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Conserving Data In The Conservation Reserve

Author: James Hamilton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136527877
Size: 26.12 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 2014
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Enrolling over 30 million acres, the U.S. Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) is the largest conservation program in the United States. Under the guidelines of the CRP, the federal government pays farmers to stop farming their land in the hopes of achieving a variety of conservation goals, including the reduction of soil erosion, improvement of water quality, and creation of wildlife habitat. In Conserving Data, James T. Hamilton explores the role of information in the policy cycle as it relates to the CRP. The author asks how the creation and distribution of information about what is going on across these millions of enrolled acres has influenced the development of the program itself. Of the many CRP stakeholders, each accesses a different set of information about the CRPs operations. Regulators have developed the Environmental Benefits Index as a rough indicator of a fields conservation benefits and adopted that measure as a way to determine which lands should be granted conservation contracts. NGOs have used publicly available data from these contracts to show how CRP monies are allocated. Members of Congress have used oversight hearings and GAO reports to monitor the Farm Service Agencys conservation policy decisions. Reporters have localized the impact of the CRP by writing stories about increases in wildlife and hunting on CRP fields in their areas. Conserving Data brings together and analyzes these various streams of information, drawing upon original interviews with regulators, new data from Freedom of Information Act requests, and regulatory filings. Using the CRP as a launch point, Hamilton explores the role of information, including 'hidden information,' in the design and implementation of regulatory policy.

Environmental Regulation

Author: Robert V. Percival
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business
ISBN: 1454838248
Size: 25.61 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Environmental Regulation: Law, Science, and Policy delivers unparalleled coverage of policy that focuses on the substance of environmental statutes, how they are translated into regulations, and the factors that affect real-world behavior. Self-contained chapters, written in a style accessible to the non-specialist, afford instructors flexibility in organizing courses. Effective teaching and study aids include charts and diagrams mapping the structure of each environmental statute, real-world-based problems and questions, "pathfinders" explaining where to find crucial source materials for every major topic, an extensive glossary, and a list of acronyms. The accompanying Website is kept current with annual statutory and case supplements. The Seventh Edition is a massive revision, updating the most significant new developments in environmental law. New problem exercises show students how to apply the law to emerging environmental concerns. Important Supreme Court decisions such as American Electric Power, Sackett v. EPA, PPL Montana, Stop the Beach and Southern Union are explored as well as oil spill liability in the wake of the Deepwater Horizon spill, liability litigation, and the Gulf Coast Claims Facility. The Seventh Edition looks at state renewable energy initiatives, the dormant commerce clause, and the impact of burgeoning natural gas supplies on energy policy. Included is coverage on efforts to control the effects of hydraulic fracturing and why "fracking" is exempt from the Safe Drinking Water Act. The EPA's regulation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions under the Clean Air Act as well as California's statewide GHG cap-and-trade program are discussed. The Seventh Edition explores how climate change is affecting environmental law, especially global environmental law in the aftermath of the June 2012 Rio+20 earth summit. Features comprehensive coverage in a style accessible to the non-specialist self-contained chapters for flexibility in organizing courses. a detailed examination of policy focus on environmental statutes how statutes translate into regulations factors that affect real-world behavior charts and diagrams mapping the structure of each environmental statute real-world-based problems and questions "pathfinders" explaining where to find crucial source materials for every major subject area extensive glossary list of acronyms Thoroughly updated, the revised Seventh Edition presents: an update of the most significant new developments in environmental law new problem exercises show how to apply environmental laws to emerging concerns important Supreme Court decisions: American Electric Power, Sackett v. EPA, PPL Montana, Stop the Beach and Southern Union oil spill liability in the wake of the Deepwater Horizon spill, liability litigation, and the Gulf Coast Claims Facility state renewable energy initiatives and the dormant commerce clause the impact of burgeoning natural gas supplies on energy policy efforts to control the environmental effects of hydraulic fracturing why "fracking" is exempt from the Safe Drinking Water Act EPA's regulation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions under the Clean Air Act California's statewide GHG cap-and-trade program how climate change is affecting environmental law global environmental law in the aftermath of the June 2012 Rio+20 earth summit

Gis And Land Records

Author: Nancy Von Meyer
Publisher: ESRI, Inc.
ISBN: 9781589480773
Size: 46.88 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Describing applications and uses for parcel information in an ArcGIS geodatabase, this book covers the data model developed as a framework for land record information in an ArcGIS environment. Demonstrated is how the model supports real GIS work, including the update and maintenance of data content by tax assessors, planners, recorders, environmental managers, public works officials, safety officials, and others. Land records personnel learn how parcel information can be designed in a geodatabase so work can begin on system design and implementation. The advantages of putting parcel information into a geodatabase are described, and instruction on moving existing applications into the geodatabase is provided. Datasets are included that show how the parcel data model has been easily customized to satisfy different requirements.

Iucn Bulletin

Author: International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 60.51 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 1298
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Compensating For Wetland Losses Under The Clean Water Act

Author: Water Science and Technology Board
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309074320
Size: 20.27 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Recognizing the importance of wetland protection, the Bush administration in 1988 endorsed the goal of "no net loss" of wetlands. Specifically, it directed that filling of wetlands should be avoided, and minimized when it cannot be avoided. When filling is permitted, compensatory mitigation must be undertaken; that is, wetlands must be restored, created, enhanced, and, in exceptional cases, preserved, to replace the permitted loss of wetland area and function, such as water quality improvement within the watershed. After more than a dozen years, the national commitment to "no net loss" of wetlands has been evaluated. This new book explores the adequacy of science and technology for replacing wetland function and the effectiveness of the federal program of compensatory mitigation in accomplishing the nation's goal of clean water. It examines the regulatory framework for permitting wetland filling and requiring mitigation, compares the mitigation institutions that are in use, and addresses the problems that agencies face in ensuring sustainability of mitigated wetlands over the long term. Gleaning lessons from the mixed results of mitigation efforts to date, the book offers 10 practical guidelines for establishing and monitoring mitigated wetlands. It also recommends that federal, state, and local agencies undertake specific institutional reforms. This book will be important to anyone seeking a comprehensive understanding of the "no net loss" issue: policy makers, regulators, environmental scientists, educators, and wetland advocates.

Guidelines For Protected Areas Legislation

Author: Barbara J. Lausche
Publisher: IUCN
ISBN: 2831712459
Size: 59.89 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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The central aim of this publication is to consider the key elements of a modern, comprehensive, and effective legal framework for successful management of protected areas. They provide practical guidance for all those involved in developing, improving, or reviewing national legislation on protected areas, be they legal drafters and practitioners, protected area managers, interested NGOs, or scholars. These guidelines include fifteen case studies, eight dealing with the protected area legislation of individual countries and six cases dealing with specific sites providing fundamental solutions that stand the test of time.

Biodiversity Conservation And Phylogenetic Systematics

Author: Roseli Pellens
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319224611
Size: 32.96 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 7152
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This book is about phylogenetic diversity as an approach to reduce biodiversity losses in this period of mass extinction. Chapters in the first section deal with questions such as the way we value phylogenetic diversity among other criteria for biodiversity conservation; the choice of measures; the loss of phylogenetic diversity with extinction; the importance of organisms that are deeply branched in the tree of life, and the role of relict species. The second section is composed by contributions exploring methodological aspects, such as how to deal with abundance, sampling effort, or conflicting trees in analysis of phylogenetic diversity. The last section is devoted to applications, showing how phylogenetic diversity can be integrated in systematic conservation planning, in EDGE and HEDGE evaluations. This wide coverage makes the book a reference for academics, policy makers and stakeholders dealing with biodiversity conservation.