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Competing Conceptions Of Academic Governance

Author: William G. Tierney
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9780801879203
Size: 26.53 MB
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William G. Tierney brings together faculty members, administrators, and policy experts to discuss differing views of academic governance at institutional, state, and international levels. Topics include the effects of globalization and the prospect of international accreditation; balancing the entrepreneurial and philosophical goals of higher education; the interaction between state governments and public universities; and the conflicting interests and roles of boards of trustees, administrators, and faculty.

Academic Governance In The Contemporary University

Author: Julie Rowlands
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811026882
Size: 36.33 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book addresses three central questions in contemporary university governance: (1) How and why has academic governance in Anglophone nations changed in recent years and what impact have these changes had on current practices? (2) How do power relations within universities affect decisions about teaching and research and what are the implications for academic voices? (3) How can those involved in university governance and management improve academic governance processes and outcomes and why is it important that they do so? The book explores these issues in clear, concise and accessible language that will appeal to higher education researchers and governance practitioners alike. It draws on extensive empirical data from key national systems in the Anglophone world but goes beyond the simply descriptive to analyse and explain.

Understanding Community Colleges

Author: John S. Levin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136312455
Size: 18.16 MB
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Understanding Community Colleges provides a comprehensive review of the community college landscape—management and governance, finance, student demographics and development, teaching and learning, policy, faculty, and workforce development—and bridges the gap between research and practice. This contributed volume brings together highly respected scholars in the field who rely upon substantial theoretical perspectives—critical theory, social theory, institutional theory, and organizational theory—for a rich and expansive analysis of community colleges. The latest text to publish in the Core Concepts in Higher Education series, this exciting new text fills a gap in the higher education literature available for students enrolled in Higher Education and Community College graduate programs. This text provides students with: A review of salient research related to the community college field. Critical theoretical perspectives underlying current policies. An understanding of how theory links to practice, including focused end-of-chapter discussion questions. A fresh examination of emerging issues and insight into contemporary community college practices and policy.

The Search For New Governance Of Higher Education In Asia

Author: K. Mok
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230111556
Size: 11.92 MB
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The present volume sets out in the wider context of globalization to critically examine how selected countries / societies in Asia have responded to the growing pressures of globalization for improving university performance in the global market place. In order to enhance the global competitiveness of their higher education systems, many governments in Asia have started comprehensive reforms and adopted new governance measures to enhance their universities. Incorporation and corporatization have been identified as important strategies to restructure and re-engineer university governance around the world. Contributors in this volume critically examine how the quest for world-class university status (as a global movement) has affected the way their universities are governed. Despite the popularity of management reforms and restructuring exercises in line with neoliberalism and managerialism worldwide, whether and how these reforms have actually transformed the heart of the public sector is still subject to debate. This book offers critical reflections on the governance change taking place in the Asian university systems and examines how far the restructuring of higher education governance through incorporation, privatization, and corporatization has really transformed the values and practices of those who work in the higher education sector.

Higher Education Handbook Of Theory And Research

Author: John C. Smart
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402069598
Size: 36.78 MB
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The Handbook series provides a compendium of thorough and integrative literature reviews on a diverse array of topics of interest to the higher education scholarly and policy communities. Each chapter provides a comprehensive review of research findings on a selected topic, critiques the research literature in terms of its conceptual and methodological rigor, and sets forth an agenda for future research intended to advance knowledge on the chosen topic.

Creating A Tipping Point Strategic Human Resources In Higher Education

Author: Alvin Evans
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118437454
Size: 16.25 MB
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In a turbulent, unstable era of severe financial pressures, the development of strategic human resource (HR) practices has become an urgent mandate in higher education. With significant and widespread institutional shifts resulting from globalization, heightened competition, and rapid innovation, educational leaders must optimize their most significant resource—human capital—and align HR strategies, structures, and processes with organizational goals. Due to substantial cuts in state appropriations and rapidly diminishing budgets, public institutions of higher education in particular are struggling to realign resources and programs to fulfill their educational missions and maintain academic quality, while simultaneously responding to complex external legislative and accreditation mandates. In light of these challenges, Creating a Tipping Point: Strategic Human Resources in Higher Education breaks new ground by presenting a research-based approach that supports the evolution of HR practices from siloed, transactional models to strategic operations that serve the entire university. This monograph provides a concrete, progressive road map to developing organizational capabilities in support of the university's academic mission and illustrates this pathway with examples drawn from public research universities. It offers strategies, tools, metrics, and action steps that support the development of an effective and efficient strategic HR operation in higher education. For institutions seeking to implement strategic HR, this book is a practical and invaluable resource.

New Players Different Game

Author: William G. Tierney
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9780801886577
Size: 50.30 MB
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As the economic value of education increases, as more students seek to complete college courses while forgoing the "undergraduate experience," and as funding for public higher education decreases, the for-profit higher education sector has exploded. In New Players, Different Game, William G. Tierney and Guilbert C. Hentschke compare for-profit and not-for-profit models of higher education to assess the strengths and weaknesses of both. For-profit institutions offer a fundamentally distinct type of postsecondary education. Some critics argue the institutions are so different they should not be accepted as an integral part of the American higher education system. Here, Tierney and Hentschke explore what traditional and nontraditional colleges and universities can learn from each other, comparing how they recruit students, employ faculty, and organize instructional programs. The authors suggest that, rather than continuing their standoff, the two sectors could mutually benefit from examining each other’s culture, practices, and outcomes.

In View Of Academic Careers And Career Making Scholars

Author: Victor N. Shaw
Publisher: Information Age Publishing
ISBN: 9781593118853
Size: 75.41 MB
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This volume connects career making to the general social context in which it takes place, careermaking individuals to the large institutional establishment in which they operate, and specifically career academicians to the overall knowledge enterprise from which they draw their intellectual inspiration, on which they build their career achievements, and to which they contribute their personal talents. The main purpose is to explore what academic institutions, the knowledge enterprise, and the society as a whole can and ought to do to enhance productivity, facilitate performance, and improve experience of individual academicians in their career-making endeavor. Although various innovative ideas are presented to improve normal procedures or standard processes throughout academia, answers to this focal question often lie in different levels of organizational units involved in academic operation. That is, what should a department do for its faculty, a college for its departments, a university for its colleges, an association for its member organizations, or a government for its academic institutions, in the best interest of the latter? Similarly, although reformative measures are proposed to the attention of established entities or institutionalized systems, change within the existing situation or practice to a large degree depends upon how people in various social roles relate to each other, in attitude as well as in behavior, when they perform their specific job. In other words, what should a professor do for graduate students, a senior scholar for junior colleagues, a chair for faculty members, a dean for chairs, a university chancellor for deans, an editor for authors, or an association president for the general membership, from the due perspective of the latter? The logic or legitimacy of examining this focal question and its organizational unit and social role is clear: a shining academician owes much to the support of his or her assistants, students, and followers, a rising university builds on the productivity of its individual divisions, and a thriving knowledge enterprise depends upon the success of individual career-making scholars. Beyond its own functionality and success, by division of labor, the higher level or the larger system has an inescapable responsibility to ensure that individual players or components therein grow, develop, and perform to the best of their potential. In content, this volume consists of sixteen chapters. Chapter 1 identifies main pathways and stages in academic careers. Chapters 2-5 focuses on the career process, exploring major requirements that an academician has to work on and fulfill in his or her career-making endeavor. These requirements include educational preparation, job search, institutional placement, and professional networking. Chapters 6-15 centers on the career structure, examining essential elements that a scholar has to build and maintain in his or her career identity. These elements range from the academic degree, position, publication, teaching, presentation, service, grants, awards, and membership in academic associations, to tenure. The last chapter capitalizes on the curriculum vitae as a miniature of the academic personality that a career professional must present to the community of scholarship.

Governance In The Community College

Author: Robert C. Cloud
Publisher: Jossey-Bass
ISBN: 9780470321348
Size: 28.19 MB
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Community college governance is a process for distributing authority, influence, and resources among internal and external constituencies. Having evolved from traditional public school bureaucratic and political models that emphasize control and oversight, community college governance is now a dynamic process with a host of participants. Gone are the days when presidents and trustees acted unilaterally on college issues. Although boards retain the legal authority to govern their colleges, prudent trustees now encourage broad-based involvement in governance. Nationwide, the trend is toward more participation and shared responsibility, and some states are codifying the process. For example, the California legistlature has mandated a shared governance system in public community colleges, reflecting the movement toward involvement and transparency. College leaders resist or ignore that trend to the detriment of their colleges and at their own peril. Interest in community college governance will increase among scholars and practitioners for many reasons. Enrollments are increasing rapidly while funding is not keeping pace. Taxpayer resistance is a reality. Workforce training programs will compete with transfer curricula for resources. Increasing numbers of poorly prepared students will require remediation. For-profit institutions will compete for students. Employee unions will press for better salaries and benefits and meaning participation in governance. Special interest groups will continue electing advocates to governing boards. P-19 initiatives will require close collaboration with public schools. In the meantime, rogue trustees will try the patience of everyone. Traditional governance models will not suffice in this demanding arena. Governance structures that are more collegial, flexible, and inclusive will be essential in the future as community colleges evolve to meet the needs of an increasingly complex and diverse society. Chapters include Community College Governance: What Matters and Why? Governance over the Years: A Trustee's Perspective Governance in a Union Environment Internal Governance in the Community College: Models and Quilts The Effect of the Community College Workforce Development Mission on Governance Closing the Gaps in Texas: The Critical Role of Community Colleges Yanks, Canucks, and Aussies: Governance as Liberation Governance in Strategic Context Key Resources on Community College Governance This is the 141th volume of the Jossey-Bass higher education quarterly report series New Directions for Community Colleges, an essential guide for presidents, vice presidents, deans, and other leaders in today's open-door institutions, this quarterly provides expert guidance in meeting the challenges of their distinctive and expanding educational mission.

Urban High School Students And The Challenge Of Access

Author: William G. Tierney
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9781433105890
Size: 80.44 MB
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"Urban High School Students and the Challenge of Access" documents a year in the life of five adolescents preparing for college. The text examines the different pathways that brought these students to where they are: living in poverty, attending overcrowded schools, and the pressure to be the first in their families to attend college are just a few of the challenges these students must battle en route to college, and that impact their chances of success once there. Their stories provide insight for practitioners and policy makers working to improve college access at urban high schools.