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Constructivism In Mathematics

Author: A.S. Troelstra
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 008095510X
Size: 69.67 MB
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Studies in Logic and the Foundations of Mathematics, Volume 123: Constructivism in Mathematics: An Introduction, Vol. II focuses on various studies in mathematics and logic, including metric spaces, polynomial rings, and Heyting algebras. The publication first takes a look at the topology of metric spaces, algebra, and finite-type arithmetic and theories of operators. Discussions focus on intuitionistic finite-type arithmetic, theories of operators and classes, rings and modules, linear algebra, polynomial rings, fields and local rings, complete separable metric spaces, and located sets. The text then examines proof theory of intuitionistic logic, theory of types and constructive set theory, and choice sequences. The book elaborates on semantical completeness, sheaves, sites, and higher-order logic, and applications of sheaf models. Topics include a derived rule of local continuity, axiom of countable choice, forcing over sites, sheaf models for higher-order logic, and complete Heyting algebras. The publication is a valuable reference for mathematicians and researchers interested in mathematics and logic.

Philosophy Of Mathematics

Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080930589
Size: 57.68 MB
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One of the most striking features of mathematics is the fact that we are much more certain about the mathematical knowledge we have than about what mathematical knowledge is knowledge of. Are numbers, sets, functions and groups physical entities of some kind? Are they objectively existing objects in some non-physical, mathematical realm? Are they ideas that are present only in the mind? Or do mathematical truths not involve referents of any kind? It is these kinds of questions that have encouraged philosophers and mathematicians alike to focus their attention on issues in the philosophy of mathematics. Over the centuries a number of reasonably well-defined positions about the nature of mathematics have been developed and it is these positions (both historical and current) that are surveyed in the current volume. Traditional theories (Platonism, Aristotelianism, Kantianism), as well as dominant modern theories (logicism, formalism, constructivism, fictionalism, etc.), are all analyzed and evaluated. Leading-edge research in related fields (set theory, computability theory, probability theory, paraconsistency) is also discussed. The result is a handbook that not only provides a comprehensive overview of recent developments but that also serves as an indispensable resource for anyone wanting to learn about current developments in the philosophy of mathematics. -Comprehensive coverage of all main theories in the philosophy of mathematics -Clearly written expositions of fundamental ideas and concepts -Definitive discussions by leading researchers in the field -Summaries of leading-edge research in related fields (set theory, computability theory, probability theory, paraconsistency) are also included

Berechenbarkeit Komplexit T Logik

Author: Egon Börger
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322832279
Size: 42.95 MB
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Endlich liegt der ,,Klassiker" der Theoretischen Informatik, der Studenten und Forschern ein unentbehrliches Standardwerk ist, in neuer Auflage vor.

Logical Approaches To Computational Barriers

Author: Arnold Beckmann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540354662
Size: 66.43 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second International Conference on Computability in Europe, CiE 2006, held in Swansea, UK, in June/July 2006. The 31 revised full papers presented together with 30 invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from about 80 submissions. Among them are papers corresponding to 8 plenary talks and papers of 6 special sessions entitled proofs and computation, computable analysis, challenges in complexity, foundations of programming, mathematical models of computers and hypercomputers, and G??del centenary: G??del's legacy for computability.

Logical Foundations Of Computer Science

Author: Sergei Artemov
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540926879
Size: 38.12 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International Symposium on Logical Foundations of Computer Science, LFCS 2009, held in Deerfield Beach, Florida, USA in January 2008. The volume presents 31 revised refereed papers carefully selected by the program committee. All current aspects of logic in computer science are addressed, including constructive mathematics and type theory, logical foundations of programming, logical aspects of computational complexity, logic programming and constraints, automated deduction and interactive theorem proving, logical methods in protocol and program verification and in program specification and extraction, domain theory logics, logical foundations of database theory, equational logic and term rewriting, lambda and combinatory calculi, categorical logic and topological semantics, linear logic, epistemic and temporal logics, intelligent and multiple agent system logics, logics of proof and justification, nonmonotonic reasoning, logic in game theory and social software, logic of hybrid systems, distributed system logics, system design logics, as well as other logics in computer science.

Logic Mathematics Philosophy Vintage Enthusiasms

Author: David DeVidi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400702141
Size: 45.10 MB
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The volume includes twenty-five research papers presented as gifts to John L. Bell to celebrate his 60th birthday by colleagues, former students, friends and admirers. Like Bell’s own work, the contributions cross boundaries into several inter-related fields. The contributions are new work by highly respected figures, several of whom are among the key figures in their fields. Some examples: in foundations of maths and logic (William Lawvere, Peter Aczel, Graham Priest, Giovanni Sambin); analytical philosophy (Michael Dummett, William Demopoulos), philosophy of science (Michael Redhead, Frank Arntzenius), philosophy of mathematics (Michael Hallett, John Mayberry, Daniel Isaacson) and decision theory and foundations of economics (Ken Bimore). Most articles are contributions to current philosophical debates, but contributions also include some new mathematical results, important historical surveys, and a translation by Wilfrid Hodges of a key work of arabic logic.

Internal Logic

Author: Y. Gauthier
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401700834
Size: 53.34 MB
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Internal logic is the logic of content. The content is here arithmetic and the emphasis is on a constructive logic of arithmetic (arithmetical logic). Kronecker's general arithmetic of forms (polynomials) together with Fermat's infinite descent is put to use in an internal consistency proof. The view is developed in the context of a radical arithmetization of mathematics and logic and covers the many-faceted heritage of Kronecker's work, which includes not only Hilbert, but also Frege, Cantor, Dedekind, Husserl and Brouwer. The book will be of primary interest to logicians, philosophers and mathematicians interested in the foundations of mathematics and the philosophical implications of constructivist mathematics. It may also be of interest to historians, since it covers a fifty-year period, from 1880 to 1930, which has been crucial in the foundational debates and their repercussions on the contemporary scene.