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Constructivism In Mathematics

Author: Anne Sjerp Troelstra
Publisher: Elsevier Science
ISBN: 9780444702661
Size: 19.10 MB
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These two volumes cover the principal approaches to constructivism in mathematics. They present a thorough, up-to-date introduction to the metamathematics of constructive mathematics, paying special attention to Intuitionism, Markov's constructivism and Martin-Lof's type theory with its operational semantics. A detailed exposition of the basic features of constructive mathematics, with illustrations from analysis, algebra and topology, is provided, with due attention to the metamathematical aspects. Volume 1 is a self-contained introduction to the practice and foundations of constructivism, and does not require specialized knowledge beyond basic mathematical logic. Volume 2 contains mainly advanced topics of a proof-theoretical and semantical nature.

Constructivism In Mathematics

Author: A.S. Troelstra
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 008095510X
Size: 27.30 MB
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Studies in Logic and the Foundations of Mathematics, Volume 123: Constructivism in Mathematics: An Introduction, Vol. II focuses on various studies in mathematics and logic, including metric spaces, polynomial rings, and Heyting algebras. The publication first takes a look at the topology of metric spaces, algebra, and finite-type arithmetic and theories of operators. Discussions focus on intuitionistic finite-type arithmetic, theories of operators and classes, rings and modules, linear algebra, polynomial rings, fields and local rings, complete separable metric spaces, and located sets. The text then examines proof theory of intuitionistic logic, theory of types and constructive set theory, and choice sequences. The book elaborates on semantical completeness, sheaves, sites, and higher-order logic, and applications of sheaf models. Topics include a derived rule of local continuity, axiom of countable choice, forcing over sites, sheaf models for higher-order logic, and complete Heyting algebras. The publication is a valuable reference for mathematicians and researchers interested in mathematics and logic.

Philosophy Of Mathematics

Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080930589
Size: 34.97 MB
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One of the most striking features of mathematics is the fact that we are much more certain about the mathematical knowledge we have than about what mathematical knowledge is knowledge of. Are numbers, sets, functions and groups physical entities of some kind? Are they objectively existing objects in some non-physical, mathematical realm? Are they ideas that are present only in the mind? Or do mathematical truths not involve referents of any kind? It is these kinds of questions that have encouraged philosophers and mathematicians alike to focus their attention on issues in the philosophy of mathematics. Over the centuries a number of reasonably well-defined positions about the nature of mathematics have been developed and it is these positions (both historical and current) that are surveyed in the current volume. Traditional theories (Platonism, Aristotelianism, Kantianism), as well as dominant modern theories (logicism, formalism, constructivism, fictionalism, etc.), are all analyzed and evaluated. Leading-edge research in related fields (set theory, computability theory, probability theory, paraconsistency) is also discussed. The result is a handbook that not only provides a comprehensive overview of recent developments but that also serves as an indispensable resource for anyone wanting to learn about current developments in the philosophy of mathematics. -Comprehensive coverage of all main theories in the philosophy of mathematics -Clearly written expositions of fundamental ideas and concepts -Definitive discussions by leading researchers in the field -Summaries of leading-edge research in related fields (set theory, computability theory, probability theory, paraconsistency) are also included

Logical Approaches To Computational Barriers

Author: Arnold Beckmann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540354662
Size: 80.63 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second International Conference on Computability in Europe, CiE 2006, held in Swansea, UK, in June/July 2006. The 31 revised full papers presented together with 30 invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from about 80 submissions. Among them are papers corresponding to 8 plenary talks and papers of 6 special sessions entitled proofs and computation, computable analysis, challenges in complexity, foundations of programming, mathematical models of computers and hypercomputers, and G??del centenary: G??del's legacy for computability.

Logical Foundations Of Computer Science

Author: Sergei Artemov
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540926879
Size: 68.43 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International Symposium on Logical Foundations of Computer Science, LFCS 2009, held in Deerfield Beach, Florida, USA in January 2008. The volume presents 31 revised refereed papers carefully selected by the program committee. All current aspects of logic in computer science are addressed, including constructive mathematics and type theory, logical foundations of programming, logical aspects of computational complexity, logic programming and constraints, automated deduction and interactive theorem proving, logical methods in protocol and program verification and in program specification and extraction, domain theory logics, logical foundations of database theory, equational logic and term rewriting, lambda and combinatory calculi, categorical logic and topological semantics, linear logic, epistemic and temporal logics, intelligent and multiple agent system logics, logics of proof and justification, nonmonotonic reasoning, logic in game theory and social software, logic of hybrid systems, distributed system logics, system design logics, as well as other logics in computer science.

Logic From Computer Science

Author: Yiannis N. Moschovakis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461228220
Size: 46.22 MB
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The volume is the outgrowth of a workshop with the same title held at MSRI in the week of November 13-17, 1989, and for those who did not get it, Logic from Computer Science is the converse of Logic in Computer Science, the full name of the highly successful annual LICS conferences. We meant to have a conference which would bring together the LICS commu nity with some of the more traditional "mathematical logicians" and where the emphasis would be on the flow of ideas from computer science to logic rather than the other way around. In a LICS talk, sometimes, the speaker presents a perfectly good theorem about (say) the A-calculus or finite model theory in terms of its potential applications rather than its (often more ob vious) intrinsic, foundational interest and intricate proof. This is not meant to be a criticism; the LICS meetings are, after all, organized by the IEEE Computer Society. We thought, for once, it would be fun to see what we would get if we asked the speakers to emphasize the relevance of their work for logic rather than computer science and to point out what is involved in the proofs. I think, mostly, it worked. In any case, the group of people represented as broad a selection of logicians as I have seen in recent years, and the quality of the talks was (in my view) exceptionally, unusually high. I learned a lot and (I think) others did too.

Logic Mathematics Philosophy Vintage Enthusiasms

Author: David DeVidi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400702141
Size: 60.14 MB
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The volume includes twenty-five research papers presented as gifts to John L. Bell to celebrate his 60th birthday by colleagues, former students, friends and admirers. Like Bell’s own work, the contributions cross boundaries into several inter-related fields. The contributions are new work by highly respected figures, several of whom are among the key figures in their fields. Some examples: in foundations of maths and logic (William Lawvere, Peter Aczel, Graham Priest, Giovanni Sambin); analytical philosophy (Michael Dummett, William Demopoulos), philosophy of science (Michael Redhead, Frank Arntzenius), philosophy of mathematics (Michael Hallett, John Mayberry, Daniel Isaacson) and decision theory and foundations of economics (Ken Bimore). Most articles are contributions to current philosophical debates, but contributions also include some new mathematical results, important historical surveys, and a translation by Wilfrid Hodges of a key work of arabic logic.

The Logical Foundations Of Mathematics

Author: William S. Hatcher
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483189635
Size: 30.14 MB
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The Logical Foundations of Mathematics offers a study of the foundations of mathematics, stressing comparisons between and critical analyses of the major non-constructive foundational systems. The position of constructivism within the spectrum of foundational philosophies is discussed, along with the exact relationship between topos theory and set theory. Comprised of eight chapters, this book begins with an introduction to first-order logic. In particular, two complete systems of axioms and rules for the first-order predicate calculus are given, one for efficiency in proving metatheorems, and the other, in a "natural deduction" style, for presenting detailed formal proofs. A somewhat novel feature of this framework is a full semantic and syntactic treatment of variable-binding term operators as primitive symbols of logic. Subsequent chapters focus on the origin of modern foundational studies; Gottlob Frege's formal system intended to serve as a foundation for mathematics and its paradoxes; the theory of types; and the Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory. David Hilbert's program and Kurt Gödel's incompleteness theorems are also examined, along with the foundational systems of W. V. Quine and the relevance of categorical algebra for foundations. This monograph will be of interest to students, teachers, practitioners, and researchers in mathematics.

Internal Logic

Author: Y. Gauthier
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401700834
Size: 56.44 MB
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Internal logic is the logic of content. The content is here arithmetic and the emphasis is on a constructive logic of arithmetic (arithmetical logic). Kronecker's general arithmetic of forms (polynomials) together with Fermat's infinite descent is put to use in an internal consistency proof. The view is developed in the context of a radical arithmetization of mathematics and logic and covers the many-faceted heritage of Kronecker's work, which includes not only Hilbert, but also Frege, Cantor, Dedekind, Husserl and Brouwer. The book will be of primary interest to logicians, philosophers and mathematicians interested in the foundations of mathematics and the philosophical implications of constructivist mathematics. It may also be of interest to historians, since it covers a fifty-year period, from 1880 to 1930, which has been crucial in the foundational debates and their repercussions on the contemporary scene.