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Computation And Asymptotics

Author: Rudrapatna V. Ramnath
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642257488
Size: 24.49 MB
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This book addresses the task of computation from the standpoint of asymptotic analysis and multiple scales that may be inherent in the system dynamics being studied. This is in contrast to the usual methods of numerical analysis and computation. The technical literature is replete with numerical methods such as Runge-Kutta approach and its variations, finite element methods, and so on. However, not much attention has been given to asymptotic methods for computation, although such approaches have been widely applied with great success in the analysis of dynamic systems. The presence of different scales in a dynamic phenomenon enable us to make judicious use of them in developing computational approaches which are highly efficient. Many such applications have been developed in such areas as astrodynamics, fluid mechanics and so on. This book presents a novel approach to make use of the different time constants inherent in the system to develop rapid computational methods. First, the fundamental notions of asymptotic analysis are presented with classical examples. Next, the novel systematic and rigorous approaches of system decomposition and reduced order models are presented. Next, the technique of multiple scales is discussed. Finally application to rapid computation of several aerospace systems is discussed, demonstrating the high efficiency of such methods.

The Proper Generalized Decomposition For Advanced Numerical Simulations

Author: Francisco Chinesta
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319028650
Size: 37.38 MB
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Many problems in scientific computing are intractable with classical numerical techniques. These fail, for example, in the solution of high-dimensional models due to the exponential increase of the number of degrees of freedom. Recently, the authors of this book and their collaborators have developed a novel technique, called Proper Generalized Decomposition (PGD) that has proven to be a significant step forward. The PGD builds by means of a successive enrichment strategy a numerical approximation of the unknown fields in a separated form. Although first introduced and successfully demonstrated in the context of high-dimensional problems, the PGD allows for a completely new approach for addressing more standard problems in science and engineering. Indeed, many challenging problems can be efficiently cast into a multi-dimensional framework, thus opening entirely new solution strategies in the PGD framework. For instance, the material parameters and boundary conditions appearing in a particular mathematical model can be regarded as extra-coordinates of the problem in addition to the usual coordinates such as space and time. In the PGD framework, this enriched model is solved only once to yield a parametric solution that includes all particular solutions for specific values of the parameters. The PGD has now attracted the attention of a large number of research groups worldwide. The present text is the first available book describing the PGD. It provides a very readable and practical introduction that allows the reader to quickly grasp the main features of the method. Throughout the book, the PGD is applied to problems of increasing complexity, and the methodology is illustrated by means of carefully selected numerical examples. Moreover, the reader has free access to the Matlab© software used to generate these examples.

Computational Viscoelasticity

Author: Severino P. C. Marques
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642253105
Size: 23.49 MB
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This text is a guide how to solve problems in which viscoelasticity is present using existing commercial computational codes. The book gives information on codes’ structure and use, data preparation and output interpretation and verification. The first part of the book introduces the reader to the subject, and to provide the models, equations and notation to be used in the computational applications. The second part shows the most important Computational techniques: Finite elements formulation, Boundary elements formulation, and presents the solutions of Viscoelastic problems with Abaqus.

Verifying Calculations Forty Years On

Author: Ludovic Chamoin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319205536
Size: 78.98 MB
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This work provides an overview of a posteriori error assessment techniques for Finite Element (FE) based numerical models. These tools aim at estimating and controlling the discretization error in scientific computational models, being the basis for the numerical verification of the FE solutions. The text discusses the capabilities and limitations of classical methods to build error estimates which can be used to control the quality of numerical simulations and drive adaptive algorithms, with a focus on Computational Mechanics engineering applications. Fundamentals principles of residual methods, smoothing (recovery) methods, and constitutive relation error (duality based) methods are thus addressed along the manuscript. Attention is paid to recent advances and forthcoming research challenges on related topics. The book constitutes a useful guide for students, researchers, or engineers wishing to acquire insights into state-of-the-art techniques for numerical verification.

Proper Generalized Decompositions

Author: Elías Cueto
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319299948
Size: 69.99 MB
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This book is intended to help researchers overcome the entrance barrier to Proper Generalized Decomposition (PGD), by providing a valuable tool to begin the programming task. Detailed Matlab Codes are included for every chapter in the book, in which the theory previously described is translated into practice. Examples include parametric problems, non-linear model order reduction and real-time simulation, among others. Proper Generalized Decomposition (PGD) is a method for numerical simulation in many fields of applied science and engineering. As a generalization of Proper Orthogonal Decomposition or Principal Component Analysis to an arbitrary number of dimensions, PGD is able to provide the analyst with very accurate solutions for problems defined in high dimensional spaces, parametric problems and even real-time simulation.

Natural Convection From Circular Cylinders

Author: Sandra Boetcher
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319081322
Size: 12.81 MB
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This book presents a concise, yet thorough, reference for all heat transfer coefficient correlations and data for all types of cylinders: vertical, horizontal, and inclined. This book covers all natural convection heat transfer laws for vertical and inclined cylinders and is an excellent resource for engineers working in the area of heat transfer engineering.

Penalty Shrinkage And Pretest Strategies

Author: S. Ejaz Ahmed
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 331903149X
Size: 13.63 MB
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The objective of this book is to compare the statistical properties of penalty and non-penalty estimation strategies for some popular models. Specifically, it considers the full model, submodel, penalty, pretest and shrinkage estimation techniques for three regression models before presenting the asymptotic properties of the non-penalty estimators and their asymptotic distributional efficiency comparisons. Further, the risk properties of the non-penalty estimators and penalty estimators are explored through a Monte Carlo simulation study. Showcasing examples based on real datasets, the book will be useful for students and applied researchers in a host of applied fields. The book’s level of presentation and style make it accessible to a broad audience. It offers clear, succinct expositions of each estimation strategy. More importantly, it clearly describes how to use each estimation strategy for the problem at hand. The book is largely self-contained, as are the individual chapters, so that anyone interested in a particular topic or area of application may read only that specific chapter. The book is specially designed for graduate students who want to understand the foundations and concepts underlying penalty and non-penalty estimation and its applications. It is well-suited as a textbook for senior undergraduate and graduate courses surveying penalty and non-penalty estimation strategies, and can also be used as a reference book for a host of related subjects, including courses on meta-analysis. Professional statisticians will find this book to be a valuable reference work, since nearly all chapters are self-contained.

Non Equilibrium Phenomena Near Vapor Liquid Interfaces

Author: Alexei Kryukov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319000837
Size: 14.59 MB
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This book presents information on the development of a non-equilibrium approach to the study of heat and mass transfer problems using vapor-liquid interfaces, and demonstrates its application to a broad range of problems. In the process, the following peculiarities become apparent: 1. At vapor condensation on the interface from gas-vapor mixture, non-condensable components can lock up the interface surface and condensation stops completely. 2. At the evolution of vapor film on the heater in superfluid helium (He-II), the boiling mass flux density from the vapor-liquid interface is effectively zero at the macroscopic scale. 3. In problems concerning the motion of He-II bridges inside capillaries filled by vapor, in the presence of axial heat flux the He-II bridge cannot move from the heater as would a traditional liquid, but in the opposite direction instead. Thus the heater attracts the superfluid helium bridge. 4. The shape of liquid-vapor interface at film boiling on the axis-symmetric heaters immersed in liquid greatly depends on heat flux in the interface. Thus a new type of hydrostatic problems appears when in contrast to traditional statements the shape of the liquid-vapor interface has a complex profile with a point of inflection and a smooth exit on a free liquid surface.

Imaging Heat And Mass Transfer Processes

Author: Pradipta K. Panigrahi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461447917
Size: 53.21 MB
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Imaging Heat and Mass Transfer Processes: Visualization and Analysis applies Schlieren and shadowgraph techniques to complex heat and mass transfer processes. Several applications are considered where thermal and concentration fields play a central role. These include vortex shedding and suppression from stationary and oscillating bluff bodies such as cylinders, convection around crystals growing from solution, and buoyant jets. Many of these processes are unsteady and three dimensional. The interpretation and analysis of images recorded are discussed in the text.

The Evaporation Mechanism In The Wick Of Copper Heat Pipes

Author: Shwin-Chung Wong
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319044958
Size: 27.15 MB
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This book discusses the evaporation mechanism in the wick of copper heat pipes. The investigations are based on recent visualization experiments for operating horizontal flat-plate heat pipes.