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Constitutive Modeling Of Geomaterials

Author: Teruo Nakai
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203868846
Size: 17.51 MB
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Written by a veteran geotechnical engineer with a long record of research discoveries, Constitutive Modeling of Geomaterials: Principles and Applications presents a simple and unified approach to modeling various features of geomaterials in general stress systems. The book discusses the fundamentals of the constitutive modeling of soils and illustrates the application of these models to boundary value problems. Helping readers easily understand the fundamentals and modeling of soil behaviors, the author first explains the ideas and formulations for modeling soil features in one-dimensional conditions. He then extends the one-dimensional models to three-dimensional models using the tij concept. The text covers the subloading tij model and other methods that describe density, bonding, time effect, and more. Moving on to the practical application of the constitutive models, the author presents the numerical simulations of typical geotechnical problems (numerical modeling) and the corresponding model tests (physical modeling). Using a framework that leads to a unified set of material parameters, this book shows how to formulate a constitutive model capable of simulating the main features of soil behavior. It not only covers recent methods and models but also uses real test data to prove their reliability.

Constitutive Modeling Of Geomaterials

Author: Qiang Yang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642328148
Size: 60.56 MB
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The Second International Symposium on Constitutive Modeling of Geomaterials: Advances and New Applications (IS-Model 2012), is to be held in Beijing, China, during October 15-16, 2012. The symposium is organized by Tsinghua University, the International Association for Computer Methods and Advances in Geomechanics (IACMAG), the Committee of Numerical and Physical Modeling of Rock Mass, Chinese Society for Rock Mechanics and Engineering, and the Committee of Constitutive Relations and Strength Theory, China Institution of Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, China Civil Engineering Society. This Symposium follows the first successful International Workshop on Constitutive Modeling held in Hong Kong, which was organized by Prof. JH Yin in 2007. Constitutive modeling of geomaterials has been an active research area for a long period of time. Different approaches have been used in the development of various constitutive models. A number of models have been implemented in the numerical analyses of geotechnical structures. The objective of the symposium is to provide a forum for researchers and engineers working or interested in the area of constitutive modeling to meet together and share new ideas, achievements and experiences through presentations and discussions. Emphasis is placed on recent advances of constitutive modeling and its applications in both theoretic and experimental aspects. Six famous scholars have been invited for the plenary speeches of the symposiums. Some prominent scholars have been invited to organize four specialized workshops on hot topics, including “Time-dependent stress-strain behavior of geomaterials”, “Constitutive modeling within critical state soil mechanics”, “Multiscale and multiphysics in geomaterials”, and “Damage to failure in rock structures”. A total of 49 papers are included in the above topics. In addition, 51 papers are grouped under three topics covering “Behaviour of geomaterials”, “Constitutive model”, and “Applications”. The editors expect that the book can be helpful as a reference to all those in the field of constitutive modeling of geomaterials.

Failure In Geomaterials

Author: Richard Wan
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0081010567
Size: 71.63 MB
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Failure in Geomaterials offers a unified view of material failure as an instability of deformation modes framed within the theory of bifurcation. Using mathematical rigor, logic, physical reasoning and basic principles of mechanics, the authors develop the fundamentals of failure in geomaterials based on the second-order work criterion. Various forms of rupture modes and material instabilities in granular materials are explored both analytically and numerically with lab experimental observations on sand as a backdrop. The authors provide a clear picture of inelastic deformations and failure of geomaterials under various loading conditions. A unique feature of the book is the systematic application of the developed theory to the failure analysis of some selected engineering problems such as soil nailing, landslides, energy resource extraction, and internal erosion in soils. Provides the fundamentals of the mechanics of geomaterials for a detailed background on the subject Integrates a rigorous mathematical description of failure with mechanisms based on microstructure Helps users apply mathematical models of solid mechanics to engineering practice Contains a systematic development of the fundamentals of failure in heterogeneous multiphasic materials

Bifurcation And Degradation Of Geomaterials In The New Millennium

Author: Kam-Tim Chau
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319135066
Size: 34.61 MB
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This book contains contributions to the 10th International Workshop on Bifurcation and Degradation in Geomaterials held in Hong Kong, May 28-30, 2014. This event marks the silver Jubilee anniversary of an international conference series dedicated to the research on localization, instability, degradation and failure of geomaterials since 1988 when its first workshop was organized in Germany. This volume of book collects the latest progresses and state-of-the-art research from top researchers around the world, and covers topics including multiscale modeling, experimental characterization and theoretical analysis of various instability and degradation phenomena in geomaterials as well as their relevance to contemporary issues in engineering practice. This book can be used as a useful reference for research students, academics and practicing engineers who are interested in the instability and degradation problems in geomechanics and geotechnical engineering.

Soil Constitutive Models

Author: Jerry A. Yamamuro
Publisher: Amer Society of Civil Engineers
ISBN: 9780784407714
Size: 10.77 MB
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GSP 128 contains papers by 19 prominent constitutive modelers presented at the Geo-Frontier Conference, held in Austin, Texas, January 24-26, 2005.

Advances In Discontinuous Numerical Methods And Applications In Geomechanics And Geoengineering

Author: Jian Zhao
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203114426
Size: 65.49 MB
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Rocks and soils can behave as discontinuous materials, both physically and mechanically, and for such discontinuous nature and behaviour there remain challenges in numerical modelling methods and techniques. Some of the main discontinuum based numerical methods, for example the distinct element method (DEM) and the discontinuous deformation analysis (DDA), are associated with geomechanics and geoengineering. Discontinuous numerical methods have been widely applied in geoengineering related to civil, mining, hydropower and petroleum engineering. There are many good examples of the use of UDEC/3DEC and DDA in design and forensic of geoengineering projects, in dams, slopes, tunnels, caverns and mines. The discontinuous numerical methods provide good tools to capture the true physical and mechanical behaviours of the geomaterials, and provide the scientific insights enabling for better engineering. Discontinuous numerical methods are indeed very much research and engineering tools of the present, and certainly more in the future. Advances in Discontinuous Numerical Methods and Applications in Geomechanics and Geoengineering is a collection of 55 technical papers presented at the 10th International Conference on Analysis of Discontinuous Deformation (ICADD-10), held 6-8 December 2011, Honolulu, USA. The papers cover a wide scope of discontinuous numerical methods from algorithms and mechanics, to modelling techniques and applications, including the key block theory, the discontinuous deformation analysis, the numerical manifold method, the distinct element method, coupled discontinuum and continuum methods, multi-scale and multi-physics in modelling, applications and case studies of engineering projects.

Soil Mechanics

Author: Victor Kaliakin
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 0128014849
Size: 54.57 MB
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Soil Mechanics: Calculations, Principles, and Methods provides expert insights into the nature of soil mechanics through the use of calculation and problem-solving techniques. This informed reference begins with basic principles and calculations, illustrating physical meanings of the unit weight of soil, specific gravity, water content, void ratio, porosity, saturation, and their typical values. This is followed by calculations that illustrate the need for soil identification, classification, and ways to obtain soil particle size distribution, including sizes smaller than 0.075mm, performance, and the use of liquid and plastic limit tests. The book goes on to provide expert coverage regarding the use of soil identification and classification systems (both Unified Soil Classification System and AASHTO), and also includes applications concerning soil compaction and field applications, hydraulic conductivity and seepage, soil compressibility and field application, and shear strength and field application. Presents common methods used for calculating soil relationships Covers soil compressibility and field application and calculations Includes soil compaction and field application calculations Provides shear strength and field application calculations Includes hydraulic conductivity and seepage calculations

Constitutive Modeling Of Soils And Rocks

Author: Pierre-Yves Hicher
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118621492
Size: 75.81 MB
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This title provides a comprehensive overview of elastoplasticity relating to soil and rocks. Following a general outline of the models of behavior and their internal structure, each chapter develops a different area of this subject relating to the author's particular expertise. The first half of the book concentrates on the elastoplasticity of soft soils and rocks, while the second half examines that of hard soils and rocks.

Deformation Characteristics Of Geomaterials

Author: H. DiBenedetto
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780415367011
Size: 51.79 MB
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Solutions for soil engineering and soil-structure interaction problems need realistic and pertinent experimental and modelling tools. In this work, extensive developments proposed by the invited speakers of the Lyon International Symposium held in September 2003 are presented, including experimental investigations into deformation properties; laboratory, in-situ and field observation interpretations; behaviour characterisation and modelling; and case histories. The contributions include recent investigations into anisotropy and non-linearity, the effects of stress-strain-time history, ageing and time effects, yielding, failure and flow, cyclic and dynamic behaviour. In addition, advanced geotechnical testing is applied to real engineering problems, and to ways of synthesising information from a range of sources while engaging in practical site characterisation studies.

Constitutive Modelling In Geomechanics

Author: Alexander Puzrin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642273955
Size: 71.82 MB
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The purpose of this book is to bridge the gap between the traditional Geomechanics and Numerical Geotechnical Modelling with applications in science and practice. Geomechanics is rarely taught within the rigorous context of Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics, while when it comes to Numerical Modelling, commercially available finite elements or finite differences software utilize constitutive relationships within the rigorous framework. As a result, young scientists and engineers have to learn the challenging subject of constitutive modelling from a program manual and often end up with using unrealistic models which violate the Laws of Thermodynamics. The book is introductory, by no means does it claim any completeness and state of the art in such a dynamically developing field as numerical and constitutive modelling of soils. The author gives basic understanding of conventional continuum mechanics approaches to constitutive modelling, which can serve as a foundation for exploring more advanced theories. A considerable effort has been invested here into the clarity and brevity of the presentation. A special feature of this book is in exploring thermomechanical consistency of all presented constitutive models in a simple and systematic manner.