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Conserving Data In The Conservation Reserve

Author: James Hamilton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136527877
Size: 47.55 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Enrolling over 30 million acres, the U.S. Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) is the largest conservation program in the United States. Under the guidelines of the CRP, the federal government pays farmers to stop farming their land in the hopes of achieving a variety of conservation goals, including the reduction of soil erosion, improvement of water quality, and creation of wildlife habitat. In Conserving Data, James T. Hamilton explores the role of information in the policy cycle as it relates to the CRP. The author asks how the creation and distribution of information about what is going on across these millions of enrolled acres has influenced the development of the program itself. Of the many CRP stakeholders, each accesses a different set of information about the CRPs operations. Regulators have developed the Environmental Benefits Index as a rough indicator of a fields conservation benefits and adopted that measure as a way to determine which lands should be granted conservation contracts. NGOs have used publicly available data from these contracts to show how CRP monies are allocated. Members of Congress have used oversight hearings and GAO reports to monitor the Farm Service Agencys conservation policy decisions. Reporters have localized the impact of the CRP by writing stories about increases in wildlife and hunting on CRP fields in their areas. Conserving Data brings together and analyzes these various streams of information, drawing upon original interviews with regulators, new data from Freedom of Information Act requests, and regulatory filings. Using the CRP as a launch point, Hamilton explores the role of information, including 'hidden information,' in the design and implementation of regulatory policy.

Environmental Regulation

Author: Robert V. Percival
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business
ISBN: 1454838248
Size: 13.51 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Environmental Regulation: Law, Science, and Policy delivers unparalleled coverage of policy that focuses on the substance of environmental statutes, how they are translated into regulations, and the factors that affect real-world behavior. Self-contained chapters, written in a style accessible to the non-specialist, afford instructors flexibility in organizing courses. Effective teaching and study aids include charts and diagrams mapping the structure of each environmental statute, real-world-based problems and questions, "pathfinders" explaining where to find crucial source materials for every major topic, an extensive glossary, and a list of acronyms. The accompanying Website is kept current with annual statutory and case supplements. The Seventh Edition is a massive revision, updating the most significant new developments in environmental law. New problem exercises show students how to apply the law to emerging environmental concerns. Important Supreme Court decisions such as American Electric Power, Sackett v. EPA, PPL Montana, Stop the Beach and Southern Union are explored as well as oil spill liability in the wake of the Deepwater Horizon spill, liability litigation, and the Gulf Coast Claims Facility. The Seventh Edition looks at state renewable energy initiatives, the dormant commerce clause, and the impact of burgeoning natural gas supplies on energy policy. Included is coverage on efforts to control the effects of hydraulic fracturing and why "fracking" is exempt from the Safe Drinking Water Act. The EPA's regulation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions under the Clean Air Act as well as California's statewide GHG cap-and-trade program are discussed. The Seventh Edition explores how climate change is affecting environmental law, especially global environmental law in the aftermath of the June 2012 Rio+20 earth summit. Features comprehensive coverage in a style accessible to the non-specialist self-contained chapters for flexibility in organizing courses. a detailed examination of policy focus on environmental statutes how statutes translate into regulations factors that affect real-world behavior charts and diagrams mapping the structure of each environmental statute real-world-based problems and questions "pathfinders" explaining where to find crucial source materials for every major subject area extensive glossary list of acronyms Thoroughly updated, the revised Seventh Edition presents: an update of the most significant new developments in environmental law new problem exercises show how to apply environmental laws to emerging concerns important Supreme Court decisions: American Electric Power, Sackett v. EPA, PPL Montana, Stop the Beach and Southern Union oil spill liability in the wake of the Deepwater Horizon spill, liability litigation, and the Gulf Coast Claims Facility state renewable energy initiatives and the dormant commerce clause the impact of burgeoning natural gas supplies on energy policy efforts to control the environmental effects of hydraulic fracturing why "fracking" is exempt from the Safe Drinking Water Act EPA's regulation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions under the Clean Air Act California's statewide GHG cap-and-trade program how climate change is affecting environmental law global environmental law in the aftermath of the June 2012 Rio+20 earth summit

Iucn Bulletin

Author: International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 59.98 MB
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Information Systems And Environmentally Sustainable Development Energy Informatics And New Directions For The Is Community

Author: Björn Hildebrandt
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3656102864
Size: 46.67 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Essay aus dem Jahr 2011 im Fachbereich Informatik - Wirtschaftsinformatik, Note: 2,0, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: The causality between energy consumption and economic growth has gained renewed interest in the literature and is of urgent contemporary relevance. Furthermore, envi-ronmental sustainability is a critical issue for the 21st century. For a long time economic growth and an increase in energy consumption went hand in hand. For about five dec-ades the development of information systems (IS) has been a driving force to greater productivity, a reduction of cost and more profitability, but environmental sustainability has been ignored completely and this even led to many forms of waste. The current trend in our consumption of the earth’s resources is unsustainable and is creating major environment problems. Climate change, resource depletion, air and water pollution are important issues to deal with, and our present use of the earth’s finite resources cannot be maintained any longer. Changes must be made and we need to move to sustainable development. Energy efficiency and climate protection are therefore primary aims throughout the world, and innovative technologies - mostly engineering solutions, but also information systems units - have led to considerable advancements. [...]