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Configurational Mechanics

Author: V.K. Kalpakides
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203024553
Size: 62.50 MB
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This book comprises papers that were presented at the Symposium on Configurational Mechanics, during the 5th EUROMECH Soil Mechanics Conference in Thessaloniki in August 2003. Configurational (or material) mechanics -in contrast to Newtonian mechanics in Euclidean space- concerns any sort of change or "motion" in the material configuration. This framework provides a novel and unifying view on otherwise diverse disciplines like fracture mechanics, phase transitions, plasticity and dislocation theory. In addition, configurational mechanics can be used in computations because it provides a fruitful interpretation of the field equations in the discretized space. This volume contains eleven contributions from specialists from around Europe Articles concern both theoretical and computational mechanics, electroplasticity, magnetoelasticity, elastoplasticity as well as granular, multiphase and micropolar media.

Computational Mechanics For Heritage Structures

Author: B. Leftheris
Publisher: WIT Press
ISBN: 1845640349
Size: 65.42 MB
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Reflecting the authors' extensive experience, and describing the results of projects they have worked on, this book deals with applications of advanced computational mechanics techniques in structural analysis, strength rehabilitation and aseismic design of monuments, historical buildings and related structures. The results are given with clear explanations so that civil and structural engineers, architects and archaeologists, and students of these disciplines can understand how to evaluate the structural worthiness of heritage buildings without the use of difficult mathematics.

Probabilistic Reasoning In Intelligent Systems

Author: Judea Pearl
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann
ISBN: 9781558604797
Size: 57.38 MB
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Probabilistic Reasoning in Intelligent Systems is a complete and accessible account of the theoretical foundations and computational methods that underlie plausible reasoning under uncertainty. The author provides a coherent explication of probability as a language for reasoning with partial belief and offers a unifying perspective on other AI approaches to uncertainty, such as the Dempster-Shafer formalism, truth maintenance systems, and nonmonotonic logic. The author distinguishes syntactic and semantic approaches to uncertainty--and offers techniques, based on belief networks, that provide a mechanism for making semantics-based systems operational. Specifically, network-propagation techniques serve as a mechanism for combining the theoretical coherence of probability theory with modern demands of reasoning-systems technology: modular declarative inputs, conceptually meaningful inferences, and parallel distributed computation. Application areas include diagnosis, forecasting, image interpretation, multi-sensor fusion, decision support systems, plan recognition, planning, speech recognition--in short, almost every task requiring that conclusions be drawn from uncertain clues and incomplete information. Probabilistic Reasoning in Intelligent Systems will be of special interest to scholars and researchers in AI, decision theory, statistics, logic, philosophy, cognitive psychology, and the management sciences. Professionals in the areas of knowledge-based systems, operations research, engineering, and statistics will find theoretical and computational tools of immediate practical use. The book can also be used as an excellent text for graduate-level courses in AI, operations research, or applied probability.

Advances In Bifurcation And Degradation In Geomaterials

Author: Stéphane Bonelli
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400714211
Size: 34.69 MB
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This book presents contributions to the 9th International Workshop on Bifurcation and Degradation in Geomaterials held in Porquerolles, France, May 23-26, 2011. This series of conferences, started in the early 1980s, is dedicated to the research on degradation and instability phenomena in geomaterials. The volume gathers a series of manuscripts by brilliant international scholars reflecting recent trends in theoretical and experimental research in geomechanics. It incorporates contributions on topics like instability analysis, localized and diffuse failure description, multi-scale modeling and applications to geo-environmental issues. This book will be valuable for anyone interested in the research on degradation and instabilities in geomechanics and geotechnical engineering, appealing to graduate students, researchers and engineers alike.

New Trends In Networking Computing E Learning Systems Sciences And Engineering

Author: Khaled Elleithy
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319067648
Size: 19.60 MB
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This book includes a set of rigorously reviewed world-class manuscripts addressing and detailing state-of-the-art research projects in the areas of Computer Science, Informatics, and Systems Sciences, and Engineering. It includes selected papers form the conference proceedings of the Ninth International Joint Conferences on Computer, Information, and Systems Sciences, and Engineering (CISSE 2013). Coverage includes topics in: Industrial Electronics, Technology & Automation, Telecommunications and Networking, Systems, Computing Sciences and Software Engineering, Engineering Education, Instructional Technology, Assessment, and E-learning. • Provides the latest in a series of books growing out of the International Joint Conferences on Computer, Information, and Systems Sciences, and Engineering; • Includes chapters in the most advanced areas of Computing, Informatics, Systems Sciences, and Engineering; • Accessible to a wide range of readership, including professors, researchers, practitioners and students.

Sustainability In Energy And Buildings

Author: Shaun H. Lee
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642034541
Size: 46.25 MB
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This volume represents the proceedings of the First International Conference on S- tainability in Energy and Buildings, SEB’09, held in the City of Brighton and Hove in the United Kingdom, organised by KES International with the assistance of the World Renewable Energy Congress / Network, and hosted by the University of Brighton. KES International is a knowledge transfer organisation providing high-quality c- ference events and publishing opportunities for researchers. The KES association is a community consisting of several thousand research scientists and engineers who p- ticipate in KES activities. For over a decade KES has been a leader in the area of Knowledge Based and Intelligent information and Engineering Systems. Now KES is starting to make a contribution in the area of Sustainability and Renewable Energy with this first conference specifically on renewable energy and its application to - mestic and other buildings. Sustainability in energy and buildings is a topic of - creasing interest and importance on the world agenda. We therefore hope and intend that this first SEB event may grow and evolve into a conference series. KES International is a member of the World Renewable Energy Congress / N- work which is Chaired by Professor Ali Sayigh. We are grateful to Professor Sayigh for the collaboration and assistance of WREC/N in the organisation of SEB’09. We hope to continue to work with WREC/N in the future on projects of common interest.

Model Reduction And Coarse Graining Approaches For Multiscale Phenomena

Author: Alexander N. Gorban
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540358889
Size: 16.55 MB
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Model reduction and coarse-graining are important in many areas of science and engineering. How does a system with many degrees of freedom become one with fewer? How can a reversible micro-description be adapted to the dissipative macroscopic model? These crucial questions, as well as many other related problems, are discussed in this book. All contributions are by experts whose specialities span a wide range of fields within science and engineering.

Variation In The Input

Author: Merete Anderssen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048192076
Size: 36.10 MB
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The topic of variation in language has received considerable attention in the field of general linguistics in recent years. This includes research on linguistic micro-variation that is dependent on fine distinctions in syntax and information structure. However, relatively little work has been done on how this variation is acquired. This book focuses on how different types of variation are expressed in the input and how this is acquired by young children. The collection of papers includes studies of the acquisition of variation in a number of different languages, including English, German, Greek, Italian, Korean, Norwegian, Swiss German, Ukrainian, and American Sign Language. Different kinds of linguistic variation are considered, ranging from pure word order variation to optionally doubly filled COMPs and the resolution of scopal ambiguities. In addition, papers in the volume deal with the extreme case of variation found in bilingual acquisition.

Commonly Asked Questions In Thermodynamics

Author: Marc J. Assael
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466502711
Size: 23.13 MB
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Have you ever had a question that keeps persisting and for which you cannot find a clear answer? Is the question seemingly so “simple” that the problem is glossed over in most resources, or skipped entirely? CRC Press/Taylor and Francis is pleased to introduce Commonly Asked Questions in Thermodynamics, the first in a new series of books that address the questions that frequently arise in today’s major scientific and technical disciplines. Designed for a wide audience, from students and researchers to practicing professionals in related areas, the books are organized in a user friendly Question & Answer format. Presented questions become increasingly specific throughout the book, with clear and concise answers, as well as illustrations, diagrams, and tables are incorporated wherever helpful. Thermodynamics is a core discipline associated with the theoretical principles and practical applications underlying almost every area of science, from nanoscale biochemical engineering to astrophysics. Highlighting chemical thermodynamics in particular, this book is written in an easy-to-understand style and provides a wealth of fundamental information, simple illustrations, and extensive references for further research and collection of specific data. Designed for an audience that ranges from undergraduate students to scientists and engineers at the forefront of research, this indispensible guide presents clear explanations for topics with wide applicability. It reflects the fact that, very often, the most common questions are also the most profound.