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Conflict Security And The Reshaping Of Society

Author: Alessandro Dal Lago
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136933425
Size: 19.88 MB
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A PDF version of this book is available for free in open access via www.tandfebooks.com as well as the OAPEN Library platform, www.oapen.org. It has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license and is part of the OAPEN-UK research project. This book is an examination of the effect of contemporary wars (such as the 'War on Terror') on civil life at a global level. Contemporary literature on war is mainly devoted to recent changes in the theory and practice of warfare, particular those in which terrorists or insurgents are involved (for example, the 'revolution in military affairs', 'small wars', and so on). On the other hand, today's research on security is focused, among other themes, on the effects of the war on terrorism, and on civil liberties and social control. This volume connects these two fields of research, showing how 'war' and 'security' tend to exchange targets and forms of action as well as personnel (for instance, the spreading use of private contractors in wars and of military experts in the 'struggle for security') in modern society. This shows how, contrary to Clausewitz's belief war should be conceived of as a "continuation of politics by other means", the opposite statement is also true: that politics, insofar as it concerns security, can be defined as the 'continuation of war by other means'. This book will be of much interest to students of critical security studies, war and conflict studies, terrorism studies, sociology and IR in general. Salvatore Palidda is Professor of Sociology in the Faculty of Education at the University of Genoa. Alessandro Dal Lago is Professor of Sociology of Culture and Communication at the University of Genoa.

Transnational Power Elites

Author: Niilo Kauppi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136659579
Size: 73.35 MB
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This book argues that European Union institutional mechanics and the EU as a political unit cannot be properly understood without taking into account the elites that make the policy decisions. Spurred by globalisation, technological and economic development has provided the backbone for social and political transformations that have changed the social structures that unite and differentiate individuals and groups in Europe and their interface with extra-European actors. These developments are not only exemplified by the rise of the EU, but also by the rise of a set of transnational European power elites evolving in and around the European construction. This book maps out these EU and international interdependencies and provides a comprehensive picture of the European transnational power elites. Moving away from the majority of literature on European integration dominated by economics, law, IR and political science, the volume is written from a sociological perspective that takes into account the individuals that make the policy decisions, the formal and informal groups in which s/he is included, as well as the social conventions that regulate political and administrative activities in the EU. This book will be of much interest to students of EU studies, sociology, critical security studies, and IR in general.

Managing State Fragility

Author: Isabel Rocha de Siqueira
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1315536609
Size: 36.53 MB
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This book examines the management of ‘state fragility’ and the practices and impacts of quantification over relations of power in international politics. With the further movement towards quantification, and as technical and technological changes advance, this book argues that certain important quantifying practices can be understood in terms of symbolic power, which is more nuanced and subtle. The aim is that such an understanding can also open space for considering other instances of power that are blurred and nuanced in current international politics. By looking at how the merging of conflict and development issues in the fragile states agenda has been fed by and has fed the authority of ever-perfectible numbers, the book offers an approach to address the difficulty in dealing with profound inequality without presuming domination. Instead, the example of the g7+ group of self-labelled ‘fragile states’ and its tools indicate that quantification has reached a point of no return, but it has done so through indirect practices of management and with the complicity, so to say, of those deemed least favoured by it. This shows that there is little chance that policy-makers and academics can escape dealing with numbers and there is much to be gained by understanding how complex and knowingly imperfect statistics become authoritative and widespread. This book will be of much interest to students of critical security studies, International Political Sociology, development studies, and IR in general.

Politik Der Unentschiedenheit

Author: Margarete Misselwitz
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839413109
Size: 77.72 MB
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Flüchtlinge stehen vor vielen Problemen, die nicht nur in ihren Heimatländern entstehen, sondern häufig durch die Politik anderer Staaten und internationaler Organisationen verursacht werden. Flüchtlinge leben in unentschiedenen Zuständen. Obwohl die Flucht vor kriegerischer Gewalt seit Jahrzehnten prominentes Thema der internationalen Politik ist, weist die globale Flüchtlingspolitik erhebliche Lücken auf. Dieser Band zeigt durch Fallstudien zu palästinensischen Flüchtlingen, zu Flüchtlingen aus Sri Lanka, Liberia, Kolumbien, Kosovo und anderen Regionen, wie Politik mit Flüchtlingen gemacht wird und welche Folgen die Politik der Unentschiedenheit für sie hat.

Eine Kurze Geschichte Der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 364110498X
Size: 62.63 MB
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Politische Philosophie Heute

Author: Will Kymlicka
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783593358918
Size: 16.29 MB
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Eine grundlegende und umfassende Einführung in die modernen Strömungen der politischen Philosophie: Utilitarismus, Liberalismus, Libertarismus, Marxismus, Kommunitarismus und Feminismus.

Betrachtungen Ber Die Repr Sentativregierung

Author: John Stuart Mill
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518735179
Size: 31.10 MB
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Die anhaltende Diskussion um die »Krise des Parlamentarismus« zeigt, dass die normative Begründung und systematische Bestimmung von Parlamentsfunktionen und demokratischer Öffentlichkeit von entscheidender Bedeutung für die Zukunft der repräsentativen Demokratie ist. Das Problem ist aber nicht neu, wie John Stuart Mills klassischer Text zeigt. Er kreist um die Frage, wie sich die Gefahr einer »Tyrannei der Mehrheit« mit den Partizipationsanforderungen demokratischen Regierens versöhnen lässt. Mill begründet darin u. a. ein deliberatives Verständnis von Politik und erörtert die Gefahren einer bürokratischen Strangulierung politischer Freiheit. Ein Schlüsselwerk der Demokratietheorie und Parlamentarismusforschung.