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Condom Nation

Author: Alexandra M. Lord
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 0801893801
Size: 54.42 MB
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This history of the U.S. Public Health Service's efforts to educate Americans about sex makes clear why federally funded sex education has been haphazard, ad hoc, and often ineffectual. Since launching its first sex ed program during World War I, the Public Health Service has dominated federal sex education efforts. Alexandra M. Lord draws on medical research, news reports, the expansive records of the Public Health Service, and interviews with former surgeons general to examine these efforts, from early initiatives through the administration of George W. Bush. Giving equal voice to many groups in America—middle class, working class, black, white, urban, rural, Christian and non-Christian, scientist and theologian—Lord explores how federal officials struggled to create sex education programs that balanced cultural and public health concerns. She details how the Public Health Service left an indelible mark on federally and privately funded sex education programs through partnerships and initiatives with community organizations, public schools, foundations, corporations, and religious groups. In the process, Lord explains how tensions among these organizations and local, state, and federal officials often exacerbated existing controversies about sexual behavior. She also discusses why the Public Health Service's promotional tactics sometimes inadvertently fueled public fears about the federal government's goals in promoting, or not promoting, sex education. This thoroughly documented and compelling history of the U.S. Public Health Service's involvement in sex education provides new insights into one of the most contested subjects in America.

Schools And Public Health

Author: Michael Gard
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 073917259X
Size: 22.18 MB
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Schools and Public Health is the first academic book to offer a historically grounded critique of the way schools are used as a context for public health policy. The book argues that, contrary to conventional wisdom, schools are not a very effective place to pursue public health policies.

Sex Ed Segregated

Author: Courtney Q. Shah
Publisher: Boydell & Brewer
ISBN: 1580465358
Size: 63.44 MB
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In Sex Ed, Segregated, Courtney Shah examines the Progressive Era sex education movement, which presented the possibility of helping people understand their own health and sexuality, but which most often divided audiences along rigid lines of race, class, and gender. Reformers' assumptions about their audience's place in the political hierarchy played a crucial role in the development of a mainstream sex education movement by the 1920s. Reformers and instructors taught middle-class youth, African-Americans, and World War I soldiers different stories, for different reasons. Shah's examination of "character-building" organizations like the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) and the Boy Scouts of America (BSA) reveals how the white, middle-class ideal reflected cultural assumptions about sexuality and formed an aspirational model for upward mobility to those not in the privileged group, such as immigrant or working class youth. In addition, as Shah argues, the battle over policing young women's sexual behavior during World War I pitted middle-class women against their working-class counterparts. Sex Ed, Segregated demonstrates that the intersection between race, gender, and class formed the backbone of Progressive-Era debates over sex education, the policing of sexuality, and the prevention of venereal disease. Courtney Shah is an instructor at Lower Columbia College, Washington.

Too Hot To Handle

Author: Jonathan Zimmerman
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400865867
Size: 70.41 MB
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Too Hot to Handle is the first truly international history of sex education. As Jonathan Zimmerman shows, the controversial subject began in the West and spread steadily around the world over the past century. As people crossed borders, however, they joined hands to block sex education from most of their classrooms. Examining key players who supported and opposed the sex education movement, Zimmerman takes a close look at one of the most debated and divisive hallmarks of modern schooling. In the early 1900s, the United States pioneered sex education to protect citizens from venereal disease. But the American approach came under fire after World War II from European countries, which valued individual rights and pleasures over social goals and outcomes. In the so-called Third World, sex education developed in response to the deadly crisis of HIV/AIDS. By the early 2000s, nearly every country in the world addressed sex in its official school curriculum. Still, Zimmerman demonstrates that sex education never won a sustained foothold: parents and religious leaders rejected the subject as an intrusion on their authority, while teachers and principals worried that it would undermine their own tenuous powers. Despite the overall liberalization of sexual attitudes, opposition to sex education increased as the century unfolded. Into the present, it remains a subject without a home. Too Hot to Handle presents the stormy development and dilemmas of school-based sex education in the modern world.

Classroom Wars

Author: Natalia Mehlman Petrzela
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199358478
Size: 41.15 MB
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The schoolhouse has long been a crucible in the construction and contestation of the political concept of "family values." Through Spanish-bilingual and sex education, moderates and conservatives in California came to define the family as a politicized and racialized site in the late 1960s and 1970s. Sex education became a vital arena in the culture wars as cultural conservatives imagined the family as imperiled by morally lax progressives and liberals who advocated for these programs attempted to manage the onslaught of sexual explicitness in broader culture. Many moderates, however, doubted the propriety of addressing such sensitive issues outside the home. Bilingual education, meanwhile, was condemned as a symbol of wasteful federal spending on ethically questionable curricula and an intrusion on local prerogative. Spanish-language bilingual-bicultural programs may seem less relevant to the politics of family, but many Latino parents and students attempted to assert their authority, against great resistance, in impassioned demands to incorporate their cultural and linguistic heritage into the classroom. Both types of educational programs, in their successful implementation and in the reaction they inspired, highlight the rightward turn and enduring progressivism in postwar American political culture. In Classroom Wars, Natalia Mehlman Petrzela charts how a state and a citizenry deeply committed to public education as an engine of civic and moral education navigated the massive changes brought about by the 1960s, including the sexual revolution, school desegregation, and a dramatic increase in Latino immigration. She traces the mounting tensions over educational progressivism, cultural and moral decay, and fiscal improvidence, using sources ranging from policy documents to student newspapers, from course evaluations to oral histories. Petrzela reveals how a growing number of Americans fused values about family, personal, and civic morality, which galvanized a powerful politics that engaged many Californians and, ultimately, many Americans. In doing so, they blurred the distinction between public and private and inspired some of the fiercest classroom wars in American history. Taking readers from the cultures of Orange County mega-churches to Berkeley coffeehouses, Natalia Mehlman Petrzela's history of these classroom controversies sheds light on the bitterness of the battles over diversity we continue to wage today and their influence on schools and society nationwide.

Traditionelle Chinesische Medizin

Author: Paul U. Unschuld
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 340665603X
Size: 44.14 MB
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Dieses Buch erläutert Ursprung und Geschichte der Chinesischen Medizin von ihren Anfängen in der Antike bis in die Gegenwart. Es schildert ihre Eigenart als säkularer Gegenentwurf zu dem bis heute in China weit verbreiteten Glauben an den Einfluß von Göttern, Ahnen und Dämonen auf die Gesundheit der Lebenden und verdeutlicht die spezifisch chinesische Weltanschauung, die dieser Heilkunde zugrunde liegt. Der Autor zeigt die Gründe auf für die zwei Jahrtausende währende Vielfalt therapeutischer Ansätze in der chinesischen Kultur und den Bedeutungsverlust der Chinesischen Medizin vor dem Hintergrund der chinesischen Reformpolitik im 20. Jahrhundert, und er beschreibt die kreative Rezeption der sogenannten Traditionellen Chinesischen Medizin in den westlichen Industrienationen seit den 1970er Jahren.

Die Industrialisierte Vagina

Author: Sheila Jeffreys
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3944442091
Size: 13.80 MB
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Die Industrialisierung der Prostitution und des Sexhandels hat einen viele Milliarden Dollar schweren globalen Markt geschaffen, der Millionen von Frauen betrifft und wesentlich zur Wirtschaft einzelner Länder als auch zur Weltwirtschaft beiträgt. „Die industrialisierte Vagina“ untersucht, wie sich Prostitution und andere Bereiche der Sexindustrie – einst sich im Verborgenen abspielende und gesellschaftlich verachtete Praktiken in kleinem Maßstab – zu sehr profitablen, seriösen Marktsektoren entwickelt haben, die von Regierungen legalisiert und entkriminalisiert wurden. Sheila Jeffreys demonstriert die Globalisierung der Prostitution, in dem sie nicht nur auf das Wachstum und die globale Ausbreitung der Pornografie und den Boom von Sexshops, Stripclubs und Begleitagenturen hinweist. Sie bezieht auch die Katalogbrautindustrie und die Zunahme von Sextourismus und Frauenhandel sowie Militärprostitution und sexuelle Gewalt im Krieg mit ein.