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Complexity Theory And The Social Sciences

Author: David Byrne
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134714734
Size: 76.80 MB
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Chaos and complexity are the new buzz words in both science and contemporary society. The ideas they represent have enormous implications for the way we understand and engage with the world. Complexity Theory and the Social Sciences introduces students to the central ideas which surround the chaos/complexity theories. It discusses key concepts before using them as a way of investigating the nature of social research. By applying them to such familiar topics as urban studies, education and health, David Byrne allows readers new to the subject to appreciate the contribution which complexity theory can make to social research and to illuminating the crucial social issues of our day.

Komplexit Tstheorie Und Kryptologie

Author: Jörg Rothe
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3540797459
Size: 23.14 MB
Format: PDF
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Während die Kryptologie Konzepte und Methoden aus der Komplexitätstheorie verwendet, ist die Forschung in der Komplexitätstheorie wiederum oft durch Fragen aus der Kryptologie motiviert. Der Band hebt die enge Verflechtung dieser beiden Gebiete hervor und führt auf verständlicher Weise in das faszinierende Gebiet der „Kryptokomplexität" ein. Das Buch enthält zahlreiche Abbildungen und Übungsaufgaben sowie ein ausführliches Stichwort- und Literaturverzeichnis. Es eignet sich für Studierende der Informatik, Mathematik oder Ingenieurswissenschaften.

Conflict Complexity And Mathematical Social Science

Author: Gordon Burt
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1849509735
Size: 19.12 MB
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Presents a foundational mathematical approach to the modelling of social conflict. This book illustrates how theory and evidence can be mathematically deepened and how investigations grounded in social choice theory can provide the evidence needed to inform social practice.

Complexity Theory And The Philosophy Of Education

Author: Mark Mason
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444307363
Size: 58.24 MB
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A collection of scholarly essays, Complexity Theory and thePhilosophy of Education provides an accessible theoreticalintroduction to the topic of complexity theory while consideringits broader implications for educational change. Explains the contributions of complexity theory to philosophyof education, curriculum, and educational research Brings together new research by an international team ofcontributors Debates issues ranging from the culture of curriculum, to theimplications of work of key philosophers such as Foucault and JohnDewey for educational change Demonstrates how social scientists and social and educationpolicy makers are drawing on complexity theory to answer questionssuch as: why is it that education decision-makers are so resistantto change; how does change in education happen; and what does ittake to make these changes sustainable? Considers changes in use of complexity theory; developedprincipally in the fields of physics, biology, chemistry, andeconomics, and now being applied more broadly to the socialsciences and to the study of education

Science And Social Science

Author: Malcolm Williams
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134647816
Size: 73.86 MB
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Is social science really a science at all, and if so in what sense? This is the first question that any course on the philosophy of the social sciences must tackle. In this brief introduction, Malcolm Williams gives students the grounding that will enable them to discuss the issues involved with confidence. He looks at: * The historical development of natural science and its distinctive methodology * the case in favour of an objective science of the social which follows the same rules * The arguments of social constructionists, interpretative sociologists and others against objectivity and even science itself * recent developments in natural science - for instance the rise of complexity theory and the increased questioning of positivism - which bring it closer to some of the key arguments of social science. Throughout, the book is illustrated with short clear examples taken from the actual practice of social science research and from popular works of natural science which will illuminate the debate for all students whatever their background.

Complex Adaptive Systems

Author: John H. Miller
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400835522
Size: 61.25 MB
Format: PDF
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This book provides the first clear, comprehensive, and accessible account of complex adaptive social systems, by two of the field's leading authorities. Such systems--whether political parties, stock markets, or ant colonies--present some of the most intriguing theoretical and practical challenges confronting the social sciences. Engagingly written, and balancing technical detail with intuitive explanations, Complex Adaptive Systems focuses on the key tools and ideas that have emerged in the field since the mid-1990s, as well as the techniques needed to investigate such systems. It provides a detailed introduction to concepts such as emergence, self-organized criticality, automata, networks, diversity, adaptation, and feedback. It also demonstrates how complex adaptive systems can be explored using methods ranging from mathematics to computational models of adaptive agents. John Miller and Scott Page show how to combine ideas from economics, political science, biology, physics, and computer science to illuminate topics in organization, adaptation, decentralization, and robustness. They also demonstrate how the usual extremes used in modeling can be fruitfully transcended.

Introduction To Computational Social Science

Author: Claudio Cioffi-Revilla
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319501313
Size: 10.62 MB
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This textbook provides a comprehensive and reader-friendly introduction to the field of computational social science (CSS). Presenting a unified treatment, the text examines in detail the four key methodological approaches of automated social information extraction, social network analysis, social complexity theory, and social simulation modeling. This updated new edition has been enhanced with numerous review questions and exercises to test what has been learned, deepen understanding through problem-solving, and to practice writing code to implement ideas. Topics and features: contains more than a thousand questions and exercises, together with a list of acronyms and a glossary; examines the similarities and differences between computers and social systems; presents a focus on automated information extraction; discusses the measurement, scientific laws, and generative theories of social complexity in CSS; reviews the methodology of social simulations, covering both variable- and object-oriented models.

New Thinking In Complexity For The Social Sciences And Humanities

Author: Ton Jörg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400713031
Size: 45.10 MB
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The underlying idea and motive for the book is that the notion of complexity may humanize the social sciences, may conceive the complex human being as more human, and turn reality as assumed in our doing social science into a more complex, that is a richer reality for all. The main focus of this book is on new thinking in complexity, with complexity to be taken as derived from the Latin word complexus: ‘that which is interwoven.’ The trans-disciplinary approach advocated here will be trans-disciplinary in two ways: firstly, by going beyond the separate disciplines within the fields of both natural sciences and social sciences, and, secondly, by going beyond the separate cultures of the natural sciences and of the social sciences and humanities.

Complexity And Public Policy

Author: Robert Geyer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135153485
Size: 78.80 MB
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This book provides a clear, concise and readable introduction to complexity thinking, its application to the social sciences and public policy, and the relevance of some of its various tools to those fields of politics, health, the international realm, development, planning and terrorism. The authors argue that the foundation for many of the current crises in these areas can be traced to the attempt by social scientists and policy-makers to treat these systems and processes as fundamentally orderly, predictable and controllable. By providing an overview of complex systems, a practical introduction to basic concepts and tools of these systems, and examples for understanding and managing them in real life policy situations they provide an exciting new perspective for rethinking our basic approaches to the social sciences and for understanding and managing the increasingly interdependent world of public policy. The book is vital reading for students and scholars of the social sciences and public policy, and also policymakers and the policy actor audience.