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Competition And Investment In Air Transport

Author: Ruwantissa Abeyratne
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319243721
Size: 48.78 MB
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This book addresses emerging legal and economic issues in competition and investment in air transport, against the backdrop of the role governments and airlines should play in avoiding protectionism and encouraging innovation and creativity. It evaluates current trends in air transport and the direction the industry is taking in the twenty first century. There are discussions on key aspects of air transport, such as safety assurance and environmental protection, as they are impacted by competition. The rapid evolution of aerospace transport and its effect on competition in air transport is also examined. A recurring theme of the book is the influence of creative destruction and disruptive innovation on air transport. This is addressed through an in-depth study of the contentious areas of law relating to the abuse of dominant positions and state aid, as reflected in the ongoing claim by the three largest US carriers against Gulf carriers such as Emirates Airlines, Etihad and Qatar Airways. The US carriers claim that Emirates and Etihad – which operate air services into the United States by virtue of an open-skies agreement between the US and The United Arab Emirates - are using generous subsidies given to them by their g overnments to illegally capture the “legitimate” market belonging to the US carriers. These issues are clarified in the book using analyses of competition law and investment law as they apply to air transport, free-trade-agreement analogies and an open-skies case study.

Rulemaking In Air Transport

Author: Ruwantissa Abeyratne
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319446576
Size: 56.70 MB
Format: PDF
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This book embarks on a discussion of rulemaking in air transport, its processes and legalities, starting with a deconstruction of work carried out at the time of writing in various fields of air transport by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) which should be at the apex of rulemaking. This initial discussion, which demonstrates the weakness of rulemaking in the air transport field for lack of direction, purpose and structure in the development of authoritative rules and regulations that should serve as compelling directives from the main organization responsible for aviation, leads to an evaluation of the fundamental principles of rulemaking in ICAO, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) of the United States and the European Commission (EC).

Law And Regulation Of Air Cargo

Author: Ruwantissa Abeyratne
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319924893
Size: 21.15 MB
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This book explores the legal and regulatory aspects of the complex air cargo sector, discussing in detail the general principles of the carriage of air cargo; artificial intelligence and air cargo; facilitation; carriage of hazardous goods; human remains; and animals, as well as cargo security; price fixing and anti competitive conduct in air cargo operations; liability issues; the air cargo supply chain and contract of carriage. It also discusses related achievements of the International Civil Aviation Organization; the International Air Transport Association and Airports Council International. The value of goods carried by airlines represents 7.4% of the global Gross Domestic Product. While cargo carried by air accounts for less than 1% of global cargo carriage, airlines carry 35% of the value of world trade, making this industry highly valuable and efficient, and the most reliable way to transport goods throughout the world. On average, airlines transport 52 million metric tons of goods per annum, worth an equivalent of $6.8 trillion, i.e. $18.6 billion worth of goods daily.

Critical Issues In Air Transport Economics And Business

Author: Rosário Macário
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136926453
Size: 28.54 MB
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This book takes a look at the critical issues facing the airline industry featuring contributions from key figures in Europe, the US and Asia. Elements for success and failure are discussed and material is offered for strategic thinking.

International Airline Alliances Ec Competition Law Us Antitrust Law And International Air Transport

Author: Angela Cheng-Jui Lu
Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
ISBN: 9041119094
Size: 26.98 MB
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This new study takes a keen look at the problems facing the international community due to conflicts arising from applications of varying competition laws by different competition authorities to international airline alliances. As a result of privatisation, deregulation, liberalisation and globalisation, international air carriers form alliances with one another in order to cope with growing competition in the international air transport market. This book clearly provides an introduction to the background to and origin of airline alliances, different models of alliances and the related anti-competitive practices resulting from existing international airline alliances. The potential anti-competitive practices resulting from these cross-border alliances trigger a great deal of concern from various competition authorities. Thus, this study goes on to provide a detailed analysis regarding the relevant EC competition law and US antitrust law and their applications to alliance activities. The comparison of different applications of EC competition law and US antitrust law to international airline alliances provides leading research results first-hand. In the conclusion, the essential elements regarding establishing a level playing field in the international air transport market are identified and the author provides possible solutions for the harmonisation of different applications of competition law to international airline alliances.

The Future Of The Open Skies Agreements After The Ecj Judgements Legal And Economic Aspects

Author: Joanna Mastalerek
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3638527638
Size: 76.74 MB
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Master's Thesis from the year 2006 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: European Union, grade: A, University of Hamburg, 85 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Even though aviation is one of the driving forces of globalization, the airline industry itself remains far from being globalized: A framework of bilateral aviation agreements with rather restrictive national control on cross-border investment and competition mainly governs the civil airline industry. The Open Skies agreements between 11 EU Member States and the US can be seen as an attempt to introduce various liberal elements to the bilateral aviation agreements, while preserving the strict provisions on cross-border investment. However, the existence of the Open Skies agreements was put into question when on 5thNovember 2002 the European Court of Justice (ECJ) judged these agreements between the EU Member States and the US illegal under EU law, as they infringed both primary and secondary EU legislation. Moreover by declaring a mixed competence between the European Commission and the Member States in the field of external air transport, the ECJ judgment marked a decisive turn in the EU ́s history of air transport policy. The ECJ judgement thus entailed significant legal and economic consequences for the international civil aviation between the EU and the US. As to the precise future of the Open Skies agreements however, the ECJ remained evasive, imposing on the involved parties the burden of legal incertainty. Economically a sort of free trade area for air transport between the EU and the US, the two biggest aviation markets, seems the most reasonable solution, being of utmost importance in order to restructure the airlines operating in a context of market globalization and growing international competition. Politically though, the aviation sector has ever since been a sensitive issue, regarded as an instrument of foreign policy, national defense and national prestige. The future of the Open Skies has thus has been a topic of heated debate, not only in the scientific arena but as well in political and business circles. Particularly in view of the economic leverage of the EU and US aviation market, the decision about the future of the Open Skies agreements is likely to have a major impact on the way the international aviation industry will develop in the next decades. [...]

Africa Continent Of Economic Opportunity

Author: David Fick
Publisher: Real African Publishers
ISBN: 1919855475
Size: 41.35 MB
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Divided into geographic regions and representing every African nation, this comprehensive collection of case studies explores how successful business enterprises of varying size, along with community projects, help to create jobs in Africa. A valuable guide to conducting business anywhere on the continent, this account also offers information on finding business opportunities and handling oft-encountered problems.