book are based on papers presented at the 23rd Carnegie Mellon Symposia on Cognition. At this exciting event, speaker after speaker presented new discoveries about infants' visual perception in areas ranging from sensory processes to visual cognition. The field continues to make significant progress in understanding the infant's perceptual world. Several advances have come from the development of new methods for exploring infant perception and cognition that have brought new empirical findings. Advances have also been made in understanding the mechanisms underlying perceptual development. Outstanding examples of this ongoing progress can be seen in the chapters of this volume.

Bpr

Author: Bowker Staff
Publisher: R. R. Bowker
ISBN: 9780835216166
Size: 18.50 MB
Format: PDF
View: 2007
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How Animals See The World

Author: Olga F. Lazareva
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195334655
Size: 70.67 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The visual world of animals is highly diverse and often very different from that of humans. This book provides an extensive review of the latest behavioral and neurobiological research on animal vision, detailing fascinating species similarities and differences in visual processing.