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Confidentiality Transparency And The U S Civil Justice System

Author: Joseph W. Doherty
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199914338
Size: 78.42 MB
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The lawsuit is the cornerstone of the civil justice system in America, and an open court the foundation of American jurisprudence. Recently, however, more civil disputes have been resolved out of court and the outcomes kept secret. Some argue that the confidentiality of the system keeps it working efficiently and fairly; others argue that the public is being denied information about hazards that may cause harm and that a public system with no data lacks oversight. This book approaches the issue in a multidisciplinary, nonpartisan, and empirical manner.

Dispute Resolution In Transnational Securities Transactions

Author: Tiago Andreotti
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1509908471
Size: 76.11 MB
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This book explores the transnational legal infrastructure for dispute resolution in transnational securities transactions. It discusses the role of law and dispute resolution in securities transactions, the types of disputes arising from them, and the institutional and legal aspects of dispute resolution, both generally and regarding aggregate litigation. It illustrates different dispute resolution systems and aggregate litigation methods, and examines the legal issues of dispute resolution arising from transnational securities transactions. In addition, the book proposes two systems of dispute resolution for transnational securities transactions depending on the type of dispute: collective redress through arbitration and a network of alternative dispute resolution systems.

In Praise Of Litigation

Author: Alexandra Lahav
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199380813
Size: 11.50 MB
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While the right to have one's day in court is a cherished feature of the American democratic system, alarms that the United States is hopelessly litigious and awash in frivolous claims have become so commonplace that they are now a fixture in the popular imagination. According to this view, litigation wastes precious resources, stifles innovation and productivity, and corrodes our social fabric and the national character. Calls for reform have sought, often successfully, to limit people's access to the court system, most often by imposing technical barriers to bringing suit. Alexandra Lahav's In Praise of Litigation provides a much needed corrective to this flawed perspective, reminding us of the irreplaceable role of litigation in a well-functioning democracy and debunking many of the myths that cloud our understanding of this role. For example, the vast majority of lawsuits in the United States are based on contract claims, the median value of lawsuits is on a downward trend, and, on a per capita basis, many fewer lawsuits are filed today than were filed in the 19th century. Exploring cases involving freedom of speech, foodborne illness, defective cars, business competition, and more, the book shows that despite its inevitable limitations, litigation empowers citizens to challenge the most powerful public and private interests and hold them accountable for their actions. Lawsuits change behavior, provide information to consumers and citizens, promote deliberation, and express society's views on equality and its most treasured values. In Praise of Litigation shows how our court system protects our liberties and enables civil society to flourish, and serves as a powerful reminder of why we need to protect people's ability to use it. The tort reform movement has had some real successes in limiting what can reach the courts, but there have been victims too. As Alexandra Lahav shows, it has become increasingly difficult for ordinary people to enforce their rights. In the grand scale of lawsuits, actually crazy or bogus lawsuits constitute a tiny minority; in fact, most anecdotes turn out to be misrepresentations of what actually happened. In In Praise of Litigation, Lahav argues that critics are blinded to the many benefits of lawsuits. The majority of lawsuits promote equality before the law, transparency, and accountability. Our ability to go to court is a sign of our strength as a society and enables us to both participate in and reinforce the rule of law. In addition, joining lawsuits gives citizens direct access to governmental officials-judges-who can hear their arguments about issues central to our democracy, including the proper extent of police power and the ability of all people to vote. It is at least arguable that lawsuits have helped spur major social changes in arenas like race relations and marriage rights, as well as made products safer and forced wrongdoers to answer for their conduct. In this defense, Lahav does not ignore the obvious drawbacks to litigiousness. It is expensive, stressful, and time consuming. Certainly, sensible reforms could make the system better. However, many of the proposals that have been adopted and are currently on the table seek only to solve problems that do not exist or to make it harder for citizens to defend their rights and to enforce the law. This is not the answer. In Praise of Litigation offers a level-headed and law-based assessment of the state of litigation in America as well as a number of practical steps that can be taken to ensure citizens have the right to defend themselves against wrongs while not odiously infringing on the rights of others.

The Law Of Privilege

Author: Patrick Goodall
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199595437
Size: 64.25 MB
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Providing solutions to specific issues which regularly arise in practice, this practical guide gives detailed and up to date coverage of all key aspects of privilege including legal advice privilege, joint and common interest privilege, and the privilege against self-incrimination as they apply to litigation and non-litigation situations.

Class Action Dilemmas

Author: Deborah R. Hensler
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 0833043943
Size: 26.32 MB
Format: PDF
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Class action lawsuits--allowing one or a few plaintiffs to represent many who seek redress--have long been controversial. The current controversy, centered on lawsuits for money damages, is characterized by sharp disagreement among stakeholders about the kinds of suits being filed, whether plaintiffs' claims are meritorious, and whether resolutions to class actions are fair or socially desirable. Ultimately, these concerns lead many to wonder, Are class actions worth their costs to society and to business? Do they do more harm than good? To describe the landscape of current damage class action litigation, elucidate problems, and identify solutions, the RAND Institute for Civil Justice conducted a study using qualitative and quantitative research methods. The researchers concluded that the controversy over damage class actions has proven intractable because it implicates deeply held but sharply contested ideological views among stakeholders. Nevertheless, many of the political antagonists agree that class action practices merit improvement. The authors argue that both practices and outcomes could be substantially improved if more judges would supervise class action litigation more actively and scrutinize proposed settlements and fee awards more carefully. Educating and empowering judges to take more responsibility for case outcomes--and ensuring that they have the resources to do so--can help the civil justice system achieve a better balance between the public goals of class actions and the private interests that drive them.

Civil Justice In Crisis

Author: A. A. S. Zuckerman
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780198298335
Size: 66.10 MB
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A sense of crisis in the administration of civil justice is present in many countries. Delays and high costs render access to the civil courts either useless or prohibitively expensive or both. The crisis takes different forms. In some jurisdictions the problems lie in high and unpredictable costs but in others there are overcrowded courts and exorbitant delays. Those interested in civil justice will be familiar with their own system but they will seldom have knowledge of other systems and these essays, written by leading experts in the field, survey different systems of civil justice from other jurisdictions. An understanding of other systems will enrich the reform discussions in which each country by drawing attention to common problems, to their roots, to the solutions tried and, above all, to the consequences (for better or for worse) of reform. Civil Justice in Crisis shows that we can learn from others' success but that we may find their failures even more instructive.

Uniform Civil Code For India

Author: Shimon Shetreet
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199089477
Size: 67.54 MB
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Article 44 of The Constitution of India, provides that 'The State shall endeavour to secure for the citizens a Uniform Civil Code throughout the territory of India.' Even after more than six decades, this anticipated code has not been developed or implemented. This book provides a blueprint for alternative frameworks and courses of action, drawing on lessons from comparative context to develop a Uniform Civil Code for India. It explores the interplay between issues of law, culture, and religion in light of various intra-community and inter-community disputes. The book proposes a series of guidelines and considerations to inform this process. The first guideline urges that the process of preparing and implementing a Uniform Civil Code should be the function of the Legislature. The Courts can resolve certain specific points but the comprehensive code is a legislative function and not for judicial resolution. The second guideline suggests the parallel application of civil and religious law. The securing of a Uniform Civil Code must not negate the possibility of citizens availing themselves of religious law-if they so wish. The third guideline advises a gradual application of a Uniform Civil Code. The development of the code should be done topic by topic, chapter by chapter. The fourth guideline is to deploy tools of mediation in both the formation of the code and its implementation. This mediation should take on two forms—intercommunity mediation and individual mediation. The first of these two relates to a dialogue between the communities of India, to advance an agreement upon the substantive provisions of the Uniform Civil Code. The second relates to mediation between individuals, in occasions where dispute arises in the realm of personal law.

Asbestos Litigation Costs And Compensation

Author: Stephen J. Carroll
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 9780833032942
Size: 32.15 MB
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Examines the dimensions of current asestos litigation and the potential future effects of the litigation on the U.S. economy.

English Civil Procedure

Author: Neil Andrews
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780199244256
Size: 63.33 MB
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This is a systematic and analytical account of the new system of civil procedure and justice in England and Wales. The book is both comprehensive and detailed, focusing in particular on the fundamental principles that underlie the post-Woolf system. These include the principles set out in the Woolf reforms themselves, principles relating to civil justice derived from the Human Rights Act and ECHR, and older common law principles that continue to apply. This book will provide a much-needed commentary to the Civil Procedure Rules.

Electronic Disclosure

Author: Michael Wheater
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780198778929
Size: 80.41 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"Electronic disclosure of evidence is now an unavoidable aspect of litigation. With technology continually advancing and reliance on electronic devices growing rapidly, [e-disclosure] is becoming more and more important. Yet many practitioners, both litigators and arbitrators, are still grasping the complex practical and procedural aspects of [e-disclosure]...Covering all aspects of [e-disclosure] from domestic litigation to international arbitration, this book combines legal analysis with practical advice to guide practitioners seamlessly through the stages of disclosure and associated document production; from the identification of relevant documents, through the collection and preservation of electronic evidence, to the analysis and presentation of data, both before courts and in arbitration. [Also included is a] commentary on critical legal issues and practical challenges that arise in relation to eDisclosure, such as dealing with ever growing sources of electronically stored information (like social media and cloud computing storage), and identifying ways and means to ensure that eDisclosure and production is conducted as efficiently as possible."--